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Picturing Tropical Nature

Author : Nancy Leys Stepan
ISBN : 1861891466
Genre : Photography
File Size : 65. 71 MB
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Whether considered a sublime landscape, malignant wilderness, or the endangered site of environmental conflicts, the tropics are, Picturing Tropical Nature argues, largely a construct of American and European imaginations. Nancy Leys Stephan asserts that images of the tropics conveyed through drawings, paintings, photographs, literature, and travel writings are central to what Stepan calls the “tropicalization of nature,” or the often harmful misrepresentation of the tropics and its peoples. She here examines several aspects of such tropicalization as they emerge through the work of nineteenth- and twentieth-century scientists and artists, including Alexander von Humboldt, Alfred Russel Wallace, Louis Agassiz, Sir Patrick Manson, and Margaret Mee. From the earliest photographic attempts to represent tropical hybrid races to depictions of disease in new tropical medicines, Picturing Tropical Nature offers new insight into the convergence of the tropics with European and American science and art. “A brilliant and provocative book . . . the kind of book that carries forward a field in a single stride . . . undoubtedly the finest account of ‘tropicality’ we have.”—Social History of Medicine

Picturing Tropical Nature

Author : Nancy Stepan
ISBN : UOM:39015051805938
Genre : Human ecology
File Size : 21. 93 MB
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Reflecting on the work of scientists and artists, photographic attempts to represent tropical races, anti-tropicalism and its role in an emerging environmentalist sensibility, and depictions of disease in the new tropical medicine,'Picturing Tropical Nature' identifies the conflicts over meaning that shaped the emergence of the tropics, and in so doing questions the nature of representation itself.

Abenteuer Am Amazonas Und Am Rio Negro

Author : Alfred Russel Wallace
ISBN : 9783462308075
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 80. 86 MB
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Sammler des verlorenen Schatzes. Ein waghalsiger Forscher begibt sich auf eine der abenteuerlichsten Expeditionen, die es je gab: Alfred Russel Wallace und seine Forschungsreise ins Amazonasgebiet. Auf eigene Faust bricht der Naturenthusiast Alfred Russel Wallace im Jahr 1848 von England nach Brasilien auf, um die Tier- und Pf lanzenwelt am Amazonas zu erforschen. Wallace schlägt sich von Pará (heute Belém) aus zu den Oberläufen des Rio Negro durch – und gelangt dabei in Gegenden, die noch kein Europäer vor ihm betreten hatte. Die Beobachtung der Affen- und Schmetterlingsarten an beiden Flussufern bringt ihn erstmals auf die Spur der Evolutionstheorie, die er später zeitgleich mit Charles Darwin entwickeln wird. Die Erträge seiner Expedition sind großartig, das Unternehmen endet jedoch in einer Katastrophe: Von Krankheiten, Sandf löhen (die ihre Eier unter seine Zehennägel legen) und den ewigen Kriebelmücken geplagt, ist Wallace am Ende so ausgezehrt, dass er nur mit der Hilfe der Einheimischen überlebt. Die aber trinken den Alkohol, mit dem eigentlich die Fundstücke konserviert werden sollten; und Horden von Ameisen machen sich über die Sammlung her. Auf dem Rückweg setzt Wallace alles auf eine Karte: Er selbst, seine Aufzeichnungen und Zigtausende Sammlungsstücke treten auf dem Zweimaster Helen die Heimreise an. Auf hoher See bricht an Bord ein Feuer aus. Die Besatzung kann sich auf Beiboote retten. Doch für Wallace’ Sammlung, auch für die lebenden Affen und Vögel, die in England an Zoos und Sammler verkauft werden sollten, gibt es keine Rettung. Nur einen einzigen Papagei kann Wallace lebend aus dem Wasser fischen. Der gesamte Ertrag seiner Reise versinkt in den Fluten des Ozeans. Zurück in England, rekonstruiert Wallace seine Erlebnisse anhand von wenigen Notizen und Erinnerungen. Seinen Reisebericht, sowohl Abenteuerroman, Forschungsgeschichte und frühes Zeugnis der Suche nach dem Ursprung der Arten, gab es auf Deutsch nur 1855 in einer stark verstümmelten Fassung – nun, nach über 150 Jahren, wird er endlich für die deutschsprachige Leserschaft erschlossen!

Kontexte Der Gerechtigkeit

Author : Rainer Forst
ISBN : 3518288520
Genre : Justice (Philosophy)
File Size : 87. 4 MB
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The Lives Of Images

Author : Peter Mason
ISBN : 1861891148
Genre : Education
File Size : 22. 70 MB
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Elizabeth A. Kaye specializes in communications as part of her coaching and consulting practice. She has edited Requirements for Certification since the 2000-01 edition.

Eyewitnessing

Author : Peter Burke
ISBN : 9781861898289
Genre : History
File Size : 22. 38 MB
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Eyewitnessing evaluates the place of images among other kinds of historical evidence. By reviewing the many varieties of images by region, period and medium, and looking at the pragmatic uses of images (e.g. the Bayeux Tapestry, an engraving of a printing press, a reconstruction of a building), Peter Burke sheds light on our assumption that these practical uses are 'reflections' of specific historical meanings and influences. He also shows how this assumption can be problematic. Traditional art historians have depended on two types of analysis when dealing with visual imagery: iconography and iconology. Burke describes and evaluates these approaches, concluding that they are insufficient. Focusing instead on the medium as message and on the social contexts and uses of images, he discusses both religious images and political ones, also looking at images in advertising and as commodities. Ultimately, Burke's purpose is to show how iconographic and post-iconographic methods – psychoanalysis, semiotics, viewer response, deconstruction – are both useful and problematic to contemporary historians.

Representing The Republic

Author : John R. Short
ISBN : 1861890869
Genre : History
File Size : 90. 94 MB
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Representing the Republic provides an intriguing account of the mapping of America from its colonial origins to 1900. The most significant maps and mapmakers are discussed in a survey that begins with the first European mappings of New Netherlands in the early seventeenth century and concludes with the Rand McNally atlases of the 1890s. Maps tell us a great deal about the transformation of America's national identity. Having undertaken extensive research in map collections, including work with rare archival materials, prominent geographer John Rennie Short provides an account of how maps have both embodied and reflected power, conflict and territorial expansion over time, opening a new perspective on North American history and geography.

Human Impacts On Amazonia

Author : Darrell A. Posey
ISBN : 9780231517355
Genre : Science
File Size : 34. 8 MB
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From the pre-Columbian era to the present, native Amazonians have shaped the land around them, emphasizing utilization, conservation, and sustainability. These priorities stand in stark contrast to colonial and contemporary exploitation of Amazonia by outside interests. With essays from environmental scientists, botanists, and anthropologists, this volume explores the various effects of human development on Amazonia. The contributors argue that by protecting and drawing on local knowledge and values, further environmental ruin can be avoided.

Himmel Und H Lle

Author : Alice Munro
ISBN : 3596510252
Genre :
File Size : 35. 66 MB
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The Oxford Handbook Of Environmental History

Author : Andrew C. Isenberg
ISBN : 9780199394470
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 3 MB
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The field of environmental history emerged just decades ago but has established itself as one of the most innovative and important new approaches to history, one that bridges the human and natural world, the humanities and the sciences. With the current trend towards internationalizing history, environmental history is perhaps the quintessential approach to studying subjects outside the nation-state model, with pollution, global warming, and other issues affecting the earth not stopping at national borders. With 25 essays, this Handbook is global in scope and innovative in organization, looking at the field thematically through such categories as climate, disease, oceans, the body, energy, consumerism, and international relations.

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