navigation principles of positioning and guidance

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Navigation

Author : B. Hofmann-Wellenhof
ISBN : 9783709160787
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90. 34 MB
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Global positioning systems like GPS or the future European Galileo are influencing the world of navigation tremendously. Today, everybody is concerned with navigation even if unaware of this fact. Therefore, the interest in navigation is steadily increasing. This book provides an encyclopedic view of navigation. Fundamental elements are presented for a better understanding of the techniques, methods, and systems used in positioning and guidance. The book consists of three parts. Beside a historical review and maps, the first part covers mathematical and physical fundamentals. The second part treats the methods of positioning including terrestrial, celestial, radio- and satellite-based, inertial, image-based, and integrated navigation. Routing and guidance are the main topics of the third part. Applications on land, at sea, in the air, and in space are considered, followed by a critical outlook on the future of navigation. This book is designed for students, teachers, and people interested in entering the complex world of navigation.

Integrated Navigation And Guidance Systems

Author : Daniel J. Biezad
ISBN : 1600860710
Genre : Aids to air navigation
File Size : 34. 59 MB
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Annotation Beginning with the basic principles of navigation, "Integrated Navigation and Guidance Systems takes a step beyond introductions with a concise look at the flight applications of inertial navigation systems integrated with Global Positioning System (GPS) satellite systems. Written at the senior engineering college level, the textbook takes a tutorial approach, weaving interrelated disciplines together with interactive computer exercises and AINSBOOK software for error analysis and Kalman filter simulation. Get a "technical jump start" with a look at traditional navigation radio aids, inertial guidance systems, and Kalman filters. Launch into GPS applications to navigation, precision approach and landing, attitude control, and air traffic control. More than 100 figures, photos, and tables add to the textbook's value

Modern Inertial Technology

Author : Anthony Lawrence
ISBN : 9781461217343
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58. 55 MB
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A description of the inertial technology used for guidance, control, and navigation, discussing in detail the principles, operation, and design of sensors, gyroscopes, and accelerometers, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of particular systems. An engineer with long practical experience in the field, the author elucidates such recent developments as fibre-optic gyroscopes, solid-state accelerometers, and the global positioning system. This will be of interest to researchers and practising engineers involved in systems engineering, aeronautics, space research, and navigation on both land and sea.

Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Author : B. Bhatta
ISBN : 9788178002200
Genre : Artificial satellites in navigation
File Size : 52. 77 MB
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Chapter 1 Overview of GNSS Chapter 2 Functional Segments of GNSS Chapter 3 Working Principle of GNSS Chapter 4 GNSS Signals and Range Determination Chapter 5 Errors and Accuracy Issues Chapter 6 Positioning Methods Chapter 7 GNSS Augmentations and Other Navigation Satellite Systems Chapter 8 GNSS Receivers Chapter 9 Geodesy Chapter 10 Applications of GNSS Chapter 11 Surveying with GNSS Appendix A Mapping Issues Glossary References Index

Orbits

Author : Guochang Xu
ISBN : 9783540785224
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 42 MB
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The purpose of this reference and handbook is to describe and to derive the analytic solutionsoftheequationsofsatellitemotionperturbedbyextraterrestrialandgeo- tential disturbances of the second order. The equations of satellite motion perturbed by extraterrestrial disturbances are solved by means of discretization and appr- imated potential function as well as Gaussian equations. The equations perturbed by geopotential disturbances are solved by symbolic mathematical operations. The traditional problem of singularity in the solutions is solved by so-called singulari- free orbit theory. Simpli?ed disturbed equations of motion are proposed to simplify the solutions. Applications of the theory for analytic orbit determination are also discussed. Indeed, this is the ?rst book since the satellite era, which describes s- tematically the orbit theory with analytical solutions, with respect to all of extrat- restrial and geopotential disturbances of the second order, and the solutions are free of singularity. Based on such a theory, the algorithms of orbit determination can be renewed; deeper insight into the physics of disturbances becomes possible; the way to a variety of new applications and re?nements is opened. My primary knowledge of the orbit theory came from my education of mat- matics while studying physics and theoretical mechanics (1981). My ?rst practical experience with orbit came from the research activity at the Technical University (TU) Berlin on orbit corrections of the satellite altimetry data (1988–1992). The extensive experience on orbit came from the GPS/Galileo software development for orbit determination and geopotential mapping at the GFZ (2001–2004).

Fundamentals Of Global Positioning System Receivers

Author : James Bao-Yen Tsui
ISBN : 9780471712572
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 64. 8 MB
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All the expert guidance you need to understand, build, and operate GPS receivers The Second Edition of this acclaimed publication enables readers to understand and apply the complex operation principles of global positioning system (GPS) receivers. Although GPS receivers are widely used in everyday life to aid in positioning and navigation, this is the only text that is devoted to complete coverage of their operation principles. The author, one of the foremost authorities in the GPS field, presents the material from a software receiver viewpoint, an approach that helps readers better understand operation and that reflects the forecasted integration of GPS receivers into such everyday devices as cellular telephones. Concentrating on civilian C/A code, the book provides the tools and information needed to understand and exploit all aspects of receiver technology as well as relevant navigation schemes: Overview of GPS basics and the constellation of satellites that comprise the GPS system Detailed examination of GPS signal structure, acquisition, and tracking Step-by-step presentation of the mathematical formulas for calculating a user's position Demonstration of the use of computer programs to run key equations Instructions for developing hardware to collect digitized data for a software GPS receiver Complete chapter demonstrating a GPS receiver following a signal flow to determine a user's position The Second Edition of this highly acclaimed text has been greatly expanded, including three new chapters: Acquisition of weak signals Tracking of weak signals GPS receiver related subjects Following the author's expert guidance and easy-to-follow style, engineers and scientists learn all that is needed to understand, build, and operate GPS receivers. The book's logical flow from basic concepts to applications makes it an excellent textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate students in electrical engineering, wireless communications, and computer science.

