oxidative stress in aging from model systems to human diseases aging medicine

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Oxidative Stress In Aging

Author : Satomi Miwa
ISBN : 1597454206
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88. 20 MB
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Human aging is a complex phenomenon. This state-of-the-art book discusses the role of free radicals in aging in different animal models, as well as the relevance of free radicals on age-related diseases and pathological conditions in humans (following an introduction section of the basics and theory of free radicals). In addition, the major interventions trials of antioxidant supplements in age-related disease, cancer and so forth are reviewed and discussed.

Free Radicals In Biology And Medicine

Author : Barry Halliwell
ISBN : 9780198717478
Genre : Antioxidants
File Size : 83. 62 MB
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Free Radicals in Biology and Medicine has become a classic text in the field of free radical and antioxidant research. Now in its fifth edition, the book has been comprehensively rewritten and updated whilst maintaining the clarity of its predecessors. Two new chapters discuss 'in vivo' and 'dietary' antioxidants, the first emphasising the role of peroxiredoxins and integrated defence mechanisms which allow useful roles for ROS, and the second containing new information on the role of fruits, vegetables, and vitamins in health and disease. This new edition also contains expanded coverage of the mechanisms of oxidative damage to lipids, DNA, and proteins (and the repair of such damage), and the roles played by reactive species in signal transduction, cell survival, death, human reproduction, defence mechanisms of animals and plants against pathogens, and other important biological events. The methodologies available to measure reactive species and oxidative damage (and their potential pitfalls) have been fully updated, as have the topics of phagocyte ROS production, NADPH oxidase enzymes, and toxicology. There is a detailed and critical evaluation of the role of free radicals and other reactive species in human diseases, especially cancer, cardiovascular, chronic inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. New aspects of ageing are discussed in the context of the free radical theory of ageing. This book is recommended as a comprehensive introduction to the field for students, educators, clinicians, and researchers. It will also be an invaluable companion to all those interested in the role of free radicals in the life and biomedical sciences.

Principles And Practice Of Photoprotection

Author : Steven Q. Wang
ISBN : 9783319293820
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88. 17 MB
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Written by internationally recognized leaders, and covering all facets of photoprotection, this book summarizes the beneficial roles of photoprotection in skin cancers, photoaging, photodermatoses, autoimmune diseases, and other skin conditions. It provides an update on the current state of UV filters, boosters, photostabilizers and formulation of sunscreen, and showcases the current techniques and regulation in the evaluating of UV filters and sunscreen products. Furthermore, it discusses the role of nanotechnology, antioxidants, DNA repair technology, and oral and systemic agents in photoprotection. Each chapter encapsulates decades of clinical, research or practical experience on topics that will surely be an interest for clinicians, researchers, industry scientists, regulators, and consumers.

Animal Biotechnology

Author : Ashish Verma
ISBN : 9780123914347
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 38 MB
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Animal Biotechnology introduces applications of animal biotechnology and implications for human health and welfare. It begins with an introduction to animal cell cultures and genome sequencing analysis and provides readers with a review of available cell and molecular tools. Topics here include the use of transgenic animal models, tissue engineering, nanobiotechnology, and proteomics. The book then delivers in-depth examples of applications in human health and prospects for the future, including cytogenetics and molecular genetics, xenografts, and treatment of HIV and cancers. All this is complemented by a discussion of the ethical and safety considerations in the field. Animal biotechnology is a broad field encompassing the polarities of fundamental and applied research, including molecular modeling, gene manipulation, development of diagnostics and vaccines, and manipulation of tissue. Given the tools that are currently available and the translational potential for these studies, animal biotechnology has become one of the most essential subjects for those studying life sciences. Highlights the latest biomedical applications of genetically modified and cloned animals with a focus on cancer and infectious diseases Provides firsthand accounts of the use of biotechnology tools, including molecular markers, stem cells, and tissue engineering

Critical Reviews Of Oxidative Stress And Aging

Author : Richard G. Cutler
ISBN : 9789812775733
File Size : 63. 92 MB
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This two-volume reference examines the translational research field of oxidative stress and ageing. It focuses on understanding the molecular basis of oxidative stress and its associated age-related diseases, with the goal of developing new methods for treating the human ageing processes.

Vitamin D

Author : Adrian F. Gombart
ISBN : 9781439850206
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 97 MB
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Vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency is a worldwide, public health problem in both developed and developing countries. Rickets among infants has reemerged. Low levels of vitamin D are associated with increased risk and mortality from cancer. At the same time, the beneficial effects of vitamin D on a host of conditions have recently been discovered. Focusing on areas not extensively covered in other comparable books, Vitamin D: Oxidative Stress, Immunity, and Aging highlights the most recent research findings on the impact of this nutrient in oxidative stress, immunity, and aging. A state-of-the-art compilation of essential information, this book explores: Vitamin D and its genomic and nongenomic effects, the role of therapeutic analogs in treating disease, and the production of vitamin D by the body The role vitamin D plays in modulating oxidative stress—with emphasis on cancer, stress-mediated diseases, photo-protection of the skin, and energy metabolism Beneficial effects of vitamin D in regulating the immune response and its importance in protecting against autoimmune, infectious, and inflammatory diseases The role vitamin D plays in the regulation of the aging process—including aspects of oxidative stress, senescence, and mortality, as well as its role in protection against cardiovascular disease and nervous system disorders This book represents an important contribution toward understanding the mechanisms by which vitamin D promotes health, increasing awareness of the importance that vitamin D plays during development, at birth, and throughout the aging process. It is a valuable reference for researchers in academia, nutrition, medicine, and industry.

