omics technologies and crop improvement

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Omics Technologies And Crop Improvement

Author : Noureddine Benkeblia
ISBN : 9781466586680
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87. 15 MB
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Increased world population, decreased water supply, and climate change all put stresses on the global food supply. An exploration of the challenges and possible solutions to improve yields of the main crops, such as cereals, roots, tubers, and grasses, Omics Technologies and Crop Improvement reviews data on food sciences and omics. The book covers modern omic technologies such as nutrigenomics and metagenomics. It provides a detailed examination of how omics can help crop science and horticulture and introduces the benefits of using these technologies to increase crop yields and other features such as resistance and nutritional values. The book highlights crop improvements such as increased yield, drought resistance, disease resistance, and value-added performance through a non-transgenic format. It explores how the different omics technologies, especially the most recent ones (proteomics, metabolomics, nutrigenomics, ionomics, and metagenomics) would be used to improve the quantitative and qualitative features of crop plants. Topics covered include: Advances in omics for improved fresh crops Transcriptome analyses on the drought response using drought tolerant near isogenic lines Metabolite profiling that reveals different effects of nitrogen amendments on vegetables Omics technology application to forage crops improvement Secondary metabolites and plant tissue culture RNAi technology and crop improvement Gene expression analysis methods with NGS data Web database resources and crops improvement Gene Expression Networks (GEN) in crops Specific crop improvement (papaya, wheat, coffee, potato, and more) With contributions from pioneering researchers from twelve countries, the book presents a broad view of how omics would help crop science and horticulture meet the challenges of a shrinking global food supply for a burgeoning global population.

Omics Applications In Crop Science

Author : Debmalya Barh
ISBN : 9781466585256
Genre : Medical
File Size : 81. 49 MB
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Merging topical data from recently published review and research articles, as well as the knowledge and insight of industry experts, Omics Applications in Crop Science delves into plant science, and various technologies that use omics in agriculture. This book concentrates on crop breeding and environmental applications, and examines the applications of various omics technologies including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics to important agronomic, horticultural, medicinal, plantation, fiber, forage, and bioenergy crops. It covers the application of omics technologies in several important crops, including cereal, and pulse. It explores the brassica species, drought tolerance in rice, and genetic engineering of the potato. The book discusses temperate fruits; and omics of medicinal plants, the metabolomics of Catharanthus roseus and how the medicinally important alkaloids of the plant are produced, as well as the omics of another important medicinal plant, Withania somnifera. It examines floriculture, the omics advances in tea, and omics strategies in improving the fiber qualities of cotton. It provides omics-related information on forest trees and forage crops, and offers a detailed account on how omics technologies are applicable in molecular farming, along with associated issues such as commercial aspects of molecular farming, clinical trials of plant-produced pharmaceuticals, regulatory issues and intellectual property rights. Written as a resource for plant biologists, plant breeders, agriculture scientists, researchers and college students studying various fields in agriculture, and the agri industries, OMICS Applications in Crop Science compiles the latest research in this essential field of modern crop and plant science utilizing various omics technologies and their applications in a number of important crops/plants from agronomy, pomology, olericulture, floriculture, medicinal plants, plantation and energy crops, agro-forestry, and more.

Seed Development Omics Technologies Toward Improvement Of Seed Quality And Crop Yield

Author : Ganesh K. Agrawal
ISBN : 9789400747494
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 37 MB
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The book is about the seed development in the model and crop plants. Seed development is a key step of the plant life cycle that determines the nutrient value of seeds – the life for human civilization, growth, and development. The nutrient value of seeds is mainly due to storage reserve products such as carbohydrates, lipids (triacylglycerols), and proteins. The book primarily focuses on application of the 21st century high-throughput technologies transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and systems biology in near complete understanding of the various processes involved in seed development in different crop plants. The book reveals how such technologies have revolutionized our understanding of the multilayer processes and regulations involved therein by generating large-scale datasets. Accumulated datasets provide basic knowledge to develop integrated strategies to eventually improve the nutritional value of plant seed and crop yield, a critical goal in food security issues around the globe.

