meeting basic learning needs in the informal sector 2 technical and vocational education and training issues concerns and prospects

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Meeting Basic Learning Needs In The Informal Sector

Author : M. Singh
ISBN : 9781402034275
Genre : Education
File Size : 28. 41 MB
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In advancing the vision of adult learning articulated at the International Conference on Adult Education (CONFINTEA V) held in Hamburg in 1997, the UNESCO Institute for Education has been conducting studies on the different areas and dimensions of ‘Adult Learning and the Changing World of Work’. One question that has been central to this area is: What constitutes adult learning for those who traditionally secure their survival in the informal economy, as well as for those school leavers and dropouts who are forced to work in this sector? In answering this question, the informal sector or popular economy may be defined in various ways, but there is an increasing recognition that it is a phenomenon that has come to stay and that government policies aimed at economic and social development, including national education and training policies and programmes, should target those who work in this sector. In particular, basic education and continuing education and training are being seen as key to empowering people and as crucial to strategies for reducing poverty. Moreover, there is a growing awareness that education is a human right of fundamental siginificance to promoting decent work and humane living conditions. It is in view of such considerations that UIE and the ILO planned to conduct studies in South Asia (Nepal, Bangladesh, India) to develop an understanding of the quality provision of education and skills development in and for the informal sector.

Training For Work In The Informal Micro Enterprise Sector

Author : Hans Christiaan Haan
ISBN : 9781402038280
Genre : Education
File Size : 24. 32 MB
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In Sub-Sahara Africa, the sector of informal micro-enterprises (IMEs) is already employing a large share of the labour force in both urban and rural areas. This study reviews the ways in which the owners and workers of IMEs have acquired their vocational and management skills. It reviews the contributions of all the different training providers, including public sector training institutes, private sector training providers, and training centres run by NGOs and other non-profit organizations. The study finds that informal apprenticeship training is by far the most common source of various skills - in some countries it is likely to be responsible for 80-90% of all ongoing training efforts. Informal apprenticeship training presents a number of important advantages. At the same time it has a number of limitations. The study concludes that there is a major challenge to improve the transfer of relevant skills to IME operators, both through pre-employment training and skills upgrading. In view of the scope of the challenge to provide hundreds of thousands IME owners and workers, as well as large numbers of out of school youths with relevant practical and management skills, it suggests to build upon the strengths of the existing practices of informal apprenticeship training and to remedy its weaknesses by involving professional training providers in upgrading its training organization and delivery, quality and efficiency, and final training outcomes. It reviews the results of a number of innovative interventions in different African countries that are working in this direction. Finally, the study suggests that there is an interesting potential in ‘business-embedded training’ provided by private companies as part of their regular business operations.

The Transformation Of Vocational Education And Training Vet In The Baltic States Survey Of Reforms And Developments

Author : Frank Bünning
ISBN : 1402043422
Genre : Education
File Size : 79. 91 MB
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Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, among the newest member states of the European Union, are part of the "Copenhagen process," the EU’s training and education initiative. These nations have enjoyed special attention in European Vocational Education and Training (VET) policy. This book reviews and analyses reforms in VET and its applications. The book will benefit researchers studying VET in the Baltic states, and in the broader context of internationalisation.

International Perspectives On Teachers And Lecturers In Technical And Vocational Education

Author : Philipp Grollmann
ISBN : 9781402057045
Genre : Education
File Size : 22. 45 MB
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This book provides insight into the history and current status of teaching in technical and vocational education across a broad range of countries. It contains studies of the profiles of teachers and lecturers and their educational practices. An overarching introduction embeds the content of the book into the current global context of Technical and Vocational Education and Training. This is the first substantial volume on the topic in 30 years.

Work Subjectivity And Learning

Author : Stephen Billett
ISBN : 9781402053603
Genre : Education
File Size : 76. 45 MB
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This book focuses on relations among subjectivity, work and learning that represent a point of convergence for diverse disciplinary traditions and practices. There are contributions from leading scholars in the field. They provide emerging perspectives that are elaborating the complex relations among subjectivity, work and learning, and circumstances in which they are played out.

