phylogenetic systematics haeckel to hennig species and systematics

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Phylogenetic Systematics

Author : Olivier Rieppel
ISBN : 1498754880
Genre : Cladistic analysis
File Size : 77. 35 MB
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Phylogenetic Systematics: Haeckel to Hennig traces the development of phylogenetic systematics against the foil of idealistic morphology through 100 years of German biology. It starts with the iconic Ernst Haeckel the German Darwin from Jena and the evolutionary morphology he developed. It ends with Willi Hennig, the founder of modern phylogenetic systematics. Written in English, the book presents a unique perspective on a vast body of German biological literature. The book also offers a perspective on German biology in the Third Reich. The author looks at how idealistic morphology and phylogenetic systematics represented two antagonistic traditions in German biology, the first organicist-holistic, the latter empiricist-positivistic. In addition, he explains the ways in which both traditions acquired socio-political and ideological connotations, culminating in their accommodation to different strands of Nazi ideology. The book s nine chapters summarize a century of the conceptual development of systematics, describe both the history and philosophy of phylogenetic approaches to the understanding of the history of life, examine the role of important people such as Haeckel, Gegenbauer, Portman, von Bertalanffy, Stresemann, and Hennig, and critically evaluate the impact and influence of Nazism on evolutionary biology. Chapter titles include: The Evolutionary Turn in Comparative Anatomy; Of Parts and Wholes; The Turn against Haeckel; The Rise of Holism in German Biology; The Rise of German ("Aryan") Biology; "Ganzheitsbiologie; "The Ideological Instrumentalization of Biology; A New Beginning: From Speciation to Phylogenetics; and "Grundzuge": The Conceptual Foundations of Phylogenetic Systematics."

Phylogenetic Systematics

Author : Willi Hennig
ISBN : 0252068149
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 75 MB
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Argues for the primacy of the phylogenetic system as the general reference system in biology. This book, first published in 1966, generated significant controversy and opened possibilities for evolutionary biology.

From Taxonomy To Phylogenetics Life And Work Of Willi Hennig

Author : Michael Schmitt
ISBN : 9789004219298
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 89 MB
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Willi Hennig (1913-1976), laid the fundaments of a 'scientific revolution' in Biological Systematics by his method called "Phylogenetic Systematics". The book describes the historical development of this 'scientific revolution', and highlights the life and the work of a 'cautious revolutioniser' in a Germany of dictatorship, war, and separation.

The Future Of Phylogenetic Systematics

Author : David Williams
ISBN : 9781107117648
Genre : Science
File Size : 45. 58 MB
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This book documents Willi Hennig's founding of phylogenetic systematics and the relevancy of his work for the future of cladistics.

The Evolution Of Phylogenetic Systematics

Author : Andrew Hamilton
ISBN : 9780520956759
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 86 MB
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The Evolution of Phylogenetic Systematics aims to make sense of the rise of phylogenetic systematics—its methods, its objects of study, and its theoretical foundations—with contributions from historians, philosophers, and biologists. This volume articulates an intellectual agenda for the study of systematics and taxonomy in a way that connects classification with larger historical themes in the biological sciences, including morphology, experimental and observational approaches, evolution, biogeography, debates over form and function, character transformation, development, and biodiversity. It aims to provide frameworks for answering the question: how did systematics become phylogenetic?

Foundations Of Systematics And Biogeography

Author : David M. Williams
ISBN : 9780387727301
Genre : Medical
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Anyone interested in comparative biology or the history of science will find this myth-busting work genuinely fascinating. It draws attention to the seminal studies and important advances that have shaped systematic and biogeographic thinking. It traces concepts in homology and classification from the 19th century to the present through the provision of a unique anthology of scientific writings from Goethe, Agassiz, Owen, Naef, Zangerl and Nelson, among others.

Species

Author : John S. Wilkins
ISBN : 9780520945074
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 8 MB
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The complex idea of "species" has evolved over time, yet its meaning is far from resolved. This comprehensive work takes a fresh look at an idea central to the field of biology by tracing its history from antiquity to today. John S. Wilkins explores the essentialist view, a staple of logic from Plato and Aristotle through the Middle Ages to fairly recent times, and considers the idea of species in natural history—a concept often connected to reproduction. Tracing "generative conceptions" of species back through Darwin to Epicurus, Wilkins provides a new perspective on the relationship between philosophical and biological approaches to this concept. He also reviews the array of current definitions. Species is a benchmark exploration and clarification of a concept fundamental to the past, present, and future of the natural sciences.

Phylogenetic Systematics

Author : Willi Hennig
ISBN : UCAL:B5022465
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 95 MB
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The positon of systematics among biological sciences; Tasks and methods of taxonomy; Problems, tasks, and methods of phylogenetics; Concluding remarks.

Annales Zoologici

Author :
ISBN : UCSD:31822009237918
Genre : Zoology
File Size : 27. 31 MB
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The Rise Of Birds

Author : Sankar Chatterjee
ISBN : 9781421416144
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 38 MB
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A small set of fossilized bones discovered almost thirty years ago led paleontologist Sankar Chatterjee on a lifelong quest to understand their place in our understanding of the history of life. They were clearly the bones of something unusual, a bird-like creature that lived long, long ago in the age of dinosaurs. He called it Protoavis, and the animal that owned these bones quickly became a contender for the title of "oldest known bird." In 1997, Chatterjee published his findings in the first edition of The Rise of Birds. Since then Chatterjee and his colleagues have searched the world for more transitional bird fossils. And they have found them. This second edition of The Rise of Birds brings together a treasure trove of fossils that tell us far more about the evolution of birds than we once dreamed possible. With no blind allegiance to what he once thought he knew, Chatterjee devours the new evidence and lays out the most compelling version of the birth and evolution of the avian form ever attempted. He takes us from Texas to Spain, China, Mongolia, Madagascar, Australia, Antarctica, and Argentina. He shows how, in the "Cretaceous Pompeii" of China, he was able to reconstruct the origin and evolution of flight of early birds from the feathered dinosaurs that lay among thousands of other amazing fossils. Chatterjee takes us to where long-hidden bird fossils dwell. His compelling, occasionally controversial, revelations—accompanied by spectacular illustrations—are a must-read for anyone with a serious interest in the evolution of "the feathered dinosaurs," from vertebrate paleontologists and ornithologists to naturalists and birders. -- Alan Feduccia, University of North Carolina

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