open problems in mathematics and computational science

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Open Problems In Mathematics And Computational Science

Author : Çetin Kaya Koç
ISBN : 9783319106830
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71. 64 MB
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This book presents interesting, important unsolved problems in the mathematical and computational sciences. The contributing authors are leading researchers in their fields and they explain outstanding challenges in their domains, first by offering basic definitions, explaining the context, and summarizing related algorithms, theorems, and proofs, and then by suggesting creative solutions. The authors feel a strong motivation to excite deep research and discussion in the mathematical and computational sciences community, and the book will be of value to postgraduate students and researchers in the areas of theoretical computer science, discrete mathematics, engineering, and cryptology.

Introduction To Experimental Mathematics

Author : Søren Eilers
ISBN : 9781107156135
Genre : Computers
File Size : 20. 29 MB
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Mathematics is not, and never will be, an empirical science, but mathematicians are finding that the use of computers and specialized software allows the generation of mathematical insight in the form of conjectures and examples, which pave the way for theorems and their proofs. In this way, the experimental approach to pure mathematics is revolutionizing the way research mathematicians work. As the first of its kind, this book provides material for a one-semester course in experimental mathematics that will give students the tools and training needed to systematically investigate and develop mathematical theory using computer programs written in Maple. Accessible to readers without prior programming experience, and using examples of concrete mathematical problems to illustrate a wide range of techniques, the book gives a thorough introduction to the field of experimental mathematics, which will prepare students for the challenge posed by open mathematical problems.

Handbook Of Mathematics And Computational Science

Author : John W. Harris
ISBN : 0387947469
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25. 16 MB
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This book gathers thousands of up-to-date equations, formulas, tables, illustrations, and explanations into one invaluable volume. It includes over a thousand pages of mathematical material as well as chapters on probability, mathematical statistics, fuzzy logic, and neural networks. It also contains computer language overviews of C, Fortran, and Pascal.

Open Problems In Communication And Computation

Author : Thomas M. Cover
ISBN : 9781461248088
Genre : Computers
File Size : 62. 80 MB
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Thomas M. Cover and B. Gopinatb The papers in this volume are the contributions to a special workshop on problems in communication and computation conducted in the summers of 1984 and 1985 in Morristown, New Jersey, and the summer of 1986 in Palo Alto. California. The structure of this workshop was unique: no recent results. no surveys. Instead. we asked for outstanding open prob~ lems in the field. There are many famous open problems, including the question P = NP?, the simplex conjecture in communication theory, the capacity region of the broadcast channel. and the two·helper problem in information theory. Beyond these well-defined problems are certain grand research goals. What is the general theory of information flow in stochastic networks? What is a comprehensive theory of computational complexity? What about a unification of algorithmic complexity and computational complex ity? Is there a notion of energy-free computation? And if so, where do information theory, communication theory, computer science, and physics meet at the atomic level? Is there a duality between computation and communication? Finally. what is the ultimate impact of algorithmic com plexity on probability theory? And what is its relationship to information theory? The idea was to present problems on the first day. try to solve them on the second day, and present the solutions on the third day. In actual fact, only one problem was solved during the meeting -- El Gamal's prob· lem on noisy communication over a common line.

The Golden Ticket

Author : Lance Fortnow
ISBN : 9781400846610
Genre : Computers
File Size : 25. 26 MB
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The P-NP problem is the most important open problem in computer science, if not all of mathematics. Simply stated, it asks whether every problem whose solution can be quickly checked by computer can also be quickly solved by computer. The Golden Ticket provides a nontechnical introduction to P-NP, its rich history, and its algorithmic implications for everything we do with computers and beyond. Lance Fortnow traces the history and development of P-NP, giving examples from a variety of disciplines, including economics, physics, and biology. He explores problems that capture the full difficulty of the P-NP dilemma, from discovering the shortest route through all the rides at Disney World to finding large groups of friends on Facebook. The Golden Ticket explores what we truly can and cannot achieve computationally, describing the benefits and unexpected challenges of this compelling problem.

