pacific silicon chips and surfboards coral reefs and atom bombs brutal dictators fading empires and the coming collision of the worlds superpowers

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Pacific

Author : Simon Winchester
ISBN : 9780062315434
Genre : History
File Size : 88. 91 MB
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One of Library Journal’s 10 Best Books of 2015 Following his acclaimed Atlantic and The Men Who United the States, New York Times bestselling author Simon Winchester offers an enthralling biography of the Pacific Ocean and its role in the modern world, exploring our relationship with this imposing force of nature. As the Mediterranean shaped the classical world, and the Atlantic connected Europe to the New World, the Pacific Ocean defines our tomorrow. With China on the rise, so, too, are the American cities of the West coast, including Seattle, San Francisco, and the long cluster of towns down the Silicon Valley. Today, the Pacific is ascendant. Its geological history has long transformed us—tremendous earthquakes, volcanoes, and tsunamis—but its human history, from a Western perspective, is quite young, beginning with Magellan’s sixteenth-century circumnavigation. It is a natural wonder whose most fascinating history is currently being made. In telling the story of the Pacific, Simon Winchester takes us from the Bering Strait to Cape Horn, the Yangtze River to the Panama Canal, and to the many small islands and archipelagos that lie in between. He observes the fall of a dictator in Manila, visits aboriginals in northern Queensland, and is jailed in Tierra del Fuego, the land at the end of the world. His journey encompasses a trip down the Alaska Highway, a stop at the isolated Pitcairn Islands, a trek across South Korea and a glimpse of its mysterious northern neighbor. Winchester’s personal experience is vast and his storytelling second to none. And his historical understanding of the region is formidable, making Pacific a paean to this magnificent sea of beauty, myth, and imagination that is transforming our lives.

Pacific The Ocean Of The Future

Author : Simon Winchester
ISBN : 9780008162481
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 76. 26 MB
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Travelling the circumference of the truly gigantic Pacific, Simon Winchester tells the story of the world’s largest body of water, and – in matters economic, political and military – the ocean of the future.

High Returns From Low Risk

Author : Pim van Vliet
ISBN : 9781119351054
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 77. 51 MB
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High Returns from Low Risk: A remarkable stock market paradox combines the latest behavioral investing insights with 85 years of stock market data to prove that investing in low-volatility, low-risk stocks provides market beating returns, outperforming higher-risk stocks by an order of magnitude. Through a deep historical simulation period, the authors prove that their formula works even better than Greenblatt's ('The Little Book That (still) Beats The Market'), delivering higher returns per unit of risk. They go on to show how investors can construct a low-risk portfolio for themselves, or select the right ETF or active low-risk fund to manage their money, and explain why investing in low-risk stocks works and will continue to work into the future, even after the paradox becomes better known. The Investment Paradox enables readers to achieve excellent, long-term investment results, while lowering their exposure to risk. --Publisher.

The Fleet At Flood Tide

Author : James D. Hornfischer
ISBN : 9780345548719
Genre : History
File Size : 40. 63 MB
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NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER • The extraordinary story of the World War II air, land, and sea campaign that brought the U.S. Navy to the apex of its strength and marked the rise of the United States as a global superpower One of America’s preeminent military historians, James D. Hornfischer has written his most expansive and ambitious book to date. Drawing on new primary sources and personal accounts by Americans and Japanese alike, here is a thrilling narrative of the climactic end stage of the Pacific War, focusing on the U.S. invasion of the Mariana Islands in June 1944 and the momentous events that it triggered. With its thunderous assault into Japan’s inner defensive perimeter, America crossed the threshold of total war. From the seaborne invasion of Saipan to the stunning aerial battles of the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot, to the largest banzai attack of the war and the strategic bombing effort that led to Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Marianas became the fulcrum of the drive to compel Tokyo to surrender—with consequences that forever changed modern war. These unprecedented operations saw the first large-scale use of Navy Underwater Demolition Teams; a revolution in the fleet’s ability to sustain cross-hemispheric expeditionary warfare; the struggle of American troops facing not only a suicidal enemy garrison but desperate Japanese civilians; and the rise of the U.S. Navy as the greatest of grand fleets. From the Marianas, B-29 Superfortresses would finally unleash nuclear fire on an enemy resolved to fight to the end. Hornfischer casts this clash of nations and cultures with cinematic scope and penetrating insight, focusing closely on the people who rose to the challenge under fire: Raymond Spruance, the brilliant, coolly calculating commander of the Fifth Fleet; Kelly Turner, whose amphibious forces delivered Marine General Holland “Howlin’ Mad” Smith’s troops to the beaches of Saipan and Tinian; Draper Kauffman, founder of the Navy unit that predated today’s SEALs; Paul Tibbets, who created history’s first atomic striking force and flew the Enola Gay to Hiroshima; and Japanese warriors and civilians who saw the specter of defeat as the ultimate test of the spirit. From the seas of the Central Pacific to the shores of Japan itself, The Fleet at Flood Tide is a stirring and deeply humane account of World War II’s world-changing finale. Praise for The Fleet at Flood Tide “An impressively lucid account . . . Mr. Hornfischer crisply and satisfyingly sketches all these figures, and his big Iliad contains a hundred smaller ones, as he propels his complex story forward with supple transitions that never leave the reader behind in the details.”—The Wall Street Journal “The Fleet at Flood Tide is a masterful, fresh account of the latter days of the war in the Pacific that ably expands on the prior offerings of such classic naval historians as Samuel Eliot Morison.”—The Dallas Morning News “Hornfischer places the campaign, wonderfully depicted as all his naval histories are, within U.S. strategic goals in the Pacific, especially the need for bases for B-29 bombers. Also noteworthy and welcome: the attention Hornfischer pays to the logistics challenges of the long-distance Pacific war.”—Foreign Policy “Hornfischer has done it again! . . . No matter how many histories of the Western Pacific campaigns one has read, this one should not be missed.”—Rear Adm. W. J. Holland, Jr., USN (ret.), Pull Together: Newsletter of the Naval Historical Foundation

