near equilibrium transport fundamentals and applications volume 2 lessons from nanoscience a lecture notes series

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Near Equilibrium Transport

Author : Mark Lundstrom
ISBN : 9789814452243
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 5 MB
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These lectures are designed to introduce students to the fundamentals of carrier transport in nano-devices using a novel, “bottom up approach” that agrees with traditional methods when devices are large, but which also works for nano-devices. The goal is to help students learn how to think about carrier transport at the nanoscale and also how the bottom up approach provides a new perspective to traditional concepts like mobility and drift-diffusion equations. The lectures are designed for engineers and scientists and others who need a working knowledge of near-equilibrium (“low-field” or “linear”) transport. Applications of the theory and measurement considerations are also addressed. The lectures serve as a starting point to an extensive set of instructional materials available online.

Thermal Energy At The Nanoscale

Author : Timothy S Fisher
ISBN : 9789814449809
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 60 MB
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These lecture notes provide a detailed treatment of the thermal energy storage and transport by conduction in natural and fabricated structures. Thermal energy in two carriers, i.e. phonons and electrons — are explored from first principles. For solid-state transport, a common Landauer framework is used for heat flow. Issues including the quantum of thermal conductance, ballistic interface resistance, and carrier scattering are elucidated. Bulk material properties, such as thermal and electrical conductivity, are derived from particle transport theories, and the effects of spatial confinement on these properties are established.

Lessons From Nanoelectronics

Author : Supriyo Datta
ISBN : 9789814483902
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 92 MB
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Everyone is familiar with the amazing performance of a modern smartphone, powered by a billion-plus nanotransistors, each having an active region that is barely a few hundred atoms in length. These lecture notes are about a less appreciated by-product of the microelectronics revolution, namely the deeper understanding of current flow, and device operation that it has enabled, which forms the basis for a new approach to transport problems. The book assumes very little background beyond linear algebra and differential equations, and is intended to be accessible to anyone in any branch of science or engineering. Readers are encouraged to visit the website http://nanohub.org/groups/lnebook to access revisions, corrections, video lectures, tutorials, quizzes and also to join a Q&A forum based on questions from readers.

Fundamentals Of Nanotransistors

Author : Mark Lundstrom
ISBN : 9789814571753
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 96 MB
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The transistor is the key enabler of modern electronics. Progress in transistor scaling has pushed channel lengths to the nanometer regime where traditional approaches to device physics are less and less suitable. These lectures describe a way of understanding MOSFETs and other transistors that is much more suitable than traditional approaches when the critical dimensions are measured in nanometers. It uses a novel, “bottom-up approach” that agrees with traditional methods when devices are large, but that also works for nano-devices. Surprisingly, the final result looks much like the traditional, textbook, transistor models, but the parameters in the equations have simple, clear interpretations at the nanoscale. The objective is to provide readers with an understanding of the essential physics of nanoscale transistors as well as some of the practical technological considerations and fundamental limits. This book is written in a way that is broadly accessible to students with only a very basic knowledge of semiconductor physics and electronic circuits. Complemented with online lecture by Prof Lundstrom: nanoHUB-U Nanoscale Transistor Contents:MOSFET Fundamentals:OverviewThe Transistor as a Black BoxThe MOSFET: A Barrier-Controlled DeviceMOSFET IV: Traditional ApproachMOSFET IV: The Virtual Source ModelMOS Electrostatics:Poisson Equation and the Depletion ApproximationGate Voltage and Surface PotentialMobile Charge: Bulk MOSMobile Charge: Extremely Thin SOI2D MOS ElectrostaticsThe VS Model RevisitedThe Ballistic MOSFET:The Landauer Approach to TransportThe Ballistic MOSFETThe Ballistic Injection VelocityConnecting the Ballistic and VS ModelsTransmission Theory of the MOSFET:Carrier Scattering and TransmissionTransmission Theory of the MOSFETConnecting the Transmission and VS ModelsVS Characterization of Transport in NanotransistorsLimits and Limitations Readership: Any student and professional with an undergraduate degree in the physical sciences or engineering.

Quantum Transport

Author : Supriyo Datta
ISBN : 9781139443241
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37. 26 MB
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This book presents the conceptual framework underlying the atomistic theory of matter, emphasizing those aspects that relate to current flow. This includes some of the most advanced concepts of non-equilibrium quantum statistical mechanics. No prior acquaintance with quantum mechanics is assumed. Chapter 1 provides a description of quantum transport in elementary terms accessible to a beginner. The book then works its way from hydrogen to nanostructures, with extensive coverage of current flow. The final chapter summarizes the equations for quantum transport with illustrative examples showing how conductors evolve from the atomic to the ohmic regime as they get larger. Many numerical examples are used to provide concrete illustrations and the corresponding Matlab codes can be downloaded from the web. Videostreamed lectures, keyed to specific sections of the book, are also available through the web. This book is primarily aimed at senior and graduate students.

