modern infectious disease epidemiology statistics for biology and health

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Modern Infectious Disease Epidemiology

Author : Alexander Krämer
ISBN : 0387938354
Genre : Medical
File Size : 69. 64 MB
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Hardly a day goes by without news headlines concerning infectious disease threats. Currently the spectre of a pandemic of influenza A|H1N1 is raising its head, and heated debates are taking place about the pro’s and con’s of vaccinating young girls against human papilloma virus. For an evidence-based and responsible communication of infectious disease topics to avoid misunderstandings and overreaction of the public, we need solid scientific knowledge and an understanding of all aspects of infectious diseases and their control. The aim of our book is to present the reader with the general picture and the main ideas of the subject. The book introduces the reader to methodological aspects of epidemiology that are specific for infectious diseases and provides insight into the epidemiology of some classes of infectious diseases characterized by their main modes of transmission. This choice of topics bridges the gap between scientific research on the clinical, biological, mathematical, social and economic aspects of infectious diseases and their applications in public health. The book will help the reader to understand the impact of infectious diseases on modern society and the instruments that policy makers have at their disposal to deal with these challenges. It is written for students of the health sciences, both of curative medicine and public health, and for experts that are active in these and related domains, and it may be of interest for the educated layman since the technical level is kept relatively low.

Scutchfield And Keck S Principles Of Public Health Practice

Author : Paul C Erwin
ISBN : 9781285182636
Genre : Education
File Size : 49. 95 MB
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Widely used and often quoted, PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE, Fourth Edition, is a long-standing, essential tool for all those in working in or preparing for public health practice. Written and edited by nationally recognized experts, this book emphasizes evidence-based practice and the science behind it to provide a critical foundation in public health operations and systems. The overhauled fourth edition also adds several new chapters on emerging topics, including tribal public health and global health, along with many review questions, appendices, and features that make PRINCIPLES OF PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE indispensable at any stage of your career. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Intermediate Epidemiology

Author : Associate Professor the George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics Washington D C Manya Magnus
ISBN : 9781449639631
Genre : Education
File Size : 45. 6 MB
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Intermediate Epidemiology: Methods That Matter provides masters-level public health students with a solid foundation in the epidemiologic methods necessary for implementing successful public health programs. This book stands apart from other intermediate texts in that it focuses on conceptual learning of basic methods without relying on extensive jargon. The book uniquely uses a self-learning approach, with exercises embedded in each page to reinforce concepts and application. The book creates a bridge from student to professional with lively descriptions of career paths for the MPH-level epidemiologist. Complete chapters on program evaluation and implementation and analysis of studies are also provided. Key Features: Examines the methodological skill set unique to epidemiology at an intermediate level Provides practice problems, case studies, discussion sections, and datasets in which to practice the methods learned Offers boxed examples from sources such as peer reviewed literature, governmental resources, and lay sources"

Modern Infectious Disease Epidemiology Second Edition

Author : Johan Giesecke
ISBN : 0340764236
Genre : Medical
File Size : 54. 12 MB
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The second edition of Modern Infectious Disease Epidemiology, in line with changing health concerns, is a thorough revision of the first. Written from an infectious disease perspective throughout, the book aims to teach epidemiology to those with a background in this field. It seeks to fill the gap between the standard textbooks of epidemiology, which rarely approach the subject from an infectious disease perspective, and standard books on infection surveillance and control, which tend to slant more towards microbiology and practical measures than towards analytical epidemiology. Divided into two parts, the first covers the tools of epidemiology much like other textbooks, but always from an infectious disease perspective. The second covers the role of contact pattern from an assessment angle, and uses the tools learnt to illustrate the study of fundamental infectious disease concepts, such has infectivity, incubation periods, seroepidemiology and immunity. This detailed theoretical epidemiology textbook is clearly set out, with an expanded chapter on practical statistical methods, and a new chapter on descriptive epidemiology. Key features include new clinical examples and infectious disease problems of recent interest, such as tuberculosis and vCJD. All students of epidemiology, infectious disease medicine, and microbiology will find this an invaluable guide.

