metabolic phenotyping in personalized and public healthcare

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Metabolic Phenotyping In Personalized And Public Healthcare

Author : Jeremy Nicholson
ISBN : 9780128004142
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 21 MB
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Metabolic Phenotyping in Personalized and Public Healthcare provides information on the widespread recognition that a personalized or stratified approach to patient treatment may offer a more efficient and effective healthcare solution than phenotype-led approaches. In order to achieve that objective, a deep personal description is required at the level of the genome, proteome, metabolome, or preferably a combination of these aided by technology. This book, edited and written by the outstanding luminaries of this evolving field, evaluates metabolic profiling and its uses across personalized and population healthcare, while also covering the advent of new technology fields, such as surgical metabonomics. In addition, the text presents specific examples of where this technology has been used clinically and with efficacy, pointing towards a framework and protocol for usage as it hits the clinical mainstream. Translates the conjunction of new surgical tools for intraoperative, real-time, metabolite evaluation and direct analysis of biofluid samples into novel options for augmented clinical decision-making Discusses longitudinal sampling from individual patients for stratified medicine Covers high resolution analytical spectroscopy and sophisticated computational modelling for prediction of adverse reactions in critical care scenarios, prognostic evaluation of cancer from biofluidism, and prognostic prediction of metabolism or response of patients to pharmaceutical interventions Encapsulates recent technology options for broader population profiling considerations, in particular, the metabolome-wide association studies (MWAS) that aid the translational researcher in identifying metabolic patterns associated with disease Foreword written by Professor Dame Sally Davies who is the Chief Medical Officer for England

The Handbook Of Metabolic Phenotyping

Author : John C. Lindon
ISBN : 9780128122945
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 10 MB
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The Handbook of Metabolic Phenotyping is the definitive work on the rapidly developing subject of metabolic phenotyping. It explores in detail the wide array of analytical chemistry and statistical modeling techniques used in the field, coupled with surveys of the various application areas in human development, nutrition, disease, therapy, and epidemiology to create a comprehensive exploration of the area of study. It covers recent studies that integrate the various -omics data sets to derive a systems biology view. It also addresses current issues on standardization, assay and statistics validation, and data storage and sharing. Written by experts with many years of practice in the field who pioneered many of the approaches widely used today, The Handbook of Metabolic Phenotyping is a valuable resource for postgrads and research scientists studying and furthering the field of metabolomics. Contains theoretical and practical explanations of all the main analytical chemistry techniques used in metabolic phenotyping Explores, in detail, the many diverse statistical approaches used in the field Offers practical tips for successfully conducting metabolic phenotyping studies Features reviews of all of the various fields of activity relating to human studies

Encyclopedia Of Analytical Science

Author :
ISBN : 9780081019849
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 31 MB
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The third edition of the Encyclopedia of Analytical Science is a definitive collection of articles covering the latest technologies in application areas such as medicine, environmental science, food science and geology. Meticulously organized, clearly written and fully interdisciplinary, the Encyclopedia of Analytical Science provides foundational knowledge across the scope of modern analytical chemistry, linking fundamental topics with the latest methodologies. Articles will cover three broad areas: analytical techniques (e.g., mass spectrometry, liquid chromatography, atomic spectrometry); areas of application (e.g., forensic, environmental and clinical); and analytes (e.g., arsenic, nucleic acids and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons), providing a one-stop resource for analytical scientists. Offers readers a one-stop resource with access to information across the entire scope of modern analytical science Presents articles split into three broad areas: analytical techniques, areas of application and and analytes, creating an ideal resource for students, researchers and professionals Provides concise and accessible information that is ideal for non-specialists and readers from undergraduate levels and higher

Liquid Chromatography

Author : Salvatore Fanali
ISBN : 9780128093443
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 71 MB
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Liquid Chromatography: Applications, Second Edition,is a single source of authoritative information on all aspects of the practice of modern liquid chromatography. It gives those working in both academia and industry the opportunity to learn, refresh, and deepen their knowledge of the wide variety of applications in the field. In the years since the first edition was published, thousands of papers have been released on new achievements in liquid chromatography, including the development of new stationary phases, improvement of instrumentation, development of theory, and new applications in biomedicine, metabolomics, proteomics, foodomics, pharmaceuticals, and more. This second edition addresses these new developments with updated chapters from the most expert researchers in the field. Emphasizes the integration of chromatographic methods and sample preparation Explains how liquid chromatography is used in different industrial sectors Covers the most interesting and valuable applications in different fields, e.g., proteomic, metabolomics, foodomics, pollutants and contaminants, and drug analysis (forensic, toxicological, pharmaceutical, biomedical) Includes references and tables with commonly used data to facilitate research, practical work, comparison of results, and decision-making

