microemulsions properties and applications 144 surfactant science

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Microemulsions

Author : Monzer Fanun
ISBN : 1420089609
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 55 MB
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The effective use of microemulsions has increased dramatically during the past few decades as major industrial applications have expanded in a variety of fields. Microemulsions: Properties and Applications provides a complete and systematic assessment of all topics affecting microemulsion performance and discusses the fundamental characteristics, theories, and applications of these dispersions. Thoroughly encompassing the significant developments of the past ten years, this book describes a wide range of topics, including interactions at microemulsion interfaces, new types of surfactants, and the fundamentals of nanotechnology. It outlines experimental and traditional measurement techniques in a variety of microemulsified systems and provides reliable coverage of applicable techniques. Theory and Characterization Methods The initial chapters cover theoretical aspects of microemulsion formulation, with particular focus on methodologies for preparation. The book also addresses characterization methods, including X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), light scattering, and small-angle neutron scattering. It includes discussions of viscosimetry, conductivity, ultrasonic velocity, and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Practical Applications The remainder of the coverage focuses on current and potential applications of microemulsions. The book examines commercial uses, including biocatalysis and enzymatic reactions, nutrition, the extraction of contaminated solids, pollution control, dispersion of drugs, and oil recovery. The contributors also discuss the use of microemulsions as a reaction medium for the formation of polymeric and inorganic nanoparticles, and applications in electrokinetic chromatography. Comprising the work of an international community of colloid scientists, this book explains why microemulsions are used for the intended application, how they are made, and how they react. Each chapter contains a description of the fundamental phenomena and principles involved in microemulsion processes, emphasizing the mechanism of microemulsion formation and deformation. A summary of recent research, the book eliminates the need to search through dozens of arcane online journal articles for critical information.

Colloids In Biotechnology

Author : Monzer Fanun
ISBN : 1439830819
Genre : Medical
File Size : 69. 85 MB
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Colloids show great potential in a wide variety of applications, including drug delivery and medical imaging, and the design and fabrication of colloid systems has attracted considerable interest in the research community. Colloids in Biotechnology describes developments in the field of biotechnological applications in the past decade and bridges the gap between these research efforts and commercially viable options. Highlights the role of colloids in a plethora of biotechnical applications Striking a balance between theory and experiment, between principles and applications, and between molecular and physical approaches to the subject, the book assembles contributions from an international community of colloid scientists to provide a comprehensive reference on the role of colloids in biotechnology and biomedicine. The authors discuss new types of biosurfactants; mixtures of surfactants; and peptides, proteins, and polyelectrolytes. They also describe the formation and properties of magnetic colloids and review their applications in chemical biology and medicine. They highlight current progress in the design of self-assembled materials for biotechnology, and they also cover the formation of nanofibres and the use of sol-gel technology in biology. Contains contributions from a diverse team of researchers The chapter authors have been given the freedom to present the spectrum of the relevant science, from pure to applied, in their particular topic. The compilation of this vast experience makes this text a valuable reference for those working in research and development in a range of technologies as well as academic scientists in the colloid and surface science field.

Colloids In Drug Delivery

Author : Monzer Fanun
ISBN : 1439818266
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82. 72 MB
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Colloidal drug delivery systems present a range of therapeutic benefits in the treatment of a number of challenging conditions, allowing researchers to cross barriers that have previously prevented efficient treatment while offering improved and more targeted absorption. Summarizing recent research in the field, Colloids in Drug Delivery assembles the work of 65 of the world’s leading colloid scientists who examine the full spectrum of this rapidly emerging science, from pure to applied, most of it drawn from their own experience and research. The book begins by examining the basics of surfactant and polymer surface activity and self-assembly, the various types of structures formed by such compounds, and their use in drug delivery and biotechnology. It examines the development of controlled and targeted delivery systems by utilizing the various properties of colloids before moving on to discuss various applications and fields of research. Topics discussed include: The use of hard, soft, and macromolecular colloidal drug delivery systems formed by surfactants, polymers, proteins, and lipids Recent advances in procolloidal systems, self-emulsifying drug delivery systems, and aerosol applications to pharmaceutical drug delivery Colloidal nanocarriers for imaging applications and the treatment of dental and periodontal diseases Classification and application of colloidal drug delivery systems in tumor targeting The use of colloids for improved nasal, ocular, vaginal, oral, buccal, gastrointestinal, and colon drug delivery Examining topics necessary to the critical evaluation of a drug candidate’s potential for delivery, the book also describes the preparation, classification, interfacial activity, surface modifications and influence on particle characteristics, drug delivery, and drug targeting. Each chapter in this expansive volume explains why a particular system is used for the intended application, how it is made, and how it behaves. All those concerned with the research, development, and manufacture of drugs will find this a valuable reference, offering a wealth of research upon which they can build.