Global Perspectives On Recognising Non Formal And Informal Learning

Author : Madhu Singh
ISBN : 9783319152783
Genre : Education
File Size : 72. 13 MB
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This book deals with the relevance of recognition and validation of non-formal and informal learning education and training, the workplace and society. In an increasing number of countries, it is at the top of the policy and research agenda ranking among the possible ways to redress the glaring lack of relevant academic and vocational qualifications and to promote the development of competences and certification procedures which recognise different types of learning, including formal, non-formal and informal learning. The aim of the book is therefore to present and share experience, expertise and lessons in such a way that enables its effective and immediate use across the full spectrum of country contexts, whether in the developing or developed world. It examines the importance of meeting institutional and political requirements that give genuine value to the recognition of non-formal and informal learning; it shows why recognition is important and clarifies its usefulness and the role it serves in education, working life and voluntary work; it emphasises the importance of the coordination, interests, motivations, trust and acceptance by all stakeholders. The volume is also premised on an understanding of a learning society, in which all social and cultural groups, irrespective of gender, race, social class, ethnicity, mental health difficulties are entitled to quality learning throughout their lives. Overall the thrust is to see the importance of recognising non-formal and informal learning as part of the larger movement for re-directing education and training for change. This change is one that builds on an equitable society and economy and on sustainable development principles and values such as respect for others, respect for difference and diversity, exploration and dialogue.

International Handbook Of Education For The Changing World Of Work

Author : Rupert Maclean
ISBN : 9781402052811
Genre : Education
File Size : 54. 28 MB
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This six-volume handbook covers the latest practice in technical and vocational education and training (TVET). It presents TVET models from all over the world, reflections on the best and most innovative practice, and dozens of telling case studies. The handbook presents the work of established as well as the most promising young researchers and features unrivalled coverage of developments in research, policy and practice in TVET.

Lifelong Learning Education Bibliography

Author : Unesco Institute for Education. Documentation Centre and Library
ISBN : 1862012709
Genre : Continuing education
File Size : 47. 63 MB
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This book examines the challenges facing those who make and implement social policy at a time when free-trade economics reign supreme. It draws on linked ideas of social capital and the management of place, and presents international perspectives from a diverse range of countries, to question the domination of the economic and call for a new balance in making policy and measuring what is achieved. Lifelong learning is said to be vital for a knowledge society in the new economy. But looking at knowledge and the economy alone short-changes us, making economic growth not a means to happiness, but an end. The book moves from applied philosophical analysis in Canada, through debate about social capital and the political in Australia, to consideration of governance for sustained renewal in Finland. It examines how these concepts apply as guides to action in a leading English local authority, Kent, and considers the role of universities in developing learning regions in South Africas W

Skills Development In Sub Saharan Africa

Author : Richard K. Johanson
ISBN : 0821356801
Genre : Education
File Size : 61. 98 MB
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This publication reviews recent developments within technical and vocational education and training (TVET) in sub-Saharan Africa, as well as future challenges in skills development in the region. Based upon 70 case studies covering 20 countries, it provides a good starting point for the development of country policies and programmes, of relevance to other African regions as well as countries in other regions facing similar challenges. Issues discussed include: the labour market context, reform of public training programmes, regulation of non-government training institutions, enterprise-based training, building skills for the informal economy, balancing cost-effectiveness with growth and equity, and financing.

Emerging Challenges And Trends In Tvet In The Asia Pacific Region

Author : S. Majumdar
ISBN : 9789460913914
Genre : Education
File Size : 82. 7 MB
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The Asia-Pacific countries are in various stages of socio-economic development. Geo-political factors affect the pace of development of the countries in the area also referred to as the Colombo Plan region. TVET’s acknowledged importance in the efforts to improve the quality of life of its people is a common motif in the book. The twenty articles by TVET experts and practitioners as well as policy makers provide the reader researcher with a comprehensive appreciation of the respective TVET problems and issues in the countries included. The book is the latest attempt to put under one cover both macro and micro views of TVET, underscoring its current status, emerging trends, best practices and challenges that beset Individual systems. The book presents a comprehensive body of TVET information for use as a handy reference, both by serious researchers and national policymakers, also by practitioners on how TVET plays a pivotal role in national socio-economic development. The experiences shared can be models of “systems that worked,” learning from them and “avoiding the pitfalls.” They further emphasize that “no one solution fi ts all” when addressing the gamut of challenges and concerns, the resources required and the preferred mindset when implementing TVET reforms.

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