phenomics

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Phenomics

Author : Roberto Fritsche-Neto
ISBN : 9783319136776
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 18 MB
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This book represents a pioneer initiative to describe the new technologies available for next-generation phenotyping and applied to plant breeding. Over the last several years plant breeding has experienced a true revolution. Phenomics, i.e., high-throughput phenotyping using automation, robotics and remote data collection, is changing the way cultivars are developed. Written in an easy to understand style, this book offers an indispensable reference work for all students, instructors and scientists who are interested in the latest innovative technologies applied to plant breeding.

Phenomics

Author : John M. Hancock
ISBN : 9781466590960
Genre : Medical
File Size : 22. 9 MB
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As our ability to acquire massive amounts of information about genome variation accelerates it is becoming increasingly clear that to make maximum use of this information we also need well-structured, systematic data on the phenotypic consequences of genomic changes. Phenomics is the new discipline of using standardized measurement techniques to characterize the phenotypic effects of random or systematic genome modifications (for example randomly generated mutations or systematic gene knockouts). This approach is now being used in an increasing range of species and systems. In this book, experts working in phenomics in most of the major species and systems that are currently being studied present overviews of the field from their different, but overlapping perspectives.

Phenomics Transkriptomics Und Genomics Ein Integrierter Ansatz Zur Effizienssteigerung In Der Z Chtung Trockenstresstoleranter Gerste

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ISBN : OCLC:951460098
Genre :
File Size : 37. 30 MB
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Genetics Genomics And Fish Phenomics

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ISBN : 9780128052167
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 57 MB
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Genetics, Genomics and Fish Phenomics provides the latest information on the rapidly evolving field of genetics, presenting new medical breakthroughs that are occurring as a result of advances in our knowledge of genetics. The book continually publishes important reviews of the broadest interest to geneticists and their colleagues in affiliated disciplines, critically analyzing future directions, with hhis volume focusing on genetics, genomics, and phenomics of fish. Includes a critical analysis of future directions for the study of clinical genetics Written and edited by recognized leaders in the field Presents new medical breakthroughs that are occurring as a result of advances in our knowledge of genetics

Phenomics In Crop Plants Trends Options And Limitations

Author : Jitendra Kumar
ISBN : 9788132222262
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 7 MB
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Identification of desirable genotypes with traits of interest is discernible for making genetic improvement of crop plants. In this direction, screening of a large number of germplasm for desirable traits and transfer of identified traits into agronomic backgrounds through recombination breeding is the common breeding approach. Although visual screening is easier for qualitative traits, its use is not much effective for quantitative traits and also for those, which are difficult to score visually. Therefore, it is imperative to phenotype the germplasm accessions and breeding materials precisely using high throughput phenomics tools for challenging and complex traits under natural, controlled and harsh environmental conditions. Realizing the importance of phenotyping data towards identification and utilization of a germplasm as donors, global scientific community has exerted increased focus on advancing phenomics in crop plants leading to development of a number of techniques and methodologies for screening of agronomic, physiological, and biochemical traits. These technologies have now become much advanced and entered the era of digital science. This book provides exhaustive information on various aspects related to phenotyping of crop plants and offers a most comprehensive reference on the developments made in traditional and high throughput phenotyping of agricultural crops.

Phenomics

Author : Carole Rapo
ISBN : OCLC:821966309
Genre : Insects as biological pest control agents
File Size : 76. 2 MB
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Currently we test host specificity of weed biological control agents using the phylogenetic relatedness of the weed and its related non-targets, which has been an overall good predictor of non-target attack. This was not the case for the prospective biological control agent Ceutorhynchus cardariae Korotyaev (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) investigated for the biological control of the invasive Brassicaceae plant Lepidium draba L. in North America. No-choice host specificity testing revealed a phylogenetically disjunct fundamental host range. This study is premised on the concept that a detailed phenotype will better predict host range than a genetic phylogeny. We used a measure of phylogenetic correlation, Blomberg's K, to assess the strength of the association between the feeding intensity by C. cardariae and phylograms based on phenotypic and genetic similarity, and to compare the association between those phylograms. As a comparison, we also included Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae), as an oligophagous insect which feeds broadly within the Brassicaceae. We found that a phylogram based on phenotypic traits - the qualitative (presence and absence) and quantitative (concentration in [mu]mol/g dry weight) glucosinolate and the total set of amino acids and amines profiles - better predicted the feeding intensity by C. cardariae than did a phylogram based on genetic similarity (in our study: the chloroplast gene ndhF), but not by P. xylostella . In contrast, we found that synthetic phylograms based on the combination of a selected set of primary nitrogenous metabolites with the glucosinolates, were satisfactory predictors of the feeding intensity by C. cardariae and P. xylostella than a phylogram based on genetic similarity. These results are of importance for the practitioners of biological control of weeds who seek to use specialist insects with narrow host range to control invasive weeds. For evolutionary ecologists, who seek to understand the specialist-generalist divide, these results support recent evidence that the defensive phenotype of plants is likely to be composed of multiple interacting factors, and that other plant traits than secondary chemistry, such as the primary chemistry, are implicated in shaping that phenotype.

