nurturing the older brain and mind mit press

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Nurturing The Older Brain And Mind

Author : Pamela M. Greenwood
ISBN : 9780262017145
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 65 MB
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Two noted researchers explain scientific evidence that shows why certain experiential and lifestyle factors may promote and maintain cognitive vitality in older adults. Although our physical abilities clearly decline as we age, cognitive decline in healthy old age is neither universal nor inevitable. In Nurturing the Older Brain, Pamela Greenwood and Raja Parasuraman show that scientific research does not support the popular notion of the inexorable and progressive effects of cognitive aging in all older adults. They report that many adults maintain a high level of cognitive function into old age and that certain experiential and lifestyle factors--including education, exercise, diet, and opportunities for new learning--contribute to the preservation of cognitive abilities. Many popular accounts draw similar conclusions and give similar lifestyle advice but lack supporting scientific evidence. Greenwood and Parasuraman offer a comprehensive review of research on cognitive and brain aging. They show that even the aged brain remains capable of plasticity--the ability to adapt to and benefit from experience--and they summarize evidence that brain plasticity is heightened by certain types of cognitive training, by aerobic exercise, and by certain diets. They also report on the somewhat controversial use of estrogen and cognition-enhancing drugs, on environmental adaptations (including "virtual assistants") that help older adults "age in place," and on genetic factors in cognitive aging. The past twenty years of research points to ways that older adults can lead rich and cognitively vital lives. As millions of baby boomers head toward old age, Greenwood and Parasuraman's accessible book could not be more timely.

Staying Sharp

Author : Henry Emmons, MD
ISBN : 9781501116810
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 48. 3 MB
Format : PDF
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The book Dr. Christiane Northrup promised “will change your mind and your brain in the best possible way,” Staying Sharp is the practical guidebook for building and maintaining a sharp, healthy, and vibrant mind. A strong memory and a healthy brain aren’t as difficult to maintain as one might think. Combining the latest neuroscience research with age-old wisdom about resilience, mindfulness, and stress reduction, Drs. Henry Emmons and David Alter show that vibrant aging is within reach. Together they demonstrate how to blend the best of modern science and Eastern holistic medicine to form a powerful drug-free program that will maintain a youthful mind and a happy life. With more than fifty-five years of combined experience in the fields of neuroscience and psychiatry, Dr. Emmons and Dr. Alter have taken their expertise and translated the fundamentals of brain science into an easily accessible collection of the nine key lessons proven to preserve and strengthen mental acuity. Filled with easy-to-understand theories and practical exercises to work out your brain, Staying Sharp provides you with “reliable information on how to minimize cognitive decline” (The New York Times) so you can live more joyfully, age more gracefully, and build intimacy in your relationships, no matter what your age.

The Attentive Brain

Author : Raja Parasuraman
ISBN : 0262661128
Genre : Medical
File Size : 49. 3 MB
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Of the myriad tasks that the brain has to perform, perhaps none is as crucial to theperformance of other tasks as attention. A central thesis of this book on the cognitive neuroscienceof attention is that attention is not a single entity, but a finite set of brain processes thatinteract mutually and with other brain processes in the performance of perceptual, cognitive, andmotor skills.After an introductory part I, the book consists of three parts. Part II, Methods,describes the major neuroscience methods, including techniques used only with animals (anatomicaltract tracing, single-unit electrophysiology, neurochemical manipulations), noninvasive humanbrain-imaging techniques (ERPs, positron emission tomography, and functional magnetic resonanceimaging), and studies with brain-damaged individuals. This part also includes a chapter on thecomputational modeling of attention. Part III, Varieties of Attention, looks at three majorcomponents of attention from the cognitive neuroscience perspective: selection, vigilance, andcontrol. It also discusses links to memory and language. Finally, part IV, Development andPathologies, discusses the application of findings from the previous sections to the analysis ofnormal and abnormal development and to pathologies of attention such as schizophrenia and attentiondeficit disorders.Contributors : Edward Awh, Gordon C. Baylis, Jochen Braun, Dennis Cantwell,Vincent P. Clark, Maurizio Corbetta, Susan M. Courtney, Francis Crinella, Matthew C. Davidson,Gregory J. DiGirolamo, Jon Driver, Jane Emerson, Pauline Filipek, Ira Fischler, Massimo Girelli,Pamela M. Greenwood, James V. Haxby, Mark H. Johnson, John Jonides, Julian S. Joseph, Robert T.Knight, Christof Koch, Steven J. Luck, Richard T. Marrocco, Brad C. Motter, Ken Nakayama, OrhanNalcioglu, Paul G. Nestor, Ernst Niebur, Brian F. O'Donnell, Raja Parasuraman, Michael I. Posner,Robert D. Rafal, Trevor W. Robbins, Lynn C. Robertson, Judi E. See, James Swanson, Diane Swick, DonTucker, Leslie G. Ungerleider, Joel S. Warm, Maree J. Webster, Sharon Wigal.