Kwajalein Atoll The Marshall Islands And American Policy In The Pacific

Author : Ruth Douglas Currie
ISBN : 9781476663111
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 16 MB
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"Currie chronicles in brilliant detail the fascinating history of how the U.S. resolved the conflict between democracy and power in its relationship with the Marshall Islands. Diplomatic history at its best, she gives vivid accounts of how presidents Truman and Carter dealt with the lure of the Pacific...an extraordinary accomplishment of scholarship and presentation"--E. Stanly Godbold, Jr., Jimmy and Rosalynn Carter: The Georgia Years, 1924-1974 "Dr. Currie captures the definitive history of the Marshallese nation's special relationship with the U.S. which helped secure America's interests in the Pacific, and the struggle to preserve their culture over a century of colonialism and Great Power domination."--John Fairlamb, Office of Compact Negotiations, U.S. Department of State, 1999-2004. For centuries, the Marshall Islands have been drawn into international politics, primarily because of their central location in Oceania. After World War II they came into the American sphere as part of the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands. At the outset of the Cold War, the Marshalls were a site for nuclear tests and later for the U.S. Army's ballistic missile testing as part of President Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative. This book focuses on the islanders' tenacious negotiations for independence and control of their land, accomplished as the Republic of the Marshall Islands in a Compact of Free Association with the U.S. The creation of American policy in the Pacific was a struggle between the U.S. departments of the Interior and State, and the military's goals for strategic national defense, as illustrated by the case of the Army's base at Kwajalein Atoll.

The Winchester

Author : Laura Trevelyan
ISBN : 9780857728623
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 49 MB
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The Winchester Rifle, the iconic gun made in New Haven, Connecticut, and sold in its hundreds of thousands around the world, mirrors American expansion at a key period in the young country's history. The lethal repeating rifle became the defining image of America's frontier – and was known amongst Native Americans as 'the spirit gun'. It represented both the pioneering vigour and the brutal force which conquered the West. Laura Trevelyan explores the history of, and the family behind, this renowned representation of American power. The entrepreneurial drive of Oliver Winchester led the rifle to rapidly assume legendary status not long after its release in 1866, gaining endorsements from the likes of Buffalo Bill, Annie Oakley and President Teddy Roosevelt. This engaging history sheds light on the story and myth of an American legend.

The Men Who United The States

Author : Simon Winchester
ISBN : 9780062079626
Genre : History
File Size : 42. 77 MB
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Simon Winchester, the acclaimed New York Times bestselling author of Atlantic and The Professor and the Madman, delivers his first book about America: a fascinating popular history that illuminates the men who toiled fearlessly to discover, connect, and bond the citizenry and geography of the U.S.A. from its beginnings. How did America become “one nation, indivisible”? What unified a growing number of disparate states into the modern country we recognize today? To answer these questions, Winchester follows in the footsteps of America’s most essential explorers, thinkers, and innovators, such as Lewis and Clark and the leaders of the Great Surveys; the builders of the first transcontinental telegraph and the powerful civil engineer behind the Interstate Highway System. He treks vast swaths of territory, from Pittsburgh to Portland, Rochester to San Francisco, Seattle to Anchorage, introducing the fascinating people who played a pivotal role in creating today’s United States. Throughout, he ponders whether the historic work of uniting the States has succeeded, and to what degree. Featuring 32 illustrations throughout the text, The Men Who United the States is a fresh look at the way in which the most powerful nation on earth came together.