Mitochondrial Dysfunction Caused By Drugs And Environmental Toxicants

Author : Yvonne Will
ISBN : 9781119329749
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 60 MB
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Developed as a one-stop reference source for drug safety and toxicology professionals, this book explains why mitochondrial failure is a crucial step in drug toxicity and how it can be avoided. • Covers both basic science and applied technology / methods • Allows readers to understand the basis of mitochondrial function, the preclinical assessments used, and what they reveal about drug effects • Contains both in vitro and in vivo methods for analysis, including practical screening approaches for drug discovery and development • Adds coverage about mitochondrial toxicity underlying organ injury, clinical reports on drug classes, and discussion of environmental toxicants affecting mitochondria

In Silico Drug Design

Author : Kunal Roy
ISBN : 9780128163771
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 62. 43 MB
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In Silico Drug Design: Repurposing Techniques and Methodologies explores the application of computational tools that can be utilized for this approach. The book covers theoretical background and methodologies of chem-bioinformatic techniques and network modeling and discusses the various applied strategies to systematically retrieve, integrate and analyze datasets from diverse sources. Other topics include in silico drug design methods, computational workflows for drug repurposing, and network-based in silico screening for drug efficacy. With contributions from experts in the field and the inclusion of practical case studies, this book gives scientists, researchers and R&D professionals in the pharmaceutical industry valuable insights into drug design. Discusses the theoretical background and methodologies of useful techniques of cheminformatics and bioinformatics that can be applied for drug repurposing Offers case studies relating to the in silico modeling of FDA-approved drugs for the discovery of antifungal, anticancer, antiplatelet agents, and for drug therapies against diseases Covers tools and databases that can be utilized to facilitate in silico methods for drug repurposing

Molecular Mechanisms And Physiology Of Disease

Author : Nilanjana Maulik
ISBN : 9781493907069
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53. 85 MB
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In a simplified form, epigenetics refers to heritable changes in phenotype that are not due to changes in the underlying DNA sequence. In this book, epigenetic mechanisms of regulation and dysregulation in health and disease are explored in great depth. Detailed chapters on epigenetic processes including DNA methylation and chromatin post-translational modifications including potential interventions with DNA methyltransferase inhibitors and histone deacetylase inhibitors are explored in initial chapters. These provide a detailed overview and important background to the entire field. The book is then focussed on epigenetic mechanisms involved in various diseases including anti-inflammatory and autoimmune conditions. Important accounts relating to the effects of epigenetics in metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and asthma are the focus of subsequent chapters. The role of epigenetic dysregulation in malignancy is a current topic of interest and represents an intense field of research. A large component of this book is dedicated to the analysis of aberrant epigenetic processes in carcinogenesis and cancer progression. Further, chapters are focused on emerging cancer prevention using nutritional components and anti-cancer therapies particularly with histone deacetylase inhibitors, which have already been approved for the treatment of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. The emerging role of nanoparticle preparations, especially in the context of delivering potential epigenetic therapies to target cells in various diseases, is also explored in this book. Overall, this book encompasses a wide range of topics related to epigenetic mechanisms in health and disease and would appeal to anyone with an interest in epigenetics, chromatin biology and emerging epigenetic interventions and therapies.

