minority education anthropological perspectives

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Minority Education

Author : Evelyn Jacob
ISBN : UOM:39015029201137
Genre : Education
File Size : 44. 55 MB
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This volume brings the perspectives of educational anthropology to the consideration of the education of ethnic and linguistic minority students and to the challenges often associated with that enterprise. Built around a core of chapters originally published in the Anthropology and Education Quarterly, which presented two major anthropological perspectives on school success and failure for minority students, focuses on the cultural difference approach and the discontinuity approach. Each is represented by a theoretical chapter and two case studies. Chapters contrast anthropological and nonanthropological perspectives on minority education, outlining key concepts and methods in educational anthropology for readers who may be unfamiliar with the field. A later section offers recent modifications or additions to the two major perspectives. These chapters examine the role of parents and community in minority education, call attention to the cultural groupings that an form in response to the school context itself, focus attention on children as active decision-makers in school, and question the validity of the whole conceptualization of school success and failure. Concluding chapters on applying anthropological perspectives to policy and practice.

Learning To Write As A Hostile Act For Latino Students

Author : Raul E. Ybarra
ISBN : 082046824X
Genre : Education
File Size : 32. 24 MB
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Cultural differences play a part in communication breakdowns between students and teachers, and only a complete understanding of the model that English instructors use when teaching writing gives us an insight into the reasons why. This book observes and analyzes the communication patterns of Latino students in an English course at the college level, closely observing the interaction between Latino students and the teacher, as well as between Latino students and other student groups in the class. "Learning to Write as a Hostile Act for Latino Students" concludes that cultural differences - and the resulting miscommunications - significantly contribute to the negative impressions Latino students have about the writing process and English courses. Understanding these differences is crucial to improving the teaching of writing to Latino and other minority students.

Ethnic Diversity In Communities And Schools

Author : Kathryn M. Borman
ISBN : 1567503861
Genre : Education
File Size : 52. 71 MB
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Research has consistently documented the failure of schools to reach students from linguistically and culturally diverse backgrounds. One reason suggested for this failure is teachers' lack of understanding and appreciation for students' home backgrounds, while most teachers are eager to becvome informed and supportive of their diverse students many have lacked the opportunity to develop the knowedge and skills appropriate to working with such students. Ethnic Diversity examines how migration and settlement patterns have varied for these populations throughout U.S. history, documenting what researchers have learned about Latino, Native American, African American, urban Appalachian, and Asian American families, neighborhoods, and communities as these relate to children's learning through case studies (in the form of vignettes) and suggests how schools, communites, and universities can address the needs of culturally diverse students and their families.

Many Ways To Be Deaf

Author : Leila Frances Monaghan
ISBN : 1563681358
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 30. 91 MB
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Twenty-four international scholars contribute articles on linguistic and cultural diversity in deaf communities worldwide, including Japan, Viet Nam, Nigeria, Ireland, Brazil, and the United States. The wide- ranging topics include the evolution of British fingerspelling beginning in the 17th centur

Bilingual Education In The 21st Century

Author : Ofelia García
ISBN : 9781444359787
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 60. 4 MB
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Bilingual Education in the 21st Century examines languages and bilingualism as individual and societal phenomena, presents program types, variables, and policies in bilingual education, and concludes by looking at practices, especially pedagogies and assessments. This thought-provoking work is an ideal textbook for future teachers as well as providing a fresh view of the subject for school administrators and policy makers. Provides an overview of bilingual education theories and practices throughout the world Extends traditional conceptions of bilingualism and bilingual education to include global and local concerns in the 21st century Questions assumptions regarding language, bilingualism and bilingual education, and proposes a new theoretical framework and alternative views of teaching and assessment practices Reviews international bilingual education policies, with separate chapters dedicated to US and EU language policy in education Gives reasons why bilingual education is good for all children throughout the world, and presents cases of how this is being carried out

