nanotechnology and tissue engineering the scaffold

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Nanotechnology And Tissue Engineering

Author : Cato T. Laurencin
ISBN : 1420051830
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 29 MB
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Nanofabrication gives us the ability to mimic biological structures with molecular level precision. Offering a natural progression of topics, Nanotechnology and Tissue Engineering: The Scaffold provides a state-of-the-art account of groundbreaking research in this rapidly emerging area of biomedical engineering. Emphasizing the importance of scaffolds, the book details fundamental and advanced aspects of nanofabrication and examines cellular interactions at the nanoscale level. It reviews extracellular matrix structure and function and discusses various nanoscale biological surface modifications that can improve cellular responses. The editors present the most promising nanofabrication techniques, including electrospinning, lithography, and self assembly. Featuring the contributions of pioneering scientists writing about their own research, this cutting-edge volume — Provides background information discussing the emerging importance of scaffolds in tissue engineering Examines tissue engineering as it relates to orthopedic, cardiovascular, neural, and musculoskeletal applications Details cell responses to a number of nanoscale features Delves into microfabrication techniques in scaffold development Presents research on designer self-assembling peptide scaffolds This highly comprehensive resource also discusses clinical implications and applications, presenting exciting breakthroughs in neural, vascular, and musculoskeletal tissue engineering with nanostructures. An essential resource, for biomedical engineers working on the frontiers of tissue research, this book brings together current findings and background information on a complete range of engineering processes that have led to the development of a number of highly useful tissues.

Nanotechnology And Regenerative Engineering

Author : Cato T. Laurencin
ISBN : 9781466585379
Genre : Medical
File Size : 61. 88 MB
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Nanotechnology and regenerative engineering have emerged to the forefront as the most versatile and innovative technologies to foster novel therapeutic techniques and strategies of the twenty-first century. The first edition of Nanotechnology and Tissue Engineering: The Scaffold was the first comprehensive source to explain the developments in nanostructured biomaterials for tissue engineering, the relevance of nanostructured materials in tissue regeneration, and the current applications of nanostructured scaffolds for engineering various tissues. This fully revised second edition, renamed Nanotechnology and Regenerative Engineering: The Scaffold, provides a thorough update to the existing material, bringing together these two unique areas to give a perspective of the emerging therapeutic strategies for a wide audience. New coverage includes: Updated discussion of the importance of scaffolds in tissue engineering Exploration of cellular interactions at the nanoscale Complete range of fabrication processes capable of developing nanostructured scaffolds for regenerative engineering Applications of nanostructured scaffolds for neural, skin, cardiovascular, and musculoskeletal regenerative engineering FDA approval process of nanostructure scaffolds Products based on nanostructured scaffolds Due to the unique and tissue-mimic properties of the nanostructured scaffolds, the past five years have seen a tremendous growth in nanostructured materials for biological applications. The revised work presents the current state-of-the-art developments in nanostructured scaffolds for regenerative engineering.

3d Bioprinting And Nanotechnology In Tissue Engineering And Regenerative Medicine

Author : Lijie Grace Zhang
ISBN : 9780128006641
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 15 MB
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3D Bioprinting and Nanotechnology in Tissue Engineering provides an in depth introduction to these two technologies and their industrial applications. Stem cells in tissue regeneration are covered, along with nanobiomaterials. Commercialization, legal and regulatory considerations are also discussed in order to help you translate nanotechnology and 3D printing-based products to the marketplace and the clinic. Dr. Zhang’s and Dr. Fishers’ team of expert contributors have pooled their expertise in order to provide a summary of the suitability, sustainability and limitations of each technique for each specific application. The increasing availability and decreasing costs of nanotechnologies and 3D printing technologies are driving their use to meet medical needs, and this book provides an overview of these technologies and their integration. It shows how nanotechnology can increase the clinical efficiency of prosthesis or artificial tissues made by bioprinting or biofabrication. Students and professionals will receive a balanced assessment of relevant technology with theoretical foundation, while still learning about the newest printing techniques. Includes clinical applications, regulatory hurdles, and risk-benefit analysis of each technology. This book will assist you in selecting the best materials and identifying the right parameters for printing, plus incorporate cells and biologically active agents into a printed structure Learn the advantages of integrating 3D printing and nanotechnology in order to improve the safety of your nano-scale materials for biomedical applications

