particles at interfaces interactions deposition structure interface science and technology

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Particles At Interfaces

Author : Zbigniew Adamczyk
ISBN : 9780080464954
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 5 MB
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Particles at Interfaces presents recent developments in this growing field and is devoted entirely to the subject of particle transport, deposition and structuring on boundary surfaces. The complex problems which have been studied include concentrated systems of polydisperse and non-spherical particles, bio-particles such as DNA fragments, proteins, viruses, bacteria, cells, polymers, etc. These complex structures undergo transformations under the action of surface forces. Particles at Interfaces provides readily accessible reference data and equations for estimating basic effects, and is mainly addressed to students and young scientists. Consequently, most approaches are of a phenomenological nature, enabling one to derive concrete expressions which describe the basic physics of the problem under consideration. To facilitate access to the information contained in the book most of the relevant formulae and results are compiled in Tables, accompanied with appropriate diagrams. The math is limited to the necessary minimum with emphasis on the physics of the phenomena, defining why they occur, what the kinetics of the processes and the practical implications are. Fill a substantial gap in the subject of particle transport, deposition and structuring on boundary surfaces Combines traditional theories of electrostatics, hydrodynamics and transport with new approaches Provides readily accessible reference data and equations for estimating basic effects

Self Assembly Processes At Interfaces

Author : Vincent Ball
ISBN : 9780128019726
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 65 MB
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Self-Assembly Processes at Interfaces: Multiscale Phenomena provides the conceptual and unifying view of adsorption, self-assembly, and grafting processes at solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces, also describing experimental methods where applicable. An invaluable resource for (post)-graduate students looking to bridge the gap between acquiring the field’s existing knowledge and the creation of new insights, the book recalls fundamental concepts, giving rigorous, but first-principle-based, calculations and exercises, and showing how these concepts have been used in recent research articles. Readers will find guidelines on how best to start research in the field of surface chemistry with biological macromolecules and molecules able to undergo self-assembly process at interfaces in the presence of a liquid, along with discussions on the very fundamental aspects and applications using concepts of biomimetic chemistry. By highlighting the interdisciplinary aspects of the field of self-assembly at interfaces, the book is an ideal resource for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists. In addition, important equations are demonstrated on the basis of fundamental concepts, and overly complex mathematical developments are avoided. Presents an interdisciplinary work that is ideal for chemical engineers, chemists, physicists, and biologists Provides a unifying view of the field, from fundamentals, to methods and applications Includes concepts applicable at both solid–liquid and liquid–gas interfaces

Surface Complexation Modelling

Author : Johannes Lutzenkirchen
ISBN : 0080467784
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 77 MB
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Surface Complexation Modelling deals with various aspects associate to the modelling of solutes adsorption from of solutes from aqueous solutions to minerals. The individual contributions cover fundamental aspects and applications. Applications cover case studies and present consistent surface complexation parameter sets. The model approaches range from simplistic to mechanistic. More fundamental contributions address underlying phenomena or stress the opportunities of modern computational methods. Several mineral systems are covered, including goethite, gibbsite, clay minerals etc. Surface Complexation Modelling presents the state-of-the-art of surface complexation modelling and suggests ideas for further model development. A number of chapters are authored by scientists working on nuclear waste storage, where the retention of radionuclides contributes to preventing radionuclide migration from the repository to the biosphere. Other contributions come from soil and environmental chemists with an interest in reactive transport of pollutants in soils or aquifers. Covering a wide range of disciplines Bringing together contributions from experts in the field Providing a balance between the theoretical and applied aspects

Interface Science And Composites

Author : Soo-Jin Park
ISBN : 9780123750495
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 12 MB
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The goal of Interface Science and Composites is to facilitate the manufacture of technological materials with optimized properties on the basis of a comprehensive understanding of the molecular structure of interfaces and their resulting influence on composite materials processes. From the early development of composites of various natures, the optimization of the interface has been of major importance. While there are many reference books available on composites, few deal specifically with the science and mechanics of the interface of materials and composites. Further, many recent advances in composite interfaces are scattered across the literature and are here assembled in a readily accessible form, bringing together recent developments in the field, both from the materials science and mechanics perspective, in a single convenient volume. The central theme of the book is tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles rather than on the use of materials and the mechanical performance and structural integrity of composites with enhanced strength/stiffness and fracture toughness (or specific fracture resistance). It also deals mainly with interfaces in advanced composites made from high-performance fibers, such as glass, carbon, aramid, and some inorganic fibers, and matrix materials encompassing polymers, carbon, metals/alloys, and ceramics. Includes chapter on the development of a nanolevel dispersion of graphene particles in a polymer matrix Focus on tailoring the interface science of composites to optimize the basic physical principles Covers mainly interfaces in advanced composites made from high performance fibers

