nanotechnology for the energy challenge

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Nanotechnology For The Energy Challenge

Author : Javier García-Martínez
ISBN : 9783527665129
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43. 44 MB
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With the daunting energy challenges faced by Mankind in the 21st century, revolutionary new technologies will be the key to a clean, secure and sustainable energy future. Nanostructures often have surprising and very useful capabilities and are thus paving the way for new methodologies in almost every kind of industry. This exceptional monograph provides an overview of the subject, and presents the current state of the art with regard to different aspects of sustainable production, efficient storage and low-impact use of energy. Comprised of eighteen chapters, the book is divided in three thematic parts: Part I Sustainable Energy Production covers the main developments of nanotechnology in clean energy production and conversion, including photovoltaics, hydrogen production, thermal-electrical energy conversion and fuel cells. Part II Efficient Energy Storage is concerned with the potential use of nanomaterials in more efficient energy storage systems such as advanced batteries, supercapacitors and hydrogen storage. Part III Energy Sustainability shows how nanotechnology helps to use energy more efficiently, and the mitigation of impacts to the environment, with special emphasis on energy savings through green nanofabrication, advanced catalysis, nanostructured light-emitting and eletrochromic devices and CO2 capture by nanoporous materials . An essential addition to any bookshelf, it will be invaluable to a variety of research fields including materials science, chemical engineering, solid state, surface, industrial, and physical chemistry, as this is a subject that is very interdisciplinary.

Environmental Nanotechnology

Author : Mark Wiesner
ISBN : 0071511040
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 74. 51 MB
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Explore the Properties of Today's Widely Used Nanomaterials— and Assess Their Potentially Harmful Effects on the Environment Environmental Nanotechnology is the first book to assist you in both understanding the properties of new nanomaterial-centered technology and assessing the potentially harmful effects these materials may have on the environment. Written by a team of 29 leading experts from around the world, this comprehensive book presents cutting-edge coverage of the fabrication, characterization, and measurement of nanomaterials...emerging markets for nanomaterials...nanotechnologies in the energy industry...nanotechnologies for environmental quality...nanotechnology transport and fate in the environment...toxicological impacts of nanomaterials...and much more. Filled with detailed illustrations, Environmental Nanotechnology features: State-of-the-art techniques for the characterization and measurement of nanomaterials The latest findings on the transport and fate of nanomaterials in the environment Nanotechnologies for energy production, storage, and distribution In-depth analyses of the ecotoxicological impacts of nanomaterials New methods for developing nanomaterials with less environmental risk Inside This Landmark Environmental Engineering Guide _ • Nanomaterials: New Challenges and Opportunities • Fabrication of Nanomaterials • Characterization and Measurement of Nanomaterials • Emerging Markets for Nanomaterials • Nanomaterial-Enabled Technologies for Energy Production, Storage, and Distribution • Nanomaterial-Enabled Technologies for Environmental Quality • Nanomaterial Transport and Fate in the Environment • Ecotoxicological Impacts of Nanomaterials • Toxicological Impacts of Nanomaterials

Encyclopedia Of Nanoscience And Society

Author : David H. Guston
ISBN : 9781452266176
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 36. 9 MB
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Labeled either as the "next industrial revolution" or as just "hype," nanoscience and nanotechnologies are controversial, touted by some as the likely engines of spectacular transformation of human societies and even human bodies, and by others as conceptually flawed. These challenges make an encyclopedia of nanoscience and society an absolute necessity. Providing a guide to what these understandings and challenges are about, the Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Society offers accessible descriptions of some of the key technical achievements of nanoscience along with its history and prospects. Rather than a technical primer, this encyclopedia instead focuses on the efforts of governments around the world to fund nanoscience research and to tap its potential for economic development as well as to assess how best to regulate a new technology for the environmental, occupational, and consumer health and safety issues related to the field. Contributions examine and analyze the cultural significance of nanoscience and nanotechnologies and describe some of the organizations, and their products, that promise to make nanotechnologies a critical part of the global economy. Written by noted scholars and practitioners from around the globe, these two volumes offer nearly 500 entries describing the societal aspects of nanoscience and nanotechnology. Key Themes - Art, Design, and Materials - Bionanotechnology Centers - Context - Economics and Business - Engagement and the Public - Environment and Risk - Ethics and Values - Geographies and Distribution - History and Philosophy - Integration and Interdisciplinarity - Nanotechnology Companies - Nanotechnology Organizations

Nanotechnology For Dummies

Author : Earl Boysen
ISBN : 9781118136881
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66. 42 MB
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The bestselling introductory guide on nanotechnology?now revisedand updated The world of nanotechnology is ever changing and evolving; thisfun and friendly guide demystifies the topic for anyone interestedin how molecule-sized machines and processes affect our everydaylives. The authors begin with explaining the background ofnanotechnology and then examine industries that are affected bythis technology. Aiming to educate and simultaneously dispel commonmyths, the book explores the many nanotechnology-enabled consumerproducts available on the market today, ranging from socks to facelotion to jet skis to floor cleaners, to name a few. Serves as a fun and friendly introduction to the fascinatingtopic of nanotechnology Discusses the various issues involving nanotechnology in theareas of environment, medicine, defense, and others Provides real-world examples of everyday nanotechnology usesuch as floor cleaners, flash memory drives, face lotion, computerprocessors, and more Written in the accessible, humorous For Dummies style,Nanotechnology For Dummies, 2nd Edition provides aneasy-to-understand overview of nanotechnology and its real-worldimplementation.