Statistical Methods In Spatial Epidemiology

Author : Andrew B. Lawson
ISBN : 9781118723173
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46. 90 MB
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Spatial epidemiology is the description and analysis of the geographical distribution of disease. It is more important now than ever, with modern threats such as bio-terrorism making such analysis even more complex. This second edition of Statistical Methods in Spatial Epidemiology is updated and expanded to offer a complete coverage of the analysis and application of spatial statistical methods. The book is divided into two main sections: Part 1 introduces basic definitions and terminology, along with map construction and some basic models. This is expanded upon in Part II by applying this knowledge to the fundamental problems within spatial epidemiology, such as disease mapping, ecological analysis, disease clustering, bio-terrorism, space-time analysis, surveillance and infectious disease modelling. Provides a comprehensive overview of the main statistical methods used in spatial epidemiology. Updated to include a new emphasis on bio-terrorism and disease surveillance. Emphasizes the importance of space-time modelling and outlines the practical application of the method. Discusses the wide range of software available for analyzing spatial data, including WinBUGS, SaTScan and R, and features an accompanying website hosting related software. Contains numerous data sets, each representing a different approach to the analysis, and provides an insight into various modelling techniques. This text is primarily aimed at medical statisticians, researchers and practitioners from public health and epidemiology. It is also suitable for postgraduate students of statistics and epidemiology, as well professionals working in government agencies.

Modeling Infectious Disease Parameters Based On Serological And Social Contact Data

Author : Niel Hens
ISBN : 9781461440727
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81. 16 MB
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Mathematical epidemiology of infectious diseases usually involves describing the flow of individuals between mutually exclusive infection states. One of the key parameters describing the transition from the susceptible to the infected class is the hazard of infection, often referred to as the force of infection. The force of infection reflects the degree of contact with potential for transmission between infected and susceptible individuals. The mathematical relation between the force of infection and effective contact patterns is generally assumed to be subjected to the mass action principle, which yields the necessary information to estimate the basic reproduction number, another key parameter in infectious disease epidemiology. It is within this context that the Center for Statistics (CenStat, I-Biostat, Hasselt University) and the Centre for the Evaluation of Vaccination and the Centre for Health Economic Research and Modelling Infectious Diseases (CEV, CHERMID, Vaccine and Infectious Disease Institute, University of Antwerp) have collaborated over the past 15 years. This book demonstrates the past and current research activities of these institutes and can be considered to be a milestone in this collaboration. This book is focused on the application of modern statistical methods and models to estimate infectious disease parameters. We want to provide the readers with software guidance, such as R packages, and with data, as far as they can be made publicly available.

Fifty Ninth Annual Report Of The Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission For The Year Ending 30 September 2012

Author : Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission
ISBN : 0108512207
Genre : Education
File Size : 72. 93 MB
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The Marshall Aid Commemoration Act 1953 was passed by the British Parliament in order to express enduring gratitude to the American people for the Marshall Plan. This Act established a series of scholarships for young Americans to study for a degree at a British University, funded by the Foreign & Commonwealth Office and administered in Britain by the Marshall Aid Commemoration Commission. This is the 59th annual report of the Commission which details the activities of the scholarship scheme for the year ending September 2012

