modelling of simplified dynamical systems

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Modelling Of Simplified Dynamical Systems

Author : Edward Layer
ISBN : 9783642560989
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 94 MB
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Problems involving synthesis of mathematical models of various physical systems, making use of these models in practice and verifying them qualitatively has - come an especially important area of research since more and more physical - periments are being replaced by computer simulations. Such simulations should make it possible to carry out a comprehensive analysis of the various properties of the system being modelled. Most importantly its dynamic properties can be - dressed in a situation where this would be difficult or even impossible to achieve through a direct physical experiment. To carry out a simulation of a real, phy- cally existing system it is necessary to have its mathematical description; the s- tem being described mathematically by equations, which include certain variables, their derivatives and integrals. If a single independent variable is sufficient in - der to describe the system, then derivatives and integrals with respect to only that variable will appear in the equations. Differentiation of the equation allows the integrals to be eliminated and produces an equation which includes derivatives with respect to only one independent variable i. e. an ordinary differential equation. In practice, most physical systems can be described with sufficient accuracy by linear differential equations with time invariant coefficients. Chapter 2 is devoted to the description of models by such equations, with time as the independent va- able.

Dynamic Systems Biology Modeling And Simulation

Author : Joseph DiStefano III
ISBN : 9780124104938
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 79 MB
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Dynamic Systems Biology Modeling and Simuation consolidates and unifies classical and contemporary multiscale methodologies for mathematical modeling and computer simulation of dynamic biological systems – from molecular/cellular, organ-system, on up to population levels. The book pedagogy is developed as a well-annotated, systematic tutorial – with clearly spelled-out and unified nomenclature – derived from the author’s own modeling efforts, publications and teaching over half a century. Ambiguities in some concepts and tools are clarified and others are rendered more accessible and practical. The latter include novel qualitative theory and methodologies for recognizing dynamical signatures in data using structural (multicompartmental and network) models and graph theory; and analyzing structural and measurement (data) models for quantification feasibility. The level is basic-to-intermediate, with much emphasis on biomodeling from real biodata, for use in real applications. Introductory coverage of core mathematical concepts such as linear and nonlinear differential and difference equations, Laplace transforms, linear algebra, probability, statistics and stochastics topics; PLUS ....... The pertinent biology, biochemistry, biophysics or pharmacology for modeling are provided, to support understanding the amalgam of “math modeling” with life sciences. Strong emphasis on quantifying as well as building and analyzing biomodels: includes methodology and computational tools for parameter identifiability and sensitivity analysis; parameter estimation from real data; model distinguishability and simplification; and practical bioexperiment design and optimization. Companion website provides solutions and program code for examples and exercises using Matlab, Simulink, VisSim, SimBiology, SAAMII, AMIGO, Copasi and SBML-coded models. A full set of PowerPoint slides are available from the author for teaching from his textbook. He uses them to teach a 10 week quarter upper division course at UCLA, which meets twice a week, so there are 20 lectures. They can easily be augmented or stretched for a 15 week semester course. Importantly, the slides are editable, so they can be readily adapted to a lecturer’s personal style and course content needs. The lectures are based on excerpts from 12 of the first 13 chapters of DSBMS. They are designed to highlight the key course material, as a study guide and structure for students following the full text content. The complete PowerPoint slide package (~25 MB) can be obtained by instructors (or prospective instructors) by emailing the author directly, at: [email protected]

Handbook Of Dynamic System Modeling

Author : Paul A. Fishwick
ISBN : 1420010859
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51. 82 MB
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The topic of dynamic models tends to be splintered across various disciplines, making it difficult to uniformly study the subject. Moreover, the models have a variety of representations, from traditional mathematical notations to diagrammatic and immersive depictions. Collecting all of these expressions of dynamic models, the Handbook of Dynamic System Modeling explores a panoply of different types of modeling methods available for dynamical systems. Featuring an interdisciplinary, balanced approach, the handbook focuses on both generalized dynamic knowledge and specific models. It first introduces the general concepts, representations, and philosophy of dynamic models, followed by a section on modeling methodologies that explains how to portray designed models on a computer. After addressing scale, heterogeneity, and composition issues, the book covers specific model types that are often characterized by specific visual- or text-based grammars. It concludes with case studies that employ two well-known commercial packages to construct, simulate, and analyze dynamic models. A complete guide to the fundamentals, types, and applications of dynamic models, this handbook shows how systems function and are represented over time and space and illustrates how to select a particular model based on a specific area of interest.

Measurements Modelling And Simulation Of Dynamic Systems

Author : Edward Layer
ISBN : 364204588X
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75. 74 MB
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The development and use of models of various objects is becoming a more common practice in recent days. This is due to the ease with which models can be developed and examined through the use of computers and appropriate software. Of those two, the former - high-speed computers - are easily accessible nowadays, and the latter - existing programs - are being updated almost continuously, and at the same time new powerful software is being developed. Usually a model represents correlations between some processes and their interactions, with better or worse quality of representation. It details and characterizes a part of the real world taking into account a structure of phenomena, as well as quantitative and qualitative relations. There are a great variety of models. Modelling is carried out in many diverse fields. All types of natural phenomena in the area of biology, ecology and medicine are possible subjects for modelling. Models stand for and represent technical objects in physics, chemistry, engineering, social events and behaviours in sociology, financial matters, investments and stock markets in economy, strategy and tactics, defence, security and safety in military fields. There is one common point for all models. We expect them to fulfil the validity of prediction. It means that through the analysis of models it is possible to predict phenomena, which may occur in a fragment of the real world represented by a given model. We also expect to be able to predict future reactions to signals from the outside world.

