physics of quantum rings nanoscience and technology

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Physics Of Quantum Rings

Author : Vladimir M. Fomin
ISBN : 9783642391972
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 84 MB
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This book deals with a new class of materials, quantum rings. Innovative recent advances in experimental and theoretical physics of quantum rings are based on the most advanced state-of-the-art fabrication and characterization techniques as well as theoretical methods. The experimental efforts allow to obtain a new class of semiconductor quantum rings formed by capping self-organized quantum dots grown by molecular beam epitaxy. Novel optical and magnetic properties of quantum rings are associated with non-trivial topologies at the nanoscale. An adequate characterization of quantum rings is possible on the basis of modern characterization methods of nanostructures, such as Scanning Tunneling Microscopy. A high level of complexity is demonstrated to be needed for a dedicated theoretical model to adequately represent the specific features of quantum rings. The findings presented in this book contribute to develop low-cost high-performance electronic, spintronic, optoelectronic and information processing devices based on quantum rings.

Quantum Mechanics With Applications To Nanotechnology And Information Science

Author : Yehuda B. Band
ISBN : 9780444537874
Genre : Science
File Size : 23. 40 MB
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Quantum mechanics transcends and supplants classical mechanics at the atomic and subatomic levels. It provides the underlying framework for many subfields of physics, chemistry and materials science, including condensed matter physics, atomic physics, molecular physics, quantum chemistry, particle physics, and nuclear physics. It is the only way we can understand the structure of materials, from the semiconductors in our computers to the metal in our automobiles. It is also the scaffolding supporting much of nanoscience and nanotechnology. The purpose of this book is to present the fundamentals of quantum theory within a modern perspective, with emphasis on applications to nanoscience and nanotechnology, and information-technology. As the frontiers of science have advanced, the sort of curriculum adequate for students in the sciences and engineering twenty years ago is no longer satisfactory today. Hence, the emphasis on new topics that are not included in older reference texts, such as quantum information theory, decoherence and dissipation, and on applications to nanotechnology, including quantum dots, wires and wells. This book provides a novel approach to Quantum Mechanics whilst also giving readers the requisite background and training for the scientists and engineers of the 21st Century who need to come to grips with quantum phenomena The fundamentals of quantum theory are provided within a modern perspective, with emphasis on applications to nanoscience and nanotechnology, and information-technology Older books on quantum mechanics do not contain the amalgam of ideas, concepts and tools necessary to prepare engineers and scientists to deal with the new facets of quantum mechanics and their application to quantum information science and nanotechnology As the frontiers of science have advanced, the sort of curriculum adequate for students in the sciences and engineering twenty years ago is no longer satisfactory today There are many excellent quantum mechanics books available, but none have the emphasis on nanotechnology and quantum information science that this book has

Nano Scale Materials

Author : S. N. Sahu
ISBN : 1594549109
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 28 MB
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Nano-Scale Materials - From Science to Technology

Clusters And Nano Assemblies

Author : P Jena
ISBN : 9789814480383
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 26. 1 MB
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While the field of clusters and nano-structures in the physical sciences has been actively pursued only over the past two decades, nature has known the benefits of the nanoscale for a very long time. The focus of the International Symposium on Clusters and Nano-Assemblies: Physical and Biological Systems was to explore ways in which an understanding of the unique properties of nano-scale biological systems such as proteins, enzyme reactions, RNA, and DNA can help us design novel materials composed of inorganic nano-scale systems, and how techniques developed in the physical sciences can lead to a fundamental understanding of biological systems. Bringing together the expert contributions from the conference, this book deals with the fundamental science and technology of atomic clusters, nano-structures and their assemblies in physical and biological systems. It explores in fascinating detail the manner in which finite size, low dimensionality, and reduced symmetry affect the properties of nano-assemblies. Contents:Atomic ClustersOrganic and Molecular ClustersCatalysisQuantum Dots/RingsNano-Wires and TubesMagnetic PropertiesElectrical and Optical PropertiesClusters on SupportNano-Growth on Strained Surfaces/Nano-AssembliesBiology at Molecular LevelBiotechnology Readership: Graduate students, researchers and academics in nanoscience and nanotechnology, chemistry and physics. Keywords:Clusters;Nano-Assemblies;Biotechnology;Clusters-on-Support;Quantum Dots;CatalysisKey Features:An exploration into how the unique properties of nano-scale biological systems can aid in the designing of novel materials composed of inorganic nano-scale systemsBrings into focus the outstanding problems and future directions of atomic clusters, nano-structures and their assemblies in physical and biological systemsIncludes researchers working on surfaces, interfaces, clusters, and nano-structures in the physical and biological sciences

Handbook Of Nanophysics

Author : Klaus D. Sattler
ISBN : 1420075438
Genre : Science
File Size : 54. 39 MB
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Intensive research on fullerenes, nanoparticles, and quantum dots in the 1990s led to interest in nanotubes and nanowires in subsequent years. Handbook of Nanophysics: Nanotubes and Nanowires focuses on the fundamental physics and latest applications of these important nanoscale materials and structures. Each peer-reviewed chapter contains a broad-based introduction and enhances understanding of the state-of-the-art scientific content through fundamental equations and illustrations, some in color. This volume first covers key aspects of carbon nanotubes, including quantum and electron transport, isotope engineering, and fluid flow, before exploring inorganic nanotubes, such as spinel oxide nanotubes, magnetic nanotubes, and self-assembled peptide nanostructures. It then focuses on germanium, gallium nitride, gold, polymer, and organic nanowires and their properties. The book also discusses nanowire arrays, nanorods, atomic wires, monatomic chains, ultrathin gold nanowires, and several nanorings, including superconducting, ferromagnetic, and quantum dot nanorings. Nanophysics brings together multiple disciplines to determine the structural, electronic, optical, and thermal behavior of nanomaterials; electrical and thermal conductivity; the forces between nanoscale objects; and the transition between classical and quantum behavior. Facilitating communication across many disciplines, this landmark publication encourages scientists with disparate interests to collaborate on interdisciplinary projects and incorporate the theory and methodology of other areas into their work.

