metal ligand bonding

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Metal Ligand Bonding

Author : E A Moore
ISBN : 9781847559456
Genre : Education
File Size : 82. 61 MB
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To appreciate the chemistry and physical properties of complexes of the transition series, an understanding of metal-ligand interactions applied to complexes of the d-block is needed. Metal Ligand Bonding aims to provide this through an accessible, detailed, non-mathematical approach. Initial chapters detail the crystal-field model, using it to describe the use of magnetic measurements to distinguish complexes with different electronic configurations and geometries. Subsequent chapters look at the molecular orbital theory of transition metal complexes using a pictorial approach. Bonding in octahedral complexes is explored and electronic spectra and magnetic properties are given extensive coverage. The material addressed in this book forms the foundation of undergraduate lecture courses on d-block chemistry and facilitates learning through various key features, including: full colour diagrams; in-text questions with answers; revision exercises and clearly defined learning outcomes to encourage a reflective approach to study; an associated website; and experimental data and observations from everyday life. A basic knowledge of atomic and molecular orbitals as applied to main group elements is assumed.

Metal Ligand Interactions In Chemistry Physics And Biology

Author : N. Russo
ISBN : 9789401142458
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 19 MB
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Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, held in Cetraro (CS) Italy, from 1-12 September 1998

Ground States Excited States And Metal Ligand Bonding In Rare Earth Hexachloro Complexes A Dft Based Ligand Field Study

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ISBN : OCLC:631849504
Genre :
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Metal (4f)-ligand (Cl 3p) bonding in LnCl63- (Ln = Ce to Yb) complexes has been studied on the basis of 4f->4f and Cl,3p->4f charge-transfer spectra and on the analysis of these spectra within the valence bond configuration interaction model to show that mixing of Cl 3p into the Ln 4f ligand field orbitals does not exceed 1%. Contrary to this, Kohn-Sham formalism of density functional theory using currently available approximations to the exchange-correlation functional tends to strongly overestimate 4f-3p covalency, yielding, for YbCl63-, a much larger mixing of Cl 3p->4f charge transfer into the f13 ionic ground-state wave function. Thus, ligand field density functional theory, which was recently developed and applied with success to complexes of 3d metals in our group, yields anomalously large ligand field splittings for Ln, the discrepancy with experiment increasing from left to the right of the Ln 4f series. It is shown that eliminating artificial ligand-to-metal charge transfer in Kohn-Sham calculations by a procedure described in this work leads to energies of 4f-4f transitions in good agreement with experiment. We recall an earlier concept of Ballhausen and Dahl which describes ligand field in terms of a pseudopotential and give a thorough analysis of the contributions to the ligand field from electrostatics (crystal field) and exchange (Pauli) repulsion. The close relation of the present results with those obtained using the first-principles based and electron density dependent effective embedding potential is pointed out along with implications for applications to other systems.

Metal Ligand Bonding Energetics In Organotransition Metal Compounds

Author : Tobin J. Marks
ISBN : UCSD:31822005891551
Genre : Chemical bonds
File Size : 67. 23 MB
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Advances In Metal And Semiconductor Clusters

Author : M.A. Duncan
ISBN : 0080496571
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 21 MB
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In previous volumes in this series, Advances in Metal and Semiconductor Clusters, the focus has been on atomic clusters of metals, semiconductors and carbon. Fundamental gas phase studies have been surveyed, and most recently scientists have explored new materials which can be produced from clusters or cluster precursors. In this latest volume, the focus shifts to clusters composed primarily of non-metal molecules or atoms which have one or more metal atoms seeded into the cluster as an impurity. These clusters provide model systems for metal ion solvation processes and metal-ligand interactions. Metal-ligand bonding underlies the vast fields of organometallic chemistry, transition metal chemistry and homogeneous catalysis. Catalytic activity, ligand displacement reactions and photochemical activity depend on the specific details of metal-ligand bonding. Likewise, metal ions are ubiquitous in chemistry and biology and weaker electrostatic interactions play a leading role in their function. In solution, metals exist in different charge states depending on the conditions, and the solvation environment strongly influences their chemistry. Many enzymes have metal ions at their active sites, and electrostatic interactions influence the selectivity for metal ion transport through cell membranes. Metal ions (e.g., Mg+, Ca+) are deposited into the earth's atmosphere by meteor ablation, resulting in a rich variety of atmospheric chemistry. Similarly, metal ions ( Mg+) have been observed in planetary atmospheres and in the impact of the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 on Jupiter. In various circumstances, the electrostatic interactions of metal ions determine the outcome of significant chemistry. Cluster chemistry has made significant contributions to the understanding of these stronger metal ligand interactions and weaker metal ion solvation interactions. In this volume, the authors explore a variety of work in these general areas, where new cluster science techniques in the gas phase have made it possible to synthesize new kinds of complexes with metals and to measure their properties in detail.

Metal Ligand Interactions

Author : N. Russo
ISBN : 1402014945
Genre :
File Size : 22. 51 MB
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Molecular Orbitals Of Transition Metal Complexes

Author : Yves Jean
ISBN : 0191513695
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 98 MB
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This book starts with the most elementary ideas of molecular orbital theory and leads the reader progressively to an understanding of the electronic structure, geometry and, in some cases, reactivity of transition metal complexes. The qualitative orbital approach, based on simple notions such as symmetry, overlap and electronegativity, is the focus of the presentation and a substantial part of the book is associated with the mechanics of the assembly of molecular orbital diagrams. The first chapter recalls the basis for electron counting in transition metal complexes. The main ligand fields (octahedral, square planar, tetrahedral, etc.) are studied in the second chapter and the structure of the "d block" is used to trace the relationships between the electronic structure and the geometry of the complexes. The third chapter studies the change in analysis when the ligands have pi-type interactions with the metal. All these ideas are then used in the fourth chapter to study a series of selected applications of varying complexity (e.g. structure and reactivity). The fifth chapter deals with the "isolobal analogy" which points out the resemblance between the molecular orbitals of inorganic and organic species and provides a bridge between these two subfields of chemistry. The last chapter is devoted to a presentation of basic Group Theory with applications to some of the complexes studied in the earlier chapters.

Concepts In Transition Metal Chemistry

Author : Eleanor Crabb
ISBN : UOM:39076002910151
Genre : Transition metals
File Size : 48. 41 MB
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Bonding In Tetrahedral Transition Metal Complexes Having Pi Acceptor Ligands

Author : Suzanne Rabitz
ISBN : WISC:89010733566
Genre :
File Size : 41. 32 MB
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Electronic Absorption Spectroscopy And Related Techniques

Author : D. N. Sathyanarayana
ISBN : 8173713715
Genre : Absorption spectra
File Size : 50. 39 MB
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This book provides a conceptual and experimental basis for the interpretation of electronic absorption spectroscopy and related techniques. The basic theories, instrumentation and interpretation of the spectra of organic and coordination compounds for structural studies are presented step-by-step, in an easily understandable style. related topics of emission spectroscopes are covered as well.

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