Personalized Nutrition

Author : Frans Kok
ISBN : 1420009176
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81. 47 MB
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From one person to the next, optimal health is governed by a huge array of minor genetic differences. When modulated by a variety of food bioiactives, these differences result in changes in gene expression and subsequent phenotypic expression. Combining biomedical and social science with contributions from leaders in both fields, Personalized Nutrition: Principles and Applications illustrates molecular, physiological, epidemiological, and public health aspects with examples from major diseases and discusses the behavioral, ethical, and consumer perspectives that will influence a successful introduction of personalized nutrition. Divided into three sections, the book answers pertinent questions crucial to the mainstream acceptance of personalized nutrition: to what extent is this personal diet-and-health relationship practically valid? how can nutrition science demonstrate this? And what is the proposition of stakeholders in society, including the consumer? The book begins with an overview of the state-of-the-science in nutrigenomic technologies including transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics. It covers the use of genomics technology for a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in major diet-related chronic disorders such as chronic inflammation, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and obesity. Section two compares the practices and opinions of scientists, food companies, consumers, competitive athletes, and health care providers on the subject of personalized nutrition. It reviews marketing potential, consumer attitudes, and the ethical issues surrounding personalized advice. The final section focuses on humanitarian concerns related to developing countries and calls for international efforts to develop best practices, collaboration, and dataset sharing. The authors also consider ongoing innovations in food technology, nutrigenomics, and food delivery systems.

Cardiovascular Genetics And Genomics In Clinical Practice

Author : Donna K. Arnett, PhD
ISBN : 9781617051784
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66. 32 MB
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Weighted Numerical Score: 100 - 5 Stars! This is a systematic guide to cardiovascular genetics and genomics from basic concepts to clinical application. It organizes a large volume of information from an active area of research, which holds promise for future discovery. --Doody's Reviews Cardiovascular Genetics and Genomics in Clinical Practice presents clinical cases to illuminate basic concepts of cardiovascular genetics and genomics as practitioners encounter them in day-to-day practice. The unique use of real-world case discussions facilitates the memorization and understanding of basic principles, which can be more readily applied to actual cases. Cardiovascular Genetics and Genomics in Clinical Practice features a step-by-step learning process that begins with an easy-to-understand "primer" of basic scientific concepts regarding cardiovascular genetics and genomics followed by state-of-the-art research and applications for treatment of cardiovascular disorders. Expert clinicians and researchers describe illustrative cases for each topic along with detailed discussions of current scientific understanding and its application in current disease management and treatment. Summaries, key teaching points, and illustrations are highlighted to facilitate quick recall and review. The book will be useful for cardiovascular clinicians in training, board preparation, or as a review for those already in clinical practice. Cardiovascular Genetics and Genomics in Clinical Practice features: Clinical case scenarios to illuminate the basic concepts of cardiovascular genetics and genomics as they are used in daily practice Explanation of fundamental concepts as a foundation for more in-depth understanding Detailed discussions of current scientific knowledge and clinical management The expertise of renowned clinician-scientists in the field Real practical insight for practice

An Introduction To Molecular Medicine And Gene Therapy

Author : Thomas F. Kresina
ISBN : UOM:39015049508313
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 99 MB
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An Introduction to Molecular Medicine and Gene Therapy Edited by Thomas F. Kresina, Ph.D. Gene therapy, or the use of genetic manipulation for disease treatment, is derived from advances in genetics, molecular biology, clinical medicine, and human genomics. Molecular medicine, the application of molecular biological techniques to disease treatment and diagnosis, is derived from the development of human organ transplantation, pharmacotherapy, and elucidation of the human genome. An Introduction to Molecular Medicine and Gene Therapy provides a basis for interpreting new clinical and basic research findings in the areas of cloning, gene transfer, and targeting; the applications of genetic medicine to clinical conditions; ethics and governmental regulations; and the burgeoning fields of genomics, biotechnology, and bioinformatics. By dividing the material into three sections - an introduction to basic science, a review of clinical applications, and a discussion of the evolving issues related to gene therapy and molecular medicine-this comprehensive manual describes the basic approaches to the broad range of actual and potential genetic-based therapies. In addition, An Introduction to Molecular Medicine and Gene Therapy: * Covers new frontiers in gene therapy, animal models, vectors, gene targeting, and ethical/legal considerations * Provides organ-based reviews of current studies in gene therapy for monogenetic, multifactoral or polygenic disorders, and infectious diseases * Includes bold-faced terms, key concepts, summaries, and lists of helpful references by subject in each chapter * Contains appendices on commercial implications and a review of the history of gene therapy This textbook offers a clear, concise writing style, drawing upon the expertise of the authors, all renowned researchers in their respective specialties of molecular medicine. Researchers in genetics and molecular medicine will all find An Introduction to Molecular Medicine and Gene Therapy to be an essential guide to the rapidly evolving field of gene therapy and its applications in molecular medicine.

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