multiscales geomechanics from soil to engineering projects

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Multiscales Geomechanics

Author : Pierre-Yves Hicher
ISBN : 9781118600795
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 72 MB
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This book addresses the latest issues in multiscale geomechanics. Written by leading experts in the field as a tribute to Jean Biarez (1927-2006), it can be of great use and interest to researchers and engineers alike. A brief introduction describes how a major school of soil mechanics came into being through the exemplary teaching by one man. Biarez's life-long work consisted of explaining the elementary mechanisms governing soil constituents in order to enhance understanding of the underlying scientific laws which control the behavior of constructible sites and to incorporate these scientific advancements into engineering practices. He innovated a multiscale approach of passing from the discontinuous medium formed by individual grains to an equivalent continuous medium. The first part of the book examines the behavior of soils at the level of their different constituents and at the level of their interaction. Behavior is then treated at the scale of the soil sample. The second part deals with soil mechanics from the vantage point of the construction project. It highlights Biarez's insightful adoption of the Finite Element Codes and illustrates, through numerous construction examples, his methodology and approach based on the general framework he constructed for soil behavior, constantly enriched by comparing in situ measurements with calculated responses of geostructures.

From Microstructure Investigations To Multiscale Modeling

Author : Delphine Brancherie
ISBN : 9781119484448
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 92 MB
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Mechanical behaviors of materials are highly influenced by their architectures and/or microstructures. Hence, progress in material science involves understanding and modeling the link between the microstructure and the material behavior at different scales. This book gathers contributions from eminent researchers in the field of computational and experimental material modeling. It presents advanced experimental techniques to acquire the microstructure features together with dedicated numerical and analytical tools to take into account the randomness of the micro-structure.

Civil Engineering Structures According To The Eurocodes

Author : Xavier Lauzin
ISBN : 9781119437031
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 74. 3 MB
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"This standard assumes that the structure, after completion, is used as intended in the project and subject to planned inspection and maintenance to meet the expected project lifetime and to detect any unforeseen weakness or behavior" (EN 13670 §4.1) An important decision factor in the design of new structures and repairs to existing structures is the lifetime or expected service life. This concept, which is common for civil engineering works, has been extended to all engineering and building works by applying the European Structural Design Codes. This book tries to take stock of the inspection methodologies related to each type of civil engineering work, the various pathologies of concrete structures, and gives examples of the writing of reports.

Multiscales Geomechanics

Author : Pierre-Yves Hicher
ISBN : 9781118601389
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 26 MB
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This book addresses the latest issues in multiscale geomechanics. Written by leading experts in the field as a tribute to Jean Biarez (1927-2006), it can be of great use and interest to researchers and engineers alike. A brief introduction describes how a major school of soil mechanics came into being through the exemplary teaching by one man. Biarez's life-long work consisted of explaining the elementary mechanisms governing soil constituents in order to enhance understanding of the underlying scientific laws which control the behavior of constructible sites and to incorporate these scientific advancements into engineering practices. He innovated a multiscale approach of passing from the discontinuous medium formed by individual grains to an equivalent continuous medium. The first part of the book examines the behavior of soils at the level of their different constituents and at the level of their interaction. Behavior is then treated at the scale of the soil sample. The second part deals with soil mechanics from the vantage point of the construction project. It highlights Biarez's insightful adoption of the Finite Element Codes and illustrates, through numerous construction examples, his methodology and approach based on the general framework he constructed for soil behavior, constantly enriched by comparing in situ measurements with calculated responses of geostructures.

