membrane modification technology and applications

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Membrane Modification

Author : Nidal Hilal
ISBN : 9781439866368
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 90 MB
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Membrane Modification: Technology and Applications is written for engineers, scientists, graduate students, and researchers in the field of membrane science and technology, materials science, applied physics, chemistry, and environmental science. The book presents the complete range of membrane modification techniques used to increase efficiency of membrane processes. The book starts with an examination of the use of membrane modification to optimize the performance of membranes used in industry. It concludes by demonstrating how membrane modification can improve separation processes in industrial sectors that are recognized as global polluters of water sources. Features Illustrates the use of Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS) in the characterization of commercial and novel membranes Overviews various surface modification techniques applied to enhance the bulk and surface properties of nanofiber membranes Covers the factors affecting membrane fouling and the use of nanoparticles in membrane modification processes Explores the use of plasma treatment for the modification of polymeric membranes Written by professors, engineers, and researchers in the field, the book covers recent advances and comprehensively describes novel and most-used membrane characterization techniques. Modification of different materials and geometrics include flat-sheet, hollow-fiber, and nano-fiber membranes as well as different membrane processes such as reverse osmosis, membrane distillation, gas separation, pervaporation, and membrane fuel cells. Chapters contain tables, figures, photographs, and theoretical equations to aid with reader comprehension.

Polymeric Membrane Synthesis Modification And Applications

Author : CHANDAN. GEBRU DAS (KIBROM ALEBEL.)
ISBN : 1138585793
Genre :
File Size : 82. 76 MB
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Membranes and membrane separation techniques have grown from a simple laboratory tool to an industrial process with considerable technical and commercial impact. The book deals with both the fundamental concepts of preparation, characterization and modification, practical applications along with recent advancements of electro-spun and phase inverted polymeric membranes. Divided into two parts, part one of this book covers the fundamental concepts and practical applications of novel electro-spun membranes while the latter covers basic concepts and further advancements of the conventional phase inverted membranes extensively. Key Features Covers fundamental concepts and practical applications of electro-spun and phase inverted polymeric membranes Includes general properties, characterization, preparation and modification of polymeric membranes Discusses advanced modification of polymeric membranes (functionalization, grafting) using phase inversion process, and effects of solubility parameter and additives on the phase inversion process Reviews electro-spun membranes for biomedical applications, industrial effluents treatment and removal of water contaminants Explores a separate economic analysis section for the discussed membranes

Advanced Materials For Membrane Fabrication And Modification

Author : Stephen Gray
ISBN : 9781351730884
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 86 MB
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Membranes are an energy efficient separation technology that are now the basis for many water treatment and food processing applications. However, there is the potential to improve the operating performance of these separations and to extend the application of membranes to energy production, gas separations, organic solvent-based separations, and biomedical applications through novel membrane materials. This book contains 20 chapters written by leading academic researchers on membrane fabrication and modification techniques and provides a comprehensive overview on the recent developments of membrane technology. Membranes can be manufactured from a range of materials including polymeric compounds, and ceramic materials, and both these materials are considered in the book. There are 5 chapters on water and wastewater membranes that cover the fabrication of thin film (TFC) composite membranes for nanofiltration(NF)/reverse osmosis (RO)/forward osmosis (FO) applications, stimuli responsive membranes, electrospun membranes, porous ceramic membranes, and polymeric ultrafiltration (UF) manufacture and modification. There are another 6 chapters on gas separation that consider carbon membranes, zeolite membranes, silica template and metal oxide silica membranes, TFC membranes, silica membranes, and metal organic framework (MOF) membranes. Zeolite membranes are also considered for organic solvent applications, as are solvent-resistant membranes manufactured by phase inversion, ceramic-supported composite membranes, and ceramic NF membranes. The emerging areas of membranes for energy and biomedical applications have 3 and 2 chapters, respectively. Energy applications consider ion exchange membranes for use in fuel cells, membranes for electrodialysis, and membranes for use in microbial fuel cells. For biomedical applications the chapters focus on hemodialysis membranes and redox responsive membranes. The result is a book that covers many of the emerging membrane fabrication and modification techniques for polymeric and ceramic materials that are expected to form the basis for improved membrane materials into the future.

Liquid Membranes

Author : Vladimir S Kislik
ISBN : 0080932568
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 53. 2 MB
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Liquid Membranes: Principles and Applications in Chemical Separations and Wastewater Treatment discusses the principles and applications of the liquid membrane (LM) separation processes in organic and inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, biochemistry, biomedical engineering, gas separation, and wastewater treatment. It presents updated, useful, and systematized information on new LM separation technologies, along with new developments in the field. It provides an overview of LMs and LM processes, and it examines the mechanisms and kinetics of carrier-facilitated transport through LMs. It also discusses active transport, driven by oxidation-reduction, catalytic, and bioconversion reactions on the LM interfaces; modifications of supported LMs; bulk aqueous hybrid LM processes with water-soluble carriers; emulsion LMs and their applications; and progress in LM science and engineering. This book will be of value to students and young researchers who are new to separation science and technology, as well as to scientists and engineers involved in the research and development of separation technologies, LM separations, and membrane reactors. - Provides comprehensive knowledge-based information on the principles and applications of a variety of liquid membrane separation processes. - Contains a critical analysis of new technologies published in the last 15 years.