Nanotechnology In Tissue Engineering And Regenerative Medicine

Author : Ketul Popat
ISBN : 1439801428
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 23. 84 MB
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Although nanotechnology applied to medicine has a potentially huge impact on drug delivery and tissue engineering, significant challenges need to be resolved before clinically viable nanomedicine or nanobiomedicine therapies will be available. Skillfully edited, with contributions from an expert panel of researchers, Nanotechnology in Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine discusses the use of nanotechnology for medical applications with a focus on its use for drug delivery and tissue engineering. It sheds light on the challenges facing the field and examines cutting-edge research that may provide solutions. Topics covered include: Patterning of biomimetic substrates with AFM lithography, primarily focusing on DPN Nanotemplating polymer melts Nanotechnology-based approaches in the treatment of injuries to tendons and ligaments Progress in the use of electrospinning processing techniques for fabricating nanofiber scaffolds for neural applications Nanotopography techniques for tissue-engineered scaffolds and the effects of nanotopography on cells and tissues Vertically aligned TiO2 nanotube surface structuring for optimization of Ti implants utilizing nanotechnology Applications originating from the harmony of nanotechnology to biological systems, especially for the regeneration in the nervous system Current understanding of the mechanisms by which cells sense nano-scale structure at the molecular level and how this understanding can be useful in developing novel antifouling materials While there are books available on tissue engineering and nanotechnology and others about regenerative medicine, most do not comprehensively cover applications of nanotechnology to both these areas. Focusing chiefly on drug delivery, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine, the book uses an application-based approach to relate laboratory-based research to the development of technologies that can be readily adaptable to an industrial environment.

Biomaterials And Nanotechnology For Tissue Engineering

Author : Swaminathan Sethuraman
ISBN : 9781498743747
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82. 1 MB
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Nanotechnology and high-end characterization techniques have highlighted the importance of the material choice for the success of tissue engineering. A paradigm shift has been seen from conventional passive materials as scaffolds to smart multi-functional materials that can mimic the complex intracellular milieu more effectively. This book presents a detailed overview of the rationale involved in the choice of materials for regeneration of different tissues and the future directions in this fascinating area of materials science with specific chapters on regulatory challenges & ethics; tissue engineered medical products.

Nanotechnology Applications For Tissue Engineering

Author : Sabu Thomas
ISBN : 9780323353038
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57. 65 MB
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Tissue engineering involves seeding of cells on bio-mimicked scaffolds providing adhesive surfaces. Researchers though face a range of problems in generating tissue which can be circumvented by employing nanotechnology. It provides substrates for cell adhesion and proliferation and agents for cell growth and can be used to create nanostructures and nanoparticles to aid the engineering of different types of tissue. Written by renowned scientists from academia and industry, this book covers the recent developments, trends and innovations in the application of nanotechnologies in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. It provides information on methodologies for designing and using biomaterials to regenerate tissue, on novel nano-textured surface features of materials (nano-structured polymers and metals e.g.) as well as on theranostics, immunology and nano-toxicology aspects. In the book also explained are fabrication techniques for production of scaffolds to a series of tissue-specific applications of scaffolds in tissue engineering for specific biomaterials and several types of tissue (such as skin bone, cartilage, vascular, cardiac, bladder and brain tissue). Furthermore, developments in nano drug delivery, gene therapy and cancer nanotechonology are described. The book helps readers to gain a working knowledge about the nanotechnology aspects of tissue engineering and will be of great use to those involved in building specific tissue substitutes in reaching their objective in a more efficient way. It is aimed for R&D and academic scientists, lab engineers, lecturers and PhD students engaged in the fields of tissue engineering or more generally regenerative medicine, nanomedicine, medical devices, nanofabrication, biofabrication, nano- and biomaterials and biomedical engineering. Provides state-of-the-art knowledge on how nanotechnology can help tackling known problems in tissue engineering Covers materials design, fabrication techniques for tissue-specific applications as well as immunology and toxicology aspects Helps scientists and lab engineers building tissue substitutes in a more efficient way

Osteochondral Tissue Engineering

Author : J. Miguel Oliveira
ISBN : 9783319767116
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 9 MB
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This book reviews the most recent developments in the field of osteochondral tissue engineering (OCTE) and presents challenges and strategies being developed that face not only bone and cartilage regeneration, but also establish osteochondral interface formation in order to translate it into a clinical setting. Topics include nanotechnology approaches and biomaterials advances in osteochondral engineering, advanced processing methodology, as well as scaffolding and surface engineering strategies in OCTE. Hydrogel systems for osteochondral applications are also detailed thoroughly. Osteochondral Tissue Engineering: Nanotechnology, Scaffolding-Related Developments and Translation is an ideal book for biomedical engineering students and a wide range of established researchers and professionals working in the orthopedic field.

