oil spills first principles prevention and best response

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Oil Spills First Principles

Author : B. Ornitz†
ISBN : 0080537960
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 52. 89 MB
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Marine oil spills are no longer considered unavoidable "accidents" resulting from adverse environmental conditions or functions of catastrophic events. More than 80% of all spills are the result of "human error". The focus of the current legal, regulatory, and convention framework affecting the transportation of oil by ship reflects a recent change in public attitude, in which there is an insistence upon protection of the world¿s marine environments, particularly coastal ecosystems. The outcome of such global attention is the creation of significant legal and political motivators for a cultural shift by the oil shipping industry, from an "evasion culture" to a "safety culture". The new safety culture connotes continuous improvement in ship operations and a willingness to adopt the evolving concepts of communication at all levels, better trained and qualified personnel on board ship, emphasis of safety from top down, and proactive institution of safety management systems. Mere compliance with international and national laws is no longer sufficient for future sustainable shipping. These changes and advancements in understanding the science and engineering of oil spills are the focus of this book on Oil Spills First Principles. They are Prevention, based upon adoption of the safety culture, and Best Response, utilizing scientific, technical and environmental data and information. Over the past 30 years, billions of US dollars have been spent in R&D planning, response and clean up of oil spills. All of these efforts have focused on achieving Best Response. The concept of time periods of "Technology Windows-of-Opportunity" for a given response and clean up technology has developed from the leadership and wisdom of researchers and responders from many nations using modeling of the weathering of spilled oil and technology effectiveness. The Windows-of-Opportunity strategy provides a scientific basis for policy and decision-making in oil spill planning, response, and training. A global paradigm shift is needed to more effectively utilize and expedite the application of lessons learned in both prevention and clean up. Recognition of economic, political, and legal benefits accruing from environmental protection is good for business and critical for sustainable shipping.

Oil Spill Prevention And Response Improvement Act

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works
ISBN : UVA:35007002306441
Genre : Liability for oil pollution damages
File Size : 76. 95 MB
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American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105111052903
Genre : Books
File Size : 59. 34 MB
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The Oil Pollution Act Of 1990

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Navigation
ISBN : STANFORD:36105045519308
Genre : Law
File Size : 67. 13 MB
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Use And Misuse Of The Seafloor

Author : Jörn Thiede
ISBN : 0471931918
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 80. 99 MB
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A fascinating account of the seafloor potential and the impact of its exploitation on the marine environment. Internationally renowned experts present articles covering such topics as use of the deep seafloor for waste disposal, short- and long-term effects of oil spills on marine ecosystems, ocean energy conversion systems, the future of deep-sea resources and more.

Books In Print 2004 2005

Author :
ISBN : 0835246493
Genre : Literature
File Size : 36. 3 MB
Format : PDF
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The Environmental Protection Agency S Spill Prevention Control And Countermeasure Program

Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Environment and Public Works
ISBN : PSU:000065505687
Genre : Law
File Size : 51. 4 MB
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Oil Spill Conference 1985 Prevention Behavior Control Cleanup Proceedings Held February 25 28 In Los Angeles California

Author : American Petroleum Institute
ISBN : UOM:39015009789499
Genre : Oil pollution of rivers, harbors, etc
File Size : 79. 99 MB
Format : PDF
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Investigation Into Coastal Oil Spills

Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. Subcommittee on Coast Guard and Navigation
ISBN : LOC:00011126236
Genre : Liability for oil pollution damages
File Size : 29. 53 MB
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Proceedings

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015049104329
Genre : Oil spills
File Size : 26. 44 MB
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CD-ROM copy for 2001 contains also abstracts since 1969, full text proceedings for 1995-2001, and technical papers for 1995-1999.

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