Nanotechnology Engines On

Author :
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 79. 85 MB
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The Nanotechnology Challenge

Author : David A. Dana
ISBN : 9781139502382
Genre : Law
File Size : 86. 50 MB
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Nanotechnology is the wave of the future, and has already been incorporated into everything from toothpaste to socks to military equipment. The safety of nanotechnology for human health and the environment is a great unknown, however, and no legal system in the world has yet devised a way to reasonably address the uncertain risks of nanotechnology. To do so will require creating new legal institutions. This volume of essays by leading law scholars and social and physical scientists offers a range of views as to how such institutions should be formed. It is essential reading for anyone who may wonder how we can continue to innovate technologically in a way that both delivers the benefits and sustains human health and the environment.

Nanotechnology For Electronics Photonics And Renewable Energy

Author : Anatoli Korkin
ISBN : 1441974547
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 74. 44 MB
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Tutorial lectures given by world-renowned researchers have become one of the important traditions of the Nano and Giga Challenges (NGC) conference series. 1 Soon after preparations had begun for the rst forum, NGC2002, in Moscow, Russia, the organizers realized that publication of the lectures notes would be a va- able legacy of the meeting and a signi cant educational resource and knowledge base for students, young researchers, and senior experts. Our rst book was p- lished by Elsevier and received the same title as the meeting itself—Nano and Giga 2 Challenges in Microelectronics. Our second book, Nanotechnology for Electronic 3 4 Materials and Devices, based on the tutorial lectures at NGC2004 in Krakow, 5 Poland, the third book from NGC2007 in Phoenix, Arizona, and the current book 6 from joint NGC2009 and CSTC2009 meeting in Hamilton, Ontario, have been published in Springer’s Nanostructure Science and Technology series. Hosted by McMaster University, the meeting NGC/CSTC 2009 was held as a joint event of two conference series, Nano and Giga Challenges (Nano & Giga Forum) and Canadian Semiconductor Technology Conferences (CSTC), bringing together the networks and expertise of both professional forums. Informational (electronics and photonics), renewable energy (solar systems, fuel cells, and batteries), and sensor (nano and bio) technologies have reached a new stage in their development in terms of engineering limits to cost-effective impro- ment of current technological approaches. The latest miniaturization of electronic devices is approaching atomic dimensions.

Aquananotechnology

Author : David E. Reisner
ISBN : 9781466512252
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 84 MB
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The world’s fresh water supplies are dwindling rapidly—even wastewater is now considered an asset. By 2025, most of the world's population will be facing serious water stresses and shortages. Aquananotechnology: Global Prospects breaks new ground with its informative and innovative introduction of the application of nanotechnology to the remediation of contaminated water for drinking and industrial use. It provides a comprehensive overview, from a global perspective, of the latest research and developments in the use of nanotechnology for water purification and desalination methods. The book also covers approaches to remediation such as high surface area nanoscale media for adsorption of toxic species, UV treatment of pathogens, and regeneration of saturated media with applications in municipal water supplies, produced water from fracking, ballast water, and more. It also discusses membranes, desalination, sensing, engineered polymers, magnetic nanomaterials, electrospun nanofibers, photocatalysis, endocrine disruptors, and Al13 clusters. It explores physics-based phenomena such as subcritical water and cavitation-induced sonoluminescence, and fog harvesting. With contributions from experts in developed and developing countries, including those with severe contamination, such as China, India, and Pakistan, the book’s content spans a wide range of the subject areas that fall under the aquananotechnology banner, either squarely or tangentially. The book strongly emphasizes sorption media, with broad application to a myriad of contaminants—both geogenic and anthropogenic—keeping in mind that it is not enough for water to be potable, it must also be palatable.

Nanotechnology For Lithium Ion Batteries

Author : Yaser Abu-Lebdeh
ISBN : 9781461446057
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 59 MB
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This book combines two areas of intense interest: nanotechnology, and energy conversion and storage devices. In particular, Li-ion batteries have enjoyed conspicuous success in many consumer electronic devices and their projected use in vehicles that will revolutionize the way we travel in the near future. For many applications, Li-ion batteries are the battery of choice. This book consolidates the scattered developments in all areas of research related to nanotechnology and lithium ion batteries.

Energy Harvesting

Author : Alireza Khaligh
ISBN : 9781439815090
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 73 MB
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Also called energy scavenging, energy harvesting captures, stores, and uses "clean" energy sources by employing interfaces, storage devices, and other units. Unlike conventional electric power generation systems, renewable energy harvesting does not use fossil fuels and the generation units can be decentralized, thereby significantly reducing transmission and distribution losses. But advanced technical methods must be developed to increase the efficiency of devices in harvesting energy from environmentally friendly, "green" resources and converting them into electrical energy. Recognizing this need, Energy Harvesting: Solar, Wind, and Ocean Energy Conversion Systems describes various energy harvesting technologies, different topologies, and many types of power electronic interfaces for stand-alone utilization or grid connection of energy harvesting applications. Along with providing all the necessary concepts and theoretical background, the authors develop simulation models throughout the text to build a practical understanding of system analysis and modeling. With a focus on solar energy, the first chapter discusses the I−V characteristics of photovoltaic (PV) systems, PV models and equivalent circuits, sun tracking systems, maximum power point tracking systems, shading effects, and power electronic interfaces for grid-connected and stand-alone PV systems. It also presents sizing criteria for applications and modern solar energy applications, including residential, vehicular, naval, and space applications. The next chapter reviews different types of wind turbines and electrical machines as well as various power electronic interfaces. After explaining the energy generation technologies, optimal operation principles, and possible utilization techniques of ocean tidal energy harvesting, the book explores near- and offshore approaches for harvesting the kinetic and potential energy of ocean waves. It also describes the required absorber, turbine, and generator types, along with the power electronic interfaces for grid connection and commercialized ocean wave energy conversion applications. The final chapter deals with closed, open, and hybrid-cycle ocean thermal energy conversion systems.

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