ministerial survival during political and cabinet change

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Ministerial Survival During Political And Cabinet Change

Author : Alejandro Quiroz Flores
ISBN : 9781317273448
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 50. 74 MB
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Political leaders need ministers to help them rule and so conventional wisdom suggests that leaders appoint competent ministers to their cabinet. This book shows this is not necessarily the case. It examines the conditions that facilitate survival in ministerial office and how they are linked to ministerial competence, the political survival of heads of government and the nature of political institutions. Presenting a formal theory of political survival in the cabinet, it systematically analyses the tenure in office of more than 7,300 ministers of foreign affairs covering more than 180 countries spanning the years 1696-2004. In doing so, it sheds light not only on studies of ministerial change but also on diplomacy, the occurrence of war, and the democratic peace in international relations. This text will be of key interest to students of comparative executive government, comparative foreign policy, political elites, and more broadly to comparative politics, political economy, political history and international relations.

Government Formation And Minister Turnover In Presidential Cabinets

Author : Marcelo Camerlo
ISBN : 9781315466477
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 51. 99 MB
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Portfolio allocation in presidential systems is a central tool that presidents use to deal with changes in the political and economic environment. Yet, we still have much to learn about the process through which ministers are selected and the reasons why they are replaced in presidential systems. This book offers the most comprehensive, cross-national analysis of portfolio allocation in the Americas to date. In doing so, it contributes to the development of theories about portfolio allocation in presidential systems. Looking specifically at how presidents use portfolio allocation as part of their wider political strategy, it examines eight country case studies, within a carefully developed analytical framework and cross-national comparative analysis from a common dataset. The book includes cases studies of portfolio allocation in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, the United States, Peru and Uruguay, and covers the period between the transition to democracy in each country up until 2014. This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of political elites, executive politics, Latin American politics and more broadly comparative politics.

National Political Elites European Integration And The Eurozone Crisis

Author : Nicolò Conti
ISBN : 9781351064804
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 38. 9 MB
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The global financial, economic and sovereign debt crisis since 2008 has led to increases in political disaffection among citizens, a loss of legitimacy of political institutions, the discredit of mainstream parties and the rise of extremist or anti-system political alternatives. This comparative volume sheds greater light on this critical juncture in the recent history of the European Union (EU) by focusing on the evolution of attitudes of national political elites. It examines whether the crisis has affected the legitimacy of the EU integration project as perceived by national political elites and, consequently, if the elite consensus that constituted one of the most solid fundamentals supporting that project has been eroded. Analysing these changes across the different dimensions in which support for the EU is organized and its relationship with the evolution of support towards European integration among citizens in member states, the book addresses a basic question: How have these events affected the perceptions of the EU of national political elites? Ultimately, it sheds light on the evolution of the relationship between the perception of the EU and the national contexts, as well as the likely evolution of the project of European integration in the near future. This book will be of key interest to scholars and students of political elites, EU politics, European integration, political parties, and more broadly to comparative politics, European studies and sociology.

The Contested Status Of Political Elites

Author : Lars Vogel
ISBN : 9781351814102
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 71. 70 MB
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Contemporary Western societies are witnessing ground-breaking social, economic and political changes at an accelerating pace. These changes are challenging the way democracy works and the role that political elites play in this system of government. Using a theoretical and empirical approach, this volume argues that political elites are urged to develop new strategies in order to achieve interest aggregation, to safeguard collective action, and to maintain elite autonomy and stability. The adaptive capacities of political elites are assessed through case studies, comparative and longitudinal analyses of their social structure, their recruitment patterns, and their attitudes. The book includes contributions from reputable scholars in the field of elite research and specialists on individual political systems across Europe and the US. It provides an analytical framework demonstrating that political elites are inevitable and potentially able to respond successfully to varying challenges. The book will be of key interest to scholars and students of political elites, democracy, comparative politics, political participation and European Politics.

Accounting For Ministers

Author : Samuel Berlinski
ISBN : 9781107393523
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 42. 7 MB
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Accounting for Ministers uses the tools of modern political science to analyse the factors which determine the fortunes of Cabinet ministers. Utilising agency theory, it describes Cabinet government as a system of incentives for prime ministerial and parliamentary rule. The authors use a unique dataset of ministers from 1945 to 2007 to examine the structural and individual characteristics that lead to the selection and durability of ministers. Sensitive to historical context, it describes the unique features of different Prime Ministers and the sorts of issues and scandals that lead to the forced exit of ministers. The authors identify the structural factors that determine ministerial performance and tenure, seeing resignation calls as performance indicators. Probing the nature of individual and collective responsibility within Westminster forms of government, its rigorous analysis provides powerful new insights into the nature of Cabinet government.

Political Elites In The Middle East

Author : George Lenczowski
ISBN : 0844731641
Genre : Elite (Ciencias sociales) - Oriente (Cercano Oriente)
File Size : 57. 80 MB
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The Logic Of Political Survival

Author : Bruce Bueno de Mesquita
ISBN : 9780262261777
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 55. 75 MB
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The authors of this ambitious book address a fundamental political question: why are leaders who produce peace and prosperity turned out of office while those who preside over corruption, war, and misery endure? Considering this political puzzle, they also answer the related economic question of why some countries experience successful economic development and others do not. The authors construct a provocative theory on the selection of leaders and present specific formal models from which their central claims can be deduced. They show how political leaders allocate resources and how institutions for selecting leaders create incentives for leaders to pursue good and bad public policy. They also extend the model to explain the consequences of war on political survival. Throughout the book, they provide illustrations from history, ranging from ancient Sparta to Vichy France, and test the model against statistics gathered from cross-national data. The authors explain the political intuition underlying their theory in nontechnical language, reserving formal proofs for chapter appendixes. They conclude by presenting policy prescriptions based on what has been demonstrated theoretically and empirically.

Ministers At War

Author : Jonathan Schneer
ISBN : 9781780746142
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 60 MB
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Britain’s wartime cabinet brought together Conseratives, Labour and independent in a coalition of political titans, including Bevan, Atlee, Beverbrook, Morrison, Eden and Cripps. This is the gripping story of how they governed and won. Under Churchill’s leadership they overcame political and personal differences in service of the national interest in a time of great crisis. But behind closed doors there were rivalries and intrigues, as well as unexpected friendships – brought to life here through Jonathan Schneer’s original research and vivid writing. With fascinating portraits of the figures involved and sharp analysis of the political ups and downs, Ministers at War is a unique and essential perspective on World War II.

Brookings Papers On Economic Activity

Author : Brookings Institution
ISBN : 0815711956
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 72. 12 MB
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For almost thirty years, Brookings Papers on Economic Activity (BPEA) has provided academic and business economists, government officials, and members of the financial and business communities with timely research of current economic issues.Contents include:Articles"The East Asian Financial Crisis: Diagnosis, Remedies, Prospects" by Steven Radelet and Jeffrey D. Sachs"Self-Control and Saving for Retirement" by David I. Laibson, Andrea Repetto, and Jeremy Tobacman"The Political Economy of Fiscal Adjustments" by Alberto Alesina, Roberto Perotti, and José TavaresReports"The Wealth Dynamics of American Families, 1984-94" by Erik Hurst, Ming Ching Luoh, and Frank P. Stafford"Hours Reductions as Work-Sharing" by Jennifer Hunt

Cyclopaedia Of Political Science Political Economy And Of The Political History Of The United States

Author : John Joseph Lalor
ISBN : HARVARD:32044105189583
Genre : Economics
File Size : 20. 20 MB
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