Advanced Chemistry Of Monolayers At Interfaces

Author : Toyoko Imae
ISBN : 0080475051
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28. 89 MB
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Advanced Chemistry of Monolayers at Interfaces describes the advanced chemistry of monolayers at interfaces. Focusing on the recent trends of methodology and technology, which are indispensable in monolayer science. They are applied to monolayers of surfactants, amphiphiles, polymers, dendrimers, enzymes, and proteins, which serve many uses. Introduces the methodologies of scanning probe microscopy, surface force instrumentation, surface spectroscopy, surface plasmon optics, reflectometry, and near-field scanning optical microscopy. Modern interface reaction method, lithographic technology and different types of monolayers like adsorption, Langmuir and Langmuir-Blodgett monolayers at air/liquid, liquid/liquid, liquid/solid and air/solid interfaces, are all covered. Introducing novel methodologies and technologies Covering the different types of monolayers Discusses all currently available instrumental techniques for studying all types of monolayer

Nanoparticle Technologies

Author : Farid Bensebaa
ISBN : 9780080919270
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 70. 7 MB
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This book is a good introductory work to nanoparticle technology. It consists of nine complementary chapters that can be read independently. This book covers promising nanoparticles fabrication technologies with a focus on scalable processes. Integration of nanoparticles into 2D and 3D structures are covered in detail. The most promising applications of nanoparticles in the energy, optoelectronic and biomedical sectors are summarized and discussed. Current issues and challenges related to nanoparticles production and utilisation are also discussed in the book. Complete and simple overview of the field Contains practical examples that makes the book also accessible for industrialists, engineers and managers Chapters can be read relatively independently so experienced researchers can go directly to the them of interest Advantages, drawbacks and challenges are described with practical examples

Interface Science In Drinking Water Treatment

Author : Gayle Newcombe
ISBN : 0080530516
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 63 MB
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It is difficult to imagine anything more important to the human population than safe drinking water. Lack of clean drinking water is still the major cause of illness and death in young children in developing countries. In more fortunate communities, where water treatment is practiced, the primary aim of water authorities is to provide water that is free from pathogens and toxins. Most countries now have water quality regulations, or guidelines, which are driving water authorities to produce purer water, with the minimum of contamination from natural or man-made origin. At the same time, consumers are demanding that chemicals added during the treatment of drinking water be kept to a minimum. As a consequence, conventional clarification methods are being challenged to comply with the new regulations and restrictions and our understanding of the mechanisms involved is being tested as never before. Interface Science in Drinking Water Treatment contains a rigorous review of water treatment practices from a fundamental viewpoint. The book includes material from leading experts in the field of water treatment, reviewing their specific fields of expertise against a background of colloid and surface chemistry, and examines each step of the journey from source to consumer tap. It therefore permits the reader to develop a deep understanding of the complex processes taking place and of the necessary treatments which are vital for the provision of safe and palatable drinking water. The book is aimed at researchers, educators and practitioners in science and engineering, particularly those involved in water treatment and colloidal chemistry. · Covers all existing water treatment processes, approached from a fundamental surface and colloid science viewpoint · Unique collection of R&D authors, all experts in water treatment processes · Comprehensive review of water treatment with a complete list of references

The Properties Of Water And Their Role In Colloidal And Biological Systems

Author : Carel J. Van Oss
ISBN : 9780123743039
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 90 MB
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The book also treats the surface properties of apolar and polar molecules, polymers, particles and cells, as well as their mutual interaction energies, when immersed in water, under the influence of the three prevailing non-covalent forces, i.e., Lewis acid-base (AB), Lifshitz-van der Waals (LW) and electrical double layer (EL) interactions. The polar AB interactions, be they attractive or repulsive, typically represent up to 90% of the total interaction energies occurring in water. Thus the addition of AB energies to the LW + EL energies of the classical DLVO theory of energy vs. distance analysis makes this powerful tool (the Extended DLVO theory) applicable to the quantitative study of the stability of particle suspensions in water.-

Highlights In Colloid Science

Author : Dimo Platikanov
ISBN : 9783527623891
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 98 MB
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This beautiful compilation of invited review articles -- authored by well-known scientists -- covers the latest developments and achievements in colloid and interface science, and is dedicated to Professor Tharwat Tadros, an outstanding scientist in the field. Due to the fact that colloid science involves a great number of disciplines, the papers discuss such hot topics as emulsions, nano-particles, surfactants, micro-emulsions and self-assembly.

Macromolecules In Solution And Brownian Relativity

Author : Stefano Antonio Mezzasalma
ISBN : 0080557988
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 63 MB
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Macromolecules in Solution and Brownian Relativity illustrates the recent picture of statistical physics of polymers and polymer solutions that emerges from some paradigms of contemporary science joint together. Among its principal aims are discussing the consequences of a novel self-diffusion theory, which benefits from an extension towards relativistic-like principles, and the generalization of usual concepts met in polymer science in terms of geometry alone. The monograph gives the whole fundamentals necessary to handle the view proposed, which is set in the final chapters. All the formers see about to provide the reader with a comprehensive treatation of the necessary fundamentals of classical, relativistic, quantum and statistical mechanics. Among the most important mechanical theories ever developed, a chapter on the Brownian movement and another on macromolecules prepare the ground that is specific to face universality and scaling behaviors in polymer solutions. The scope of the book is therefore two-fold: On the one hand, it wishes to involve the readers and scholars into a new research on polymer physics and chemistry. On the other, to get close chemical physicists and physical chemists to disciplines which, traditionally, are far from their direct fields of interest. Cross-disciplinarity Novelty Potentiality

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