partition and adsorption of organic contaminants in environmental systems

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Partition And Adsorption Of Organic Contaminants In Environmental Systems

Author : Cary T. Chiou
ISBN : 9780471463016
Genre : Science
File Size : 38. 47 MB
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Given the presence of a wide variety of contaminants in theenvironment, it is important to understand what drives acontaminant from one medium to another, as well as the manner andextent to which a contaminant associates with the different mediaor phases within a local environmental system. Partition andAdsorption of Organic Contaminants in Environmental Systemsforms a comprehensive resource on the behavioral characteristics ofcontaminants so that appropriate strategies can be adopted toeither prevent or minimize their adverse impacts on human welfareand natural resources. Cary Chiou’s far-reaching text depicts the processes bywhich nonionic organic contaminants are sorbed to natural bioticand abiotic substances. This book focuses on physical principlesand system parameters that affect the contaminant uptake by soilfrom water, air, and other media; by fish from water; and by plantsfrom soil and water. As contaminant uptake by natural organicsubstances is often predominantly a partition interaction, thepartition characteristics in several solvent-water model mixturesare treated in detail to elucidate the relevant physicochemicalparameters. The account of contaminant sorption to soils, fish, andplants is strengthened by companion chapters on: Fundamentals of solution theory Interphase partition equations Fundamentals of adsorption theory Vapor adsorption on mineral and carbonaceous solids No other single source in the field delivers as compelling acombination of background understanding and "state-of-the-science"comprehension of current issues. Ideally suited for agraduate-level environmental course, Partition and Adsorptionof Organic Contaminants in Environmental Systems alsoserves as a technical guide to current and future research in thefield.

Biophysico Chemical Processes Of Anthropogenic Organic Compounds In Environmental Systems

Author : Baoshan Xing
ISBN : 9781118002117
Genre : Science
File Size : 39. 30 MB
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In contrast to the classical books which largely focus on separate, individual physicochemical and biological aspects, this book aims to integrate the frontiers of knowledge on the fundamentals and the impact of physicochemical and biological interactions and processes of AOCs in soil, sediment, water and air. The specific objectives of this book are to address: (1) fundamental biophysico-chemical processes of AOCs in the environment, (2) occurrence and distribution of AOCs in air, water, and soil, and their global cycling, (3) the state-of-the-art analytical techniques of AOCs, and (4) restoration of natural environments contaminated by AOCs. The book also identifies the gaps in knowledge on the subject matter and as such provides future directions to stimulate scientific research to advance the chemical science on biophysico-chemical interfacial reactions in natural habitats. By virtue of complex nature of the interactions of AOCs with different environmental components and matrixes, no single available technique and instrument is satisfactory yet for determining their fate, transport, availability, and risk in the environment. In order to fully understand the biophysico-chemical interactions and processes of AOCs in the environment, it is critical to know chemical, physical and biological properties of AOCs and their analytical techniques. The book is unique because of its multidisciplinary approach as it provides a comprehensive and integrated coverage of biophysico-chemical reactions and processes of AOCs in various environments, associated analytical techniques, and restoration of natural environments contaminated by AOCs.

Manmade Organic Compounds In The Surface Waters Of The United States

Author : James Albert Smith
ISBN : OSU:32435030454631
Genre : Geology
File Size : 20. 29 MB
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See journals under US Geological survey. Circular 1007.

U S Geological Survey Circular

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89042343129
Genre : Geology
File Size : 36. 5 MB
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The Chemistry Of Soils

Author : Garrison Sposito
ISBN : 0198042787
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 41 MB
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There have been many advances in soil chemistry since Oxford published the first edition of The Chemistry of Soils in 1989. The physical-chemistry approach to soil chemistry taken in the book, groundbreaking for its time, has been adopted by nearly every soil chemistry book published since. This book offers a thorough update of all topics covered in the previous edition. In the last 16 years, soil chemistry as a discipline has assumed major significance in connection with global climate change. The 2nd edition addresses the emergent issue of global climate change by exploring the interaction between organic carbon and soil. The largest repository of organic carbon on earth is still soil, and the process by which organic carbon is sequestered by soil, thus preventing the release of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, is one of the proper concerns of soil chemistry. Thus, the revision provides a rigorous discussion of soil chemistry in its broader environmental and biogeochemical contexts.

Reviews Of Environmental Contamination And Toxicology

Author : George W. Ware
ISBN : 9781468470680
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 77 MB
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International concern in scientific, industrial, and governmental communi ties over traces of xenobiotics in foods and in both abiotic and biotic en vironments has justified the present triumvirate of specialized publications in this field: comprehensive reviews, rapidly published research papers and progress reports, and archival documentations. These three international publications are integrated and scheduled to provide the coherency essential for nonduplicative and current progress in a field as dynamic and complex as environmental contamination and toxicology. This series is reserved ex clusively for the diversified literature on "toxic" chemicals in our food, our feeds, our hornes, recreational and working surroundings, our domestic an imals, our wildlife and ourselves. Tremendous efforts worldwide have been mobilized to evaluate the nature, presence, magnitude, fate, and toxicology of the chemicals loosed upon the earth. Among the sequelae of this broad new emphasis is an undeniable need for an articulated set of authoritative publications, where one can find the latest important world literature pro duced by these emerging areas of science together with documentation of pertinent ancillary legislation. Research directors and legislative or administrative advisers do not have the time to scan the escalating number of technical publications that may contain articles important to current responsibility. Rather , these individuals need the background provided by detailed reviews and the assurance that the latest information is made available to them, all with minimal literature searching.

Handbook Of Soil Sciences

Author : Pan Ming Huang
ISBN : 9781439803080
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 11 MB
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An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions. Handbook of Soil Sciences: Resource Management and Environmental Impacts, Second Edition is the second of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers interfacial interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological regimes within the soil; the factors that control the availability of plant nutrients and microelements; interdisciplinary aspects of soil science, including salinity, sodicity, and soil erosion; and soil databases for assessing worldwide soil resources. Critical elements addressed in each section include: Descriptions of concepts and theories Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures Data in tabular and figure format Extensive references This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

The Science Of The Total Environment

Author :
ISBN : UCAL:B4943201
Genre :
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Transport Modeling For Environmental Engineers And Scientists

Author : Mark M. Clark
ISBN : 9781118210864
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 12 MB
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Transport Modeling for Environmental Engineers and Scientists, Second Edition, builds on integrated transport courses in chemical engineering curricula, demonstrating the underlying unity of mass and momentum transport processes. It describes how these processes underlie the mechanics common to both pollutant transport and pollution control processes.

Journal Of The Indian Society Of Soil Science

Author : Indian Society of Soil Science
ISBN : CORNELL:31924097820041
Genre : Soils
File Size : 37. 49 MB
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