physics palgrave foundations series

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Physics

Author : Jim Breithaupt
ISBN : 9780230366091
Genre : Science
File Size : 40. 69 MB
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This accessible, student-friendly text provides a course in Physics. Assuming no prior knowledge and focusing on the basics, the text offers ways into the core aspects of the subject. This 3rd edition includes new sections on fluid flow and wave mechanics, with a thoroughly updated companion website.

Dictionary Of Physics

Author : Palgrave Macmillan Ltd
ISBN : 9781349660223
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 91 MB
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The "Dictionary of Physics" is a major reference source in the vast and dynamic field of physics that caters for both the undergraduate and graduate student. Spanning the space between the primary literature and educational texts, it encompasses 16,000 entries and 1.8 million words in four volumes.

The Palgrave Kant Handbook

Author : Matthew C. Altman
ISBN : 9781137546562
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 40. 24 MB
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This remarkably comprehensive Handbook provides a multifaceted yet carefully crafted investigation into the work of Immanuel Kant, one of the greatest philosophers the world has ever seen. With original contributions from leading international scholars in the field, this authoritative volume first sets Kant’s work in its biographical and historical context. It then proceeds to explain and evaluate his revolutionary work in metaphysics and epistemology, logic, ethics, aesthetics, philosophy of science, philosophy of religion, political philosophy, philosophy of history, philosophy of education, and anthropology. Key Features: • Draws attention to the foundations of Kant’s varied philosophical insights — transcendental idealism, logic, and the bridge between theoretical and practical reason • Considers hitherto neglected topics such as sexuality and the philosophy of education • Explores the immense impact of his ground-breaking work on subsequent intellectual movements Serving as a touchstone for meaningful discussion about Kant’s philosophical and historical importance, this definitive Handbook is essential reading for Kant scholars who want to keep abreast of the field and for advanced students wishing to explore the frontiers of the subject.

The Palgrave Handbook Of Quantum Models In Social Science

Author : Emmanuel Haven
ISBN : 9781137492760
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 45. 33 MB
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It is not intuitive to accept that there exists a link between quantum physical systems and cognitive systems. However, recent research has shown that cognitive systems and collective (social) systems, including biology, exhibit uncertainty which can be successfully modelled with quantum probability. The use of such probability allows for the modelling of situations which typically violate the laws of classical probability. The Palgrave Handbook of Quantum Models in Social Science is is a unique volume that brings together contributions from leading experts on key topics in this new and emerging field. Completely self-contained, it begins with an introductory section which gathers all the fundamental notions required to be able to understand later chapters. The handbook then moves on to address some of the latest research and applications for quantum methods in social science disciplines, including economics, politics and psychology. It begins with the issue of how the quantum mechanical framework can be applied to economics. Chapters devoted to this topic range from how Fisher information can be argued to play a role in economics, to the foundations and application of quantum game theory. The handbook then progresses in considering how belief states can be updated with the theory of quantum measurements (and also with more general methods). The practical use of the Hilbert space (and Fock space) in decision theory is then introduced, and open quantum systems are also considered. The handbook also treats a model of neural oscillators that reproduces some of the features of quantum cognition. Other contributions delve into causal reasoning using quantum Bayes nets and the role of quantum probability in modelling so called affective evaluation. The handbook is rounded off with two chapters which discuss the grand challenges which lie ahead of us. How can the quantum formalism be justified in social science and is the traditional quantum formalism too restrictive? Finally, a question is posed: whether there is a necessary role for quantum mathematical models to go beyond physics. This book will bring the latest and most cutting edge research on quantum theory to social science disciplines. Students and researchers across the discipline, as well as those in the fields of physics and mathematics will welcome this important addition to the literature.

The Foundations Of Modern Time Series Analysis

Author : Terence C. Mills
ISBN : 9780230305021
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 39. 71 MB
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This book develops the analysis of Time Series from its formal beginnings in the 1890s through to the publication of Box and Jenkins' watershed publication in 1970, showing how these methods laid the foundations for the modern techniques of Time Series analysis that are in use today.

