phylogenetic systematics haeckel to hennig species and systematics

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Phylogenetic Systematics

Author : Olivier Rieppel
ISBN : 1498754880
Genre : Cladistic analysis
File Size : 48. 73 MB
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Phylogenetic Systematics: Haeckel to Hennig traces the development of phylogenetic systematics against the foil of idealistic morphology through 100 years of German biology. It starts with the iconic Ernst Haeckel the German Darwin from Jena and the evolutionary morphology he developed. It ends with Willi Hennig, the founder of modern phylogenetic systematics. Written in English, the book presents a unique perspective on a vast body of German biological literature. The book also offers a perspective on German biology in the Third Reich. The author looks at how idealistic morphology and phylogenetic systematics represented two antagonistic traditions in German biology, the first organicist-holistic, the latter empiricist-positivistic. In addition, he explains the ways in which both traditions acquired socio-political and ideological connotations, culminating in their accommodation to different strands of Nazi ideology. The book s nine chapters summarize a century of the conceptual development of systematics, describe both the history and philosophy of phylogenetic approaches to the understanding of the history of life, examine the role of important people such as Haeckel, Gegenbauer, Portman, von Bertalanffy, Stresemann, and Hennig, and critically evaluate the impact and influence of Nazism on evolutionary biology. Chapter titles include: The Evolutionary Turn in Comparative Anatomy; Of Parts and Wholes; The Turn against Haeckel; The Rise of Holism in German Biology; The Rise of German ("Aryan") Biology; "Ganzheitsbiologie; "The Ideological Instrumentalization of Biology; A New Beginning: From Speciation to Phylogenetics; and "Grundzuge": The Conceptual Foundations of Phylogenetic Systematics."

Phylogenetische Systematik

Author : Willi Hennig
ISBN : 3489609344
Genre : Animals
File Size : 56. 16 MB
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What Species Mean

Author : Julia D. Sigwart
ISBN : 9781498799386
Genre : Nature
File Size : 45. 60 MB
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Everyone uses species. All human cultures, whether using science or not, name species. Species are the basic units for science, from ecosystems to model organisms. Yet, there are communication gaps between the scientists who name species, called taxonomists or systematists, and those who use species names—everyone else. This book opens the "black box" of species names, to explain the tricks of the name-makers to the name-users. Species are real, and have macroevolutionary meaning, and it follows that systematists use a broadly macroevolution-oriented approach in describing diversity. But scientific names are used by all areas of science, including many fields such as ecology that focus on timescales more dominated by microevolutionary processes. This book explores why different groups of scientists understand and use the names given to species in very different ways, and the consequences for measuring and understanding biodiversity.

Die Entdeckung Der Evolution

Author : Thomas Junker
ISBN : IND:30000095799767
Genre : Evolution (Biology)
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Geschichte Der Biologischen Anthropologie In Deutschland

Author : Uwe Hossfeld
ISBN : 3515085637
Genre : History
File Size : 76. 99 MB
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In der vorliegenden Abhandlung wird erstmals die Geschichte der biologischen Anthropologie in Deutschland beschrieben, wobei der zeitliche Rahmen vom ersten Treffen deutscher Anthropologen 1861 in G�ttingen bis in die Nachkriegszeit gesteckt ist. Es wird neben einer Gesamtperspektive ebenso aufgezeigt, in welcher speziellen Weise dabei die Universit�t Jena ueber den Zoologen Ernst Haeckel hinaus fuer die Etablierung des Faches im deutschen Sprachraum unter verschiedenen gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen bedeutsam war und inwieweit sich in der Konturierung der biologischen Anthropologie nach 1900 bereits die weitere Entwicklung des Faches im Dritten Reich abzeichnete. Das Buch fuehrt hierbei im Schlu�kapitel aber ueber den Nationalsozialismus hinaus bis hin zur Darstellung der Rezeption der so genannten �zweiten darwinschen Revolution� (Synthetischer Darwinismus). �Als historisches Werk und zum Nachschlagen hinsichtlich vieler Biographien muss dieses Buch als Pflichtlektuere fuer alle Anthropologen und wegen seiner weit ueber das Fach hinausgehenden Bedeutung dringend empfohlen werden.� Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau �Ho�felds konkurrenzloses Standardwerk sollte in keiner privaten oder �ffentlichen �Evolutions-Bibliothek� fehlen, da mit dieser Ver�ffentlichung eine gro�e Luecke im Schrifttum geschlossen werden konnte.� biologenheute ��die erste Studie zur Geschichte dieses Faches in Deutschland� Thueringische Landeszeitung .

From Taxonomy To Phylogenetics Life And Work Of Willi Hennig

Author : Michael Schmitt
ISBN : 9789004219298
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 22 MB
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Willi Hennig (1913-1976), laid the fundaments of a 'scientific revolution' in Biological Systematics by his method called "Phylogenetic Systematics". The book describes the historical development of this 'scientific revolution', and highlights the life and the work of a 'cautious revolutioniser' in a Germany of dictatorship, war, and separation.

Grundz Ge Einer Theorie Der Phylogenetischen Systematik

Author : Willi Hennig
ISBN : 387429188X
Genre : Animals
File Size : 78. 75 MB
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The Evolution Of Phylogenetic Systematics

Author : Andrew Hamilton
ISBN : 9780520956759
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 12 MB
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The Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics aims to make sense of the rise of phylogenetic systematics—its methods, its objects of study, and its theoretical foundations—with contributions from historians, philosophers, and biologists. This volume articulates an intellectual agenda for the study of systematics and taxonomy in a way that connects classification with larger historical themes in the biological sciences, including morphology, experimental and observational approaches, evolution, biogeography, debates over form and function, character transformation, development, and biodiversity. It aims to provide frameworks for answering the question: how did systematics become phylogenetic?

Die Kalkschwamme

Author : Ernst Heinrich Haeckel
ISBN : RMS:RMSBUBIS000008959$$$M
Genre :
File Size : 34. 69 MB
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Phylogenetic Systematics

Author : Willi Hennig
ISBN : 0252068149
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 80 MB
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Argues for the primacy of the phylogenetic system as the general reference system in biology. This book, first published in 1966, generated significant controversy and opened possibilities for evolutionary biology.

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