patronage and politics in the ussr cambridge russian soviet and post soviet studies

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Patronage And Politics In The Ussr

Author : John P. Willerton
ISBN : 0521392888
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 56. 6 MB
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How do Soviet politicians rise to power? How are national and regional regimes formed? How are conflicting political interests brought together as policies are developed in the Soviet Union? In Patronage and Politics in the USSR, first published in 1991, Professor John Willerton offers major insights into the patronage networks that have dominated elite mobility, regime formation, and governance in the Soviet Union during the past twenty-five years. Using the biographical and career details of over two thousand national leaders and regional officials in Azerbaijan and Lithuania, John Willerton traces the patron-client relations underlying recruitment, mobility, and policymaking. He explores the strategies of power consolidation and coalition building used by Soviet chief executives since 1964 as well as the institutional links and policy outcomes that have resulted from network politics. The author also assesses the manner and extent to which leaders in politically stable and less stable settings, spanning different national cultural contexts, have relied upon patronage networks to consolidate power and to govern. Finally, Professor Willerton explores how, in a period of dramatic change, patron-client networks may have given way to institutionalised interest groups and political parties.

Developments In Russian And Post Soviet Politics

Author : Stephen White
ISBN : 9781349234615
Genre : Former Soviet republics
File Size : 74. 84 MB
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Russia S Economy Of Favours

Author : Alena V. Ledeneva
ISBN : 0521627435
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 88. 1 MB
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The word blat refers to the system of informal contacts and personal networks which was used to obtain goods and services under the rationing which characterised Soviet Russia. Alena Ledeneva's book is the first to analyse blat in all its historical, socio-economic and cultural aspects, and to explore its implications for post-Soviet society. In a socialist distribution system which resulted in constant shortages, blat developed into an 'economy of favours' which shadowed an overcontrolling centre and represented the reaction of ordinary people to the social constraints they faced. In social and economic terms, blat exchanges became vital to the population, and to the functioning of the Soviet system. The book shows that the nature of the economic and political changes in contemporary Russia cannot be properly understood without attention to the powerful legacy of the blat economy.

Die Organisation Der Parteien In Russland

Author : Annette Legutke
ISBN : 9783322890436
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 54 MB
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Das Buch beschäftigt sich mit der Organisationsbildung von Parteien im postkommunistischen Russland. Bezugnehmend auf die Forschungsergebnisse der international vergleichenden Parteienorganisationsforschung werden die folgenden Fragen aufgeworfen: 1. Welche Merkmale kennzeichnen die innere Struktur der russischen Parteien 2. Welche Organisationen sind innerhalb des russischen Kontextes nachweislich effektiver? Die Arbeit kommt zu dem Ergebnis, dass Parteien, die zentral organisiert sind und einen hohen Oppositionsgrad zu bestehenden Machtstrukturen aufweisen, am effektivsten sind. Die Analyse macht zugleich deutlich, dass die Entwicklungs- und Entfaltungsmöglichkeiten für Parteien im heutigen Russland begrenzt sind und noch einige institutionelle und strukturelle Weichenstellungen erforderlich sind, bevor Parteien zu aktiven Entscheidungsträgern russischer Politik werden.

Staat Und Wirtschaft In Russland

Author : Petra Stykow
ISBN : 9783531902289
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76. 71 MB
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Mit dem Zusammenbruch des Staatssozialismus eröffnete sich in Russland wie in allen postkommunistischen Gesellschaften die Perspektive einer grundsätzlichen Neugestaltung der Beziehungen zwischen Politik und Wirtschaft. In den vergangenen anderthalb Jahrzehnten haben sich Unternehmerverbände als „neue Technologie“ neben und in Rekombination mit hergebrachten Formen der Interessenverfolgung etabliert, das Experimentieren mit Interaktionsformen zwischen staatlichen und ökonomischen Akteuren hat jedoch noch kein langfristig stabiles Muster der Staat-Wirtschaft-Beziehungen hervorgebracht. Mit Putins Strategie der „autoritären Modernisierung“ ist die mögliche Varianz künftiger Entwicklungen allerdings eingeschränkt worden. Die Studie untersucht die Herausbildung von Interessengruppen und ihre Beteiligung an politischen Entscheidungsprozessen unter den Perspektiven der Demokratie- und Verbändeforschung. Die Befunde werden im Rahmen steuerungs- und wachstumstheoretischer Diskurse interpretiert, die nach entwicklungsfreundlichen Arrangements von Staat und Wirtschaft fragen.