Poetry Physics And Painting In Twentieth Century Spain

Author : C. Gala
ISBN : 9781137002181
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 89. 97 MB
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This book reads the work of Salinas, Guillén, Larrea, Diego, Alberti, Méndez, and Lorca in analogical relation with Cubism and with the revolutionary discoveries of modern physics. Gala advances traditional criticism by considering these artists in the broader cultural context of Spain, Europe, and European Modernism.

The Philosophical Foundations Of Modern Medicine

Author : Keekok Lee
ISBN : 9780230348295
Genre : Medical
File Size : 42. 78 MB
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Acknowledgements -- Introduction -- PART I -- Philosophical Foundations -- Modern Philosophy, Modern Science and Its Methodology -- Category Volte-face: Organisms for Machines -- Machines and Reductionism -- Organism A Machine -- PART II -- Human Organism is Machine: MEDICINE -- Biomedicine: Some Sciences -- Biomedicine: Some Technologies -- PART III -- Nosology: The Monogenic Conception of Disease -- Linear Causality and the Monogenic Conception of Disease -- Determining the Cause: Controllability and Random Controlled Trials -- Epidemiology: 'Cinderella' Status? What Kind of Science Is It Really? -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References and Select Bibliography -- Index.

On The Metaphysics Of Experimental Physics

Author : K. Rogers
ISBN : 9780230505100
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 6 MB
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This provocative and critical work addresses the question of why scientific realists and positivists consider experimental physics to be a natural and empirical science. Taking insights from contemporary science studies, continental philosophy, and the history of physics, this book describes and analyses the metaphysical presuppositions that underwrite the technological use of experimental apparatus and instruments to explore, model, and understand nature. By revealing this metaphysical foundation, the author questions whether experimental physics is a natural and empirical science at all.

Social Physics

Author : Alex Pentland
ISBN : 9781101625576
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 44 MB
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From one of the world’s leading data scientists, a landmark tour of the new science of idea flow, offering revolutionary insights into the mysteries of collective intelligence and social influence If the Big Data revolution has a presiding genius, it is MIT’s Alex “Sandy” Pentland. Over years of groundbreaking experiments, he has distilled remarkable discoveries significant enough to become the bedrock of a whole new scientific field: social physics. Humans have more in common with bees than we like to admit: We’re social creatures first and foremost. Our most important habits of action—and most basic notions of common sense—are wired into us through our coordination in social groups. Social physics is about idea flow, the way human social networks spread ideas and transform those ideas into behaviors. Thanks to the millions of digital bread crumbs people leave behind via smartphones, GPS devices, and the Internet, the amount of new information we have about human activity is truly profound. Until now, sociologists have depended on limited data sets and surveys that tell us how people say they think and behave, rather than what they actually do. As a result, we’ve been stuck with the same stale social structures—classes, markets—and a focus on individual actors, data snapshots, and steady states. Pentland shows that, in fact, humans respond much more powerfully to social incentives that involve rewarding others and strengthening the ties that bind than incentives that involve only their own economic self-interest. Pentland and his teams have found that they can study patterns of information exchange in a social network without any knowledge of the actual content of the information and predict with stunning accuracy how productive and effective that network is, whether it’s a business or an entire city. We can maximize a group’s collective intelligence to improve performance and use social incentives to create new organizations and guide them through disruptive change in a way that maximizes the good. At every level of interaction, from small groups to large cities, social networks can be tuned to increase exploration and engagement, thus vastly improving idea flow. Social Physics will change the way we think about how we learn and how our social groups work—and can be made to work better, at every level of society. Pentland leads readers to the edge of the most important revolution in the study of social behavior in a generation, an entirely new way to look at life itself. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Foundations For New Economic Thinking

Author : S. Dow
ISBN : 9781137000729
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 53. 77 MB
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New economic thinking is in demand in the light of the recent economic crisis. This book equips the reader with a better understanding of current ways of thinking as well as an awareness of other possibilities, providing the foundations for debate in theory and methodology alongside practical implications for policy.

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