Author : 賽門‧溫契斯特(Simon Winchester)
ISBN : 9789570849530
Genre :
File Size : 48. 58 MB
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研究古代歷史,不可不知地中海;綜觀今時國際,不可不知大西洋 想掌握未來世界,一定要了解太平洋! 從日不落國至日落帝國的黃昏,殖民到獨立的世界新秩序形成 政治分斷、軍事角逐、氣候變遷、能源環境、物種發現的新研究 太平洋──絕非「太平無事」的海洋 這片美麗、脆弱、巨大的海洋 面臨諸多潛在挑戰與危機,左右著人類的前途 《紐約時報》暢銷書作家 溫契斯特 繼膾炙人口的暢銷書《大西洋》《美國統一功臣》後,最新力作 精彩而生動地探討太平洋的過去、現在,以及它所牽動的未來 深究太平洋現代史上十大關鍵事件 風靡西方國家的電晶體收音機、衝浪活動、化學武器汙染、極端氣候、深海熱泉、珊瑚白化、南北韓分裂、香港回歸、澳洲政局、南海爭奪等 太平洋廣大得令人難以想像,它是迄今世上最大水域,覆蓋地球表面積近三分之一,對全球的影響亦十分巨大:不僅是世界氣候模式的源頭,也是最危險板塊碰撞運動的核心,海面下一萬多公尺處更有全球最深的海溝。它是西方人發現的最後一座海洋,也是牽引世界前途的大洋,這片幅員廣達1.8億平方公里的水域所發生的一切,攸關著人類全體的命運。 知名作家與探險家溫契斯特,詳述這片複雜得令人目不暇給的巨洋,自1950年代以降所經歷的種種關鍵時刻,以及影響迄今的重大趨勢和事件。讀者首先看到比基尼環礁舉行原子彈試爆後,因遭輻射汙染而成為徒留某種超現實景觀的無人島。書中除了介紹令全球年輕人趨之若鶩的衝浪活動由來背景,也揭露小型電晶體收音機如何點燃從日本東京延燒到美國矽谷的數位革命,進而改變人類的生活,還提到澳洲大堡礁的驚人發現和海底神祕噴口的探勘活動,對於太平洋周邊領土的地緣政治變化、流氓國家北韓的興起、英國殖民時代的結束亦有所著墨,並兼論環境惡化與氣候變遷為這個龐大水域帶來的威脅。 溫契斯特長期接觸太平洋及周邊區域,憑藉淵博的歷史學識和無人能出其右的敘事長才,以生動的文筆為這片浩瀚無垠、美麗神祕、引人遐思的大海寫下這部禮讚之作。 《不平靜的太平洋》首先揭露太平洋絕非「太平無事」的海洋,它其實是個原子海。第二章敘述電晶體收音機的發明和索尼公司的成立經過。第三章提到令全世界年輕人趨之若鶩的衝浪活動。第四章描述早年的北韓政權極度渴望自食其力,邁向經濟與文化獨立,如今該政權因國內政治殘暴、國際行為乖張而淪為笑柄,它持續不斷對外挑釁固然讓今日的太平洋蒙塵,卻具有關鍵性的影響力。隨著殖民列強在擾嚷不安中陸續撤出太平洋區,近年來日本人與其他原住民──美洲印第安人、澳洲土著、毛利人、太平洋諸島居民──又重新投入太平洋事務的運作。第五章以一艘英國遠洋郵輪在太平洋英屬殖民地海域發生重大火災事故拉開序幕,接著提到法國人撤出中南半島、美國人撤離越南、荷蘭人與葡萄牙人揮別其他殖民地,以及領土遍布世界的大英帝國放棄各處殖民地以後,太平洋居民終於獲得早在幾百年前就該享有的自主權。第七章探討澳洲將來會扮演何種角色,會不會在短期之內、長期之後,或是永久、持續運用某種區域勢力? 第六、第八、第九章論及太平洋是形成世界氣候模式的根源,以及爆發危險板塊運動的核心,它蘊藏了大量可供全世界掠奪或維護的海底資源,卻首當其衝遭遇了全球難以逃避的環境危機。第十章是最值得關注的話題:中國。 ※ 名人專文推薦 楊昊 政治大學東南亞研究中心執行長 ※ 名家好評推薦 公孫策 知名專欄作家 王高成 淡江大學戰略研究所教授 田定豐 豐文創/種子音樂創辦人/作家 呂學信 高雄海洋科技大學校長 范疇 跨界評論家 張清風 臺灣海洋大學校長 楊聰榮 台灣師範大學應用華語學系副教授 詹宏志 PChome Online董事長 劉必榮 東吳大學政治系教授 蔣竹山 東華大學歷史系副教授 ※ 媒體書評 太平洋浪濤所及,每個國家、每個人都相互影響。作者的生花妙筆更讓讀者不忍釋卷。 ──知名專欄作家 公孫策 足以顛覆台灣人海洋史觀的一本鉅著。 ──跨界評論家 范疇 本書有如一系列高解析度文學快照……作者不負眾望,內容饒富趣味……溫契斯特的研究熱忱……為一項世界奇觀建構了無與倫比的抽絲剝繭之作。 ──《柯克斯書評》 溫契斯特訴說的歷史總是引人入勝。 ──《紐約時報書評》 溫契斯特透過生花妙筆和廣博學識寫就這部有趣讀物。 ──《出版家週刊》 溫契斯特說故事的功力無人能出其右。 ──《華盛頓郵報》 溫契斯特擁有與讀者神交的特異才華,散發出每個人在舉行晚宴時都會邀請的那位迷人嘉賓的博學魅力。 ──《費城訊問報》 溫契斯特從不教人失望。 ──布羅考(Tom Brokaw),美國國家廣播公司主播

