observation and experiment

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Observation And Experiment

Author : Paul R. Rosenbaum
ISBN : 9780674975576
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 68. 13 MB
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In the face of conflicting claims about some treatments, behaviors, and policies, the question arises: What is the most scientifically rigorous way to draw conclusions about cause and effect in the study of humans? In this introduction to causal inference, Paul Rosenbaum explains key concepts and methods through real-world examples.

Observation And Experiment

Author : Joseph Strumeyer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105119796386
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 40 MB
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Observation And Experiment In The Natural And Social Sciences

Author : Maria Carla Galavotti
ISBN : 9781402012518
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 66 MB
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This volume is a contribution to the ongoing debate on the distinction between a ‘context of justification’ and a ‘context of discovery’. It is meant for researchers and advanced students in philosophy of science, and for natural and social scientists interested in foundational topics. Spanning a wide range of disciplines, it combines the viewpoint of philosophers and scientists and casts a new interdisciplinary perspective on the problem of observation and experimentation.

Authority Observation And Experiment In Medicine

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ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 53. 11 MB
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Authority Observation And Experiment In Medicine

Author : W. W. C Topley
ISBN : 9781107668713
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27. 54 MB
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Originally published in 1940, this volume contains the text of the Linacre Lecture for that year, delivered by bacteriologist W. W. C. Topley. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of medicine and the history of field studies.

Scientific Wanderings Or Results Of Observation And Experiment

Author : Robert Fraser
ISBN : NYPL:33433084031735
Genre : Physics
File Size : 29. 38 MB
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Philosophical Experiments And Observations Of Robert Hooke And Other Eminent Virtuoso S In His Time Publ By W Derham

Author : Robert Hooke
ISBN : OXFORD:590500874
Genre :
File Size : 88. 29 MB
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Chemistry By Observation Experiment And Induction

Author : John Iredelle Dillard Hinds
ISBN : WISC:89087460259
Genre : Chemistry
File Size : 80. 52 MB
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Experiment And The Making Of Meaning

Author : D.C. Gooding
ISBN : 9789400907072
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 85 MB
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. . . the topic of 'meaning' is the one topic discussed in philosophy in which there is literally nothing but 'theory' - literally nothing that can be labelled or even ridiculed as the 'common sense view'. Putnam, 'The Meaning of Meaning' This book explores some truths behind the truism that experimentation is a hallmark of scientific activity. Scientists' descriptions of nature result from two sorts of encounter: they interact with each other and with nature. Philosophy of science has, by and large, failed to give an account of either sort of interaction. Philosophers typically imagine that scientists observe, theorize and experiment in order to produce general knowledge of natural laws, knowledge which can be applied to generate new theories and technologies. This view bifurcates the scientist's world into an empirical world of pre-articulate experience and know how and another world of talk, thought and argument. Most received philosophies of science focus so exclusively on the literary world of representations that they cannot begin to address the philosophical problems arising from the interaction of these worlds: empirical access as a source of knowledge, meaning and reference, and of course, realism. This has placed the epistemological burden entirely on the predictive role of experiment because, it is argued, testing predictions is all that could show that scientists' theorizing is constrained by nature. Here a purely literary approach contributes to its own demise. The epistemological significance of experiment turns out to be a theoretical matter: cruciality depends on argument, not experiment.

Expeditions As Experiments

Author : Marianne Klemun
ISBN : 9781137581068
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 75 MB
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This collection focuses on different expeditions and their role in the process of knowledge acquisition from the eighteenth century onwards. It investigates various forms of scientific practice conducted during, after and before expeditions, and it places this discussion into the scientific context of experiments. In treating expeditions as experiments in a heuristic sense, we also propose that the expedition is a variation on the laboratory in which different practices can be conducted and where the transformation of uncertain into certain knowledge is tested. The experimental positioning of the expedition brings together an ensemble of techniques, strategies, material agents and social actors, and illuminates the steps leading from observation to facts and documentation. The chapters show the variety of scientific interests that motivated expeditions with their focus on natural history, geology, ichthyology, botany, zoology, helminthology, speleology, physical anthropology, oceanography, meteorology and magnetism.

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