Invitation To The Life Span

Author : Kathleen Stassen Berger
ISBN : 9781464168321
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 62. 25 MB
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Loose Leaf Version For Invitation To The Life Span Canadian Edition

Author : Kathleen Stassen Berger
ISBN : 9781464157318
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 40. 91 MB
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Kathleen Berger's Invitation to the Life Span is widely acclaimed for covering the breadth of the life span in single term (is just 15 concise chapters). Now, Berger and Susan Chuang have adapted Invitation for a Canadian audience.

Foundations In Social Neuroscience

Author : John T. Cacioppo
ISBN : 026253195X
Genre : Medical
File Size : 82. 4 MB
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A comprehensive survey of the growing field of social neuroscience.

Wednesday Is Indigo Blue

Author : Richard E. Cytowic
ISBN : 9780262012799
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 52 MB
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How the extraordinary multisensory phenomenon of synesthesia has changed our traditional view of the brain.

The Birth Of The Mind

Author : Gary Marcus
ISBN : 9780786724635
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 71. 84 MB
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In The Birth of the Mind, award-winning cognitive scientist Gary Marcus irrevocably alters the nature vs. nurture debate by linking the findings of the Human Genome Project to the development of the brain. Scientists have long struggled to understand how a tiny number of genes could contain the instructions for building the human brain, arguably the most complex device in the known universe. Synthesizing up-to-the-minute research with his own original findings on child development, Marcus is the first to resolve this apparent contradiction. Vibrantly written and completely accessible to the lay reader, The Birth of the Mind will forever change the way we think about our origins and ourselves.

How The Body Shapes The Way We Think

Author : Rolf Pfeifer
ISBN : 9780262288521
Genre : Computers
File Size : 42. 74 MB
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How could the body influence our thinking when it seems obvious that the brain controls the body? In How the Body Shapes the Way We Think, Rolf Pfeifer and Josh Bongard demonstrate that thought is not independent of the body but is tightly constrained, and at the same time enabled, by it. They argue that the kinds of thoughts we are capable of have their foundation in our embodiment -- in our morphology and the material properties of our bodies.This crucial notion of embodiment underlies fundamental changes in the field of artificial intelligence over the past two decades, and Pfeifer and Bongard use the basic methodology of artificial intelligence -- "understanding by building" -- to describe their insights. If we understand how to design and build intelligent systems, they reason, we will better understand intelligence in general. In accessible, nontechnical language, and using many examples, they introduce the basic concepts by building on recent developments in robotics, biology, neuroscience, and psychology to outline a possible theory of intelligence. They illustrate applications of such a theory in ubiquitous computing, business and management, and the psychology of human memory. Embodied intelligence, as described by Pfeifer and Bongard, has important implications for our understanding of both natural and artificial intelligence.

A History Of Modern Experimental Psychology

Author : George Mandler
ISBN : 9780262263887
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 32. 41 MB
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Modern psychology began with the adoption of experimental methods at the end of the nineteenth century: Wilhelm Wundt established the first formal laboratory in 1879; universities created independent chairs in psychology shortly thereafter; and William James published the landmark work Principles of Psychology in 1890. In A History of Modern Experimental Psychology, George Mandler traces the evolution of modern experimental and theoretical psychology from these beginnings to the "cognitive revolution" of the late twentieth century. Throughout, he emphasizes the social and cultural context, showing how different theoretical developments reflect the characteristics and values of the society in which they occurred. Thus, Gestalt psychology can be seen to mirror the changes in visual and intellectual culture at the turn of the century, behaviorism to embody the parochial and puritanical concerns of early twentieth-century America, and contemporary cognitive psychology as a product of the postwar revolution in information and communication.After discussing the meaning and history of the concept of mind, Mandler treats the history of the psychology of thought and memory from the late nineteenth century to the end of the twentieth, exploring, among other topics, the discovery of the unconscious, the destruction of psychology in Germany in the 1930s, and the relocation of the field's "center of gravity" to the United States. He then examines a more neglected part of the history of psychology -- the emergence of a new and robust cognitive psychology under the umbrella of cognitive science.

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