Lessons From Nanoelectronics A New Perspective On Transport Second Edition Part B Quantum Transport

Author : Datta Supriyo
ISBN : 9789813224636
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 47 MB
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Everyone is familiar with the amazing performance of a modern smartphone, powered by a billion-plus nanotransistors, each having an active region that is barely a few hundred atoms long. The same amazing technology has also led to a deeper understanding of the nature of current flow and heat dissipation on an atomic scale which is of broad relevance to the general problems of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics that pervade many different fields. This book is based on a set of two online courses originally offered in 2012 on nanoHUB-U and more recently in 2015 on edX. In preparing the second edition the author decided to split it into parts A and B titled Basic Concepts and Quantum Transport respectively, along the lines of the two courses. A list of available video lectures corresponding to different sections of this volume is provided upfront. To make these lectures accessible to anyone in any branch of science or engineering, the author assume very little background beyond linear algebra and differential equations. However, the author will be discussing advanced concepts that should be of interest even to specialists, who are encouraged to look at his earlier books for additional technical details. Contents: Preface Acknowledgments List of Available Video Lectures Quantum Transport Constants Used in This Book Some Symbols Used Overview Contact-ing Schrödinger: The Model NEGF Method Can Two Offer Less Resistance than One? More on NEGF: Quantum of Conductance Inelastic Scattering Does NEGF Include "Everything?" Spin Transport: Rotating an Electron Quantum to Classical Epilogue: Probabilistic Spin Logic (PSL) Appendices: List of Equations and Figures Cited From Part A NEGF Equations MATLAB Codes Used for d104 Figures Table of Contents of Part A: Basic Concepts Available Video Lectures for Part A: Basic Concepts Readership: Students and professionals in any branch of science or engineering. Keywords: Nanoelectronics;Transport;Theory;Spintronics;Thermoelectricity;Entropy;NanotransistorReview: Key Features: Based on a physically insightful approach that not only conveys the key concepts of nanoelectronics, but also their relevance to other non-equilibrium problems like heat flow, spin flow and entropy flow The chapters are keyed to video lectures from the online courses offered on nanoHUB-U and on edX The author received the 2008 IEEE Technical Field Award for graduate teaching "for his unique approach to quantum transport that has inspired and educated graduate students in the field of nanoscale electronic devices"

Nanoelectronics

Author : Avik Ghosh
ISBN : 9789813144514
Genre :
File Size : 89. 12 MB
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This book is aimed at senior undergraduates, graduate students and researchers interested in quantitative understanding and modeling of nanomaterial and device physics. With the rapid slow-down of semiconductor scaling that drove information technology for decades, there is a pressing need to understand and model electron flow at its fundamental molecular limits. The purpose of this book is to enable such a deconstruction needed to design the next generation memory, logic, sensor and communication elements. Through numerous case studies and topical examples relating to emerging technology, this book connects 'top down' classical device physics taught in electrical engineering classes with 'bottom up' quantum and many-body transport physics taught in physics and chemistry. The book assumes no more than a nodding acquaintance with quantum mechanics, in addition to knowledge of freshman level mathematics. Segments of this book are useful as a textbook for a course in nano-electronics.

Lessons From Nanoelectronics A New Perspective On Transport Second Edition Part A Basic Concepts

Author : Datta Supriyo
ISBN : 9789813209763
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 60. 34 MB
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Download : 111
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Everyone is familiar with the amazing performance of a modern smartphone, powered by a billion-plus nanotransistors, each having an active region that is barely a few hundred atoms long. The same amazing technology has also led to a deeper understanding of the nature of current flow and heat dissipation on an atomic scale which is of broad relevance to the general problems of non-equilibrium statistical mechanics that pervade many different fields. This book is based on a set of two online courses originally offered in 2012 on nanoHUB-U and more recently in 2015 on edX. In preparing the second edition the author decided to split it into parts A and B titled Basic Concepts and Quantum Transport respectively, along the lines of the two courses. A list of available video lectures corresponding to different sections of this volume is provided upfront. To make these lectures accessible to anyone in any branch of science or engineering, the author assume very little background beyond linear algebra and differential equations. However, the author will be discussing advanced concepts that should be of interest even to specialists, who are encouraged to look at his earlier books for additional technical details.

Fundamentals Of Carrier Transport

Author : Mark Lundstrom
ISBN : 0521637244
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 87. 27 MB
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Fundamentals of Carrier Transport is an accessible introduction to the behaviour of charged carriers in semiconductors and semiconductor devices. It is written specifically for engineers and students without an extensive background in quantum mechanics and solid-state physics. This second edition contains many new and updated sections, including a completely new chapter on transport in ultrasmall devices. The author begins by covering a range of essential physical principles. He then goes on to cover both low- and high-field transport, scattering, transport in devices, and transport in mesoscopic systems. The use of Monte Carlo simulation methods is explained in detail. Many homework exercises are provided and there are a variety of worked examples. The book will be of great interest to graduate students of electrical engineering and applied physics. It will also be invaluable to practising engineers working on semiconductor device research and development.

Thermal Energy At The Nanoscale

Author : Timothy S Fisher
ISBN : 9789814449809
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 80 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 267
Read : 583

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These lecture notes provide a detailed treatment of the thermal energy storage and transport by conduction in natural and fabricated structures. Thermal energy in two carriers, i.e. phonons and electrons — are explored from first principles. For solid-state transport, a common Landauer framework is used for heat flow. Issues including the quantum of thermal conductance, ballistic interface resistance, and carrier scattering are elucidated. Bulk material properties, such as thermal and electrical conductivity, are derived from particle transport theories, and the effects of spatial confinement on these properties are established.

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