Computational Science Iccs 2004

Author : Marian Bubak
ISBN : 9783540221142
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45. 28 MB
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The International Conference on Computational Science (ICCS 2004) held in Krak ́ ow, Poland, June 6–9, 2004, was a follow-up to the highly successful ICCS 2003 held at two locations, in Melbourne, Australia and St. Petersburg, Russia; ICCS 2002 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands; and ICCS 2001 in San Francisco, USA. As computational science is still evolving in its quest for subjects of inves- gation and e?cient methods, ICCS 2004 was devised as a forum for scientists from mathematics and computer science, as the basic computing disciplines and application areas, interested in advanced computational methods for physics, chemistry, life sciences, engineering, arts and humanities, as well as computer system vendors and software developers. The main objective of this conference was to discuss problems and solutions in all areas, to identify new issues, to shape future directions of research, and to help users apply various advanced computational techniques. The event harvested recent developments in com- tationalgridsandnextgenerationcomputingsystems,tools,advancednumerical methods, data-driven systems, and novel application ?elds, such as complex - stems, ?nance, econo-physics and population evolution.

Modeling Of Dynamic Systems

Author : Lennart Ljung
ISBN : 0135970970
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 52 MB
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Written by a recognized authority in the field of identification and control, this book draws together into a single volume the important aspects of system identification AND physical modelling. KEY TOPICS: Explores techniques used to construct mathematical models of systems based on knowledge from physics, chemistry, biology, etc. (e.g., techniques with so called bond-graphs, as well those which use computer algebra for the modeling work). Explains system identification techniques used to infer knowledge about the behavior of dynamic systems based on observations of the various input and output signals that are available for measurement. Shows how both types of techniques need to be applied in any given practical modeling situation. Considers applications, primarily simulation. For practicing engineers who are faced with problems of modeling.

Introduction To Dynamic Systems

Author : David G. Luenberger
ISBN : UOM:39015009828958
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 59 MB
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Integrates the traditional approach to differential equations with the modern systems and control theoretic approach to dynamic systems, emphasizing theoretical principles and classic models in a wide variety of areas. Provides a particularly comprehensive theoretical development that includes chapters on positive dynamic systems and optimal control theory. Contains numerous problems.

Dynamical System Models In The Life Sciences And Their Underlying Scientific Issues

Author : Frederic Y. M. Wan
ISBN : 9813143339
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 31. 28 MB
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oadly speaking, there are two general approaches to teaching mathematical modeling: 1) the case study approach, and 2) the method based approach (that teaches mathematical techniques with applications to relevant mathematical models). This text emphasizes instead the scientific issues for modeling different phenomena. For the natural or harvested growth of a fish population, we may be interested in the evolution of the population, whether it reaches a steady state (equilibrium or cycle), stable or unstable with respect to a small perturbation from equilibrium, or whether a small change in the environment would cause a catastrophic change, etc. Each scientific issue requires an appropriate model and a different set of mathematical tools to extract information from the model. Models examined are chosen to help explain or justify empirical observations such as cocktail drug treatments are more effective and regenerations after injuries or illness are fast-tracked (compared to original developments). Volume I of this three-volume set limits its scope to phenomena and scientific issues that are modeled by ordinary differential equations (ODE). Scientific issues such as signal and wave propagation, diffusion, and shock formation involving spatial dynamics to be modeled by partial differential equations (PDE) will be treated in Vol. II. Scientific issues involving randomness and uncertainty are examined in Vol. III.

Modeling And Simulation Of Dynamic Systems

Author : Robert L. Woods
ISBN : 0133373797
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 20. 54 MB
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This book reflects the state-of-the-art and current trends in modeling and simulation. The book provides comprehensive coverage of 1) the modeling techniques of the major types of dynamic engineering systems, 2) the solution techniques for the resulting differential equations for linear and nonlinear systems, and 3) the attendant mathematical procedures related to the presentation of dynamic systems and determination of their time and frequency response characteristics. It explains in detail how to select all of the system component parameter values for static and dynamic performance specifications and limits. For anyone interested in systems dynamics, modeling, and interdisciplinary systems.

Modeling Of Dynamic Systems With Engineering Applications

Author : Clarence W. de Silva
ISBN : 9781498798686
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 51 MB
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MODELING OF DYNAMIC SYSTEMS takes a unique, up-to-date approach to systems dynamics and related controls coverage for undergraduate students and practicing engineers. It focuses on the model development of engineering problems rather than response analysis and simulation once a model is available, though these are also covered. Linear graphing and bond graph approaches are both discussed, and computational tools are integrated thoughout. Electrical, mechanical, fluid, and thermal domains are covered, as are problems of multiple domains (mixed systems); the unified and integrated approaches taken are rapidly becoming the standard in the modeling of mechatronic engineering systems.

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