molecular nutrition and diabetes a volume in the molecular nutrition series

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Molecular Nutrition And Diabetes

Author : Didac Mauricio
ISBN : 9780128017616
Genre : Medical
File Size : 58. 68 MB
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Molecular Nutrition and Diabetes: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on diabetes as a nutritional problem and its important metabolic consequences. Fuel metabolism and dietary supply all influence the outcome of diabetes, but understanding the pathogenesis of the diabetic process is a prelude to better nutritional control. Part One of the book provides general coverage of nutrition and diabetes in terms of dietary patterns, insulin resistance, and the glucose-insulin axis, while Part Two presents the molecular biology of diabetes and focuses on areas such as oxidative stress, mitochondrial function, insulin resistance, high-fat diets, nutriceuticals, and lipid accumulation. Final sections explore the genetic machinery behind diabetes and diabetic metabolism, including signaling pathways, gene expression, genome-wide association studies, and specific gene expression. While the main focus of each chapter is the basic and clinical research on diabetes as a nutritional problem, all chapters also end with a translational section on the implications for the nutritional control of diabetes. Offers updated information and a perspective on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of diabetes mellitus Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of both type1 and type2 diabetes and their complications Investigates the molecular and genetic bases of diabetes and diabetic metabolism through the lens of a rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

Molecular Basis Of Nutrition And Aging

Author : Marco Malavolta
ISBN : 9780128018279
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 42 MB
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Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on the nutritional issues associated with aging and the important metabolic consequences of diet, nutrition, and health. The book is subdivided into four parts that reflect the impact of nutrition from a biomolecular level to individual health. In Part One, chapters explore the general aspects of aging, aging phenotypes, and relevant aspects of nutrition related to the elderly and healthy aging. Part Two includes molecular and cellular targets of nutrition in aging, with chapters exploring lipid peroxidation, inflammaging, anabolic and catabolic signaling, epigenetics, DNA damage and repair, redox homeostasis, and insulin sensitivity, among others. Part Three looks at system-level and organ targets of nutrition in aging, including a variety of tissues, systems, and diseases, such as immune function, the cardiovascular system, the brain and dementia, muscle, bone, lung, and many others. Finally, Part Four focuses on the health effects of specific dietary compounds and dietary interventions in aging, including vitamin D, retinol, curcumin, folate, iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, vitamin B, fish oil, vitamin E, resveratrol, polyphenols, vegetables, and fruit, as well as the current nutritional recommendations. Offers updated information and a perspectives on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of aging Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of aging across body systems Investigates the molecular and genetic basis of aging and cellular senescence through the lens of the rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

The Molecular Nutrition Of Amino Acids And Proteins

Author : Dominique Dardevet
ISBN : 9780128023754
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 56. 27 MB
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The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins provides an in-depth look at the involvement and role of amino acids and proteins in molecular nutrition. Editor Dominique Dardevet has assembled a collection of chapters written by leading researchers and top professors that provide the reader with a comprehensive understanding of amino acids and proteins. The book provides an introduction to the fundamentals of amino acids and proteins as well as the composition of food. It then delves into the molecular biology of the cell and genetic machinery and its function. The Molecular Nutrition of Amino Acids and Proteins also features reference guides for terms and bullet-point summaries, making it readily accessible to novices while still providing the most up-to-date and detailed information that experienced researchers need. Provides a gentle introduction to the subject by first addressing nutritional information and then building in molecular aspects, clearly establishing fundamental information for the reader Facilitates reader comprehension by including succinct summary points in each chapter Contains a glossary of definitions that allows readers to easily reference terms Provides both a deep and broad understanding of the subject by containing overviews as well as detail-focused chapters

Molecular Aspects Of Alcohol And Nutrition

Author : Vinood B. Patel
ISBN : 9780128010037
Genre : Medical
File Size : 36. 26 MB
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Molecular Aspects of Alcohol and Nutrition is a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study or treat alcohol-related diseases. Experts from across the field of alcohol research explain how alcohol disrupts normal fat, carbohydrate, and protein metabolic processes occurring in the liver as well as other parts of the body. The book discusses how this can lead to alcoholic liver disease (ALD) as well as contribute to the onset of Type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome. It also explores how alcohol affects nutrient absorption in the gastrointestinal tract and can lead to anemia and reduced amounts of fat soluble vitamins. This book explores both the primary and secondary consequences of alcohol consumption. Chapters in the first section investigate the basic science of alcohol metabolism – focusing on how alcohol and its toxic metabolites disrupt and impair normal nutrient regulation at the molecular level. Further chapters explore how alcohol affects many extra-hepatic organs and tissues as well as the secondary consequences of alcohol consumption such as reduced levels of minerals like magnesium, calcium, and trace elements like zinc. Offers a valuable resource for nutrition researchers and nutritionists who study alcohol-related diseases and attempt to treat them through nutritional strategies Explores how alcohol and its toxic metabolite acetaldehyde disrupt and impair normal macro and micro nutrient regulation at the molecular level Investigates how alcohol affects and interferes with cell signaling, cell death pathways, calcium homeostasis leading to osteoporosis, oxygen balance, as well as the pathophysiology of alcohol consumption and abuse