The System Made Me Do It Corruption In Post Communist Societies

Author : Rasma Karklins
ISBN : 9781317454342
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 26. 75 MB
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Strike up a conversation with a citizen from the post-communist region and invariably the talk will turn to the topic of corruption - the misuse of public power for private gain. People are sure that corruption is widespread, whether from their own experiences or stories they have heard from others. They feel frustrated that there seems to be nothing they can do about it, that they are helpless, and that they are being played for fools. And many are cynical: they feel that they, too, have to play the game because "the system" compels them to do so. But what system exactly? What are the structures and mechanisms of corruption in post-communist societies? "The System Made Me Do It" is the first comprehensive study of the origin, nature, and consequences of corruption in post-communist societies. While international actors decry corruption as a major impediment to democracy building and economic development, the problem is not well understood. This book fills that gap, and suggests innovative and practical institutional strategies for containing corruption. It achieves a rare and perfect balance of disciplined analysis, practicality, and passion.

How Russia Is Not Ruled

Author : Allen C. Lynch
ISBN : 1139444247
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74. 35 MB
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The state remains as important to Russia's prospects as ever. This is so not only because, as in any society, an effectively functioning state administration is necessary to the proper functioning of a complex economy and legal system, but also because, in Russian circumstances, factors of economic geography tend to increase costs of production compared to the rest of the world. These mutually reinforcing factors include: the extreme severity of the climate, the immense distances to be covered, the dislocation between (European) population centers and (Siberian) natural resource centers, and the inevitable predominance of relatively costly land transportation over sea-borne transportation. As a result, it is questionable whether Russia can exist as a world civilization under predominantly liberal economic circumstances: in a unified liberal global capital market, large-scale private direct capital investment will not be directed to massive, outdoor infrastructure projects typical of state investment in the Soviet period.

Developments In Soviet And Post Soviet Politics

Author : Stephen White
ISBN : STANFORD:36105002251333
Genre : History
File Size : 57. 39 MB
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Elections By Design

Author : Bryon Moraski
ISBN : 0875803555
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 76. 37 MB
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Legislative elections are the defining institution of a representative democracy. They determine how the power to govern society is distributed among political actors, regardless of whether those actors are political parties, ethnic groups, or business interests. Yet the rules that decide how thousands, if not millions, of popular votes are translated into a relatively small number of parliamentary seats vary widely across, and sometimes within, countries. Elections by Design--based on a skillful blend of statistical analyses and detailed case studies--seeks to uncover how electoral rules are chosen within the Russian Federation, and by whom. To enhance our understanding of electoral system choice, Moraski investigates the origins of the legislative electoral systems in the eighty-nine regions of the Russian Federation. These subnational units serve as a natural experiment by allowing an opportunity to observe the creation of representative institutions in a state transitioning from authoritarian rule. The regions also offer a rare glimpse into the dynamics of electoral system choice where political parties do not necessarily guide the decisions. Despite the unique qualities of Russia's political transition, Elections by Design reveals insights that can be applied to other transitioning states. Moraski emphasizes that institutional choice remains a political process, despite scholars' recommendations that certain electoral systems are better for democracy than others. At the same time, he shows how electoral system choice at the regional level can frustrate party development and democracy at the national level. This study is particularly valuable at a time when American politicians seek to spread the seeds of democracy to areas where people differ along ethnic or religious lines and where a federal framework is needed to bring dissenting interests to the negotiating table.

Political Consequences Of Crony Capitalism Inside Russia

Author : Gulnaz Sharafutdinova
ISBN : NWU:35556041342619
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 80. 10 MB
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"Gulnaz Sharafutdinova explores the development of crony capitalism in Russia, based on the contrasting cases of Tatarstan and Nizhnii Novgorod. She argues that the corruption which accompanied the market transition seeped over into electoral politics, and was a major factor in undermining popular support for democratic institutions. This finding is a challenge to transition theory, which posits that democracy and capitalism work hand in hand.-Peter Rutland, Wesleyan University --Book Jacket.

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