measuring livelihoods and environmental dependence methods for research and fieldwork

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Measuring Livelihoods And Environmental Dependence

Author : Arild Angelsen
ISBN : 9781136537325
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 73. 61 MB
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Thousands of surveys on rural livelihoods in developing countries are being done every year. Unfortunately, many suffer from weaknesses in methods and problems in implementation. Quantifying households' dependence on multiple environmental resources (forests, bush, grasslands and rivers) is particularly difficult and often simply ignored in the surveys. The results therefore do not reflect rural realities. In particular, 'the hidden harvest' from natural resources is generally too important to livelihoods for development research, policies and practice to ignore. Fieldwork using state-of-the-art methods, and in particular well-designed household questionnaires, thus becomes an imperative to adequately capture key dimensions of rural welfare. This book describes how to do a better job when designing and implementing household and village surveys for quantitative assessment of rural livelihoods in developing countries. It covers the entire research process from planning to sharing research results. It draws on the experiences from a large global-comparative project, the Poverty Environment Network (PEN), to develop more robust and validated methods, enriched by numerous practical examples from the field. The book will provide an invaluable guide to methods and a practical handbook for students and professionals.

Measuring Livelihoods And Environmental Dependence

Author : Arild Angelsen
ISBN : 9781849711326
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 26. 78 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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Thousands of surveys on rural livelihoods in developing countries are being done every year. Unfortunately, many suffer from weaknesses in methods and problems in implementation. Quantifying households' dependence on multiple environmental resources (forests, bush, grasslands and rivers) is particularly difficult and often simply ignored in the surveys. The results therefore do not reflect rural realities. In particular, 'the hidden harvest' from natural resources is generally too important to livelihoods for development research, policies and practice to ignore. Fieldwork using state-of-the-art methods, and in particular well-designed household questionnaires, thus becomes an imperative to adequately capture key dimensions of rural welfare. This book describes how to do a better job when designing and implementing household and village surveys for quantitative assessment of rural livelihoods in developing countries. It covers the entire research process from planning to sharing research results. It draws on the experiences from a large global-comparative project, the Poverty Environment Network (PEN), to develop more robust and validated methods, enriched by numerous practical examples from the field. The book will provide an invaluable guide to methods and a practical handbook for students and professionals.

Measuring Livelihoods And Environmental Dependence

Author : Arild Angelsen
ISBN : 184971133X
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 58. 46 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
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Describes how to do a better job when designing and implementing household and village surveys for quantitative assessment of rural livelihoods in developing countries. This book draws on the experiences from a large global-comparative project, the Poverty Environment Network (PEN), to develop robust and validated methods.

Communities Livelihoods And Natural Resources

Author : Stephen R. Tyler
ISBN : 9781552502303
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82. 66 MB
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This book synthesizes results from a 7-year program of applied research on community-based approaches to natural resource management in Asia. The 11 case studies featured illustrate how local innovations in participatory natural resource management can strengthen livelihoods, build capacity for local governance, and spark policy change. The lessons are derived from the application of a participatory action research framework that engaged resource users, local governments, and researchers in collaborative learning. They illustrate practical innovations to strengthen livelihoods through improved collective resource management practices and broader technology choices.

Gendering The Field

Author : Kuntala Lahiri-Dutt
ISBN : 9781921862175
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 65 MB
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The chapters in this book offer concrete examples from all over the world to show how community livelihoods in mineral-rich tracts can be more sustainable by fully integrating gender concerns into all aspects of the relationship between mining practices and mine affected communities. By looking at the mining industry and the mine-affected communities through a gender lens, the authors indicate a variety of practical strategies to mitigate the impacts of mining on women's livelihoods without undermining women's voice and status within the mine-affected communities. The term 'field' in the title of this volume is not restricted to the open-cut pits of large scale mining operations which are male-dominated workplaces, or with mining as a masculine, capital-intensive industry, but also connotes the wider range of mineral extractive practices which are carried out informally by women and men of artisanal communities at much smaller geographical scales throughout the mineral-rich tracts of poorer countries.

Household Livelihoods In Semi Arid Regions Options And Constraints

Author : B.M. Campbell
ISBN : 9789798764783
Genre : Arid regions
File Size : 54. 34 MB
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The study sites. Methods. The wealth index and its variation. Human, financial, physical and natural capital - the essets available to households. Households productive activities - the generation of cash and subsistence gross income. Exploring household strategies. Net income and poverty. Temporal changes in livelihood strategies. Modelling livelihood change. Making a difference.

The Impacts Of Artisanal Gold Mining On Local Livelihoods And The Environment In The Forested Areas Of Cameroon

Author : Kevin N. Funoh
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 76. 15 MB
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This study assesses the impact of artisanal gold mining in the Ngoyla-Mintom Forest Massif (NMFM) on local livelihoods and the environment. The methodology for the research consisted in a literature review, visits to eight mining camps in the periphery of Mintom, interviews with 95 miners, focus group discussions with actors involved in activities related to gold mining, and stakeholder consultations. The results show that miners earn a minimum of XAF 80,000 (US$ 160) per month, which is about three times the average wage in Cameroon (XAF 28,216 or US$56) and as much as XAF 800,000 (US$ 1600) a month. Mining leads to the creation of many associated activities such as portering, catering and the intensification of hunting, collection of NTFPs, and fishing, among others. The most negative social impact of mining is associated with activities such as prostitution, which leads to the quick spread of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV/AIDS. Mining and its associated activities also have negative impacts on the environment such as destruction of fragile forest ecosystems especially swamps, diversion, sedimentation and pollution of small water ways, and soil destruction, although at a relatively small scale.

Understanding Poverty And The Environment

Author : Fiona Nunan
ISBN : 9781134597895
Genre : Nature
File Size : 83. 40 MB
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Does poverty lead to environmental degradation? Do degraded environments and natural resources lead to poverty? Or, are there other forces at play? Is the relationship between poverty and the environment really as straightforward as the vicious circle portrayal of ‘poverty leading to environmental destruction leading to more poverty’ would suggest? Does it matter if the relationship is portrayed in this way? This book suggests that it does matter. Arguing that such a portrayal is unhelpful and misleading, the book brings together a diverse range of analytical frameworks and approaches that can enable a much deeper investigation of the context and nature of poverty-environment relationships. Analytical frameworks and approaches examined in the book include political ecology, a gendered lens, Critical Institutionalism, the Environmental Entitlements framework, the Institutional Analysis and Development approach, the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework, wellbeing analysis, social network analysis and frameworks for the analysis of the governance of natural resources. Recommended further reading draws on published material from the last thirty years as well as key contemporary publications, giving readers a steer towards essential texts and authors within each subject area. Key themes running through the analytical frameworks and approaches are identified and examined, including power, access, institutions and scale.

Guidelines For Field Studies In Environmental Perception

Author : Anne V. T. Whyte
ISBN : STANFORD:36105032317641
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 47 MB
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Evaluates techniques for measuring environmental perception.

The Challenges Of Environmental Mainstreaming

Author : D. Barry Dalal-Clayton
ISBN : 9781843697565
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74. 63 MB
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Reviews the changing context and challenges to environmental mainstreaming, discusses what it takes to achieve effective mainstreaming, and provides guidance for selecting operational methods and tools. This title explores the emphasis on getting environmental issues reflected in the government processes.

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