particle physics a very short introduction very short introductions

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Particle Physics A Very Short Introduction

Author : Frank Close
ISBN : 0191577901
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 70 MB
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In this compelling introduction to the fundamental particles that make up the universe, Frank Close takes us on a journey into the atom to examine known particles such as quarks, electrons, and the ghostly neutrino. Along the way he provides fascinating insights into how discoveries in particle physics have actually been made, and discusses how our picture of the world has been radically revised in the light of these developments. He concludes by looking ahead to new ideas about the mystery of antimatter, the number of dimensions that there might be in the universe, and to what the next 50 years of research might reveal. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Nothing A Very Short Introduction

Author : Frank Close
ISBN : 9780191574641
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 73. 7 MB
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What is 'nothing'? What remains when you take all the matter away? Can empty space - a void - exist? This Very Short Introduction explores the science and the history of the elusive void: from Aristotle who insisted that the vacuum was impossible, via the theories of Newton and Einstein, to our very latest discoveries and why they can tell us extraordinary things about the cosmos. Frank Close tells the story of how scientists have explored the elusive void, and the rich discoveries that they have made there. He takes the reader on a lively and accessible history through ancient ideas and cultural superstitions to the frontiers of current research. He describes how scientists discovered that the vacuum is filled with fields; how Newton, Mach, and Einstein grappled with the nature of space and time; and how the mysterious 'aether' that was long ago supposed to permeate the void may now be making a comeback with the latest research into the 'Higgs field'. We now know that the vacuum is far from being empty - it seethes with virtual particles and antiparticles that erupt spontaneously into being, and it also may contain hidden dimensions that we were previously unaware of. These new discoveries may provide answers to some of cosmology's most fundamental questions: what lies outside the universe, and, if there was once nothing, then how did the universe begin? ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Quantentheorie

Author : John C. Polkinghorne
ISBN : 315018861X
Genre :
File Size : 60. 75 MB
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Superconductivity A Very Short Introduction

Author : Stephen J. Blundell
ISBN : 9780191579097
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34. 32 MB
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Superconductivity is one of the most exciting areas of research in physics today. Outlining the history of its discovery, and the race to understand its many mysterious and counter-intuitive phenomena, this Very Short Introduction explains in accessible terms the theories that have been developed, and how they have influenced other areas of science, including the Higgs boson of particle physics and ideas about the early Universe. It is an engaging and informative account of a fascinating scientific detective story, and an intelligible insight into some deep and beautiful ideas of physics. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Nuclear Physics

Author : Frank Close
ISBN : 9780198718635
Genre : Science
File Size : 77. 61 MB
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Frank Close describes the historical development of nuclear physics, our understanding of the nucleus, how nuclei form, and the applications of the field in medicine. Exploring key concepts, he shows how nuclear physics brings the physics of the stars to Earth.

Antimaterie

Author : Frank Close
ISBN : 382742531X
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 54 MB
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Genesis Im Anfang w ar Leere: „Finsternis lag über der Ur ut“. Dann kam es zu einem gewaltigen Energieausbruch: „Es werde Licht. Und es wurde Licht.“ Woher diese Energie kam, weiß ich nicht. Bekannt ist jedoc h, was anschließend geschah: Die Energie kondensierte zu Materie und ihrem geheimn- vollen Spiegelbild – der Antimaterie – in vollkommen gl- chen Mengen. Gewöhnliche Materie ist uns vertraut; aus ihr bestehen Luft und Erde und die Lebewesen. Doch ihr getreues, in allen Erscheinungen identisches Spiegelbild, das erst im Inneren der Atome seine „verkehrte“ Natur offenbart, ist uns mehr als fremd. Es ist die Antimaterie, die Antithese zur Materie. Antimaterie gibt es heute nicht in größeren Mengen, zumindest nicht auf der Erde. Der Grund für ihr V- schwinden gehört zu den unerklärten Geheimnissen des Universums. Wir wissen aber, dass Antimaterie existiert, denn sie konnte in physikalischen Experimenten in win- gen Mengen hergestellt werden. Antimaterie zerstört jede gewöhnliche Materie, mit der sie in Berührung kommt, in einem grellen Blitz. Die seit XII Vorwort Milliarden von Jahren gebündelte Energie der Materie wird in einem solchen Augenblick explosionsartig frei- setzt. Antimaterie könnte die ideale Energiequelle werden, die Technologie des 21. Jahrhunderts. Doch ihre Fähigkeit zur absoluten Zerstörung könnte sie auch zu einer ulti- tiven Massenvernichtungswaffe machen.

