negative affective states and cognitive impairments in nicotine dependence

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Negative Affective States And Cognitive Impairments In Nicotine Dependence

Author : F. Scott Hall
ISBN : 9780128026694
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80. 59 MB
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Negative Affective States and Cognitive Impairments in Nicotine Dependence is the only book of its kind that addresses nicotine use and abuse in the context of negative reinforcement mechanisms. Written and edited by leading investigators in addiction, affective, genetic, and cognitive research, it provides researchers and advanced students with an overview of the clinical bases of these effects, allowing them to fully understand the various underlying dysfunctions that drive nicotine use in different individuals. In addition, this book examines animal models that researchers have utilized to investigate the biological bases of these dysfunctions. The combination of clinical and preclinical approaches to understanding nicotine dependence makes this book an invaluable resource for researchers and practitioners seeking to develop targeted treatments aimed at ameliorating symptoms of nicotine dependence, as well as identifying premorbid differences in affective or cognitive function. Provides a unique perspective on nicotine dependence that emphasizes negative reinforcement rather than positive reinforcement Examines psychiatric comorbidities and alleviation of withdrawal states as motivation for continued tobacco use Includes both clinical and preclinical perspectives Includes genetic and multi-neurotransmitter perspectives on nicotine use and withdrawal Emphasizes heterogeneity of underlying reasons for smoking, the need for multiple animal models to understand this heterogeneity, and the expectation of heterogeneous responses to potential treatments, underscoring the need for personalized therapeutics

Memory Systems Of The Addicted Brain The Underestimated Role Of Drug Induced Cognitive Biases In Addiction And Its Treatment

Author : Vincent David
ISBN : 9782889454877
Genre :
File Size : 80. 1 MB
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Side Effects Of Drugs Annual

Author : Jeffrey K. Aronson
ISBN : 0080522815
Genre : Medical
File Size : 22. 79 MB
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The Side Effects of Drugs Annual was first published in 1977. It has been continually published since then, as a yearly update to the voluminous encyclopedia Meyler's Side Effects of Drugs. Each new Annual continues to provide clinicians and medical investigators with a reliable and critical yearly survey of new data and trends in the area of Adverse Drug Reactions and Interactions. An international team of specialists has contributed to the Annuals by selecting critically from each year's writing all that is truly new and informative, by critically interpreting it, and by pointing to whatever is misleading. Provides a critical yearly survey of new data and trends Includes an essay that describes the modern approach to classifying adverse drug reactions Special reviews in this Annual include, among other topics: Antipsychotic drugs and now-onset diabetes mellitus, Treating asthma during pregnancy, and MMR vaccine and autism

Nicotine Addiction

Author : C. Tracy Orleans
ISBN : 9780195064414
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 41. 39 MB
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Despite persistent warnings from the medical profession about the health risks involved in cigarette smoking, millions of people continue to smoke cigarettes. With contributions from renowned experts, this ground-breaking work defines and explains nicotine addiction as a primary problem or disease, instead of as a habit or risk factor for other diseases. A comprehensive, clinical text on tobacco dependence, this book provides clinicians with essential information on how to diagnose and treat nicotine addicted patients. It also offers the medical, epidemiological and behavioral science backgrounds necessary for understanding the process and dynamics of tobacco dependence. Following the traditional format of medical texts, the book first covers etiology, pathogenesis and complications, then diagnosis and treatment, and finally public health and prevention. Part One presents an overview of the biological, psychological and social factors that contribute to nicotine dependence, including such topics as a description of nicotine delivery systems, psychopharmacology, economics, natural history and epidemiology, mortality, morbidity, and environmental tobacco smoke exposure. The second part offers practical guidelines and tools for treating nicotine dependence and describes a stepped-care treatment model with brief interventions that can be easily integrated into routine medical practice. This section also covers the role of psychopharmacologic and formal treatment programs, the treatment of smokeless tobacco addiction, and treating nicotine dependence in pregnant women and in people with medical illnesses, other chemical dependencies, or psychiatric disorders. The last section focuses onworksite and community intervention programs and summarizes the research on smoking patterns and history in women, Blacks, Hispanics, youth, and older adults, discussing how intervention and prevention programs could be made more effective in these groups. Written by the nation's leading tobacco control researchers and clinicians, this important work contains new and critical information not previously available.

