natural logic

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Natural Logic

Author : Neil Tennant
ISBN : 0852245793
Genre : Logic
File Size : 66. 52 MB
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Natural Logic And The Greek Moods

Author : David Lightfoot
ISBN : 9027930619
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 42. 95 MB
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Studies On Natural Logic And Categorial Grammar

Author : Víctor Manuel Sánchez Valencia
ISBN : UCAL:B3806098
Genre : Language and logic
File Size : 64. 16 MB
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Natural Logic Judicial Proof And Objective Facts

Author : William Andrew Noye Wells
ISBN : 1862871507
Genre : Law
File Size : 69. 4 MB
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"For the advocate the task is to see the entire tableau in advance so that the court can be persuaded that a particular bit of evidence is relevant and probative. Wells counsels against looking at the part without regard to the whole: the proper approach is to assess the part within the whole. ...Here is a monograph penned to stamp out the effects of too much distilling, too much cutting and paring. Its argument should delight every magistrate, every first instance trial judge, every advocate who sees the light of the law in the facts. It should give a well earned headache to every practitioner who jumps in too early to conclusions or who likes to fit the facts to the principles instead of the other way around. ...To do Wells justice would require a long piece - and his monograph is a short, but fascinating work. Take the time to read it ..."Hugh Selby

The Exploring Mind Natural Logic And Intelligence Of The Unconscious

Author : Mauro Maldonato
ISBN : 9788868550547
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 76. 33 MB
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In the last few years, the development of non-invasive research techniques that explore cerebral functions has not only increased our knowledge on the correlations between mental processes and cerebral structures, but it has fed our hopes for the possibility of facing the ancient and elusive question about the mind–brain relationship with a new way of thinking. Science has always faced the problem of consciousness. Consciousness differs radically from the ordinary objects researched by science: not only because of the complexity of the neural infrastructures which are at its base or because of the subtle connections between these infrastructures and phenomena such as decision making, morals and artistic creativity, but above all because of that which gives life to the qualitative dimension and to the subjectivity of its states. Humankind’s singular ability to make decisions has allowed human beings to face innumerable environmental challenges and complex evolutionary dynamics. Environmental pressures are not so urgent anymore, comparing to our ancestors. Nonetheless, the number of decisions that contemporary humans are called to make is very high. During the last three centuries, the change from normative to descriptive theories, from formal to natural logic, from substantive to limited rationality has allowed us to explain how many of the decisional strategies are coherent with the functioning of the cognitive economy of our species, even if they are limited and fallible.

Natural Logic

Author : Mauro Maldonato
ISBN : 1845194845
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 21. 15 MB
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The goal of this book is to consider the importance of intuition and natural logic in decision making. In everyday life people frequently make judgments and take decisions without explicitly using all the relevant information available from the environment and from their memory. Moreover, even if people are aware of detail and circumstance, they do not necessarily analyze the information at their disposal on a deeper level, nor consider it in an explicit and logical way before making a decision. On the contrary, people often follow the very first response that comes to mind, which is usually an immediate feeling, a spontaneous idea, or a sudden emergence of a sense of "I know what to do” or ... this is the best choice.” This intuitive, immediate response process typically takes place without any apparent effort; if questioned, people often cannot say why they responded in this fashion. ... People tend to trust their intuition so frequently simply because they are successful with it; intuition seems to satisfy decision-making needs in many situations. In addition, there is scientific evidence that people’s intuition can outperform deliberate thinking processes under specific conditions. In Natural Logic, authors Mauro Maldonato and Silvia Dell-Orco address the integration of decision making across diverse fields - including economics, medicine and management. They consider the concepts of heuristics and biases through which the psychology of decision making has clarified how strategies, models and "cognitive shortcuts” to which people resort in assessing situations are exposed to frequent and substantive errors. Such analysis leads to a hypothesis of a "regularity of error”.

Logic In Reality

Author : JOSEPH BRENNER
ISBN : 9781402083754
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 76. 48 MB
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This book is both dif?cult and rewarding, affording a new perspective on logic and reality, basically seen in terms of change and stability, being and becoming. Most importantly it exemplifies a mode of doing philosophy of science that seems a welcome departure from the traditional focus on purely analytic arguments. The author approaches ontology, metaphysics, and logic as having offered a number of ways of constructing the description of reality, and aims at deepening their relationships in a new way. Going beyond the mere abstract and formal aspects of logical analysis, he offers a new architecture of logic that sees it as applied not only to the “reasoning processes” belonging to the first disciplinary group – ontology – but also directly concerned with en- ties, events, and phenomena studied by the second one – metaphysics. It is the task of the book to elaborate such a constructive logic, both by offering a lo- cal view of the structure of the reality in general and by proffering a wealth of models able to encompass its implications for science. In turning from the merely formal to the constructive account of logic Brenner overcomes the limitation of logic to linguistic concepts so that it can be not only a logic “of” reality but also “in” that reality which is constitutively characterized by a number of fundamental dualities (observer and observed, self and not-self, internal and external, etc.

Logic Language And Meaning

Author : Maria Aloni
ISBN : 9783642142864
Genre : Computers
File Size : 36. 56 MB
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The FoLLI LNAI subline aims to disseminate cutting-edge results in logic, language and information (LLI) research, development and education. LLI is the topical focus of FoLLI, the Association of Logic, Language and Information (www.folli.org). FoLLI was founded in 1991 to advance research and education on the interface between logic, linguistics, computer science and cognitive science and related disciplines. Cross-fertilization between these areas has frequently led to significant progress on challenging research problems. Consequently, titles in the FoLLI LNAI series are targeted at researchers in multiple disciplines. As one of its major international activities, FoLLI organizes each year the European Summer School for Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI). In parallel to the printed book, each new volume is published electronically in LNCS/LNAI Online.

Logical Aspects Of Quantification In Natural Language

Author : Aleksy Molczanow
ISBN : 1588321053
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 82. 72 MB
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Elucidates the relation between quantifiers in formal logic and quantifiers in natural language. Demystifies the theoretical apparatus of contemporary logic as it provides theoretical explanations concerning quantification in natural language, and idiomatic quantifiers in ordinary English in particular.

Reasoning Necessity And Logic

Author : Willis F. Overton
ISBN : 9781134735211
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 75. 16 MB
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A presentation of current work that systematically explores and articulates the nature, origin and development of reasoning, this volume's primary aim is to describe and examine contemporary theory and research findings on the topic of deductive reasoning. Many contributors believe concepts such as "structure," "competence," and "mental logic" are necessary features for a complete understanding of reasoning. As the book emanates from a Jean Piaget Symposium, his theory of intellectual development as the standard contemporary treatment of deductive reasoning is used as the context in which the contributors elaborate on their own perceptions.

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