Molecular And Cellular Effects Of Nutrition On Disease Processes

Author : Grant Pierce
ISBN : 9781461557630
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 9 MB
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Nutrigenetics And Nutrigenomics

Author : Artemis P. Simopoulos
ISBN : 9783805577823
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 50. 36 MB
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For the first time, international scientists describe the advances in genetics and nutrition by combining methods of molecular biology with those of functional genetics, also known as systems biology. This book provides the latest data on genetic variation and dietary response, nutrients and gene expression, and the contribution molecular biology has given to systems biology. It also includes a comprehensive critique of genetic association studies in defining the risk of chronic diseases and concludes that molecular diagnostic tests will eventually affect every area of health care from individual risk prediction, early diagnosis of disease, and determination of optimal treatment regimens, to monitoring treatment effectiveness. The appendix contains an extensive glossary of the newly emerging terminology, as well as recommendations for genetic screening. This publication is an essential tool for the future work of all physicians, nutritionists, dietitians, geneticists, physiologists, molecular biologists, anthropologists, food technologists, policy makers, ethicists and educators.

Nutrition And Diet In Maternal Diabetes

Author : Rajkumar Rajendram
ISBN : 9783319564401
Genre : Medical
File Size : 54. 92 MB
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This comprehensive volume covers all aspects of nutrition in different scenarios of maternal diabetes, including the Type 1 or Type 2 diabetic mother, gestational diabetes, and postpartum diabetes. The volumes offer a comprehensive, yet thorough, overview of the subject, from the prevalence, risk factors, and insulin requirements of the mother; to possible outcomes and effects on the infant; to dietary advice in general and specific scenarios; and information on macro and micronutrient supplements. There is also a special section on international perspectives on maternal diabetes, with ten chapters that each focus on a different country. Nutrition and Diet in Maternal Diabetes: An Evidence-Based Approach offers an overview of the Type 1 and type 2 diabetic mother, maternal and offspring aspects of gestation diabetes, and breastfeeding and maternal gestational diabetes.​

Vitamin D

Author : Michael F. Holick
ISBN : 9781475728613
Genre : Medical
File Size : 34. 22 MB
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The Nutrition and Health series of books has as an overriding mission to provide health professionals with texts that are considered essential because each includes: a synthesis of the state of the science; timely, in-depth reviews by the leading researchers in their respective fields; extensive, up-to-date fully annotated reference lists; a detailed index; relevant tables and figures; identification of paradigm shifts and the consequences; of information between chapters, but targeted, inter-chapter refer virtually no overlap rals, suggestions of areas for future research; and balanced, data-driven answers to patient questions that are based on the totality of evidence rather than the findings of any single study. The series volumes are not the outcome of a symposium. Rather, each editor has the potential to examine a chosen area with a broad perspective, both in subject matter as well as in the choice of chapter authors. The international perspective, especially with regard to public health initiatives, is emphasized where appropriate. The editors, whose training is both research and practice oriented, have the opportunity to develop a primary objective for their book, define the scope and focus, and then invite the leading authori ties from around the world to be part of their initiative. The authors are encouraged to provide an overview of the field, discuss their own research, and relate the research de findings to potential human health consequences.

Equine Nutrition And Feeding

Author : David Frape
ISBN : 9781118279311
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 7 MB
Format : PDF
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Since the first edition of Equine Nutrition and Feeding was published in 1986, it has become the seminal work on the subject. It covers all the key topics that you need to know for your equine nutrition degree course. This comprehensive and clearly evidenced textbook covers how food is digested and nutrients are used in growing, working and breeding horses. It also explains the scientific basis for calculating nutrient and dietary requirements in an understandable manner, and shows you how to do these calculations. Special attention is also given to grassland and pasture, and to housing and diet-related diseases. Additional, student-friendly features include: References to the most up-to-date information, including “Nutrient Requirements of Horses”, from the National Research Council (2007). Case histories to provide practical examples. Study questions at the end of each chapter to help you to revise. A comprehensive glossary of terms and abbreviations. Changes to this fourth edition: Evidence base has been expanded, with 646 new research reports and papers being incorporated. Extensively revised to make navigation easier. A new section is dedicated to the weaning and growth of the foal. This book is the essential text for any undergraduate and postgraduate student of equine nutrition, equine veterinary medicine, equine veterinary nursing or agricultural science. It is also used by equine nutritionists and horse owners.

Genetic Variation And Dietary Response

Author : Artemis P. Simopoulos
ISBN : 9783805563475
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 91 MB
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This timely volume focuses on genetics and nutrition, and their interaction in the development of chronic diseases. Knowledge of genetic susceptibility to disease will not only help to identify those at higher risk for disease but also to ascertain their response to diet. The prospect of targeting specific dietary treatment at those predicted to gain the most therapeutic benefit clearly has important clinical and economic consequences, particularly in diseases of high prevalence. This book is unique in considering genetic variation in susceptibility to disease, and the importance of specific diets in influencing lipid levels in cardiovascular disease and bone density in osteoporosis. The contributions emphasize that dietary response is dependent on the genetic variant and that specific dietary recommendations rather than universal ones are needed for the prevention and management of chronic diseases. Bringing together vital information for the first time, this book is important reading for physicians, nutritionists, dietitians, geneticists, physiologists, molecular biologists, food technologists and policymakers.

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