modern acoustical techniques for the measurement of mechanical properties experimental methods in the physical sciences

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Modern Acoustical Techniques For The Measurement Of Mechanical Properties

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ISBN : 9780080531403
Genre : Science
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This volume provides an overview of modern acoustical techniques for the measurement of mechanical properties. Chapters include Fundamentals of Elastic Constants; Point Source/Point Receiver Methods; Laser Controlled Surface Acoustic Waves; Quantitative Acoustical Microscopy of Solids; Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy; Elastic Properties and Thermodynamics; Sound Speed as a Thermodynamic Property of Fluids; Noninvasive Determination of Sound Speed in Liquids; Introduction to the Elastic Constants of Gases; and Acoustic Measurement in Gases.

Modern Acoustical Techniques For The Measurement Of Mechanical Properties

Author : Moises Levy
ISBN : 0124759866
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 91 MB
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This volume provides an overview of modern acoustical techniques for the measurement of mechanical properties. Chapters include Fundamentals of Elastic Constants; Point Source/Point Receiver Methods; Laser Controlled Surface Acoustic Waves; Quantitative Acoustical Microscopy of Solids; Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy; Elastic Properties and Thermodynamics; Sound Speed as a Thermodynamic Property of Fluids; Noninvasive Determination of Sound Speed in Liquids; Introduction to the Elastic Constants of Gases; and Acoustic Measurement in Gases.

Advances In Materials Characterization

Author : Baldev Raj
ISBN : UVA:X030113283
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 23 MB
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Materials characterization is an important area of fundamental and technological interest. Over the years, a variety of experimental techniques have been developed for characterizing the physical and chemical properties of materials. Advances in Materials Characterization offers an overview of this continually emerging discipline by providing an in-depth exploration of the latest techniques. It brings together a highly authoritative collection of articles written by experts from across the world who have been active in pioneering the techniques. Each chapter provides an introduction and an overview of the technique, and then proceeds to demonstrate its application to selected problems.

Sensors

Author : Yueh-Min Ray Huang
ISBN : 9783540690337
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 69. 76 MB
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Sensors are the most important component in any system and engineers in any field need to understand the fundamentals of how these components work, how to select them properly and how to integrate them into an overall system. This book has outlined the fundamentals, analytical concepts, modelling and design issues, technical details and practical applications of different types of sensors, electromagnetic, capacitive, ultrasonic, vision, Terahertz, displacement, fibre-optic and so on. The book: addresses the identification, modeling, selection, operation and integration of a wide variety of sensors, demonstrates the concepts of different sensors technology through simulation, design and real implementations, discusses the design and fabrication of high performance modern sensors technology, presents a selection of cutting-edge applications. Written by experts in their area of research, this book will be useful reference book for engineers and scientist especially the post-graduate students find this book as reference book for their research.

Physical Acoustics V11

Author : Warren P. Mason
ISBN : 9780323153287
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 18 MB
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Physical Acoustics: Principles and Methods reviews the principles and methods of physical acoustics and covers topics ranging from third sound in superfluid helium films to the method of matched asymptotic expansions (MAE). Ultrasonic diffraction from single apertures and its application to pulse measurements and crystal physics are also discussed, together with elastic surface wave devices, acoustic emission, and nonlinear effects in piezoelectric quartz crystals. Comprised of six chapters, this volume begins with a detailed treatment of the theory of third sound in superfluid helium films, third sound resonators, and many other properties. The second chapter is devoted to the MAE method, with emphasis on its ability to produce results in acoustics and to provide insight into classical problems. Subsequent chapters deal with bulk and surface waves; phase coded signals and their generation and detection by interdigital grid structures; elastic surface wave devices such as pulse compression filters; and nonlinear effects in quartz crystals. The final chapter describes acoustic emission and the noise produced in materials when they are strained. This book will be of interest to physicists.

