nanocomposites

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Polymer Nanocomposites

Author : Yiu-Wing Mai
ISBN : 9781845691127
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57. 26 MB
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Polymer nanocomposites are polymer matrices reinforced with nano-scale fillers. This new class of composite materials has shown enhanced optical, electrical and dielectric properties. This important book begins by examining the characteristics of the main types of polymer nanocomposites and then reviews their diverse applications. Part one focuses on polymer/nanoparticle composites, their synthesis, optical properties and electrical conductivity. Part two describes the electrical, dielectric and thermal behaviour of polymer/nanoplatelet composites, whilst polymer/nanotube composites are the subject of Part three. The processing and industrial applications of these nanocomposite materials are discussed in Part four, including uses in fuel cells, bioimaging and sensors as well as the manufacture and applications of electrospun polymer nanocomposite fibers, nanostructured transition metal oxides, clay nanofiller/epoxy nanocomposites, hybrid epoxy-silica-rubber nanocomposites and other rubber-based nanocomposites. Polymer nanocomposites: physical properties and applications is a valuable reference tool for both the research community and industry professionals wanting to learn about these materials and their applications in such areas as fuel cell, sensor and biomedical technology. Gives a comprehensive review of polymer nanocomposites and their properties A standard reference on this area Written by distinguished editors and a international team of authors

Characterization Techniques For Polymer Nanocomposites

Author : Vikas Mittal
ISBN : 9783527331482
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 85 MB
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The book series "Polymer Nano-, Micro- and Macrocomposites" provides complete and comprehensive information on all important aspects of polymer composite research and development, including, but not limited to synthesis, filler modification, modeling, characterization as well as application and commercialization issues. Each book focuses on a particular topic and gives a balanced in-depth overview of the respective subfield of polymer composite science and its relation to industrial applications. With the books the readers obtain dedicated resources with information relevant to their research, thereby helping to save time and money. With its focus on the characterization of nanocomposites using such techniques as x-ray diffraction and spectrometry, light and electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, as well as nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopy, this book helps to correctly interpret the recorded data. Each chapter introduces a particular characterization method, along with its foundations, and makes the user aware of its benefits, but also of its drawbacks. As a result, the reader will be able to reliably predict the microstructure of the synthesized polymer nanocomposite and its thermal and mechanical properties, and so assess its suitability for a particular application.

Optimization Of Polymer Nanocomposite Properties

Author : Vikas Mittal
ISBN : 3527629289
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 81. 36 MB
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A one-stop resource for researchers and developers alike, this book covers a plethora of nanocomposite properties and their enhancement mechanisms. With contributors from industry as well as academia, each chapter elucidates in detail the mechanisms to achieve a certain functionality of the polymer nanocomposite, such as improved biodegradability, increased chemical resistance and tribological performance. Special emphasis is laid on the interdependence of the factors that affect the nanocomposite properties such that readers obtain the information necessary to synthesize the polymer materials according to the requirements of their respective applications.

Nanocomposites

Author : Philippe Knauth
ISBN : 9780387689074
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 55. 15 MB
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Nanocomposites have been receiving more and more attention given the improvement of synthesis techniques and the availability of powerful characterization techniques. The aim of the book is to introduce nanocomposite materials using a broad range of inorganic and organic solids. It also presents recent and not very common developments in especially spectroscopic characterization techniques, including Mössbauer, EXAFS, NMR. This should make the book attractive for a broad range of readers, including chemists and physicists.

Metal Polymer Nanocomposites

Author : Luigi Nicolais
ISBN : 9780471695424
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 87 MB
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A unique guide to an essential area of nanoscience Interest in nano-sized metals has increased greatly due to theirspecial characteristics and suitability for a number of advancedapplications. As technology becomes more refined-including theability to effectively manipulate and stabilize metals at thenanoscale-these materials present ever-more workable solutions to agrowing range of problems. Metal-Polymer Nanocomposites provides the first guidesolely devoted to the unique properties and applications of thisessential area of nanoscience. It offers a truly multidisciplinaryapproach, making the text accessible to readers in physical,chemical, and materials science as well as areas such asengineering and topology. The thorough coverage includes: The chemical and physical properties of nano-sized metals Different approaches to the synthesis of metal-polymernanocomposites (MPN) Advanced characterization techniques and methods for study ofMPN Real-world applications, including color filters, polarizers,optical sensors, nonlinear optical devices, and more An extensive list of references on the topics covered A unique, cutting-edge resource for a vital area of nanosciencedevelopment, Metal-Polymer Nanocomposites is an invaluabletext for students and practitioners of materials science,engineering, polymer science, chemical engineering, electricalengineering, and optics.

