organization at the limit lessons from the columbia disaster

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Organization At The Limit

Author : William Starbuck
ISBN : 9781405142601
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82. 62 MB
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The book offers important insight relevant to Corporate, Government and Global organizations management in general. The internationally recognised authors tackle vital issues in decision making, how organizational risk is managed, how can technological and organizational complexities interact, what are the impediments for effective learning and how large, medium, and small organizations can, and in fact must, increase their resilience. Managers, organizational consultants, expert professionals, and training specialists; particularly those in high risk organizations, may find the issues covered in the book relevant to their daily work and a potential catalyst for thought and action. A timely analysis of the Columbia disaster and the organizational lessons that can be learned from it. Includes contributions from those involved in the Investigation Board report into the incident. Tackles vital issues such as the role of time pressures and goal conflict in decision making, and the impediments for effective learning. Examines how organizational risk is managed and how technological and organizational complexities interact. Assesses how large, medium, and small organizations can, and in fact must, increase their resilience. Questions our eagerness to embrace new technologies, yet reluctance to accept the risks of innovation. Offers a step by step understanding of the complex factors that led to disaster.

Managing Uncertainty In Crisis

Author : Xiaoli Lu
ISBN : 9789811039904
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 62. 22 MB
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This book studies the variety of organizational strategies selected to cope with critical uncertainties during crises. This research formulates and applies an institutional sense-making model to explain the selection of strategies for coping with uncertainties during crises to answer the question why some organizations select a rule-based strategy to cope with uncertainties, whereas others pursue a more ad hoc-based strategy. It finds that the level of institutionalization does not affect strategy selection in the initial phase of responding to crises; that three rigidity effects can be identified in the selection of sense-making strategies once organizations have faced the failure of their selected strategies; that discontinuities in the feedback loop of sense-making do not necessarily move organizations to switch their sense-making strategies, but interact with institutionalization to contribute to switching sense-making strategies. This book bridges the gap between institutional thinking and crisis management theorizing. A major step forward in the world of crisis management studies! ——Professor Arjen Boin, Leiden University, the Netherlands In a world of increasingly complex, sociotechnical systems interacting in high-risk environments, Professor Lu’s analysis of how organizations manage uncertainty is both timely and profound. ——Professor Louise K. Comfort, Director, Center for Disaster Management, University of Pittsburgh, USA Prof. Lu greatly enhances our understanding of how organizations cope with uncertainty and make sense of their challenges under the pressures of catastrophe. ——Dr. Arnold M. Howitt, Faculty Co-Director, Program on Crisis Leadership, Harvard Kennedy School, USA This book provides not only a theory of crisis management but also a key concept around which research and practice can be conducted. ——Professor Naim Kapucu, Director of School of Public Administration, University of Central Florida, USA A generic institutional model for analyzing and managing hazards, disasters and crises worldwide. ——Professor Joop Koppenjan, Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands This book has done an excellent job in opening the black box of how organizations make sense of the crisis situations they face and develop strategies to respond. It should be read by all of us who wish for a peaceful and safe world. ——Professor Lan Xue, Dean of School of Public Policy and Management, Tsinghua University, China


Author : Alfred Kieser
ISBN : 9783170260078
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 23. 39 MB
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Die 7. Auflage des bewährten Lehrbuchs "Organisationstheorien" bietet eine Darstellung und kritische Würdigung der wichtigsten Organisationstheorien. Es erläutert, was Theoriebildung in der Organisationsforschung bedeutet, gibt kurze Überblicke über wichtige historische Theorien und geht auf die derzeit bedeutendsten Theorien der Organisation ein. Die Kapitel zur verhaltenswissenschaftlichen Entscheidungstheorie, dem Situativen Ansatz, den institutionenökonomischen Theorien, der Evolutionstheorie und dem Neo-Institutionalismus wurden grundlegend überarbeitet und aktualisiert. Neu aufgenommen wurden ein Kapitel über "Interpretative Theorien der Organisation" (Elke Weik) sowie ein Kapitel über "Netzwerktheorien der Organisation" (Mark Ebers/Indre Maurer).

