nonconventional and vernacular construction materials characterisation properties and applications

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Nonconventional And Vernacular Construction Materials

Author : Kent A Harries
ISBN : 9780081000557
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 33 MB
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Nonconventional and Vernacular Construction Materials: Characterisation, Properties and Applications provides a comprehensive repository of information on materials science and the modern structural engineering application of ancient, vernacular, and nonconventional building materials, with leading experts contributing chapters that focus on current applications and the engineering of these construction materials. Opening with a historic retrospective of nonconventional materials, Part One includes a review of vernacular construction and a discussion of the future directions for nonconventional and vernacular materials research and applications. Chapters in Part Two focus on natural fibers, including their application in cementitious composites, non-cementitious composites, and strawbale construction. In Part Three, chapters cover the use of industrial by-products and natural ashes in cement mortar and concrete, and construction using soil-cement blocks, clay-based materials, adobe and earthen materials, and ancient stone masonry. Timber, bamboo, and paper construction materials are investigated in the final section of the book. Provides a state-of-the-art review of the modern use and engineering of nonconventional building materials Contains chapters that focus on individual construction materials and address both material characterization and structural applications Covers sustainable engineering and the trend towards engineering for humanity

Nonconventional And Vernacular Construction Materials

Author : Bhavna Sharma
ISBN : 0081000383
Genre :
File Size : 70. 1 MB
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Waste And Supplementary Cementitious Materials In Concrete

Author : Rafat Siddique
ISBN : 9780081021576
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41. 42 MB
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Waste and Supplementary Cementitious Materials in Concrete: Characterisation, Properties and Applications provides a state-of-the-art review of the effective and efficient use of these materials in construction. Chapters focus on a specific type of material, addressing their characterization, strength, durability and structural applications. Sections include discussions of the properties of materials, including their physical, chemical and characterization, their strength and durability, modern engineering applications, case studies, the state of codes and standards of implementation, cost considerations, and the role of materials in green and sustainable construction. The book concludes with a discussion of research needs. Focuses on material properties and applications (as well as ‘sustainability’ aspects) of cementitious materials Assembles leading researchers from diverse areas of study Ideas for use as a ‘one stop’ reference for advanced postgraduate courses focusing on sustainable construction materials

Non Conventional Materials And Technologies

Author : Khosrow Ghavami
ISBN : 9781945291838
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86. 28 MB
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The general aim here is to use renewable and non-polluting materials in ways that offer a high degree of sustainability and preserve the remaining natural resources for future generations. Keywords: Biobased Materials, Renewable Materials, Non-polluting Materials, Sustainability, Wood, Agricultural Waste, Grasses, Natural Plant Fibers, Lignocellulosic Materials, Carbohydrates, Sugars, Lignin, Cellulose, Vegetable Oils, Proteins, Bamboo, Vegetable Fibers, Soil Composites, Recycled Materials, Rice Husk Ash, Sugar Cane Ash, Fiber-reinforced Concrete, Post-disaster Reconstruction, Guadua Fibers, Prefabricated Bamboo Guadua Panels, Multi-Level Bamboo Structures, Alkaline Activated Cements, Polymer Residues Reinforced with Glass Fiber, Composites Reinforced with Vegetal Fibers, Sisal Fibers, Bamboo Arch Structure, Adobe Reinforced with Wheat Fibers, Fiber Reinforced Microconcrete, Cements with High Coal Waste Contents, Natural Composites, Geopolymer Concretes.

Sustainability Of Construction Materials

Author : Jamal Khatib
ISBN : 9780081003916
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 32. 49 MB
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Sustainability of Construction Materials, Second Edition, explores an increasingly important aspect of construction. In recent years, serious consideration has been given to environmental and societal issues in the manufacturing, use, disposal, and recycling of construction materials. This book provides comprehensive and detailed analysis of the sustainability issues associated with these materials, mainly in relation to the constituent materials, processing, recycling, and lifecycle environmental impacts. The contents of each chapter reflect the individual aspects of the material that affect sustainability, such as the preservation and repair of timber, the use of cement replacements in concrete, the prevention and control of metal corrosion and the crucial role of adhesives in wood products. Provides helpful guidance on lifecycle assessment, durability, recycling, and the engineering properties of construction materials Fully updated to take on new developments, with an additional nineteen chapters added to include natural stone, polymers and plastics, and plaster products Provides essential reading for individuals at all levels who are involved in the construction and selection, assessment and use, and maintenance of materials

