oscar an inquiry into the nature of sanity

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Author : Peter J. Wilson
ISBN : 9781478610618
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50. 72 MB
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This is a highly readable and insightful study of the relationship between the individual and society. The society is that of the island of Providencia, and the individual is Oscar Bryan. Oscar is an extraordinary person, and his life is not to be taken as typical of lives lived in the Caribbean. Yet it is, to paraphrase Oscar himself, only through the study of the extraordinary that we come to some sort of understanding of the ordinary. Through Oscars life we see magnified some of the basic problems of the relationship between the individual and his society as they are manifested in the Caribbean: the continuing conflict between practical and ideal moralities as revealed in the struggle between reputation and respectability; the manipulation of language and speech to confuse, deceive, and inform; the paradox that requires people to seek privacy from each other if they wish to remain together. Wilson has contrived not only a fascinating portrait of a unique personality, but he also offers valuable speculations on the meaning of madness and the nature of the hidden and elusive bonds that unite, or divide, an individual and his society.

Psychological Anthropology Reconsidered

Author : John M. Ingham
ISBN : 0521559189
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 84. 41 MB
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Reviews developments in pyschological anthropology and examines psychoanalytic, dialogical and social perspectives on personality and culture.

Shelter Blues

Author : Robert R. Desjarlais
ISBN : 9780812206432
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 70. 97 MB
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Desjarlais shows us not anonymous faces of the homeless but real people. While it is estimated that 25 percent or more of America's homeless are mentally ill, their lives are largely unknown to us. What must life be like for those who, in addition to living on the street, hear voices, suffer paranoid delusions, or have trouble thinking clearly or talking to others. Shelter Blues is an innovative portrait of people residing in Boston's Station Street Shelter. It examines the everyday lives of more than 40 homeless men and women, both white and African-American, ranging in age from early 20s to mid-60s. Based on a sixteen-month study, it draws readers into the personal worlds of these individuals and, by addressing the intimacies of homelessness, illness, and abjection, picks up where most scholarship and journalism stops. Robert Desjarlais works against the grain of media representations of homelessness by showing us not anonymous stereotypes but individuals. He draws on conversations as well as observations, talking with and listening to shelter residents to understand how they relate to their environment, to one another, and to those entrusted with their care. His book considers their lives in terms of a complex range of forces and helps us comprehend the linkages between culture, illness, personhood, and political agency on the margins of contemporary American society. Shelter Blues is unlike anything else ever written about homelessness. It challenges social scientists and mental health professionals to rethink their approaches to human subjectivity and helps us all to better understand one of the most pressing problems of our time.

Caribbean Folklore

Author : Donald R. Hill
ISBN : 0313336059
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 42 MB
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Accessible to students and general readers, this introductory overview defines and discusses Caribbean folklore and includes numerous examples and texts.

Culture And Retardation

Author : L.L. Langness
ISBN : 9789400937116
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 87. 38 MB
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Mental retardation in the United States is currently defined as " ... signif icantly subaverage general intellectual functioning existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior, and manifested during the development period" (Grossman, 1977). Of the estimated six million plus mentally retarded individuals in this country fully 75 to 85% are considered to be "func tionally" retarded (Edgerton, 1984). That is, they are mildly retarded persons with no evident organic etiology or demonstrable brain pathology. Despite the relatively recent addition of adaptive behavior as a factor in the definition of retardation, 1.0. still remains as the essential diagnostic criterion (Edgerton, 1984: 26). An 1.0. below 70 indicates subaverage functioning. However, even such an "objective" measure as 1.0. is prob lematic since a variety of data indicate quite clearly that cultural and social factors are at play in decisions about who is to be considered "retarded" (Edgerton, 1968; Kamin, 1974; Langness, 1982). Thus, it has been known for quite some time that there is a close relationship between socio-economic status and the prevalence of mild mental retardation: higher socio-economic groups have fewer mildly retarded persons than lower groups (Hurley, 1969). Similarly, it is clear that ethnic minorities in the United States - Blacks, Mexican-Americans, American Indians, Puerto Ricans, Hawaiians, and others - are disproportionately represented in the retarded population (Mercer, 1968; Ramey et ai., 1978).

Humanity And Society

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000047189478
Genre : Sociology
File Size : 49. 2 MB
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Human Behavior

Author :
ISBN : PSU:000063851960
Genre : Human behavior
File Size : 77. 81 MB
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Talking Book Topics

Author :
ISBN : MINN:30000010835423
Genre : Talking books
File Size : 77. 46 MB
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Caribbean Issues

Author :
ISBN : IND:30000055112167
Genre : Caribbean Area
File Size : 28. 92 MB
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Readings In Anthropology

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ISBN : NWU:35556030700306
Genre : Anthropology
File Size : 25. 79 MB
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