Fundamentals Of Acoustical Oceanography

Author : Herman Medwin
ISBN : 0080532160
Genre : Science
File Size : 32. 70 MB
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The developments in the field of ocean acoustics over recent years make this book an important reference for specialists in acoustics, oceanography, marine biology, and related fields. Fundamentals of Acoustical Oceanography also encourages a new generation of scientists, engineers, and entrepreneurs to apply the modern methods of acoustical physics to probe the unknown sea. The book is an authoritative, modern text with examples and exercises. It contains techniques to solve the direct problems, solutions of inverse problems, and an extensive bibliography from the earliest use of sound in the sea to present references. Written by internationally recognized scientists, the book provides background to measure ocean parameters and processes, find life and objects in the sea, communicate underwater, and survey the boundaries of the sea. Fundamentals of Acoustical Oceanography explains principles of underwater sound propagation, and describes how both actively probing sonars and passively listening hydrophones can reveal what the eye cannot see over vast ranges of the turbid ocean. This book demonstrates how to use acoustical remote sensing, variations in sound transmission, in situ acoustical measurements, and computer and laboratory models to identify the physical and biological parameters and processes in the sea. * Offers an integrated, modern approach to passive and active underwater acoustics * Contains many examples of laboratory scale models of ocean-acoustic environments, as well as descriptions of experiments at sea * Covers remote sensing of marine life and the seafloor * Includes signal processing of ocean sounds, physical and biological noises at sea, and inversions * resents sound sources, receivers, and calibration * Explains high intensities; explosive waves, parametric sources, cavitation, shock waves, and streaming * Covers microbubbles from breaking waves, rainfall, dispersion, and attenuation * Describes sound propagation along ray paths and caustics * Presents sound transmissions and normal mode methods in ocean waveguides

Encyclopedia Of Modern Optics

Author : Bob D. Guenther
ISBN : 9780128149829
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 15 MB
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The Encyclopedia of Modern Optics, Second Edition, provides a wide-ranging overview of the field, comprising authoritative reference articles for undergraduate and postgraduate students and those researching outside their area of expertise. Topics covered include classical and quantum optics, lasers, optical fibers and optical fiber systems, optical materials and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Articles cover all subfields of optical physics and engineering, such as electro-optical design of modulators and detectors. This update contains contributions from international experts who discuss topics such as nano-photonics and plasmonics, optical interconnects, photonic crystals and 2D materials, such as graphene or holy fibers. Other topics of note include solar energy, high efficiency LED’s and their use in illumination, orbital angular momentum, quantum optics and information, metamaterials and transformation optics, high power fiber and UV fiber lasers, random lasers and bio-imaging. Addresses recent developments in the field and integrates concepts from fundamental physics with applications for manufacturing and engineering/design Provides a broad and interdisciplinary coverage of specialist areas Ensures that the material is appropriate for new researchers and those working in a new sub-field, as well as those in industry Thematically arranged and alphabetically indexed, with cross-references added to facilitate ease-of-use

Physical Acoustics And Metrology Of Fluids

Author : Martin Trusler
ISBN : 0750301139
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 95 MB
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The interaction of sound waves with the medium through which they pass can be used to investigate the thermophysical properties of that medium. With the advent of modern instrumentation, it is now possible to determine the speed and absorption of sound with extremely high precision and, through the dependence of those quantities on variables like temperature, pressure, and frequency to gain a sensitive measure of one or more properties of fluid. This has led to renewed interest in such measurements and in the extraction of thermophysical properties of gases and liquids there from. Physical Acoustics and Metrology of Fluids describes both how to design experiments to achieve the highest possible accuracy and how to relate the quantities measured in those experiments to the thermophysical properties of the medium. A thorough theoretical examination of the alternative experimental methods available is designed to guide the experimentalist toward better and more accurate methods. This theoretical analysis is enhanced and complemented by an in-depth discussion of practical experimental techniques and the problems inherent within them. Bringing together the fields of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, fluid mechanics, and theoretical acoustics, plus a wealth of information about practical instruments, this book represents an essential reference on the design and execution of valuable experiments in fluid metrology and physical acoustics.

Choice

Author : Richard K. Gardner
ISBN : UOM:49015003053478
Genre : Best books
File Size : 71. 27 MB
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Practical Temperature Measurement

Author : Peter R. N. Childs
ISBN : 0080480276
Genre : Education
File Size : 71. 67 MB
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Practical Temperature Measurement introduces the concepts of temperature and its measurement to engineers, physicists and chemists of all disciplines. The author describes the wide range of techniques and specific devices available for temperature measurement and provides guidance for the selection of a particular method for a given application. It is of value to engineering and physics postgraduates studying modules on instrumentation and process control and, in addition, for practical project work requiring an understanding of temperature measurement methods. For postgraduates and industrialists faced with the task of selecting a particular measurement method or sensor for an experiment, product or process, this text provides both thorough descriptions of the various techniques, as well as guidance for their selection. Essential for all those who need to measure temperature in real-life situations Includes worked examples of real situations commonly found in industry

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