nitrification and denitrification in the activated sludge process

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Nitrification And Denitrification In The Activated Sludge Process

Author : Michael H. Gerardi
ISBN : 9780471461319
Genre : Science
File Size : 48. 84 MB
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Nitrification and Denitrification in the Activated Sludge Process, the first in a series on the microbiology of wastewater treatment, comprises the critical topics of cost-effective operation, permit compliance, process control, and troubleshooting in wastewater treatment plants. Avoiding the technical jargon, chemical equations, and kinetics that typically accompany such texts, Nitrification and Denitrification in the Activated Sludge Process directly addresses plant operators and technicians, providing necessary information for understanding the microbiology and biological conditions that occur in the treatment process. Of special interest to wastewater treatment plant operators are the bacteria that degrade nitrogenous wastes–the nitrifying bacteria–and the bacteria that degrade carbonaceous wastes–the cBOD-removing bacteria. Both groups of bacteria need to be routinely monitored and operational conditions favorably adjusted to ensure desired nitrification. Each chapter in this groundbreaking study offers a better understanding of the importance of nitrification and denitrification and the bacteria involved in these crucial processes. Chapters include: Organotrophs The Wastewater Nitrogen Cycle Nitrite Ion Accumulation Dissolved Oxygen Denitrifying Bacteria Gaseous End Products Free Molecular Oxygen The Occurrence of Denitrification

Nitrification And Denitrification In The Activated Sludge Process

Author : Michael H. Gerardi
ISBN : 0471065080
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 47 MB
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Nitrification and Denitrification in the Activated Sludge Process, the first in a series on the microbiology of wastewater treatment, comprises the critical topics of cost-effective operation, permit compliance, process control, and troubleshooting in wastewater treatment plants. Avoiding the technical jargon, chemical equations, and kinetics that typically accompany such texts, Nitrification and Denitrification in the Activated Sludge Process directly addresses plant operators and technicians, providing necessary information for understanding the microbiology and biological conditions that occur in the treatment process. Of special interest to wastewater treatment plant operators are the bacteria that degrade nitrogenous wastes–the nitrifying bacteria–and the bacteria that degrade carbonaceous wastes–the cBOD-removing bacteria. Both groups of bacteria need to be routinely monitored and operational conditions favorably adjusted to ensure desired nitrification. Each chapter in this groundbreaking study offers a better understanding of the importance of nitrification and denitrification and the bacteria involved in these crucial processes. Chapters include: Organotrophs The Wastewater Nitrogen Cycle Nitrite Ion Accumulation Dissolved Oxygen Denitrifying Bacteria Gaseous End Products Free Molecular Oxygen The Occurrence of Denitrification

Nitrification And Denitrification In The Activated Sludge Process

Author : Michael H. Gerardi
ISBN : UOM:39015054144699
Genre : Science
File Size : 36. 67 MB
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An Operator S Guide To Biological Nutrient Removal Bnr In The Activated Sludge Process

Author : Michael H. Gerardi
ISBN : 9780820604169
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90. 93 MB
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Contents - List of Tables - List of Figures - PART ONE: NITRIFICATION - Chapter 1 Introduction - Chapter 2 Nitrogenous and Phosphorous Compounds - Chapter 3 Nitrification: The Basics - Chapter 4 Nitrifying Bacteria - Chapter 5 Nitrification and Limiting Factors - Chapter 6 Promoting Nitrification - PART TWO: DENITRIFICATION - Chapter 7 Denitrification: The Basics - Chapter 8 Denitrifying Bacteria - Chapter 9 Denitrification and Limiting Factors - PART THREE: BIOLOGICAL PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL - Chapter 10 Biological Phosphorus Removal: The Basics - Chapter 11 EBPR: Process Control - Abbreviations and Acronyms - Glossary - Bibliography - Biological nutrient removal (BNR), the removal of nitrogen and phosphorus from wastewater, is a complex process. Although the activated sludge process is an efficient technology for the removal of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and total suspended solids (TSS), it provides less-than-optimal conditions for the removal of nitrogen and phosphorus, and presents numerous challenges to the operator trying to satisfy the many requirements for several different groups of bacteria. In addition to satisfying the requirements there are numerous, highly variable operational conditions that impact BNR. These conditions include: changes in strength and composition of the wastewater, alkalinity and pH, temperature, and presence of inhibitory and toxic wastes. Even fluctuations in flows, especially from inflow and infiltration, can adversely impact the aerobic, anoxic, and anaerobic conditions needed for successful BNR. Of the three treatment processes, nitrification, denitrification, and enhanced biological removal, nitrification is often the most difficult to achieve. Therefore, a large portion of this book reviews nitrification. Operators of the activated sludge process need to understand the basic biological, chemical, and physical requirements for BNR in order to improve the performance of these treatment processes. An Operator's Guide to Biological Nutrient Removal (BNR) in the Activated Sludge Process is intended to help operators in the monitoring, troubleshooting, and process control of BNR. Numerous tables and figures are included in the book to help the operator understand the biological and chemical reactions that are involved in BNR processes and how the reactions can be monitored for process control. Design of BNR processes is not addressed in this book. Design is addressed in numerous engineering publications. The book serves to help operators achieve permit compliance for nitrogen and phosphorus discharge limits and obtain cost-effective operation. -

Biotechnology For Waste And Wastewater Treatment

Author : Nicholas P. Cheremisinoff
ISBN : 9780815516286
Genre : Science
File Size : 30. 47 MB
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This book examines the practices used or considered for biological treatment of water/waste-water and hazardous wastes. The technologies described involve conventional treatment processes, their variations, as well as future technologies found in current research. The book is intended for those seeking an overview to the biotechnological aspects of pollution engineering, and covers the major topics in this field. The book is divided into five major sections and references are provided for those who wish to dig deeper.