Oxidative Stress Exercise And Aging

Author : Helaine M Alessio
ISBN : 9781783260058
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 1 MB
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This book brings together some of the leading researchers in the actively investigated field of oxidative stress, an area of study which is of importance to human health and disease. It examines oxidative stress in a variety of models, at rest and after exercise, in young and old. Key concepts of oxidative stress, exercise and aging are presented in clear and easy-to-understand terms. Oxidative stress in different types of exercises — isometric, isotonic and sports — is explained in detail, with several chapters focusing on acute and chronic adaptations of skeletal muscles following both aerobic and non-aerobic exercises. The book includes current knowledge of the underlying mechanisms influencing health and disease processes associated with oxidative stress. Contents:Chemistry of Reactive Oxygen Species and Antioxidants (D C Close & A E Hagerman)Oxidative Stress in Plants and Animals (D C Close & A E Hagerman)The Exercise Continuum (R L Wiley)Oxidative Stress and Muscle Size, Type, and Action (H M Alessio)Oxidative Stress Across the Exercise Continuum (H M Alessio)Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Defense: Effects of Aging and Exercise (L L Ji)Muscle, Oxidative Stress and Aging (J S Moylan et al.)Aging, Exercise, Antioxidants, and Cardioprotection (J Quindry & S Powers)Genetic Expressions: Oxidative Stress, Exercise, and Aging (N B Schweitzer & H M Alessio) Readership: Academics, researchers, upper undergraduate and graduate students in biochemistry, biological chemistry, physiology, gerontology, and cell & molecular biology; companies that develop and market products for sports, health, antioxidants and anti-aging interventions. Key Features:Descriptions of oxidative stress reactions in plants as well as animal modelsThe role of gene expression regulation in oxidative stressDiscussion of Oxidative stress reactions in skeletal and cardiac musclesNew mechanisms for understanding positive and negative consequences of oxidative stressKeywords:Exercise;Oxidative Stress;Aging;Health;Sports;Radicals;Antioxidants;Plants and Oxidative Stress

Conn S Handbook Of Models For Human Aging

Author : Jeffrey L. Ram
ISBN : 9780128113547
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73. 74 MB
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Conn's Handbook of Models for Human Aging, Second Edition, presents key aspects of biology, nutrition, factors affecting lifespan, methods of age determination, use in research and the disadvantages/advantages of use. Using a multidisciplinary approach, this updated edition is designed as the only comprehensive, current work that covers the diversity in aging models. Chapters on comparative models explore age-related diseases, including Alzheimer's, joint disease, cataracts, cancer and obesity. Also included are new tricks and approaches not available in primary publications. This must-have handbook is an indispensable resource for researchers interested in the mechanisms of aging, gerontologists, health professionals, allied health practitioners and students. Combines both the methods of study for human aging and animal models Provides a historical overview and discussion of model availability, key methods and ethical issues Contains over 200 full color illustrations

Molecular Basis Of Nutrition And Aging

Author : Marco Malavolta
ISBN : 9780128018279
Genre : Medical
File Size : 32. 11 MB
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Molecular Basis of Nutrition and Aging: A Volume in the Molecular Nutrition Series focuses on the nutritional issues associated with aging and the important metabolic consequences of diet, nutrition, and health. The book is subdivided into four parts that reflect the impact of nutrition from a biomolecular level to individual health. In Part One, chapters explore the general aspects of aging, aging phenotypes, and relevant aspects of nutrition related to the elderly and healthy aging. Part Two includes molecular and cellular targets of nutrition in aging, with chapters exploring lipid peroxidation, inflammaging, anabolic and catabolic signaling, epigenetics, DNA damage and repair, redox homeostasis, and insulin sensitivity, among others. Part Three looks at system-level and organ targets of nutrition in aging, including a variety of tissues, systems, and diseases, such as immune function, the cardiovascular system, the brain and dementia, muscle, bone, lung, and many others. Finally, Part Four focuses on the health effects of specific dietary compounds and dietary interventions in aging, including vitamin D, retinol, curcumin, folate, iron, potassium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, copper, selenium, iodine, vitamin B, fish oil, vitamin E, resveratrol, polyphenols, vegetables, and fruit, as well as the current nutritional recommendations. Offers updated information and a perspectives on important future developments to different professionals involved in the basic and clinical research on all major nutritional aspects of aging Explores how nutritional factors are involved in the pathogenesis of aging across body systems Investigates the molecular and genetic basis of aging and cellular senescence through the lens of the rapidly evolving field of molecular nutrition

Oxidative Stress In Vertebrates And Invertebrates

Author : Tahira Farooqui
ISBN : 9781118148112
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 81 MB
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This volume presents a unique comparative treatment of the role oxidative stress plays in vertebrates and invertebrates in multiple organ systems with regards to cell death, development, aging, and human diseases, and anti-oxidant therapy. It offers comprehensive reviews of the current understanding of oxidative stress-mediated physiology and pathology as well as directions for future research. It also provides current information on the role of oxidative stress in neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases, and various types of cancer mediated by oxidative stress.

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