Nano Calcium Sulfate Scaffolds For Periodontal Tissue Engineering

Author : Kathiravan Mohan
ISBN : OCLC:303292694
Genre :
File Size : 30. 12 MB
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Objective . Nanotechnology offers exciting alternatives to traditional scaffolds. Nano calcium sulfate with particles in the range of 10-100 nanometer, will have enhanced physical properties such as high surface area for growth factor adsorption with the potential for controlling the rate of release of the adsorbed material as well as superior mechanical strength for optimal osteoconductivity and resistance to fractures. Addition of macro pores using alginate should not only enhance cell migration, it should also help in transport issues related to oxygen and nutrient delivery, waste removal and protein transport. Our overall goal was to study the safety and efficiency of nano calcium sulfate based scaffolds for periodontal tissue engineering. Methods . HPDL cells were seeded on the scaffolds and SEM micrographs were taken after a culture of 12 hours and 3 days. The MTT assay was done to assess the cell viability. Adhesion and proliferation of human periodontal ligament cells was compared between CAPSET ® (calcium sulfate) and nano calcium sulfate using the MTT assay and the 3 H thymidine assay. Cell-material interaction was studied for scaffolds with different proportions of alginate and compared to nano calcium sulfate scaffold using SEM and the MTT assay. Results. Initial SEM micrographs after 12 hours show that HPDL cells do attach to nano calcium sulfate scaffolds. After 3 days, cells exhibited a spindle shape or polygonal shape and the pseudopodia of cells became far longer and extended in different directions. The MTT assay results after 3 days culture confirmed that PDL cells do adhere to nano calcium sulfate samples and proliferate. The MTT assay and 3 H thymidine assay revealed that CAPSET ® and nano calcium sulfate scaffolds exhibited similar levels of cell proliferation. Comparison of the MTT assay with and without centrifuge showed that nano calcium sulfate undergoes a faster structural deformation, compared to that of CAPSET ® . SEM micrographs of different proportions of alginate and nano calcium sulfate show cells attached to 95:5 and 90:10. Cell proliferation rate was found to be highest for the 95:5 scaffold. Conclusion . Nano sized calcium sulfate + alginate composite scaffolds may provide a more efficient scaffold than nano sized calcium sulfate alone or standard sized calcium sulfate (CAPSET ® scaffolds for periodontal tissue engineering.

Tissue Engineering And Regenerative Medicine

Author : Murugan Ramalingam
ISBN : 9781439881866
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 4 MB
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Through the integration of strategies from life science, engineering, and clinical medicine, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine hold the promise of new solutions to current health challenges. This rapidly developing field requires continual updates to the state-of-the-art knowledge in all of the aforementioned sciences. Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine: A Nano Approach provides a compilation of the important aspects of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, including dentistry, from fundamental principles to current advances and future trends. Written by internationally renowned scientists, engineers, and clinicians, the chapters cover the following areas: Nanobiomaterials and scaffolds—including nanocomposites and electrospun nanofibers Tissue mechanics Stem cells and nanobiomaterials Oral and cranial implants and regeneration of bone Cartilage tissue engineering Controlled release—DNA, RNA, and protein delivery Animal science and clinical medicine The editors designed this textbook with a distinctive theme focusing on the utilization of nanotechnology, biomaterials science in tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine with the inclusion of important clinical aspects. In addition to injured veterans and other individuals, increased life expectancy in the industrialized world is creating a growing population that will require regenerative medicine, producing greater pressure to develop procedures and treatments to improve quality of life. This book bridges the gap between nanotechnology and tissue engineering and regenerative medicine, facilitating the merger of these two fields and the important transition from laboratory discoveries to clinical applications.

Stem Cell Nanoengineering

Author : H. Baharvand
ISBN : 9781118540619
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 19 MB
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Stem-Cell Nanoengineering reviews the applications of nanotechnology in the fields of stem cells, tissue engineering, and regenerative medicine. Topics addressed include various types of stem cells, underlying principles of nanobiotechnology, the making of nanoscaffolds, nanotissue engineering, applications of nanotechnology in stem-cell tracking and molecular imaging, nanodevices, as well as stem-cell nanoengineering from bench to bedside. Written by renowned experts in their respective fields, chapters describe and explore a wide variety of topics in stem-cell nanoengineering, making the book a valuable resource for both researchers and clinicians in biomedical and bioengineering fields. • Synthesizes topics from the active and growing fields of stem-cell research and nanoengineering • Addresses a wide range of subjects that will be of interest to engineers, chemists, biological scientists, clinicians, and biomedicine industry professionals • Includes introduction to the various types of stem cells and the general principles of nanobiotechnology • Chapters cover hot topics including nanoscaffolds, nanotissue engineering, and nanodevices

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