Biopolymers And Biotech Admixtures For Eco Efficient Construction Materials

Author : Fernando Pacheco-Torgal
ISBN : 9780081002094
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 17 MB
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Since 1930 more than 100,000 new chemical compounds have been developed and insufficient information exists on the health assessment of 95 percent of these chemicals in which a relevant percentage are used in construction products. For instance Portland cement concrete, the most used material on the Planet (10.000 million tons/year that in the next 40 years will increase around 100 %) currently used in around 15% of total concrete production contains chemicals used to modify their properties, either in the fresh or hardened state. Biopolymers are materials that are developed from natural resources. They reduce dependence on fossil fuels and reduce carbon dioxide emissions. There is a worldwide demand to replace petroleum-based materials with renewable resources. Currently bio-admixtures represent just a small fraction of the chemical admixtures market (around 20%) but with environmental awareness for constituents in construction materials generally growing (the Construction Products Regulation is being enforced in Europe since 2013), the trend towards bio-admixtures is expected to continue. This book provides an updated state-of-the-art review on biopolymers and their influence and use as admixtures in the development of eco-efficient construction materials. Provides essential knowledge for researchers and producers working on the development of biopolymer-modified construction materials Discusses the various types of biopolymers currently available, their different production techniques, their use as bio-admixtures in concretes and mortars and applications in other areas of civil engineering such as soil stability, wood preservation, adhesives and coatings All contributions are made from leading researchers, who have intensive involvement in the design and use of biopolymers in construction materials

Author : Willem Middelkoop
ISBN : 9786035038652
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80. 25 MB
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يبدو أنّ تحوّل النظام المالي وشيك، على أنّ الحاجة كبيرة إلى آلية جديدة تنظمه قبل حلول 2020م، لقد أدركتْ الولايات المتحدة الخسارة التي سيمنى بها الدولار وموقعه كونه العملةٍ الاحتياطيةٍ للعالم منذ بداية أزمة الائتمان، وباشرت بالتخطيط لتحوّلٍ في سياساتها النقدية؛ سيأتي هذا التحوّل بما يضمن بقاء الولايات المتحدة في الصدارة وفقاً للمحللين؛ على أنّ النظام النقدي الجديد سيتيح لعملاتٍ أخرى مثل اليورو والرنمينبي الصيني أداء أدوارٍ أكثر أهميةً على الصعيد العالمي. وفي إطار الاستعداد للتحول القادم سيعود الذهب إلى موقعه الرائد كونه الركيزة الأساس في النظام المالي العالمي في المرحلة المقبلة، إذ تشير التوقعات إلى ارتفاع سعر الأونصة ليصبح 7,000 دولار. إنّ نظرةً على الماضي كفيلة بإدراك الغشاوة الأمريكية المحيطة بالذهب والدولار منذ زمن طويل، لكن قوى صاعدة مثل الصين وروسيا تراكمان كميات هائلة من احتياطات الذهب في مسعى منهما لأداء دورٍ أكبرٍ في الأيام المقبلة؛ حيث سيشكّل التحول القادم صدمةً لكثيرين، إلا أنّه سيكون في خدمة أولئك الذين حضّروا أنفسهم له بشكل جيد. العبيكان 2016

Globally Harmonized System Of Classification And Labelling Of Chemicals Ghs

Author : United Nations
ISBN : 9216160039
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 60 MB
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Author : عبد السلام زيان
ISBN : 9796500123158
Genre :
File Size : 74. 85 MB
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كان ذلك منذ سنوات بعيدة عندما صادفتني كلمة "أوبانيشاد" لأول مرة بينما كنت في جولة دِرَاسية في بلاد أرمينيا بالقرب من جبل العرارات (يقال إنَّ سفينة نوح مدفونة داخله). كنت وقتها شابًّا يدرس الأديان والفلسفة. بمرور السنوات، وبتعمقي في البحث، اكتشفت مدى تأثير هذه النصوص التي كتبها حكماء الهندوسية منذ آلاف السنين بذلك الأسلوب البسيط، عن كبار فلاسفة الإغريق كأرسطو وأفلاطون... إلى أبي مدرسة الإسكندرية إفلوطين المصري. كما أدركت تأثيرها المباشر على بعض فلاسفة العصر الحديث مثل شوبنهاور الذي قال: "إن ترجمةَ الأوبانيشاد إلى اللاتينية سنة 1818 هو أكبر إنجاز لهذا القرن مقارنة بكل القرون الماضية

Tafsir Ibn Arabi Interpretation Of Quran By Ibn Arabi

Author : Muhyiddin Ibn Arabi
ISBN : 1546719571
Genre :
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Tafsir al quran 3 (Arabic edition)By Muhyiddin Ibn Arabi

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