national colors racial classification and the state in latin america

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National Colors

Author : Mara Loveman
ISBN : 9780199337378
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 61 MB
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The era of official color-blindness in Latin America has come to an end. For the first time in decades, nearly every state in Latin America now asks their citizens to identify their race or ethnicity on the national census. Most observers approvingly highlight the historic novelty of these reforms, but National Colors shows that official racial classification of citizens has a long history in Latin America. Through a comprehensive analysis of the politics and practice of official ethnoracial classification in the censuses of nineteen Latin American states across nearly two centuries, this book explains why most Latin American states classified their citizens by race on early national censuses, why they stopped the practice of official racial classification around mid-twentieth century, and why they reintroduced ethnoracial classification on national censuses at the dawn of the twenty-first century. Beyond domestic political struggles, the analysis reveals that the ways that Latin American states classified their populations from the mid-nineteenth century onward responded to changes in international criteria for how to construct a modern nation and promote national development. As prevailing international understandings of what made a political and cultural community a modern nation changed, so too did the ways that Latin American census officials depicted diversity within national populations. The way census officials described populations in official statistics, in turn, shaped how policymakers viewed national populations and informed their prescriptions for national development--with consequences that still reverberate in contemporary political struggles for recognition, rights, and redress for ethnoracially marginalized populations in today's Latin America.

American Routes

Author : Angel Adams Parham
ISBN : 9780190624774
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 38. 83 MB
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American Routes provides a comparative and historical analysis of the migration and integration of white and free black refugees from nineteenth century St. Domingue/Haiti to Louisiana and follows the progress of their descendants over the course of two hundred years. The refugees reinforced Louisiana's tri-racial system and pushed back the progress of Anglo-American racialization by several decades. But over the course of the nineteenth century, the ascendance of the Anglo-American racial system began to eclipse Louisiana's tri-racial Latin/Caribbean system. The result was a racial palimpsest that transformed everyday life in southern Louisiana. White refugees and their descendants in Creole Louisiana succumbed to pressure to adopt a strict definition of whiteness as purity that conformed to standards of the Anglo-American racial system. Those of color, however, held on to the logic of the tri-racial system which allowed them to inhabit an intermediary racial group that provided a buffer against the worst effects of Jim Crow segregation. The St. Domingue/Haiti migration case foreshadows the experiences of present-day immigrants of color from Latin-America and the Caribbean, many of whom chafe against the strictures of the binary U.S. racial system and resist by refusing to be categorized as either black or white. The St. Domingue/Haiti case study is the first of its kind to compare the long-term integration experiences of white and free black nineteenth century immigrants to the U.S. In this sense, it fills a significant gap in studies of race and migration which have long relied on the historical experience of European immigrants as the standard to which all other immigrants are compared.

Die Sozialen Klassen In Der Modernen Gesellschaft

Author : T. B. Bottomore
ISBN : STANFORD:36105034913736
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63. 22 MB
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Der Falsch Vermessene Mensch

Author : GOULD
ISBN : 9783034867726
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 70. 75 MB
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Twelve Years A Slave

Author : Solomon Northup
ISBN : 9783492967082
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 33. 45 MB
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Solomon Northup war ein freier Bürger, bis er von Sklavenhändlern verschleppt und an einen Plantagenbesitzer verkauft wurde. Dort lebte er zwölf Jahre als Sklave, bis er schließlich – als einer der wenigen – seine Freiheit zurückerlangen und zu seiner Familie zurückkehren konnte. Die gleichnamige Verfilmung seiner Memoiren von Regisseur Steve McQueen hat bei der Verleihung der Golden Globes den Hauptpreis als bestes Filmdrama gewonnen.

Race In Another America

Author : Edward Eric Telles
ISBN : 0691118663
Genre : History
File Size : 25. 21 MB
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This is the most comprehensive and up-to-date book on the increasingly important and controversial subject of race relations in Brazil. North American scholars of race relations frequently turn to Brazil for comparisons, since its history has many key similarities to that of the United States. Brazilians have commonly compared themselves with North Americans, and have traditionally argued that race relations in Brazil are far more harmonious because the country encourages race mixture rather than formal or informal segregation. More recently, however, scholars have challenged this national myth, seeking to show that race relations are characterized by exclusion, not inclusion, and that fair-skinned Brazilians continue to be privileged and hold a disproportionate share of wealth and power. In this sociological and demographic study, Edward Telles seeks to understand the reality of race in Brazil and how well it squares with these traditional and revisionist views of race relations. He shows that both schools have it partly right--that there is far more miscegenation in Brazil than in the United States--but that exclusion remains a serious problem. He blends his demographic analysis with ethnographic fieldwork, history, and political theory to try to "understand" the enigma of Brazilian race relations--how inclusiveness can coexist with exclusiveness. The book also seeks to understand some of the political pathologies of buying too readily into unexamined ideas about race relations. In the end, Telles contends, the traditional myth that Brazil had harmonious race relations compared with the United States encouraged the government to do almost nothing to address its shortcomings.

Die Evolution Des Rassismus

Author : Pat Shipman
ISBN : 310071802X
Genre : Evolution (Biology)
File Size : 67. 80 MB
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In Verteidigung Der Gesellschaft

Author : Michel Foucault
ISBN : 3518291858
Genre : Gesellschaft - Macht - Krieg
File Size : 38. 67 MB
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Entwicklung Und Die N Chste Generation

Author :
ISBN : 3770012666
Genre :
File Size : 83. 46 MB
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Standardwerk zu entwicklungspolitischen Fragen: In den Entwicklungsländern leben 1,3 Milliarden junge Menschen zwischen 12 und 24 Jahren - mehr als jemals zuvor. Viele können weder lesen noch schreiben, sind arbeitslos oder in Berufen ohne Perspektive. Sie müssen dringend gefördert werden, sonst drohen soziale Spannungen über die Region hinaus. Daher untersucht der Weltentwicklungsbericht, welche Unterstützung die Jugendlichen benötigen. Werden die Bildungssysteme den Anforderungen gerecht? Wie gestaltet sich der Eintritt in den Arbeitsmarkt? Mit welchen Maßnahmen kann Aids, Drogenmissbrauch und anderen Gesundheitsrisiken vorgebeugt werden? Unter welchen Bedingungen ist es möglich, eine Familie zu gründen? Der Weltentwicklungsbericht ist eines der wichtigsten Standardwerke zu den entwicklungspolitischen Fragen unserer Zeit. Auf Basis umfangreichen Datenmaterials bietet er fundierte Analysen zu aktuellen Themen der Weltwirtschaft.

Encyclopedia Of Race Ethnicity And Society

Author : Richard T. Schaefer
ISBN : 9781412926942
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 78. 83 MB
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This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

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