Computer Methods And Recent Advances In Geomechanics

Author : Fusao Oka
ISBN : 9781315733197
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38. 20 MB
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Computer Methods and Recent Advances in Geomechanics contains the proceedings (abstracts book 472 pages + full paper USB-drive 2052 pages) of the 14th International Conference of the International Association for Computer Methods and Advances in Geomechanics (Kyoto, Japan, 22-25 September, 2014). The contributions cover computer methods, material modeling and testing, applications to a wide range of geomechanical issues, and recent advances in various areas that may not necessarily involve computer methods, including: - Development and usage of new materials; - Constitutive modeling of materials including deformation, damage and failure; - Verification of existing and new constitutive models; - Micro-macro correlations of material response including non-destructive testing; - New techniques for material and site characterization; - Computer-aided engineering and expert system; - Innovative construction using new materials and computer methods; - Design and rehabilitation of infrastructure; - Use of system and optimization procedures, and - Remote sensing. Computer Methods and Recent Advances in Geomechanics will be of interest to researchers and engineers involved in geotechnical mechanics and geo-engineering.

Constitutive Modeling Of Soils And Rocks

Author : Pierre-Yves Hicher
ISBN : 9781118621493
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 29. 82 MB
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This title provides a comprehensive overview of elastoplasticity relating to soil and rocks. Following a general outline of the models of behavior and their internal structure, each chapter develops a different area of this subject relating to the author's particular expertise. The first half of the book concentrates on the elastoplasticity of soft soils and rocks, while the second half examines that of hard soils and rocks.

Construction Reliability

Author : Julien Baroth
ISBN : 9781118601129
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 31. 39 MB
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This book provides answers to the following problems: how to identify the most probable critical failures; how to describe and use data-concerning materials that are either heterogeneous, time-variant, or space-variant; how to quantify the reliability and lifetime of a system; how to use feedback information to actualize reliability results; and how to optimize an inspection politic or a maintenance strategy. Numerous authors from public research centers and firms propose a synthesis of methods, both new and well-known, and offer numerous examples concerning dams, geotechnical study, and structures from nuclear and civil engineering.

Plasticity

Author : Ronaldo I Borja
ISBN : 9783642385476
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 99 MB
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There have been many excellent books written on the subject of plastic deformation in solids, but rarely can one find a textbook on this subject. “Plasticity Modeling & Computation” is a textbook written specifically for students who want to learn the theoretical, mathematical, and computational aspects of inelastic deformation in solids. It adopts a simple narrative style that is not mathematically overbearing, and has been written to emulate a professor giving a lecture on this subject inside a classroom. Each section is written to provide a balance between the relevant equations and the explanations behind them. Where relevant, sections end with one or more exercises designed to reinforce the understanding of the “lecture.” Color figures enhance the presentation and make the book very pleasant to read. For professors planning to use this textbook for their classes, the contents are sufficient for Parts A and B that can be taught in sequence over a period of two semesters or quarters.

Geomechanics And Geotechnics

Author : Mingjing Jiang
ISBN : 0415612977
Genre : Rock mechanics
File Size : 53. 1 MB
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Soils are composed of grains but they are generally treated as continua in the classical framework of geomechanics. Their macroscopic response under loading, such as their non-linearity, yielding and anisotropy, is controlled by their micro-structure, the characteristics of the grains and the disposition of contacts between them. There have been rapid advances in technology both to investigate the microscopic properties of soils, and to simulate their granular behaviour explicitly through Discrete Element Method (DEM). DEM was originally used to...

Designing And Building With Uhpfrc

Author : Jacques Resplendino
ISBN : 9781118587553
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 95 MB
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This book contains the proceedings of the international workshop “Designing and Building with Ultra-High Performance Fibre-Reinforced Concrete (UHPFRC): State of the Art and Development”, organized by AFGC, the French Association for Civil Engineering and French branch of fib, in Marseille (France), November 17-18, 2009. This workshop was focused on the experience of a lot of recent UHPFRC realizations. Through more than 50 papers, this book details the experience of many countries in UHPFRC construction and design, including projects from Japan, Germany, Australia, Austria, USA, Denmark, the Netherlands, Canada… and France. The projects are categorized as novel architectural solutions, new frontiers for bridges, new equipments and structural components, and extending the service life of structures. The last part presents major research results, durability and sustainability aspects, and the updated AFGC Recommendations on UHPFRC.

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