Governing After Crisis

Author : Arjen Boin
ISBN : 9781139470933
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 58. 39 MB
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The constant threat of crises such as disasters, riots and terrorist attacks poses a frightening challenge to Western societies and governments. While the causes and dynamics of these events have been widely studied, we know little about what happens following their containment and the restoration of stability. This volume explores 'post-crisis politics,' examining how crises give birth to longer term dynamic processes of accountability and learning which are characterised by official investigations, blame games, political manoeuvring, media scrutiny and crisis exploitation. Drawing from a wide range of contemporary crises, including Hurricane Katrina, 9/11, the Madrid train bombings, the Walkerton water contamination, Space Shuttles Challenger and Columbia and the Boxing Day Asian tsunami, this is a ground-breaking volume which addresses the longer term impact of crisis-induced politics. Competing pressures for stability and change mean that policies, institutions and leaders may occasionally be uprooted, but often survive largely intact.

Learning And Calamities

Author : Heike Egner
ISBN : 9781134475889
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 23. 54 MB
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It is widely assumed that humanity should be able to learn from calamities (e.g., emergencies, disasters, catastrophes) and that the affected individuals, groups, and enterprises, as well as the concerned (disaster-) management organizations and institutions for prevention and mitigation, will be able to be better prepared or more efficient next time. Furthermore, it is often assumed that the results of these learning processes are preserved as "knowledge" in the collective memory of a society, and that patterns of practices were adopted on this base. Within history, there is more evidence for the opposite: Analyzing past calamities reveals that there is hardly any learning and, if so, that it rarely lasts more than one or two generations. This book explores whether learning in the context of calamities happens at all, and if learning takes place, under which conditions it can be achieved and what would be required to ensure that learned cognitive and practical knowledge will endure on a societal level. The contributions of this book include various fields of scientific research: history, sociology, geography, psychoanalysis, psychiatry, development studies and political studies, as well as disaster research and disaster risk reduction research.

Schnell Wachsende Organisationen Zur Mannigfaltigkeit Einer Begrifflichen Einheit

Author : Torsten Bergt
ISBN : 9783954253432
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82. 28 MB
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Schnelles Wachstum ist gefährlich. Dies gilt nicht nur für Organisationen, die sich auf eine riskante Veränderung ihrer selbst einlassen, sondern auch für Forscher, die einen schwer fassbaren Gegenstand ergründen wollen. Die Aufmerksamkeit bindende Kraft schnellen Wachstums ist nicht nur für Organisationen von Interesse, um sich nach außen als erfolgreich darzustellen, nicht nur für die Politik und die Massenmedien, sondern auch für Forscher, die sich der Träumerei hingeben, etwas Außergewöhnlichem auf der Spur zu sein. Es ist die dramatische Beobachtung eines rasanten Aufstiegs und Falls, die das Interesse hochschlagen lässt und unentwegt nach Lösungen sucht, die Tragödie am Ende zu verhindern. In dem vorliegenden Buch geht es um mehr als einfach nur schnell wachsende Organisationen, es geht um die Vorstellungen von solchen Organisationen, um die Unterscheidungen, die gezogen wurden und werden, um Organisationen solcher Art beobachtbar zu machen. Es geht um den möglichen Wechsel verschiedener Beobachterperspektiven, die damit einhergehende Infragestellung selbstverständlicher Annahmen und letztlich auch um schnelles Organisationswachstum und die damit einhergehenden, beobachtbaren Folgen.

Routledge International Handbook Of Social And Environmental Change

Author : Stewart Lockie
ISBN : 9781136707995
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 4 MB
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The Routledge International Handbook of Social and Environmental Change explores the causes, contradictions and consequences of global social-ecological change, along with the uncertainties and governance dilemmas these create. Case studies are drawn from a variety of sectors across the developed and developing worlds to illustrate the inter-connectedness of ecosystem health, natural resource condition, livelihood security, social justice and development.