Stress And Addiction

Author : Mustafa al'Absi
ISBN : 0080525296
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 43. 70 MB
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Stress is one of the most commonly reported precipitants of drug use and is considered the number one cause of relapse to drug abuse. For the past several decades, there have been a number of significant advances in research focusing on the neurobiological and psychosocial aspects of stress and addiction; along with this growth came the recognition of the importance of understanding the interaction of biological and psychosocial factors that influence risk for initiation and maintenance of addictive behaviors. Recent research has started to specifically focus on understanding the nature of how stress contributes to addiction - this research has influenced the way we think about addiction and its etiological factors and has produced exciting possibilities for developing effective intervention strategies; to date there has been no available book to integrate this literature. This highly focused work integrates and consolidates available knowledge to provide a resource for researchers and practitioners and for trainees in multiple fields. Stress and Addiction will help neuroscientists, social scientists, and mental health providers in addressing the role of stress in addictive behaviors; the volume is also useful as a reference book for those conducting research in this field. Integrates theoretical and practical issues related to stress and addiction Includes case studies illustrating where an emotional state and addictive behavior represent a prominent feature of the clinical presentation Cross-disciplinary coverage with contributions by by scientists and practitioners from multiple fields, including psychology, neuroscience, neurobiology, and medicine

Society For Neuroscience Abstracts

Author :
ISBN : NWU:35557000123370
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 43. 36 MB
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Drugs Addiction And The Brain

Author : George F. Koob
ISBN : 9780123869593
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 52. 41 MB
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Drugs, Addiction, and the Brain explores the molecular, cellular, and neurocircuitry systems in the brain that are responsible for drug addiction. Common neurobiological elements are emphasized that provide novel insights into how the brain mediates the acute rewarding effects of drugs of abuse and how it changes during the transition from initial drug use to compulsive drug use and addiction. The book provides a detailed overview of the pathophysiology of the disease. The information provided will be useful for neuroscientists in the field of addiction, drug abuse treatment providers, and undergraduate and postgraduate students who are interested in learning the diverse effects of drugs of abuse on the brain. Full-color circuitry diagrams of brain regions implicated in each stage of the addiction cycle Actual data figures from original sources illustrating key concepts and findings Introduction to basic neuropharmacology terms and concepts Introduction to numerous animal models used to study diverse aspects of drug use. Thorough review of extant work on the neurobiology of addiction

Journal Of The National Cancer Institute

Author :
ISBN : MINN:30000010710014
Genre : Cancer
File Size : 60. 54 MB
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Adolescent Brain Development

Author : Ronald E. Dahl
ISBN : STANFORD:36105119423361
Genre : Medical
File Size : 55. 55 MB
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Adolescent development involves complex changes in neurobehavioral systems underpinning the control of emotion and behavior. The adolescent transition is often difficult - morbidity and mortality increase 300 per cent during adolescence with the majority of the serious health problems related to difficulties with the control of behavior and emotions (e.g., suicide, homicide, depression, alcohol, nicotine, and other substance abuse). A critical gap in advancing research is the general lack of basic knowledge about human brain development during puberty and adolescence. In recent years, however, there have been several areas of research progress, and what is critically needed is better integration across disciplines with a specific focus on the neurobehavioral changes during normal adolescent development that contribute to increased risk-taking and/or reward seeking.

Phenotypes And Endophenotypes

Author :
ISBN : UCBK:C095488373
Genre : Nicotine
File Size : 63. 16 MB
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