Outposts

Author : Simon Winchester
ISBN : 0061978329
Genre : History
File Size : 34. 38 MB
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Simon Winchester, struck by a sudden need to discover exactly what was left of the British Empire, set out across the globe to visit the far-flung islands that are all that remain of what once made Britain great. He traveled 100,000 miles back and forth, from Antarctica to the Caribbean, from the Mediterranean to the Far East, to capture a last glint of imperial glory. His adventures in these distant and forgotten ends of the earth make compelling, often funny reading and tell a story most of us had thought was over: a tale of the last outposts in Britain's imperial career and those who keep the flag flying. With a new introduction, this updated edition tells us what has happened to these extraordinary places while the author's been away.

Earning The Rockies

Author : Robert D. Kaplan
ISBN : 9780399588235
Genre : History
File Size : 81. 10 MB
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An incisive portrait of the American landscape that shows how geography continues to determine America’s role in the world—from the bestselling author of The Revenge of Geography and Balkan Ghosts As a boy, Robert D. Kaplan listened to his truck-driver father tell evocative stories about traveling across America in his youth, travels in which he learned to understand the country literally from the ground up. There was a specific phrase from Kaplan’s childhood that captured this perspective: A westward traveler must “earn the Rockies” by driving—not flying—across the flat Midwest and Great Plains. In Earning the Rockies, Kaplan undertakes his own cross-country journey to recapture an appreciation of American geography often lost in the jet age. Traveling west, in the same direction as the pioneers, Kaplan traverses a rich and varied landscape that remains the primary source of American power. Along the way, he witnesses both prosperity and decline—increasingly cosmopolitan cities that thrive on globalization, impoverished towns denuded by the loss of manufacturing—and paints a bracingly clear picture of America today. The history of westward expansion is examined here in a new light—as a story not just of genocide and individualism, but also of communalism and a respect for the limits of a water-starved terrain, a frontier experience that bent our national character toward pragmatism. Kaplan shows how the great midcentury works of geography and geopolitics by Bernard DeVoto, Walter Prescott Webb, and Wallace Stegner are more relevant today than ever before. Concluding his journey at Naval Base San Diego, Kaplan looks out across the Pacific Ocean to the next frontier: China, India, and the emerging nations of Asia. And in the final chapter, he provides a gripping description of an anarchic world and explains why America’s foreign policy response ought to be rooted in its own geographical situation. In this short, intense meditation on the American landscape, Robert D. Kaplan reminds us of an overlooked source of American strength: the fact that we are a nation, empire, and continent all at once. Earning the Rockies is an urgent reminder of how a nation’s geography still foreshadows its future, and how we must reexamine our own landscape in order to confront the challenges that lie before us. Praise for Earning the Rockies “There is more insight here into the Age of Trump than in bushels of political-horse-race journalism. . . . Earning the Rockies is a tonic, because it brings fundamentals back into view.”—The New York Times Book Review (Editors’ Choice) “A sui generis writer . . . America’s East Coast establishment has only one Robert Kaplan, someone as fluently knowledgeable about the Balkans, Iraq, Central Asia and West Africa as he is about Ohio and Wyoming.”—Financial Times “Kaplan has pursued stories in places as remote as Yemen and Outer Mongolia. In Earning the Rockies, he visits a place almost as remote to many Americans: these United States. . . . The author’s point is a good one: America is formed, in part, by a geographic setting that is both sanctuary and watchtower.”—The Wall Street Journal “A brilliant reminder of the impact of America’s geography on its strategy. . . . Kaplan’s latest contribution should be required reading.”—Henry A. Kissinger “Unflinchingly honest, this refreshing approach shows how ideas from outside Washington, D.C., will balance America’s idealism and pragmatism in dealing with a changed world.”—Secretary of Defense James Mattis

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