Activated Sludge

Author : N. F. Gray
ISBN : 0198563418
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 71. 44 MB
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Activated sludge is the most widely used biological wastewater treatment process in the world, both for domestic and industrial purposes. This book reviews the major theoretical concepts and practical operational factors, and describes the complexities inherent in the process, which depends on a dense microbial population mixed in wastewater under specific aerobic conditions. It is an ideal reference source for scientists, and a useful troubleshooting guide for practicing engineers and plant operators.

Activated Sludge

Author : Wesley Eckenfelder
ISBN : 0203968565
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 35 MB
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Contents: Process Theory Kinetics and Sludge Quality Control: Activated Sludge Process - Process Theory - Activated Sludge Separation Problems - References Activated Sludge Treatment of Municipal Wastewater U.S.A. Practice: General Approach - Clarifier Design - Aeration Tank (Reactor) Design - Appurtenance Design - Configurations - References European Practices: Introduction - Historical Perspective - Process Design - Models - Dynamic Models - Aeration Systems - Alternatives to the Main Types of Aeration Units - Secondary Settlement - Process Sequences - Instrumentation, Control, and Automation (ICA) - Some Other Process Variants - Future Trends - References Activated Sludge Treatment of Industrial Waters: Introduction - Pretreatment of Industrial Wastewater - Characterization of Industrial Wastewater - Principles of Biological Oxidation - Acclimation of Biological Sludges - Kinetics of Organic Removal - Activated Sludge Effluent Variability - Bioinhibition of the Activated Sludge Process - Effect of Temperature - Sludge Quality Control - Stripping of Volatile Organics - Nitrification and Denitrification - Activated Sludge Processes - Treatment of Industrial Wastewaters in Municipal Activated Sludge Plants - Application of Powdered Activated Carbon (PACT) - Final Clarification - Effluent Suspended Solids Control - Laboratory and Pilot Plant Procedures for the Development of Process Design Criteria - Activated Sludge Design Procedure for Soluble Wastewater Using Complete Mix Activated Sludge - Design Procedure for a Wastewater Containing Degradable Influent Volatile Suspended Solids - Design for Priority Pollutant Removal - References.

Wastewater Bacteria

Author : Michael H. Gerardi
ISBN : 9780471979890
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 99 MB
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A practical guide to wastewater bacteria and the roles they perform in wastewater treatment Communicating material in a practical manner for operators and technicians who regulate and troubleshoot their wastewater treatment processes, Wastewater Bacteria discusses the effective control and proper operation of aerobic (activated sludge) and anaerobic (anaerobic digesters) biological treatment units to ensure that an adequate, active, and appropriate population of bacteria is present in each treatment unit. It is a hands-on guide to understanding the biology and biological conditions that occur at each treatment unit. Avoiding unnecessary technical jargon and chemical equations, Wastewater Bacteria, the fifth book in the Wastewater Microbiology Series, explores and explains: * Bacteria and the wastewater environment * Enzymes and sludge production * Nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur bacteria * Floc formation and filamentous organisms * Nitrification and denitrification * Sulfate reduction, fermentation, and methane production * Toxicity * Foam and malodor production The goal of Wastewater Bacteria is to enable plant operators to achieve the twofold basic objectives of wastewater treatment-to degrade organic wastes to a level where a significant, dissolved oxygen demand is not exerted upon receiving waters and to remove nutrients to levels where photosynthetic organisms in receiving waters are limited in their growth. This straightforward manual equips plant technicians to meet these objectives with essential information to understand the biological processes and organisms involved in wastewater treatment.

Microbial Ecology Of Activated Sludge

Author : R. J. Seviour
ISBN : 9781843390329
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 86 MB
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"Microbial Ecology of Activated Sludge, written for both microbiologists and engineers, critically reviews our current understanding of the microbiology of activated sludge, the most commonly used process for treating both domestic and industrial wastes.The contributors are all internationally recognized as leading research workers in activated sludge microbiology, and all have made valuable contributions to our present understanding of the process. The book pays particular attention to how the application of molecular methods has changed our perceptions of the identity of the filamentous bacteria causing the operational disorders of bulking and foaming, and the bacteria responsible for nitrification and denitrification and phosphorus accumulation in nutrient removal processes. Special attention is given to how it is now becoming possible to relate the composition of the community of microbes present in activated sludge, and the in situ function of individual populations there, and how such information might be used to manage and control these systems better. Detailed descriptions of some of these molecular methods are provided to allow newcomers to this field of study an opportunity to apply them in their research. Comprehensive descriptions of organisms of interest and importance are also given, together with high quality photos of activated sludge microbes."--Publisher's description.

The Microbiology Of Anaerobic Digesters

Author : Michael H. Gerardi
ISBN : 0471468959
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 16 MB
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Anaerobic digestion is a biochemical degradation process that converts complex organic material, such as animal manure, into methane and other byproducts. Part of the author's Wastewater Microbiology series, Microbiology of Anareboic Digesters eschews technical jargon to deliver a practical, how-to guide for wastewater plant operators.

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