Combinatorial Scientific Computing

Author : Uwe Naumann
ISBN : 9781439827352
Genre : Computers
File Size : 64. 84 MB
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Combinatorial Scientific Computing explores the latest research on creating algorithms and software tools to solve key combinatorial problems on large-scale high-performance computing architectures. It includes contributions from international researchers who are pioneers in designing software and applications for high-performance computing systems. The book offers a state-of-the-art overview of the latest research, tool development, and applications. It focuses on load balancing and parallelization on high-performance computers, large-scale optimization, algorithmic differentiation of numerical simulation code, sparse matrix software tools, and combinatorial challenges and applications in large-scale social networks. The authors unify these seemingly disparate areas through a common set of abstractions and algorithms based on combinatorics, graphs, and hypergraphs. Combinatorial algorithms have long played a crucial enabling role in scientific and engineering computations and their importance continues to grow with the demands of new applications and advanced architectures. By addressing current challenges in the field, this volume sets the stage for the accelerated development and deployment of fundamental enabling technologies in high-performance scientific computing.

Statistical And Computational Inverse Problems

Author : Jari Kaipio
ISBN : 9780387271323
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 23. 74 MB
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This book covers the statistical mechanics approach to computational solution of inverse problems, an innovative area of current research with very promising numerical results. The techniques are applied to a number of real world applications such as limited angle tomography, image deblurring, electical impedance tomography, and biomagnetic inverse problems. Contains detailed examples throughout and includes a chapter on case studies where such methods have been implemented in biomedical engineering.

Unsolved Problems In Mathematical Systems And Control Theory

Author : Vincent D. Blondel
ISBN : 9781400826155
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 78. 76 MB
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This book provides clear presentations of more than sixty important unsolved problems in mathematical systems and control theory. Each of the problems included here is proposed by a leading expert and set forth in an accessible manner. Covering a wide range of areas, the book will be an ideal reference for anyone interested in the latest developments in the field, including specialists in applied mathematics, engineering, and computer science. The book consists of ten parts representing various problem areas, and each chapter sets forth a different problem presented by a researcher in the particular area and in the same way: description of the problem, motivation and history, available results, and bibliography. It aims not only to encourage work on the included problems but also to suggest new ones and generate fresh research. The reader will be able to submit solutions for possible inclusion on an online version of the book to be updated quarterly on the Princeton University Press website, and thus also be able to access solutions, updated information, and partial solutions as they are developed.

Number Crunching

Author : Paul J. Nahin
ISBN : 1400839580
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 47. 86 MB
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How do technicians repair broken communications cables at the bottom of the ocean without actually seeing them? What's the likelihood of plucking a needle out of a haystack the size of the Earth? And is it possible to use computers to create a universal library of everything ever written or every photo ever taken? These are just some of the intriguing questions that best-selling popular math writer Paul Nahin tackles in Number-Crunching. Through brilliant math ideas and entertaining stories, Nahin demonstrates how odd and unusual math problems can be solved by bringing together basic physics ideas and today's powerful computers. Some of the outcomes discussed are so counterintuitive they will leave readers astonished. Nahin looks at how the art of number-crunching has changed since the advent of computers, and how high-speed technology helps to solve fascinating conundrums such as the three-body, Monte Carlo, leapfrog, and gambler's ruin problems. Along the way, Nahin traverses topics that include algebra, trigonometry, geometry, calculus, number theory, differential equations, Fourier series, electronics, and computers in science fiction. He gives historical background for the problems presented, offers many examples and numerous challenges, supplies MATLAB codes for all the theories discussed, and includes detailed and complete solutions. Exploring the intimate relationship between mathematics, physics, and the tremendous power of modern computers, Number-Crunching will appeal to anyone interested in understanding how these three important fields join forces to solve today's thorniest puzzles.

Creators Of Mathematical And Computational Sciences

Author : Ravi Agarwal
ISBN : 9783319108704
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 86. 66 MB
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​The book records the essential discoveries of mathematical and computational scientists in chronological order, following the birth of ideas on the basis of prior ideas ad infinitum. The authors document the winding path of mathematical scholarship throughout history, and most importantly, the thought process of each individual that resulted in the mastery of their subject. The book implicitly addresses the nature and character of every scientist as one tries to understand their visible actions in both adverse and congenial environments. The authors hope that this will enable the reader to understand their mode of thinking, and perhaps even to emulate their virtues in life.

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