observation and experiment

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Observation And Experiment

Author : Paul R. Rosenbaum
ISBN : 9780674975576
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 36. 65 MB
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In the face of conflicting claims about some treatments, behaviors, and policies, the question arises: What is the most scientifically rigorous way to draw conclusions about cause and effect in the study of humans? In this introduction to causal inference, Paul Rosenbaum explains key concepts and methods through real-world examples.

Observation And Experiment In The Natural And Social Sciences

Author : Maria Carla Galavotti
ISBN : 9780306481239
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 32 MB
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This volume is a contribution to the ongoing debate on the distinction between a ‘context of justification’ and a ‘context of discovery’. It is meant for researchers and advanced students in philosophy of science, and for natural and social scientists interested in foundational topics. Spanning a wide range of disciplines, it combines the viewpoint of philosophers and scientists and casts a new interdisciplinary perspective on the problem of observation and experimentation.

Observation Experiment And Hypothesis In Modern Physical Science

Author : Peter Achinstein
ISBN : UOM:39015017189161
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 87 MB
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These original contributions by philosophers and historians of science discuss a range of issues pertaining to the testing of hypotheses in modern physics by observation and experiment. Chapters by Lawrence Sklar, Dudley Shapere, Richard Boyd, R. C. Jeffrey, Peter Achinstein, and Ronald Laymon explore general philosophical themes with applications to modern physics and astrophysics. The themes include the nature of the hypothetico-deductive method, the concept of observation and the validity of the theoretical-observation distinction, the probabilistic basis of confirmation, and the testing of idealizations and approximations. The remaining four chapters focus on the history of particular twentieth-century experiments, the instruments and techniques utilized, and the hypotheses they were designed to test. Peter Galison reviews the development of the bubble chamber; Roger Stuewer recounts a sharp dispute between physicists in Cambridge and Vienna over the interpretation of artificial disintegration experiments; John Rigden provides a history of the magnetic resonance method; and Geoffrey Joseph suggests a statistical interpretation of quantum mechanics that can be used to interpret the Stern-Gerlach and double-slit experiments. This book inaugurates the series, Studies from the Johns Hopkins Center for the History and Philosophy of Science, directed by Peter Achinstein and Owen Hannaway. A Bradford Book.

Experiment And The Making Of Meaning

Author : D.C. Gooding
ISBN : 9789400907072
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 91 MB
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. . . the topic of 'meaning' is the one topic discussed in philosophy in which there is literally nothing but 'theory' - literally nothing that can be labelled or even ridiculed as the 'common sense view'. Putnam, 'The Meaning of Meaning' This book explores some truths behind the truism that experimentation is a hallmark of scientific activity. Scientists' descriptions of nature result from two sorts of encounter: they interact with each other and with nature. Philosophy of science has, by and large, failed to give an account of either sort of interaction. Philosophers typically imagine that scientists observe, theorize and experiment in order to produce general knowledge of natural laws, knowledge which can be applied to generate new theories and technologies. This view bifurcates the scientist's world into an empirical world of pre-articulate experience and know how and another world of talk, thought and argument. Most received philosophies of science focus so exclusively on the literary world of representations that they cannot begin to address the philosophical problems arising from the interaction of these worlds: empirical access as a source of knowledge, meaning and reference, and of course, realism. This has placed the epistemological burden entirely on the predictive role of experiment because, it is argued, testing predictions is all that could show that scientists' theorizing is constrained by nature. Here a purely literary approach contributes to its own demise. The epistemological significance of experiment turns out to be a theoretical matter: cruciality depends on argument, not experiment.

Authority Observation And Experiment In Medicine

Author : W. W. C Topley
ISBN : 9781107668713
Genre : Medical
File Size : 52. 55 MB
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Originally published in 1940, this volume contains the text of the Linacre Lecture for that year, delivered by bacteriologist W. W. C. Topley. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of medicine and the history of field studies.

A Class In Geometry

Author : George Iles
ISBN : HARVARD:32044029042736
Genre : Geometry
File Size : 58. 58 MB
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File Size : 79. 1 MB
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Scientific Wanderings Or Results Of Observation And Experiment

Author : Robert Fraser
ISBN : NYPL:33433084031735
Genre : Physics
File Size : 53. 68 MB
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Observation And Experiment

Author : Joseph Strumeyer
ISBN : STANFORD:36105119796386
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 11 MB
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Science By Observation And Experiment

Author : Hanor A. Webb
ISBN : STANFORD:36105049329829
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 85 MB
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