Muslim Uyghur Students In A Chinese Boarding School

Author : Yangbin Chen
ISBN : 9781461633846
Genre : Education
File Size : 78. 42 MB
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One of the most controversial policies in Chinese minority education concerns the so-called inland ethnic minority schools or classes in Han inhabited areas in China. Since 2000, boarding Xinjiang Classes have been established in the eastern cities of China for high school students from the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, in order to educate young Uyghur and other ethnic minority students through the national curricula. Although the Xinjiang Classes are supposed to promote ethnic integration between the Muslim Uyghur minority and the Han majority, there often remains a gap between the stated policy goal and its actual implementation. Guided by the theoretical framework of social capital analysis, this book therefore examines how Uyghur students in the Xinjiang Classes respond to the school goal of ethnic integration. Chen conceptualizes the process of Uyghur students' responses to the school goal of ethnic integration as social recapitalization. While their former social capital from families or communities in Xinjiang is constrained in the boarding school, Uyghur youths are able to develop independent and new social capital to facilitate their schooling. Nonetheless, they lack "bridging social capital," which makes the goal of ethnic integration more difficult to achieve.

Applying Cultural Anthropology

Author : Gary P. Ferraro
ISBN : STANFORD:36105020160805
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54. 51 MB
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The reader offers a selection of 39 articles written in the words of those cultural anthropologists who are making their discipline useful.... Realizing that many other articles could have been included, the categories and the articles contained with them, are meant to be suggestive rather than exhaustive. The reader can be used effectively as a supplement to any introductory textbook in cultural anthropology. The readings would be appropriate for undergraduate level courses in applied anthropology. The intent of this reader is twofold. First, it is to provide undergraduate anthropology students with a wide range of examples as to how the discipline is making meaningful contributions to the mitigation of human problems. And second, [the editor hopes] to convey, through the words of the practicing anthropologists themselves, some of the challenges and rewards involved in making cultural anthropology useful. -Pref.

Educational Perspectives

Author :
ISBN : MINN:31951P01188657V
Genre : Education
File Size : 21. 70 MB
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Social Context Reform

Author : Paul Thomas
ISBN : 9781317656975
Genre : Education
File Size : 43. 6 MB
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Currently, both the status quo of public education and the "No Excuses" Reform policies are identical. The reform offers a popular and compelling narrative based on the meritocracy and rugged individualism myths that are supposed to define American idealism. This volume will refute this ideology by proposing Social Context Reform, a term coined by Paul Thomas which argues for educational change within a larger plan to reform social inequity—such as access to health care, food, higher employment, better wages and job security. Since the accountability era in the early 1980s, policy, public discourse, media coverage, and scholarly works have focused primarily on reforming schools themselves. Here, the evidence that school-only reform does not work is combined with a bold argument to expand the discourse and policy surrounding education reform to include how social, school, and classroom reform must work in unison to achieve goals of democracy, equity, and opportunity both in and through public education. This volume will include a wide variety of essays from leading critical scholars addressing the complex elements of social context reform, all of which address the need to re-conceptualize accountability and to seek equity and opportunity in social and education reform.

Children Development And Education

Author : Michalis Kontopodis
ISBN : 9400702434
Genre : Education
File Size : 79. 38 MB
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Historical anthropology is a revision of the German philosophical anthropology under the influences of the French historical school of Annales and the Anglo-Saxon cultural anthropology. Cultural-historical psychology is a school of thought which emerged in the context of the Soviet revolution and deeply affected the disciplines of psychology and education in the 20th century. This book draws on these two schools to advance current scholarship in child and youth development and education. It also enters in dialogue with other relational approaches and suggests alternatives to mainstream western developmental theories and educational practices. This book emphasizes communication and semiotic processes as well as the use of artifacts, pictures and technologies in education and childhood development, placing a special focus on active subjectivity, historicity and performativity. Within this theoretical framework, contributors from Europe and the U.S. highlight the dynamic and creative aspects of school, family and community practices and the dramatic aspects of child development in our changing educational institutions. They also use a series of original empirical studies to introduce different research methodologies and complement theoretical analyses in an attempt to find innovative ways to translate cultural-historical and historical anthropological theory and research into a thorough understanding of emerging phenomena in school and after-school education of ethnic minorities, gender-sensitive education, and educational and family policy. Divided into two main parts, “Culture, History and Child Development”, and “Gender, Performativity and Educational Practice”, this book is useful for anyone in the fields of cultural-historical research, educational science, educational and developmental psychology, psychological anthropology, and childhood and youth studies.

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