The Oxford Handbook Of Organizational Decision Making

Author : Gerard P. Hodgkinson
ISBN : 0199290466
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 64. 32 MB
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The Oxford Handbook of Decision-Making comprehensively surveys theory and research on organizational decision-making, broadly conceived. Emphasizing psychological perspectives, while encompassing the insights of economics, political science, and sociology, it provides coverage at theindividual, group, organizational, and inter-organizational levels of analysis. In-depth case studies illustrate the practical implications of the work surveyed.Each chapter is authored by one or more leading scholars, thus ensuring that this Handbook is an authoritative reference work for academics, researchers, advanced students, and reflective practitioners concerned with decision-making in the areas of Management, Psychology, and HRM.Contributors: Eric Abrahamson, Julia Balogun, Michael L Barnett, Philippe Baumard, Nicole Bourque, Laure Cabantous, Prithviraj Chattopadhyay, Kevin Daniels, Jerker Denrell, Vinit M Desai, Giovanni Dosi, Roger L M Dunbar, Stephen M Fiore, Mark A Fuller, Michael Shayne Gary, Elizabeth George,Jean-Pascal Gond, Paul Goodwin, Terri L Griffith, Mark P Healey, Gerard P Hodgkinson, Gerry Johnson, Michael E Johnson-Cramer, Alfred Kieser, Ann Langley, Eleanor T Lewis, Dan Lovallo, Rebecca Lyons, Peter M Madsen, A. John Maule, John M Mezias, Nigel Nicholson, Gregory B Northcraft, David Oliver,Annie Pye, Karlene H Roberts, Jacques Rojot, Michael A Rosen, Isabelle Royer, Eugene Sadler-Smith, Eduardo Salas, Kristyn A Scott, Zur Shapira, Carolyne Smart, Gerald F Smith, Emma Soane, Paul R Sparrow, William H Starbuck, Matt Statler, Kathleen M Sutcliffe, Michal Tamuz , Teri JaneUrsacki-Bryant, Ilan Vertinsky, Benedicte Vidaillet, Jane Webster, Karl E Weick, Benjamin Wellstein, George Wright, Kuo Frank Yu, and David Zweig.

Organisation Und Umwelt

Author : Peter Conrad
ISBN : 9783834969408
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 74. 53 MB
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Ausgewählte Autoren geben einen Überblick über die aktuelle Forschung zum Thema Organisation und Umwelt. Sie betrachten dabei unter anderem Aspekte wie die Entstehung organisationaler Sachzwänge, organisationale Netzwerke und digitale Gemeinschaften, das Zusammenspiel zwischen extrinsischer und intrinsischer Motivation sowie das Problem der Knappheit natürlicher Ressourcen.

Safety Reliability And Risk Analysis

Author : Sebastián Martorell
ISBN : 9781482266481
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22. 19 MB
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Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis. Theory, Methods and Applications contains the papers presented at the joint ESREL (European Safety and Reliability) and SRA-Europe (Society for Risk Analysis Europe) Conference (Valencia, Spain, 22-25 September 2008). The book covers a wide range of topics, including: Accident and Incident Investigation; Crisis and Emergency Management; Decision Support Systems and Software Tools for Safety and Reliability; Dynamic Reliability; Fault Identification and Diagnostics; Human Factors; Integrated Risk Management and Risk-Informed Decision-making; Legislative dimensions of risk management; Maintenance Modelling and Optimisation; Monte Carlo Methods in System Safety and Reliability; Occupational Safety; Organizational Learning; Reliability and Safety Data; Collection and Analysis; Risk and Evidence Based Policy Making; Risk and Hazard Analysis; Risk Control in Complex Environments; Risk Perception and Communication; Safety Culture; Safety Management Systems; Software Reliability; Stakeholder and public involvement in risk governance; Structural Reliability and Design Codes; System Reliability Analysis; Uncertainty and Sensitivity Analysis. Safety, Reliability and Risk Analysis. Theory, Methods and Applications will be of interest for academics and professionals working in a wide range of industrial and governmental sectors, including Aeronautics and Aerospace, Civil Engineering, Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Information Technology and Telecommunications, Insurance and Finance, Manufacturing, Mechanical Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Policy Making and Public Planning.

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