Developments In Surface Contamination And Cleaning Vol 6

Author : Rajiv Kohli
ISBN : 9781437778809
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 65 MB
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In this series Rajiv Kohli and Kash Mittal have brought together the work of experts from different industry sectors and backgrounds to provide a state-of-the-art survey and best-practice guidance for scientists and engineers engaged in surface cleaning or handling the consequences of surface contamination. The expert contributions in this volume cover important fundamental aspects of surface contamination that are key to understanding the behavior of specific types of contaminants. This understanding is essential to develop preventative and mitigation methods for contamination control. The coverage complements the treatment of surface contamination in vol.1, Fundamental and Applied Aspects. This volume covers: Sources and Generation of Particles; Manipulation Techniques for Particles on Surfaces; Particle Deposition and Rebound; Particle Behavior in Liquid Systems; Biological and Metallic Contamination; and includes a comprehensive list of current standards and resources. Comprehensive coverage of innovations in surface contamination and cleaning Written by established experts in the contamination and cleaning field Each chapter is a comprehensive review of the state of the art Case studies included

Petroleum Engineer S Guide To Oil Field Chemicals And Fluids

Author : Johannes Fink
ISBN : 0123838452
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 16 MB
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Petroleum Engineer's Guide to Oil Field Chemicals and Fluids is a comprehensive manual that provides end users with information about oil field chemicals, such as drilling muds, corrosion and scale inhibitors, gelling agents and bacterial control. This book is an extension and update of Oil Field Chemicals published in 2003, and it presents a compilation of materials from literature and patents, arranged according to applications and the way a typical job is practiced. The text is composed of 23 chapters that cover oil field chemicals arranged according to their use. Each chapter follows a uniform template, starting with a brief overview of the chemical followed by reviews, monomers, polymerization, and fabrication. The different aspects of application, including safety and environmental impacts, for each chemical are also discussed throughout the chapters. The text also includes handy indices for trade names, acronyms and chemicals. Petroleum, production, drilling, completion, and operations engineers and managers will find this book invaluable for project management and production. Non-experts and students in petroleum engineering will also find this reference useful. Chemicals are ordered by use including drilling muds, corrosion inhibitors, and bacteria control Includes cutting edge chemicals and polymers such as water soluble polymers and viscosity control Handy index of chemical substances as well as a general chemical index

Surfactant Science And Technology

Author : Drew Myers
ISBN : 9780471746065
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57. 25 MB
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A general introduction to surfactants, surface activity, and surfactant applications Important advances in the tools available for studying the activity of surfactants has significantly increased scientific understanding of interfaces at the molecular level. However, there is still much to be learned. In this Third Edition of the successful classic, author and expert Drew Myers combines the latest information available in the field of surfactants with his original, accessible text on the subject. Now fully updated to reflect recent developments in working with surfactants in both model and practical systems, the Third Edition of Surfactant Science and Technology provides a solid introduction to the field of surfactant science. Written especially for beginners and nonspecialists who would like a practical but not necessarily comprehensive knowledge of the field, this clear, cogent text conveys the most fundamental and useful concepts of surfactant action and application. New chapters bring readers up to date on current biological and medical applications of surfactants, as well as applications in food science, cosmetics, and other areas. In addition to new chapters, Surfactant Science and Technology includes illustrative problems at the end of each chapter. These problems explain concepts discussed and stimulate imaginative solutions on the part of the reader. A helpful bibliography of supplementary resources for readers who desire more detail has also been included. Surfactant Science and Technology, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for surface and polymer chemists, chemical and industrial engineers, and a wide range of chemistry students.

Surfactant Science And Technology

Author : Laurence S. Romsted
ISBN : 9781439882955
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 88 MB
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Surfactant research explores the forces responsible for surfactant assembly and the critical industrial, medical, and personal applications, including viscosity control, microelectronics, drug stabilization, drug delivery, cosmetics, enhanced oil recovery, and foods. Surfactant Science and Technology: Retrospects and Prospects, "a Festschrift in honor of Dr. Kash Mittal," provides a broad perspective with chapters contributed by leaders in the fields of surfactant-based physical, organic, and materials chemistries. Many of the authors participated in a special symposium in Melbourne, Australia, honoring Kash Mittal’s 100th edited book at the 18th Surfactants in Solution (SIS) meeting. Each chapter provides an overview of a specific research area, with discussions on past, present, and future directions. The book is divided into six parts. Part I reviews the evolution of theoretical models for surfactant self-assembly, and introduces a model for interpreting ion-specific effects on aggregate properties. Part II focuses on interactions of surfactant solutions with solid supports; uses contact angles to understand hydrophobic/hydrophilic changes in a lipid layer; uses surface tension to understand molecular arrangements at interfaces; reviews spreading phenomena; discusses pattern formation on solid surfaces; and applies tensiometry to probe flavor components of espresso. Part III discusses novel DNA-based materials, multifunctional poly(amino acid)s–based graft polymers for drug delivery, and polymeric surfactants for stabilizing suspensions and emulsions. Part IV introduces farm-based biosurfactants from natural products and "greener" biosurfactants from bacteria. Part V explores lyotropic liquid crystals and their applications in triggered drug release; microemulsion properties and controlled drug release; the role of hydrotopes in formulations and in enhancing solubilization in liquid crystals; the potential of ionic liquids to generate tunable and selective reaction media; and provides an overview of stimuli-responsive surfactants. Focusing on emulsions, Part VI reviews the design of emulsion properties for various commercial applications, the role of surfactants in the oil and gas industries, and surfactant mechanisms for soil removal via microemulsions and emulsification.

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