The History Of Physics A Very Short Introduction

Author : J. L. Heilbron
ISBN : 9780191507045
Genre : Science
File Size : 81. 32 MB
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How does the physics we know today - a highly professionalised enterprise, inextricably linked to government and industry - link back to its origins as a liberal art in Ancient Greece? What is the path that leads from the old philosophy of nature and its concern with humankind's place in the universe to modern massive international projects that hunt down fundamental particles and industrial laboratories that manufacture marvels? This Very Short Introduction introduces us to Islamic astronomers and mathematicians calculating the size of the earth whilst their caliphs conquered much of it; to medieval scholar-theologians investigating light; to Galileo, Copernicus, Kepler, and Newton, measuring, and trying to explain, the universe. We visit the 'House of Wisdom' in 9th-century Baghdad; Europe's first universities; the courts of the Renaissance; the Scientific Revolution and the academies of the 18th century; and the increasingly specialised world of 20th and 21st century science. Highlighting the shifting relationship between physics, philosophy, mathematics, and technology - and the implications for humankind's self-understanding - Heilbron explores the changing place and purpose of physics in the cultures and societies that have nurtured it over the centuries. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Light

Author : Ian A. Walmsley
ISBN : 9780199682690
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 49 MB
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Light enables us to see the world around us. Our sense of sight provides us with direct information about space and time, the physical arrangement of the world, and how it changes. This almost universal shared sensation of vision has led to a fascination with the nature and properties of light across the ages. But the light we see is just a small part of the whole spectrum of electromagnetic radiation, ranging from radio waves to gamma rays. In this Very Short Introduction Ian Walmsley discusses early attempts to explain light, and the development of apparently opposing particulate and wave theories by scientists such as Isaac Newton and Christiaan Huygens. He shows how light was recognized as an electromagnetic wave in the 19th century, and the development of the quantum mechanics view of wave-particle duality in the 20th century. He also describes the many applications of light, domestic and scientific, such as microwaves, DVDs, and lasers. We now use the whole range of electromagnetic radiation to peer both into the human body and deep into space. Turning to the future of optics, Walmsley concludes by looking at some of the most exciting new developments using quantum light sources in communications and computing. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Neutrino

Author : Frank Close
ISBN : 3827429404
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 16 MB
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„Ich habe ein Teilchen postuliert, das nicht entdeckt werden kann“, stellte der Physiker Wolfgang Pauli einst fest. Es brauchte lange Jahre, viel Geduld und großen Einfallsreichtum, um einen indirekten, flüchtigen Blick auf das schwer fassbare Neutrino zu erhaschen und jene Kiste Champagner zu gewinnen, die Pauli auf dessen Entdeckung gewettet hatte. Hier nun ist die Geschichte, wie dieses außergewöhnlichste aller Teilchen – ohne Ladung, fast ohne Masse, kaum mit Materie interagierend – gesucht und gefunden wurde und wie uns die Neutrino-Astronomie heute tiefe Einblicke in die Herzen ferner Galaxien ermöglicht.

Alex Im Wunderland Der Zahlen

Author : Alex Bellos
ISBN : 9783827078087
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 23. 48 MB
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Erinnern wir uns nicht alle mit Schrecken an die ratlosen Momente vor der Tafel im Matheunterricht? Mit Kurvendiskussionen und Dreisatz dürften jedenfalls nur wenige Spaß und Spannung verbinden... Bis jetzt! Denn nun wagt sich Alex Bellos in den Kaninchenbau der Mathematik: in das Reich von Geometrie und Algebra, von Wahrscheinlichkeitsrechnung, Statistik und logischen Paradoxa. Auf der anderen Seite des Erdballs, am Amazonas, zählen die Mitglieder des Indianerstammes der Munduruku nur bis fünf und halten die Vorstellung, dass dies nicht genügen solle, für reichlich lächerlich. Bei uns in Deutschland dagegen finden jährlich die Meisterschaften der besten Kopfrechner der Welt statt - 2010 wurde in Magdeburg eine elfjährige Inderin zur Nummer eins unter den "Mathleten" gekürt. Die Mathe-Weltmeisterin unter den Tieren ist hingegen die Schimpansin Ai, die Alex Bellos im japanischen Inuyama aufspürt und über deren Rechenkünste er nur staunen kann. Auch wenn er von den bahnbrechenden Überlegungen Euklids erzählt oder erklärt, warum man in Japan seine Visitenkarten keinesfalls zu Dodekaedern falten sollte - Bellos führt uns durch das wahrhaft erstaunliche Reich der Zahlen und bringt uns eine komplexe Wissenschaft spielerisch nahe. Mit seiner Mischung aus spannender Reportage, Wissenschaftsgeschichte und mathematischen Kabinettstückchen erbringt er souverän den Beweis, dass die Gleichung Mathematik = Langeweile eindeutig nicht wahr ist. Quod erat demonstrandum.

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