Membrane Separation Principles And Applications

Author : Ahmad Fauzi Ismail
ISBN : 9780128128169
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 50 MB
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Membrane Separation Principles and Applications: From Material Selection to Mechanisms and Industrial Uses, the latest volume in the Handbooks in Separation Science series, is the first single resource to explore all aspects of this rapidly growing area of study. Membrane technology is now accepted as one of the most effective tools for separation and purification, primarily due to its simple operation. The result has been a proliferation of studies on this topic; however, the relationships between fundamental knowledge and applications are rarely discussed. This book acts as a guideline for those who are interested in exploring membranes at a more progressive level. Covering methods of pressure driving force, partial pressure driving force, concentration driving force, electrical potential driving force, hybrid processes, and more, this volume is more complete than any other known resource on membrane separations. Covers membrane material selection, membrane fabrication, membrane characterization, separation mechanisms and applications in each chapter Authored by contributors who are internationally recognized as experts in their respective fields Organized by the driving force behind each type of membrane separation—a unique approach that more clearly links fundamental principles with their dominant applications

Membrane Distillation

Author : Mohamed Khayet
ISBN : 9780444531261
Genre : Science
File Size : 33. 70 MB
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Modern membrane engineering is critical to the development of process-intensification strategies and to the stimulation of industrial growth. Membrane Distillation (MD) is a broad reference that covers specific information on membranes available and methods for MD membrane preparation and characterization. The book offers an introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts as well as a historical review of MD development. Commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes, are described in detail and illustrated by a number of clear and instructive schematic drawings and images. A comprehensive review on the development of MD membranes, MD modules, MD membrane characterization, MD configurations, applications in different areas and theoretical models Introduction to the terminology and fundamental concepts associated with MD as well as an historical review of MD development Description of commercial membranes used in MD as well as laboratory-made membranes, including emerging membranes

Nanomaterial And Polymer Membranes

Author : Tawfik Abdo Saleh
ISBN : 9780128014400
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26. 66 MB
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Nanomaterial and Polymer Membranes: Synthesis, Characterization, and Applications presents a unique collection of up-to-date polymeric nanomaterial membranes. The book offers a perfect source to document state-of-the-art developments and innovations in nanocomposite membranes, ranging from materials development and characterization of properties to membrane applications. The book discusses applications that encompass the enhancement of sorption and degradation processes and their usage for the removal of different pollutants, including heavy metals, dyes, pesticides, and other organic and inorganic pollutants from the industry. Presents a powerful single source for the development of new, rapid, and highly efficient membrane composites Offers a perfect source to document state-of-the-art developments and innovations in nanocomposite membranes, ranging from materials development and characterization of properties to membrane applications Covers applications in membrane science, water treatment, and the removal of pollutants from waste water Provides theoretical and practical information about the synthesis and application of polymeric nanocomposite membranes Includes instructor support material available at textbooks.elsevier.com

Membrane Characterization

Author : Nidal Hilal
ISBN : 9780444637918
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 9 MB
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Membrane Characterization provides a valuable source of information on how membranes are characterized, an extremely limited field that is confined to only brief descriptions in various technical papers available online. For the first time, readers will be able to understand the importance of membrane characterization, the techniques required, and the fundamental theory behind them. This book focuses on characterization techniques that are normally used for membranes prepared from polymeric, ceramic, and composite materials. Features specific details on many membrane characterization techniques for various membrane materials of industrial and academic interest Contains examples of international best practice techniques for the evaluation of several membrane parameters, including pore size, charge, and fouling Discusses various membrane models more suitable to a specific application Provides examples of ab initio calculations for the design, optimization, and scale-up of processes based on characterization data

Membrane Based Separations In Metallurgy

Author : Lan Ying Jiang
ISBN : 9780128034279
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30. 5 MB
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Membrane-Based Separation in Metallurgy: Principles and Applications begins with basic coverage of the basic principles of the topic and then explains how membrane technology helps in the development of new environmentally friendly and sustainable metallurgical processes. The book features the principles of metallurgical process and how widely the membrane-based technology has been applied in metallurgical industry, including the basic principles of membrane-based separation in terms of material science, membrane structure engineering, transport mechanisms, and module design, detailed metallurgical process flowcharts with emphasis on membrane separations, current process designs, and describes problems and provides possible solutions. In addition, the book includes specific membrane applications, molecular design of materials, fine tuning of membrane’s multi-scale structure, module selection and process design, along with a final analysis of the environmental and economic benefits achieved by using these new processes. Outlines membrane separation processes and their use in the field of metallurgy Includes case studies and examples of various processes Describes individual unit operations and sectors of extractive metallurgy in a clear and thorough presentation for students and engineers Provides a quick reference to wastewater treatment using membrane technology in the metallurgical industry Outlines the design of flowsheets, a topic that is not covered in academic studies, but is necessary for the design of working process Provides examples and analysis of the economic implications and environmental and social impacts

Membrane Fabrication

Author : Nidal Hilal
ISBN : 9781482210460
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 49 MB
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Membranes play a crucial role in ensuring the optimum use and recovery of materials in manufacturing. In the process industries, they are required for efficient production and minimization of environmental impact. They are also essential for the efficient production of clean water, a significant global issue. Membrane Fabrication brings together experts from various disciplines who discuss current membrane fabrication methods and how they are used in the optimization of membrane applications. They present innovative ideas on the development of membrane science and technology with a view toward efficient application of membrane separation processes. Exploring fabrication processes for polymeric, inorganic, and composite membranes, the book details the effects of different fabrication conditions and how these conditions can be controlled to optimize membrane construction and the subsequent application of the membrane system. It examines the advantages and disadvantages of each type of membrane, including the malleable yet vulnerable polymeric membranes, the robust yet costly inorganic membranes, and composite membranes, constructed with a blend of inorganic and organic materials. Offering a comprehensive survey of a range of fabrication methods, the book is essential reading for those engaged in the R & D activities of the field, as well as those interested in the sustainable development of membranes for various applications. It is also an important resource for industrialists and others charged with developing and introducing membrane processes into production or waste management.

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