Legumes Under Environmental Stress

Author : Parvaiz Ahmad
ISBN : 9781118917084
Genre : Science
File Size : 57. 25 MB
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The improvement of crop species has long been a goal since cultivation began thousands of years ago. To feed an ever increasing world population will require a great increase in food production. Wheat, corn, rice, potato and legumes are expected to lead as the most important crops in the world. Due to environmental fluctuations legumes are often exposed to different environmental stresses, leading to decreased yield and problems with growth and development of the legumes. The present work will cover the physiobiochemical, molecular and omic approaches and responses of legumes towards environmental stress. Contributors will be active researchers and practitioners from international institutions and organisations. The book will be a valuable and much-needed resource for plant scientists, breeders and agricultural researchers worldwide.

A Phenomics And Metabolomics Analysis Of Vegetative Development Under Salt Stress In Arabidopsis Thaliana And Thellungiella Halophila An Extremophile Relative Of Arabidopsis

Author : Yana Kazachkova
ISBN : OCLC:744557114
Genre : Arabidopsis thaliana
File Size : 46. 64 MB
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Data Mining And Knowledge Discovery For Big Data

Author : Wesley W. Chu
ISBN : 9783642408373
Genre : Computers
File Size : 82. 8 MB
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The field of data mining has made significant and far-reaching advances over the past three decades. Because of its potential power for solving complex problems, data mining has been successfully applied to diverse areas such as business, engineering, social media, and biological science. Many of these applications search for patterns in complex structural information. In biomedicine for example, modeling complex biological systems requires linking knowledge across many levels of science, from genes to disease. Further, the data characteristics of the problems have also grown from static to dynamic and spatiotemporal, complete to incomplete, and centralized to distributed, and grow in their scope and size (this is known as big data). The effective integration of big data for decision-making also requires privacy preservation. The contributions to this monograph summarize the advances of data mining in the respective fields. This volume consists of nine chapters that address subjects ranging from mining data from opinion, spatiotemporal databases, discriminative subgraph patterns, path knowledge discovery, social media, and privacy issues to the subject of computation reduction via binary matrix factorization.

Thyroid Diseases

Author : Fabrizio Monaco
ISBN : 9781439868386
Genre : Medical
File Size : 90. 40 MB
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In recent years, the clinical evolution of thyroid diseases has been studied exhaustively as new discoveries have been made about thyroid malfunction and the effective management of patients. Thyroid Diseases presents a comprehensive exposition of a range of disorders caused by thyroid dysfunction. With contributions by well-known experts in the field, the book is the first compendium in several decades to assemble a vast amount of data and research into one volume. Following a methodological format, each chapter explores a different malady or condition. After defining the dysfunction or disease, the text presents the epidemiology, etiopathogenesis, clinical features, first and second level tests for diagnosis, first and second line therapies, prognosis, and recommendations for follow-up. Highlighted topics include: Transient forms of hyper- and hypothyroidism Subclinical hyper- and hypothyroidism Thyroid dysfunction during gestation and postpartum The influence of iodine on the thyroid during pregnancy The importance of drugs that modify thyroid function Thyroid disrupters that affect thyroid homeostasis The bimodal and/or transient development of some thyroid diseases The evolution of diagnosis, priorities of therapies, and lifelong monitoring of patients All of the contributors to this text pursued long periods of training in elite research laboratories. They are active investigators and well known in the international arena. The information presented in this volume is invaluable for practicing clinicians and those training in internal medicine, endocrinology, surgery, and other areas of medicine.

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