Advances In Aerospace Guidance Navigation And Control

Author : Qi ping Chu
ISBN : 9783642382536
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 56. 43 MB
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Following the successful 1st CEAS (Council of European Aerospace Societies) Specialist Conference on Guidance, Navigation and Control (CEAS EuroGNC) held in Munich, Germany in 2011, Delft University of Technology happily accepted the invitation of organizing the 2nd CEAS EuroGNC in Delft, The Netherlands in 2013. The goal of the conference is to promote new advances in aerospace GNC theory and technologies for enhancing safety, survivability, efficiency, performance, autonomy and intelligence of aerospace systems using on-board sensing, computing and systems. A great push for new developments in GNC are the ever higher safety and sustainability requirements in aviation. Impressive progress was made in new research fields such as sensor and actuator fault detection and diagnosis, reconfigurable and fault tolerant flight control, online safe flight envelop prediction and protection, online global aerodynamic model identification, online global optimization and flight upset recovery. All of these challenges depend on new online solutions from on-board computing systems. Scientists and engineers in GNC have been developing model based, sensor based as well as knowledge based approaches aiming for highly robust, adaptive, nonlinear, intelligent and autonomous GNC systems. Although the papers presented at the conference and selected in this book could not possibly cover all of the present challenges in the GNC field, many of them have indeed been addressed and a wealth of new ideas, solutions and results were proposed and presented. For the 2nd CEAS Specialist Conference on Guidance, Navigation and Control the International Program Committee conducted a formal review process. Each paper was reviewed in compliance with good journal practice by at least two independent and anonymous reviewers. The papers published in this book were selected from the conference proceedings based on the results and recommendations from the reviewers.

Gps

Author : Guochang Xu
ISBN : 9783662503676
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 6 MB
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This reference and handbook describes theory, algorithms and applications of the Global Positioning System (GPS/Glonass/Galileo/Compass). It is primarily based on source-code descriptions of the KSGsoft program developed at the GFZ in Potsdam. The theory and algorithms are extended and verified for a new development of a multi-functional GPS/Galileo software. Besides the concepts such as the unified GPS data processing method, the diagonalisation algorithm, the adaptive Kalman filter, the general ambiguity search criteria, and the algebraic solution of variation equation reported in the first edition, the equivalence theorem of the GPS algorithms, the independent parameterisation method, and the alternative solar radiation model reported in the second edition, the modernisation of the GNSS system, the new development of the theory and algorithms, and research in broad applications are supplemented in this new edition. Mathematically rigorous, the book begins with the introduction, the basics of coordinate and time systems and satellite orbits, as well as GPS observables, and deals with topics such as physical influences, observation equations and their parameterisation, adjustment and filtering, ambiguity resolution, software development and data processing and the determination of perturbed orbits.

Principles Of Gnss Inertial And Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems Second Edition

Author : Paul D. Groves
ISBN : 9781608070053
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23. 38 MB
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This newly revised and greatly expanded edition of the popular Artech House book Principles of GNSS, Inertial, and Multisensor Integrated Navigation Systems offers you a current and comprehensive understanding of satellite navigation, inertial navigation, terrestrial radio navigation, dead reckoning, and environmental feature matching . It provides both an introduction to navigation systems and an in-depth treatment of INS/GNSS and multisensor integration. The second edition offers a wealth of added and updated material, including a brand new chapter on the principles of radio positioning and a chapter devoted to important applications in the field. Other updates include expanded treatments of map matching, image-based navigation, attitude determination, acoustic positioning, pedestrian navigation, advanced GNSS techniques, and several terrestrial and short-range radio positioning technologies .. The book shows you how satellite, inertial, and other navigation technologies work, and focuses on processing chains and error sources. In addition, you get a clear introduction to coordinate frames, multi-frame kinematics, Earth models, gravity, Kalman filtering, and nonlinear filtering. Providing solutions to common integration problems, the book describes and compares different integration architectures, and explains how to model different error sources. You get a broad and penetrating overview of current technology and are brought up to speed with the latest developments in the field, including context-dependent and cooperative positioning.

Gnss Global Navigation Satellite Systems

Author : Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof
ISBN : 9783211730171
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 57 MB
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This book extends the scientific bestseller "GPS - Theory and Practice" to cover Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) and includes the Russian GLONASS, the European system Galileo, and additional systems. The book refers to GNSS in the generic sense to describe the various existing reference systems for coordinates and time, the satellite orbits, the satellite signals, observables, mathematical models for positioning, data processing, and data transformation. This book is a university-level introductory textbook and is intended to serve as a reference for students as well as for professionals and scientists in the fields of geodesy, surveying engineering, navigation, and related disciplines.

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