Omics Technologies

Author : Noureddine Benkeblia
ISBN : 9781439837061
Genre : Medical
File Size : 49. 48 MB
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Since the completion of the Human Genome Project, food and nutrition sciences have undergone a fundamental molecular transformation. New discoveries in molecular biology, analytical chemistry, and biochemistry have led to the development of new tools that are likely to revolutionize the study of food. OMICS Technologies: Tools for Food Science explores how these tools reveal the fundamental pathways and biochemical processes that drive food and nutrition sciences. In this volume, an international panel of researchers examines the rise of these new technologies—including metabolomics, metagenomics, nutrigenomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics—and describes how they translate to food science research and productive technologies. The book explains how these methods can be used to assess the quality attributes of foods and food production systems. It explores the principles that regulate food production, analyzes processing and ethical issues, and documents the transformation from industrial to sustained foods production using the OMICS tools. Providing comprehensive information on OMICS and food and nutrition science, this volume is a reliable reference for food scientists, nutritionists, and food product developers looking to implement OMIC technologies in product development. It is also a critical resource for food industry personnel, regulators, and government researchers who need to understand the role of these emerging technologies in advancing food science and nutrition.

Omics

Author : Debmalya Barh
ISBN : 9781466562837
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66. 79 MB
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With the advent of new technologies and acquired knowledge, the number of fields in omics and their applications in diverse areas are rapidly increasing in the postgenomics era. Such emerging fields—including pharmacogenomics, toxicogenomics, regulomics, spliceomics, metagenomics, and environomics—present budding solutions to combat global challenges in biomedicine, agriculture, and the environment. OMICS: Applications in Biomedical, Agricultural, and Environmental Sciences provides valuable insights into the applications of modern omics technologies to real-world problems in the life sciences. Filling a gap in the literature, it offers a broad, multidisciplinary view of current and emerging applications of omics in a single volume. Written by highly experienced active researchers, each chapter describes a particular area of omics and the associated technologies and applications. Topics covered include: Proteomics, epigenomics, and pharmacogenomics Toxicogenomics and the assessment of environmental pollutants Applications of plant metabolomics Nutrigenomics and its therapeutic applications Microalgal omics and omics approaches in biofuel production Next-generation sequencing and omics technology for transgenic plant analysis Omics approaches in crop improvement Engineering dark-operative chlorophyll synthesis Computational regulomics Omics techniques for the analysis of RNA splicing New fields, including metagenomics, glycomics, and miRNA Breast cancer biomarkers for early detection Environomics strategies for environmental sustainability This timely book explores a wide range of omics application areas in the biomedical, agricultural, and environmental sciences. Throughout, it highlights working solutions as well as open problems and future challenges. Demonstrating the diversity of omics, it introduces readers to state-of-the-art developments and trends in omics-driven research.

Crop Improvement

Author : Khalid Rehman Hakeem
ISBN : 9781461470281
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 45 MB
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The improvement of crop species has been a basic pursuit since cultivation began thousands of years ago. To feed an ever increasing world population will require a great increase in food production. Wheat, corn, rice, potato and few others are expected to lead as the most important crops in the world. Enormous efforts are made all over the world to document as well as use these resources. Everybody knows that the introgression of genes in wheat provided the foundation for the “Green Revolution”. Later also demonstrated the great impact that genetic resources have on production. Several factors are contributing to high plant performance under different environmental conditions, therefore an effective and complementary use of all available technological tools and resources is needed to meet the challenge.

