peace by peaceful means peace and conflict development and civilization international peace research institute oslo prio

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Peace By Peaceful Means

Author : Johan Galtung
ISBN : 0803975112
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 18 MB
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Johan Galtung, one of the founders of modern peace studies, provides a wide-ranging panorama of the ideas, theories and assumptions on which the study of peace is based. The book is organized in four parts, each examining the one of the four major theoretical approaches to peace. The first part covers peace theory, exploring the epistemological assumptions of peace. In Part Two conflict theory is examined with an exploration of nonviolent and creative handling of conflict. Developmental theory is discussed in Part Three, exploring structural violence, particularly in the economic field, together with a consideration of the ways of overcoming that violence. The fourth part is devoted to civilization theory. This involves an

Gender Peace And Conflict

Author : Inger Skjelsboek
ISBN : 0761968539
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 50. 86 MB
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Gender is increasingly recognized as central to the study and analysis of the traditionally male domains of war and international relations. The book explores the key role of gender in peace research, conflict resolution and international politics. Rather than simply add gender and stir the aim is to transcend different disciplinary boundaries and conceptual approaches to provide a more integrated basis for research and study. To this end Gender, Peace & Conflict uniquely combines theoretical chapters alongside empirical case studies, to demonstrate the importance of a gender perspective to both theory and practice in conflict resolution and peace research.

Gender Peace And Conflict

Author : Inger Skjelsbæk
ISBN : 0761968520
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 59. 97 MB
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Demonstrates the key role of a gender perspective - both practically and theoretically - in conflict resolution, peace research and international relations.

Resource Conflict In The Horn Of Africa

Author : John Markakis
ISBN : UOM:39015040049929
Genre : Nature
File Size : 89. 88 MB
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Famines, droughts, and the depletion of natural resources--all are serious environmental issues facing Somalia and other nations on the horn of Africa. To date, governments and international agencies have been largely ineffective in dealing with these problems. In this important volume, a stellar cast of contributors offers a fresh look at these issues and provides new approaches to solving them. Topics explored include food security, fresh water sources, soil erosion, locust invasions, animal diseases and pastoralism, as well as related infrastructural, financial, and political problems. Traditional ways of cooperating over environmental problems are examined, and development and security aspects are related to famine and political postures. Students and scholars in African studies, political science, and environmental studies will find much of value in this compelling study.

The Causes Of War And The Spread Of Peace

Author : Azar Gat
ISBN : 9780198795025
Genre : History
File Size : 68. 62 MB
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Why do humans go to war? Have we been waging war ever since we first existed as a species? Is a propensity to wage war part of what it is to be human, or more a result of the evolution of human society? And has there been a decline in war-making over time - or is this just a pious hope? Azar Gat here draws together insights from evolutionary theory, anthropology, history, historical sociology, and political science to address these fundamental questions about the history of our species- the answers to which also have big implications for our species' future survival. The book reveals that theories regarding the recent decline of war, such as the 'democratic peace' and 'capitalist peace', capture merely elements of a broader Modernization Peace that has been growing since the onset of the industrial age in the early 19th century.

Nuclear Rivalry And International Order

Author : Jørn Gjelstad
ISBN : UOM:39015037297796
Genre : History
File Size : 87. 8 MB
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Despite the ending of the Cold War and superpower rivalry, the world contains many nuclear-armed states. This challenging analysis of the continuing role of nuclear weapons in inter-state rivalry shows how they remain today one of the most important issues for the future of peace. The determination of the role of nuclear weapons will be crucial to the prospects for nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. This intriguing volume begins by examining the relevance of nuclear weapons to the 'long peace' between the superpowers during the Cold War. Were they a necessary condition for peace? Were they irrelevant or only marginally relevant? Is there any evidence to point to the future role of nuclear weapons in the post-Cold War world? The answers to these questions leads to question the present and future role of nuclear weapons and the opportunities for disarmament and non-proliferation. The perceived insecurity of rival states is highlighted as the most important obstacle to an effective international non-proliferation regime. This timely, comprehensive volume presents a review of the role of nuclear weapons in the 'long peace' and will be essential reading for students and professionals in the fields of peace studies, defense studies, and international relations.

Johan Galtung

Author : Johan Galtung
ISBN : 9783642324819
Genre : Law
File Size : 72. 17 MB
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This is the first ever anthology of key articles by Johan Galtung, widely regarded as the founder of the academic discipline of peace studies. It covers such concepts as direct, structural and cultural violence; theories of conflict, development, civilization and peace; peaceful conflict transformation; peace education; mediation; reconciliation; a life-sustaining economy; macro-history; deep culture and deep structure; and social science methodology. Galtung has contributed original research, concepts and theories to more than 20 social science disciplines, including sociology, international relations and future studies, and has also applied his new insights in practice. The book is a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners, and can serve as a supplemental textbook for graduate and upper undergraduate courses in peace studies and related fields.

Geopolitics In Post Wall Europe

Author : Ola Tunander
ISBN : UOM:39015041005409
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21. 99 MB
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The fall of the Berlin Wall symbolized a dramatic turning-point in the history of European politics and security. Geopolitics in Post-Wall Europe highlights the new relations between politics, culture, and territory. It analyzes the major geopolitical shifts in the connection between security and identity. Part I covers the general geopolitical tendencies in Europe, including conflicts between "culturism" and universalism, between national-romantic primordialism and cosmopolitan post-national identities, and between territory and escape from territory. Part II deals with potential tensions between Russia and Europe and the possible emergence of a new European "wall" between an extended NATO on the one hand and Russia and the CIS on the other. Part III focuses on the borderland between Europe, Russia, and the Muslim world, with particular emphasis on the former Yugoslavia as a site of conflict between the new "metaphorical empires." While this book is written primarily for scholars and students of political science, international relations and political geography, it will also be of interest to diplomats and journalists.

Troublemakers Or Peacemakers

Author : Siobhán McEvoy-Levy
ISBN : 0268034931
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 72. 34 MB
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Explores the contributions of youth as political activists, soldiers, criminals, economic actors, peace activists, and community-builders.

Strengthening Transitional Democracies Through Conflict Resolution

Author : Raymond Shonholtz
ISBN : UVA:X004119972
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 29. 76 MB
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