origins of the german welfare state social policy in germany to 1945 2 german social policy

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Origins Of The German Welfare State

Author : Michael Stolleis
ISBN : 9783642225222
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 67. 47 MB
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This book traces the origins of the German welfare state. The author, formerly director at the Max-Planck-Institute for European Legal History, Frankfurt, provides a perceptive overview of the history of social security and social welfare in Germany from early modern times to the end of World War II, including Bismarck’s pioneering introduction of social insurance in the 1880s. The author unravels “layers” of social security that have piled up in the course of history and, so he argues, still linger in the present-day welfare state. The account begins with the first efforts by public authorities to regulate poverty and then proceeds to the “social question” that arose during the 19th-century Industrial Revolution. World War I had a major impact on the development of social security, both during the war and after, through the exigencies of the war economy, inflation and unemployment. The ruptures as well as the continuities of social policy under National Socialism and World War II are also investigated.

Social Policy In The Federal Republic Of Germany

Author : Hans F. Zacher
ISBN : 9783642225253
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63. 47 MB
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This book investigates the history of the post-war welfare state in Germany and its normative foundations, with special emphasis on constitutional issues. The author, formerly Director of the Max-Planck-Institute for Foreign and International Social Law, Munich, and President of the Max-Planck-Society, argues that social policy – not only in Germany – is about struggles over the “social”. The “social” is an open and changing concept that reflects the modern quest for equality, voiced in semantics like justice, participation, inclusion and security. The “social” and the “social state” (the German term for welfare state) are enshrined in the German Constitution of 1949, the Grundgesetz. The book sets out the phases of welfare state development in depth. Social policies are analyzed in view of wider contexts, especially the nation state, the rule of law (Rechtsstaat), federalism and democracy. The author emphasizes the dialectics between the national character of the welfare state and its manifold international references.

Thinking About Social Policy

Author : Franz-Xaver Kaufmann
ISBN : 9783642195013
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 25. 52 MB
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The book traces the political history of the concept of social policy. „Social policy“ originated in Germany in the mid 19th century as a scholarly term that made a career in politics. The term became more prominent only after World War II. Kaufmann, the doyen of the sociology of social policy in Germany, argues that „social policy“ responds to the modern disjunction between “state” and “society” diagnosed by the German philosopher Hegel. Hegel’s disciple Lorenz von Stein saw social policy as a means to pacify the capitalist class conflict. After World War II, social policy expanded in an unprecedented way, changing its character in the process. Social policy turned from class politics into a policy for the whole population, with new concepts – like "social security", "redistribution" and "quality of life" - and new overarching formulas, "social market economy" and "social state" (the German version of “welfare state”). Both formulas have remained indeterminate and contested, indicating the inherent openness of the idea of the “social”.

Variations Of The Welfare State

Author : Franz-Xaver Kaufmann
ISBN : 9783642225499
Genre : Political Science
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In the burgeoning literature on welfare regimes and typologies, this comparative study offers a stimulating new perspective. Kaufmann, the doyen of the sociology of social policy in Germany, emphasizes norms, culture and history, in contrast to political economy approaches. Comparing Britain, Sweden, France and Germany, Kaufmann highlights the „idiosyncrasy” of each welfare state: countries are compared with regard to their state traditions and the relationship between state and civil society; their national “social questions”; their economic systems, including the unions and labour law; social security and redistribution; and their personal social services and education. The socio-cultural approach enables Kaufmann to show that not all modern states are welfare states. Some are just „capitalism“ (the USA), others are „socialism“ (the former Soviet Union). In this light, the (essentially North-West European) welfare state is portrayed as a third way between capitalism and socialism.

The Rise And Fall Of A Socialist Welfare State

Author : Manfred G. Schmidt
ISBN : 9783642225284
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64. 43 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive analysis of social policy in the German Democratic Republic (GDR, 1949-1990), followed by an analysis of the “Social Union”, the transformation of social policy in the process of German unification in 1990. Schmidt’s analysis of the GDR also depicts commonalities and differences between the welfare state in East and West Germany as well as in other East European and Western countries. He concludes that the GDR was unable to cope with the trade-off between ambitious social policy goals and a deteriorating economic performance. Ritter embeds his analysis of the Social Union in a general study of German unification, its international circumstances and its domestic repercussions (1989-1994). He argues that social policy played a pivotal role in German unification, and that there was no alternative to extending the West German welfare state to the East. Ritter, a distinguished historian, bases his contribution on an award-winning study for which he drew on archival sources and interviews with key actors. Schmidt is a distinguished political scientist.

The East German Economy 1945 2010

Author : Hartmut Berghoff
ISBN : 9781107030138
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 35. 20 MB
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The contributors to this volume consider the economic history of East Germany within its broader political, cultural and social contexts.

Journal Of Social Policy

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B4928009
Genre :
File Size : 33. 89 MB
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The Politics Of Fertility In Twentieth Century Berlin

Author : Annette F. Timm
ISBN : 9780521195393
Genre : History
File Size : 30. 75 MB
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How a declining population influenced reproductive and sexual health policy in Germany.

Neo Liberal Ideology

Author : Rachel S Turner
ISBN : 9780748688685
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 52 MB
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An original account of neo-liberalism's intellectual foundations, development and conceptual configuration as an ideology. Newly available in paperback.

Social Policy In Germany

Author : Jochen Clasen
ISBN : UOM:39015032287370
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39. 71 MB
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