Crop Improvement

Author : Siti Nor Akmar Abdullah
ISBN : 9783319650791
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83. 63 MB
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The book covers the latest development in the biosciences field covering key topics in crop improvement including ‘omic approaches to improving sustainable crop production, advancement in marker technology, strategies in genetic manipulation, crop quality and sustainability and plant microbe interaction detailing on proven technologies to address critical issue for agricultural sustainability which are beneficial for researchers and students. The book also includes aspects of preserving crops after harvest as this is a key factor in promoting sustainable crop quality in terms of addressing waste, choosing the appropriate packaging and moving crops through the food and industrial supply chain. An important strategy to overcome the challenges in providing food for the world population in a sustainable manner is through concerted efforts by crop scientists to embrace new technologies in increasing yield, quality and improving food safety while minimizing adverse environmental impact of the agricultural activities. Most of the proven molecular and genetic technologies in crop science have been tested and verified in model plants such as Arabidopsis and tomato. The technologies, when deployed on various plant species of importance for human nutrition and industrial applications, including cereals, vegetables, fruits, herbs, fibre and oil crops, face many challenges, not only due to their longer life cycle but many other physiological and environmental factors affecting yield and quality of plant products. Furthermore, major impacts on crop production due to catastrophic diseases and global climate change needs urgent and innovative solutions. Therefore a systematic approach, employing various leading-edge technologies that enable the functional elucidation of key pathway genes via ‘omics tools, genome wide association with desired phenotypes and development of cost effective and practicable molecular tools for selection, is vital. The International Conference on Crop Improvement was held to address these and other pressing issues. This volume summarizes the keynote presentations from the meeting and highlights addition discussions that are critical to crop improvement in a challenging time.

Omics Technologies And Bio Engineering

Author : Debmalya Barh
ISBN : 9780128158715
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 69 MB
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Omics Technologies and Bio-Engineering: Towards Improving Quality of Life, Volume 2 is a unique reference that brings together multiple perspectives on omics research, providing in-depth analysis and insights from an international team of authors. The book delivers pivotal information that will inform and improve medical and biological research by helping readers gain more direct access to analytic data, an increased understanding on data evaluation, and a comprehensive picture on how to use omics data in molecular biology, biotechnology and human health care. Covers various aspects of biotechnology and bio-engineering using omics technologies Focuses on the latest developments in the field, including biofuel technologies Provides key insights into omics approaches in personalized and precision medicine Provides a complete picture on how one can utilize omics data in molecular biology, biotechnology and human health care

Omics In Plant Disease Resistance

Author : Vijai Bhadauria
ISBN : 9781910190364
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 38 MB
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Genomics and post-genomics technologies, including genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, next-generation sequencing-based genotyping and mass spectrometry, are becoming increasingly important in agricultural research and in particular for the genetic improvement of crops for disease resistance. Distinguished scientists from around the world, under the expert guidance of the editor Vijai Bhadauria, overview and critically analyse the omics technologies currently being used in agricultural research. The authors review the practical applications and implications of these technologies in the genetic improvement of crops for resistance against various viral, bacterial and fungal diseases of economic significance. Topics include: resistance to fungal diseases in lentil, proteomic studies in rice, metabolomics of disease resistance in crops, omics approachs in Brassica, resistance to planthopper-borne viruses, resistance to root-knot nematodes, complex oomycete plant interactions, omics of pathogen resistant plants, rice-Magnaporthe interaction, role of nitric oxide, overview of proteomics tools, and pathogen resistance in legumes. In each case the authors comprehensively describe the most relevant technology, the latest applications and the most recent scientific research. This volume is essential reading for everyone involved in plant disease resistance and crop improvement and is also highly recommended for all plant scientists.

Plant Omics And Crop Breeding

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ISBN : 1642241571
Genre :
File Size : 75. 61 MB
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Crop production needs to increase to secure future food supplies, while reducing its impact on ecosystems. Detailed characterization of plant genomes and genetic diversity is crucial for meeting these challenges. Currently, omics is an essential tool to understand the molecular systems that underlie various plant functions. Additionally, in several plant species, the development of omics resources has progressed to address the particular biological properties of individual species. Current Recent developments in genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics techniques have revolutionized the understanding of genetic response of plants to various biotic and abiotic stresses. Strategic application of this ground-breaking technology will ultimately lead towards achieving sustainability in agriculture.This volume 'Plant OMICS and Crop Breeding' covers state-of-the-art technologies widely used to deal various issues pertaining to agriculture including the working solutions as well as open problems and future challenges in plant omics studies. Advances in genome sequencing and assembly are being used to access the large and complex genomes of crops and their wild relatives. These have helped to identify a wide spectrum of genetic variation and permitted the association of genetic diversity with diverse agronomic phenotypes. In combination with improved and automated phenotyping assays and functional genomic studies, genomics is providing new foundations for crop-breeding systems. We believe that this book will initiate and introduce readers to up-to-date developments and trends in omics-driven research.

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