Handbook Of Organic Inorganic Hybrid Materials And Nanocomposites Nanocomposites

Author : Hari Singh Nalwa
ISBN : 1588830292
Genre : Composite materials
File Size : 61. 61 MB
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Thesis Preparation And Characterization Of Modified Graphene Oxide Polypropylene Nanocomposites

Author : Daniel Njoroge
ISBN : 9783741863073
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39. 53 MB
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in graphene based polymer composites. Progress in polymer science, 35(11), 1350-1375. doi: 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2010.07.005 Li, B., Zhong, W.-H. (2011). Review on polymer/graphite nanoplatelet nanocomposites. Journal of Materials Science, 46(17), 5595-5614. doi: 10.1007/s10853-011-5572-y Li, W., Tang, X.-Z., Zhang, H.-B., Jiang, Z.-G., Yu, N. H., Bose, S., Lee, J. H. (2010). Recent advances in graphene based polymer composites. Progress in polymer science, 35(11), 1350-1375. doi: 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2010.07.005 Li, B., Zhong, W.-H. (2011). Review on polymer/graphite nanoplatelet nanocomposites. Journal of Materials Science, 46(17), 5595-5614. doi: 10560. doi: 10.1021/la801744a Physik, I. f. Advanced Lab: Differential scanning calorimetry investigation of polymers. Humboldt-Universitat zu Berlin. Potts, J. R., Dreyer, D. R., Bielawski, C. W., Ruoff, R. S. (2011). Graphene-based polymer nanocomposites. Polymer, 52(1), 5-25. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2010.11.042 Qiu, F.,

Entwicklung Innovativer Compatibilizer Systeme F R Polypropylen Nanocomposites Auf Der Basis Organophiler Schichtsilikate

Author : Michael Erdmann
ISBN : 9783832523190
Genre :
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Seit Millionen von Jahren erzeugt die Natur nanostrukturierte Materialien und Nanocomposites mit bemerkenswerten Eigenschaften. Erst in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten hat die Wissenschaft gelernt, solche Werkstoffe fur unterschiedliche Anwendungen synthetisch herzustellen. Die einzigartigen Eigenschaften und die Leistungsfahigkeit der Nanomaterialien liegen begrundet in den Abmessungen des submikroskopischen Gefuges, der Struktur der Oberflachen beziehungsweise Phasengrenzflachen sowie in der Art und Intensitat der Wechselwirkungen zwischen den Werkstoffkomponenten. Kommerzielle Produkte sind inzwischen beispielsweise aus der Halbleiter-, Oberflachen- und Katalysatortechnik sowie aus der Optik und Biomedizin hervorgegangen. Die spezifischen Gebrauchseigenschaften dieser Produkte haben am Ende des zwanzigsten Jahrhunderts sowohl in der Forschung als auch in der Offentlichkeit zu einem explosionsartigen Interesse an den Nanotechnologien gefuhrt. Seit dieser Zeit sind Begriffe wie der glq Lotusbluten-Effekt grq, die Fullerene und die Kohlenstoff-Nanorohrchen in aller Munde. Die Nanotechnologie gilt heute als eine der bedeutendsten Triebfedern fur Werk- und Effektstoffinnovationen in der Zukunft. Auch auf dem Sektor der polymeren Werkstoffe haben Nanocomposites in der jungeren Vergangenheit aufgrund ihrer einzigartigen Eigenschaftsprofile wiederholt Aufsehen erregt. In Kunststoffen auf molekularer Ebene eingebettete Nanobausteine konnen bereits in ausserst geringen Mengen signifikante Veranderungen des Eigenschaftsprofils bewirken. Die Ausnutzung submikroskopischer physikalischer Effekte eroffnet vielfaltige Moglichkeiten, die Eigenschaftsprofile etablierter Materialien zu diversifizieren und fur neue Anwendungen masszuschneidern. Im Mittelpunkt der vorliegenden Abhandlung steht die Entwicklung von Polypropylen-Nanocomposites auf der Basis organisch modifizierter Schichtsilikate. Die besondere Herausforderung besteht dabei in der ausgesprochen schlechten thermodynamischen Vertraglichkeit der Werkstoffkomponenten, die auf ihre unterschiedlichen Polaritaten zuruckzufuhren ist. Daraus resultiert die Notwendigkeit, zusatzliche Compatibilizer einzusetzen, die die Grenzflachenspannung zwischen dem Polypropylen und den Silikatpartikeln reduzieren und somit ihre Wechselwirkungen intensivieren. Die Compatibilizer bestimmen daher entscheidend die Morphologie der Verbundwerkstoffe und sind ausschlaggebend fur deren Eigenschaftsprofil. Im Rahmen der Dissertation wurden innovative Ansatze zur Kompatibilisierung von Polypropylen-Nanocomposites untersucht. Dazu wurden unterschiedliche Typen von Pfropfcopolymeren mittels Reaktivextrusion generiert und als Compatibilizer in Nanocomposites eingesetzt. Die entwickelten Rezepturen und Prozesskenngrossen wurden in Bezug auf die Reaktionsausbeute sowie hinsichtlich der resultierenden Produkteigenschaften optimiert. Dabei wurden die Funktionalzusammenhange zwischen den chemischen Merkmalen der Compatibilizer und den mechanischen, thermischen und rheologischen Eigenschaften der generierten Nanocomposites sowie der Gute der Partikeldispergierung charakterisiert.

Nanocomposites

Author : Tsu-Wei Chou
ISBN : 9781605950730
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56. 58 MB
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A bound edition that contains research papers on using nanomaterials to improve the performance and properties of composites. It covers all phases of nanocomposite synthesis - from design and multiscale modeling to processing and testing. It also offers data on dispersion, alignment and interfacial bonding.

Nanocomposites

Author : J. Paulo Davim
ISBN : 9783110267426
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 48 MB
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Composite materials are engineered materials, made from two or more constituents with significantly different physical or chemical properties which remain separate on a macroscopic level within the finished structure. Due to their special mechanical and physical properties they have the potential to replace conventional materials. In nanocomposites the size of one phase is less than 100 nm in at least one dimension. Nanocomposites with polymer, metal or ceramic matrices find increasing application in bioengineering, battery cathodes, automotives, sensors and computers.

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