Issues In Nanotechnology And Micotechnology Electronic And Photonic Research 2013 Edition

Author :
ISBN : 9781490107653
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 22 MB
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Issues in Nanotechnology and Micotechnology—Electronic and Photonic Research: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Microstructures. The editors have built Issues in Nanotechnology and Micotechnology—Electronic and Photonic Research: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Microstructures in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Nanotechnology and Micotechnology—Electronic and Photonic Research: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Advances In Solid State Physics 47

Author : Rolf Haug
ISBN : 3540743251
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 52 MB
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The 2007 Spring Meeting of the Arbeitskreis Festkörperphysik was held in Regensburg, Germany, March 2007, in conjunction with the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft. It was one of the largest physics meetings in Europe. The present volume 47 of the Advances in Solid State Physics contains written versions of a large number of the invited talks and gives an overview of the present status of solid state physics where low-dimensional systems are dominating.

Industry Interactive Innovations In Science Engineering And Technology

Author : Swapan Bhattacharyya
ISBN : 9789811039539
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 28. 14 MB
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The book is a collection of peer-reviewed scientific papers submitted by active researchers in the International Conference on Industry Interactive Innovation in Science, Engineering and Technology (I3SET 2016). The conference is a collective initiative of all departments and disciplines of JIS College of Engineering (an autonomous institution), Kalyani, West Bengal, India. The primary objective of the conference is to strengthen interdisciplinary research and encourage innovation in a demand-driven way as desired by the industry for escalating technology for mankind. A galaxy of academicians, professionals, scientists, industry people and researchers from different parts of the country and abroad shared and contributed their knowledge. The major areas of I3SET 2016 include nonconventional energy and advanced power systems; nanotechnology and applications; pattern recognition and machine intelligence; digital signal and image processing; modern instrumentation, control, robotics and automation; civil engineering and structural design; real-time and embedded systems, communication and devices; advanced optimization techniques; biotechnology, biomedical instrumentation and bioinformatics; and outcome based education.

Comprehensive Nanoscience And Technology

Author :
ISBN : 0123743966
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 96 MB
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From the Introduction: Nanotechnology and its underpinning sciences are progressing with unprecedented rapidity. With technical advances in a variety of nanoscale fabrication and manipulation technologies, the whole topical area is maturing into a vibrant field that is generating new scientific research and a burgeoning range of commercial applications, with an annual market already at the trillion dollar threshold. The means of fabricating and controlling matter on the nanoscale afford striking and unprecedented opportunities to exploit a variety of exotic phenomena such as quantum, nanophotonic and nanoelectromechanical effects. Moreover, researchers are elucidating new perspectives on the electronic and optical properties of matter because of the way that nanoscale materials bridge the disparate theories describing molecules and bulk matter. Surface phenomena also gain a greatly increased significance; even the well-known link between chemical reactivity and surface-to-volume ratio becomes a major determinant of physical properties, when it operates over nanoscale dimensions. Against this background, this comprehensive work is designed to address the need for a dynamic, authoritative and readily accessible source of information, capturing the full breadth of the subject. Its six volumes, covering a broad spectrum of disciplines including material sciences, chemistry, physics and life sciences, have been written and edited by an outstanding team of international experts. Addressing an extensive, cross-disciplinary audience, each chapter aims to cover key developments in a scholarly, readable and critical style, providing an indispensible first point of entry to the literature for scientists and technologists from interdisciplinary fields. The work focuses on the major classes of nanomaterials in terms of their synthesis, structure and applications, reviewing nanomaterials and their respective technologies in well-structured and comprehensive articles with extensive cross-references. It has been a constant surprise and delight to have found, amongst the rapidly escalating number who work in nanoscience and technology, so many highly esteemed authors willing to contribute. Sharing our anticipation of a major addition to the literature, they have also captured the excitement of the field itself in each carefully crafted chapter. Along with our painstaking and meticulous volume editors, full credit for the success of this enterprise must go to these individuals, together with our thanks for (largely) adhering to the given deadlines. Lastly, we record our sincere thanks and appreciation for the skills and professionalism of the numerous Elsevier staff who have been involved in this project, notably Fiona Geraghty, Megan Palmer and Greg Harris, and especially Donna De Weerd-Wilson who has steered it through from its inception. We have greatly enjoyed working with them all, as we have with each other.

Technical Proceddings Of The Second International Conference On Computational Nanoscience And Nanotechnology

Author : Michael Laudon
ISBN : 0970827563
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 34. 50 MB
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The worlds most comprehensive and up-to-date collection of Nanotechnology and Nanoscience technical papers. Technical Proceedings of the Nanotech 2002 and the International Conference on Computational Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. Nanotech Vol. 1: Sequence and Biological Structure, Computer Aided Drug Design, Biological Conduction Processes, Biotechnology, Micro and Nano Fluidic Systems, Soft Condensed Matter, Extedned-Scale Atomistics, Quantum Effects, Quantum Devices, Spintronics, Mechanical Properties at the Nanoscale, Molecular and Nano Electronics, Condensed Matter Phenomena, Process Modeling, Nanotechnology, Materials and Nanostructures Studies, Nano Particles and Molecules. Papers taken from the 2002 Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show, San Juan, Puerto Rico, April. 2002.

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