outsourcing justice the rise of modern arbitration laws in america

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Outsourcing Justice

Author : Imre Szalai
ISBN : 1611632021
Genre : Law
File Size : 54. 16 MB
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Arbitration is a method of dispute resolution in which parties agree to submit their dispute to a private, neutral third person, instead of a traditional court with a judge and jury. This private system of arbitration, which is often confidential and secretive, can be a polar opposite, in almost every way, to the public court system.Over the past few decades, arbitration agreements have proliferated throughout American society. Such agreements appear in virtually all types of consumer transactions, and millions of American workers are bound by arbitration agreements in their employment relationships. America has become an “arbitration nation,” with an increasing number of disputes taken away from the traditional, open court system and relegated to a private, secretive system of justice. How did arbitration agreements become so widespread, and enforceable, in American society? Prior to the 1920s, courts generally refused to enforce such agreements, and parties had the right to bring their disputes to court. However, during the 1920s, Congress and state legislatures suddenly enacted ground-breaking laws declaring that arbitration agreements are “valid, irrevocable, and enforceable.” Drawing on previously untapped archival sources, this book explores the many different people, institutions, forces, beliefs, and events that led to the enactment of modern arbitration laws during the 1920s, and this book examines why America's arbitration laws radically changed during this period. By examining this history, this book demonstrates how the U.S. Supreme Court has grossly misconstrued these laws and unjustifiably created an expansive, informal, private system of justice touching almost every aspect of American society and impacting the lives of millions.

The Culture Of International Arbitration

Author : Won L. Kidane
ISBN : 9780199973934
Genre : Law
File Size : 26. 59 MB
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Although international arbitration has emerged as a credible means of resolution of transnational disputes involving parties from diverse cultures, the effects of culture on the accuracy, efficiency, fairness, and legitimacy of international arbitration is a surprisingly neglected topic within the existing literature. The Culture of International Arbitration fills that gap by providing an in-depth study of the role of culture in modern day arbitral proceedings. It contains a detailed analysis of how cultural miscommunication affects the accuracy, efficiency, fairness, and legitimacy in both commercial and investment arbitration when the arbitrators and the parties, their counsel and witnesses come from diverse legal traditions and cultures. The book provides a comprehensive definition of culture, and methodically documents and examines the epistemology of determining facts in various legal traditions and how the mixing of traditions influences the outcome. By so doing, the book demonstrates the acute need for increasing cultural diversity among arbitrators and counsel while securing appropriate levels of cultural competence. To provide an accurate picture, Kidane conducted interviews with leading international jurists from diverse legal traditions with first-hand experience of the complicating effects of culture in legal proceedings. Given the insights and information on the rules and expectations of the various legal traditions and their convergence in modern day international arbitration practice, this book challenges assumptions and can offer a unique and useful perspective to all practitioners, academics, policy makers, students of international arbitration.

The Roles Of Psychology In International Arbitration

Author : Tony Cole
ISBN : 9789041159281
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 31 MB
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The system of international arbitration is built on private contractual relations, yet has been endorsed by governments around the world as a fair and reliable alternative to litigation in State courts. As a private process, however, its authority and legitimacy derive entirely from the views and actions of those involved in the arbitral process, whether arbitrators, counsel, or parties. It is, though increasingly clear that psychological factors complicate, and in some cases radically change, every arbitral proceeding. In this context, psychological insights are crucial for understanding how international arbitration genuinely operates, and whether the legal framework currently applied to it is well-suited to achieving the aims of ensuring a fair and reliable dispute resolution procedure. This is the first book to focus on this important issue: the insights into international arbitration that can be gained from contemporary psychology. With contributions from nineteen internationally known figures in their fields – arbitrators, mediators, lawyers, law professors, psychology professors, psychologists – and drawing from a longer term project on the role of psychology in arbitration, this ground-breaking volume addresses a range of topics, including the following: - the decision-making processes of arbitrators; - the ability of arbitration to serve as a genuine dispute resolution mechanism; - the impact of particular procedures on the arbitral process; - bias, self-deception and vested interests in judgment and decision-making; - the role of arbitrators in managing the arbitral process; - cultural differences in the evaluation of arguments; - psychological influences on witness testimony; - the impact of tribunal composition on arbitral decision-making; - the influence of arbitration’s professional context on arbitrators and legal counsel; and - methods for arbitrators and legal counsel to more effectively manage the arbitral process. Informed by the behavioural insights in these essays, counsel and arbitrators will be enabled to think critically about the underlying assumptions and the potential behavioural effects of a prospective arbitration, while individuals researching arbitration will gain a greater understanding of the psychological context in which every arbitration occurs. This book meets the increasingly recognized need for understanding the role of psychology in arbitral proceedings, and forms an indispensable foundation for subsequent work in this area. Its innovative and forward-thinking analysis will be of immeasurable value to the international arbitration community, as well as to institutions supporting arbitration and to academics in the field.

Contractual Knowledge

Author : Grégoire Mallard
ISBN : 9781107130913
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 57. 89 MB
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This volume provides a genealogy of global economic governance through the history of contracts, examining how and by whom they were designed and legally validated. It will appeal to lawyers, economists, and historians interested in the globalization of markets over the past century.

Yale Law Journal Volume 124 Number 8 June 2015

Author : Yale Law Journal
ISBN : 9781610278355
Genre : Law
File Size : 55. 65 MB
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The contents of the June 2015 issue (Volume 124, Number 8) of the Yale Law Journal are: Article, "The New Corporate Web: Tailored Entity Partitions and Creditors' Selective Enforcement," Anthony J. Casey Note, "A Reassessment of Common Law Protections for 'Idiots,'" Michael Clemente Feature: Arbitration, Transparency, and Privatization: "Diffusing Disputes: The Public in the Private of Arbitration, the Private in Courts, and the Erasure of Rights," Judith Resnik "Arbitration and Americanization: The Paternalism of Progressive Procedural Reform," Amalia D. Kessler "Arbitration’s Counter-Narrative: The Religious Arbitration Paradigm," Michael A. Helfand "Disappearing Claims and the Erosion of Substantive Law," J. Maria Glover Feature, "Constitutional Law in an Age of Proportionality," Vicki C. Jackson Quality digital formatting includes fully linked footnotes and an active Table of Contents (including linked Contents for all individual Articles, Notes, and Essays), proper Bluebook formatting, and active URLs in footnotes. This ebook is the last issue of the academic year 2014-2015, Number 8 of Volume 124. It includes a cumulative Index for the volume.

American Jurisprudence Trials

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105061311598
Genre : Trial practice
File Size : 45. 17 MB
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Index To Legal Periodicals

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105060129033
Genre : Law
File Size : 74. 97 MB
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Who S Who In America

Author : Who's Who Publishing
ISBN : 0837969743
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 81. 90 MB
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Daily Labor Report

Author :
ISBN : CORNELL:31924062240571
Genre : Working class
File Size : 84. 20 MB
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Vanity Fair

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105133485701
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