Biosecurity Interventions

Author : Andrew Lakoff
ISBN : 9780231511773
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31. 84 MB
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In recent years, new disease threats such as SARS, avian flu, mad cow disease, and drug-resistant strains of malaria and tuberculosis have garnered media attention and galvanized political response. Proposals for new approaches to "securing health" against these threats have come not only from public health and medicine but also from such fields as emergency management, national security, and global humanitarianism. This volume provides a map of this complex and rapidly transforming terrain. The editors focus on how experts, public officials, and health practitioners work to define what it means to "secure health" through concrete practices such as global humanitarian logistics, pandemic preparedness measures, vaccination campaigns, and attempts to regulate potentially dangerous new biotechnologies. As the contributions show, despite impressive activity in these areas, the field of "biosecurity interventions" remains unstable. Many basic questions are only beginning to be addressed: Who decides what counts as a biosecurity problem? Who is responsible for taking action, and how is the efficacy of a given intervention to be evaluated? It is crucial to address such questions today, when responses to new problems of health and security are still taking shape. In this context, this volume offers a form of critical and reflexive knowledge that examines how technical efforts to increase biosecurity relate to the political and ethical challenges of living with risk.

Infectious Disease Informatics And Biosurveillance

Author : Daniel Zeng
ISBN : 144196892X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87. 28 MB
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This book on Infectious Disease Informatics (IDI) and biosurveillance is intended to provide an integrated view of the current state of the art, identify technical and policy challenges and opportunities, and promote cross-disciplinary research that takes advantage of novel methodology and what we have learned from innovative applications. This book also fills a systemic gap in the literature by emphasizing informatics driven perspectives (e.g., information system design, data standards, computational aspects of biosurveillance algorithms, and system evaluation). Finally, this book attempts to reach policy makers and practitioners through the clear and effective communication of recent research findings in the context of case studies in IDI and biosurveillance, providing “hands-on” in-depth opportunities to practitioners to increase their understanding of value, applicability, and limitations of technical solutions. This book collects the state of the art research and modern perspectives of distinguished individuals and research groups on cutting-edge IDI technical and policy research and its application in biosurveillance. The contributed chapters are grouped into three units. Unit I provides an overview of recent biosurveillance research while highlighting the relevant legal and policy structures in the context of IDI and biosurveillance ongoing activities. It also identifies IDI data sources while addressing information collection, sharing, and dissemination issues as well as ethical considerations. Unit II contains survey chapters on the types of surveillance methods used to analyze IDI data in the context of public health and bioterrorism. Specific computational techniques covered include: text mining, time series analysis, multiple data streams methods, ensembles of surveillance methods, spatial analysis and visualization, social network analysis, and agent-based simulation. Unit III examines IT and decision support for public health event response and bio-defense. Practical lessons learned in developing public health and biosurveillance systems, technology adoption, and syndromic surveillance for large events are discussed. The goal of this book is to provide an understandable interdisciplinary IDI and biosurveillance reference either used as a standalone textbook or reference for students, researchers, and practitioners in public health, veterinary medicine, biostatistics, information systems, computer science, and public administration and policy.

Biologie Von Parasiten

Author : Richard Lucius
ISBN : 9783662548622
Genre : Science
File Size : 90. 56 MB
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Die 3. vollständig überarbeitete Auflage dieses Buches führt in die Biologie parasitärer Einzeller, Würmer und Arthropoden ein. Die Autoren bieten auf Grundlage der aktuellen Systematik eine Übersicht über die verschiedenen Parasitengruppen. Ausführlich wird auf wichtige Infektionserreger, wie die der Malaria, Schlafkrankheit und Toxoplasmose eingegangen, wobei die molekularen Grundlagen der Pathogene erläutert werden. Außerdem werden Parasiten als Krankheitsüberträger dargestellt und wichtige Infektionskrankheiten, die bei Tieren vorkommen, besprochen. Daher wendet sich dieses Buch sowohl an Biologen, als auch an Veterinärmediziner und Mediziner. In den einzelnen Kapiteln kommen die Anpassungen an die parasitische Lebensweise zur Sprache. Anhand häufiger Vertreter werden exemplarisch typische Lebenszyklen, die Immunreaktionen und die resultierenden Krankheitsbilder erklärt. Viele Abbildungen veranschaulichen dabei den Text. Die Prüfungsfragen am Ende eines jeden Kapitels helfen den Lerninhalt zu rekapitulieren und zu verinnerlichen.

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