observation and experiment

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Observation And Experiment

Author : Paul R. Rosenbaum
ISBN : 9780674975576
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 37. 50 MB
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In the face of conflicting claims about some treatments, behaviors, and policies, the question arises: What is the most scientifically rigorous way to draw conclusions about cause and effect in the study of humans? In this introduction to causal inference, Paul Rosenbaum explains key concepts and methods through real-world examples.

Observation And Experiment

Author : Paul R. Rosenbaum
ISBN : 9780674983243
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 24. 92 MB
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In the face of conflicting claims about some treatments, behaviors, and policies, the question arises: What is the most scientifically rigorous way to draw conclusions about cause and effect in the study of humans? In this introduction to causal inference, Paul Rosenbaum explains key concepts and methods through real-world examples.

Observation And Experiment

Author : Paul R. Rosenbaum
ISBN : 067498269X
Genre : REFERENCE
File Size : 36. 68 MB
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Cover -- Contents -- Preface -- Reading Options -- List of Examples -- Part I. Randomized Experiments -- 1. A Randomized Trial -- 2. Structure -- 3. Causal Inference in Randomized Experiments -- 4. Irrationality and Polio -- Part II. Observational Studies -- 5. Between Observational Studies and Experiments -- 6. Natural Experiments -- 7. Elaborate Theories -- 8. Quasi-experimental Devices -- 9. Sensitivity to Bias -- 10. Design Sensitivity -- 11. Matching Techniques -- 12. Biases from General Dispositions -- 13. Instruments -- 14. Conclusion -- Appendix: Bibliographic Remarks -- Notes -- Glossary: Notation and Technical Terms -- Suggestions for Further Reading -- Acknowledgments -- Index

Observation And Experiment

Author : Joseph Strumeyer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105049317964
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 1 MB
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Scientific Wanderings Or Results Of Observation And Experiment

Author : Robert Fraser
ISBN : NYPL:33433084031735
Genre : Physics
File Size : 68. 48 MB
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Observation And Experiment In The Natural And Social Sciences

Author : Maria Carla Galavotti
ISBN : 9781402012518
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 68 MB
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This volume is a contribution to the ongoing debate on the distinction between a ‘context of justification’ and a ‘context of discovery’. It is meant for researchers and advanced students in philosophy of science, and for natural and social scientists interested in foundational topics. Spanning a wide range of disciplines, it combines the viewpoint of philosophers and scientists and casts a new interdisciplinary perspective on the problem of observation and experimentation.

Authority Observation And Experiment In Medicine

Author :
ISBN :
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Authority Observation And Experiment In Medicine

Author : W. W. C Topley
ISBN : 9781107668713
Genre : Medical
File Size : 57. 94 MB
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Originally published in 1940, this volume contains the text of the Linacre Lecture for that year, delivered by bacteriologist W. W. C. Topley. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of medicine and the history of field studies.

Expeditions As Experiments

Author : Marianne Klemun
ISBN : 9781137581068
Genre : Science
File Size : 59. 12 MB
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This collection focuses on different expeditions and their role in the process of knowledge acquisition from the eighteenth century onwards. It investigates various forms of scientific practice conducted during, after and before expeditions, and it places this discussion into the scientific context of experiments. In treating expeditions as experiments in a heuristic sense, we also propose that the expedition is a variation on the laboratory in which different practices can be conducted and where the transformation of uncertain into certain knowledge is tested. The experimental positioning of the expedition brings together an ensemble of techniques, strategies, material agents and social actors, and illuminates the steps leading from observation to facts and documentation. The chapters show the variety of scientific interests that motivated expeditions with their focus on natural history, geology, ichthyology, botany, zoology, helminthology, speleology, physical anthropology, oceanography, meteorology and magnetism.

Observation Experiment And Hypothesis In Modern Physical Science

Author : Peter Achinstein
ISBN : UOM:39015017189161
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 7 MB
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These original contributions by philosophers and historians of science discuss a range of issues pertaining to the testing of hypotheses in modern physics by observation and experiment. Chapters by Lawrence Sklar, Dudley Shapere, Richard Boyd, R. C. Jeffrey, Peter Achinstein, and Ronald Laymon explore general philosophical themes with applications to modern physics and astrophysics. The themes include the nature of the hypothetico-deductive method, the concept of observation and the validity of the theoretical-observation distinction, the probabilistic basis of confirmation, and the testing of idealizations and approximations. The remaining four chapters focus on the history of particular twentieth-century experiments, the instruments and techniques utilized, and the hypotheses they were designed to test. Peter Galison reviews the development of the bubble chamber; Roger Stuewer recounts a sharp dispute between physicists in Cambridge and Vienna over the interpretation of artificial disintegration experiments; John Rigden provides a history of the magnetic resonance method; and Geoffrey Joseph suggests a statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics that can be used to interpret the Stern-Gerlach and double-slit experiments. This book inaugurates the series, Studies from the Johns Hopkins Center for the History and Philosophy of Science, directed by Peter Achinstein and Owen Hannaway. A Bradford Book.

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