oil in the environment

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The Ecology Of Oil

Author : Myrna I. Santiago
ISBN : 9780521863247
Genre : History
File Size : 44. 91 MB
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An exploration of the social and environmental consequences of oil extraction in the tropical rainforest. Using northern Veracruz as a case study, the author argues that oil production generated major historical and environmental transformations in land tenure systems and uses, and social organisation. Such changes, furthermore, entailed effects, including the marginalisation of indigenes, environmental destruction, and tense labour relations. In the context of the Mexican Revolution (1910-1920), however, the results of oil development did not go unchallenged. Mexican oil workers responded to their experience by forging a politicised culture and a radical left militancy that turned 'oil country' into one of the most significant sites of class conflict in revolutionary Mexico. Ultimately, the book argues, Mexican oil workers deserve their share of credit for the 1938 decree nationalising the foreign oil industry - heretofore reserved for President Lazaro Cardenas - and thus changing the course of Mexican history.

The Environment Of Oil

Author : R.J. Gilbert
ISBN : 9789401121743
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 27. 24 MB
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Oil is the lifeblood of the global economy, and its misuse carries the risk of heavy economic and environmental penalties. This book is a collection of essays bearing on economic growth and environmental concerns for a world that will continue to be dependent on oil throughout the next century. Topics include the outlook for petroleum demand and supply, the potential for alternatives to a petroleum-based economy, the costs of controlling automobile emissions, the environmental costs of moving oil by tanker and pipeline, and competition issues in the production and distribution of petroleum products. The wide range of topics reflects the many different ways in which petroleum and use affect the quality of our lives. The essays are the end results of an initiative by the University of California Energy Institute and reflect careful research into the costs and benefits of the petroleum economy. Together, they offer new insights into the critical task of living with oil, for today and for the future.

Oil Environment And Resource Conflicts In Nigeria

Author : Augustine Ikelegbe
ISBN : 9783643903150
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 42. 21 MB
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This book presents a critical analysis of how oil and gas exploitation - with huge negative impacts on environment, development, and human security - has constructed a disturbing terrain of civil agitation, state repression, violent conflicts, and insecurity within Nigeria. Drawing on the nature and content of public policy and corporate social responsibility practices, the book interrogates the conflicts' communal and regional dimensions in terms of causality, dynamics, and interventions. In presenting strategies and mechanisms for resolving the diverse dimensions of the resource conflicts, it charts the way towards sustainable development and conflict transformation - two issues which would remain germane to the resource conflict resolution discourse in the specific case of the Niger Delta and beyond. (Series: Politics and Economics in Africa - Vol. 7)

Environmental Regulation Of Oil And Gas

Author : Chih-Kuo Kao
ISBN : 9789041107268
Genre : Law
File Size : 79. 33 MB
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Despite the recent proliferation of environmental literature, publications on environmental control of petroleum activities are still very rare. This book fills this gap by providing the first major volume focused specifically on environmental regulation of oil and gas. This book contains exclusive in-depth articles written by well-known scholars, international lawyers, and practitioners from around the world. The book deals with the environmental aspect of the hydrocarbon cycle in general and oil and gas exploration and production in particular. Its main thrust is management of environmental legal risks and issues in upstream operations. Part of the objective of this book is to introduce the best practices and legal tools of environmental management of petroleum exploration and production to the international oil community and other parties interested in the subject.

Oil Environment And Insecurity

Author : Jude Nonso Udengwu
ISBN : OCLC:851474130
Genre : Insurgency
File Size : 60. 87 MB
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"Oil provides huge economic benefits to oil companies and oil-producing countries; however, oil production can have multiple adverse effects on the environment which in turn can affect people's lives. This problem appears to be most severe in oil-producing developing countries. In Nigeria, oil production has resulted in serious environmental damage and violent conflicts (which I refer to as "environmental insecurity"). Why? In this research, I investigated the causal link between oil production and environmental insecurity in the Niger Delta using Thomas Homer-Dixon's well-known environmental security model. Data for use with the model derives from textual material and interviews. My findings and synthesis of results from the literature show that adverse environmental impacts, together with regulatory failure by the Nigerian government and exploitative practices by oil companies, led to a decrease in the supply of natural resources in the region (land, crops, forests, freshwater, fishing waters and fish), which in turn led to constrained economic productivity that, in some instances, precipitated violent conflict in the Niger Delta. Corruption and lack of enforcement were predominant factors explaining the failure of intervention measures designed to prevent violent conflict."--Leaf ii.

Oil Palm And The Environment

Author : Gurmit Singh
ISBN : CORNELL:31924086682709
Genre : Nature
File Size : 74. 21 MB
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Tar Wars

Author : Geo Takach
ISBN : 9781772121407
Genre : Art
File Size : 36. 4 MB
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Tar Wars offers a critical inside look at how leading image-makers negotiate escalating tensions between continuous economic growth mandated by a globalized economic system and its unsustainable environmental costs. As place branding assumes paramount importance in an increasingly global, visual, and ecologically conscious society, an international battle unfolds over Alberta’s bituminous sands. This battle pits independent documentary filmmakers against professional communicators employed by government and the oil industry. Tar Wars engages scholars and students in communications, film, environmental studies, social psychology, PR, media and cultural studies, and petrocultures. This book also speaks to decision makers, activists, and citizens exploring intersections of energy, environment, culture, politics, economy, media and power.

Oil In The Environment

Author : John A. Wiens
ISBN : 9781107027176
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 63. 72 MB
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Scientists directly involved in studying the Exxon Valdez spill provide a comprehensive synthesis of scientific information on long-term spill effects.

Cumulative Environmental Effects Of Oil And Gas Activities On Alaska S North Slope

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309168366
Genre : Nature
File Size : 63. 65 MB
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This book identifies accumulated environmental, social and economic effects of oil and gas leasing, exploration, and production on Alaska's North Slope. Economic benefits to the region have been accompanied by effects of the roads, infrastructure and activies of oil and gas production on the terrain, plants, animals and peoples of the North Slope. While attempts by the oil industry and regulatory agencies have reduced many of the environmental effects, they have not been eliminated. The book makes recommendations for further environmental research related to environmental effects.

Environmental Control In Petroleum Engineering

Author : DR. John C. Reis, Ph.D.
ISBN : 0080505759
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 17 MB
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The petroleum industry must minimize the environmental impact of its various operations. This extensively researched book assembles a tremendous amount of practical information to help reduce and control the environmental consequences of producing and processing petroleum and natural gas. The best way to treat pollution is not to create it in the first place. This book shows you how to plan and manage production activities to minimize and even eliminate some environmental problems without severely disrupting operations. It focuses on ways to treat drilling and production wastes to reduce toxicity and/or volume before their ultimate disposal. You'll also find methods for safely transporting toxic materials from the upstream petroleum industry away from their release sites. For those sites already contaminated with petroleum wastes, this book reviews the remedial technologies available. Other topics include United States federal environmental regulations, sensitive habitats, major U.S. chemical waste exchanges, and offshore releases of oil. Environmental Control in Petroleum Engineering is essential for industry personnel with little or no training in environmental issues as well as petroleum engineering students.

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