placebo and pain from bench to bedside

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Placebo And Pain

Author : Luana Colloca
ISBN : 9780123979315
Genre : Science
File Size : 44. 10 MB
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The placebo effect continues to fascinate scientists, scholars, and clinicians, resulting in an impressive amount of research, mainly in the field of pain. While recent experimental and clinical studies have unraveled salient aspects of the neurobiological substrates and clinical relevance of pain and placebo analgesia, an authoritative source remained lacking until now. By presenting and integrating a broad range of research, Placebo and Pain enhances readers’ knowledge about placebo and nocebo effects, reexamines the methodology of clinical trials, and improves the therapeutic approaches for patients suffering from pain. Review for Placebo and Pain: “This ambitious book is the first comprehensive and unified presentation of the placebo and nocebo phenomena in the area of pain. Written by the international leading experts in the field, the book provides an accurate up-to-date [work] on placebo and pain dealing with current perspectives and future challenging issues. --Ted Kaptchuk, Associate Professor of Medicine, Harvard Medical School Contains historical aspects of the placebo effect Discusses biological and psychological mechanisms of placebo analgesic responses Reviews implications of the placebo effect for clinical research and pain management Includes methodological and ethical aspects of the placebo effect

Neuroscience Of Pain Stress And Emotion

Author : Magne Arve Flaten
ISBN : 9780128006665
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 59. 43 MB
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Neuroscience of Pain, Stress, and Emotion: Psychological and Clinical Implications presents updated research on stress, pain, and emotion, all key research areas within both basic and clinical neuroscience. Improved research understanding of their interaction is ultimately necessary if clinicians and those working in the field of psychosomatic medicine are to alleviate patient suffering. This volume offers broad coverage of that interaction, with chapters written by major researchers in the field. After reviewing the neuroscience of pain and stress, the contents go on to address the interaction between stress and chronic/acute pain, the role of different emotions in pain, neurobiological mechanisms mediating these various interactions, individual differences in both stress and pain, the role of patient expectations during treatment (placebo and nocebo responses), and how those relate to stress modulation. While there are books on the market which discuss pain, stress, and emotion separately, this volume is the first to tackle their nexus, thus appealing to both researchers and clinicians. Represents the only comprehensive reference detailing the link between pain, stress and emotion, covering the neuroscientific underpinnings, related psychological processes, and clinical implications Compiles, in one place, research which promises to improve the methodology of clinical trials and the use of knowledge of pain-stress-emotion effects in order to reduce patients’ suffering Provides comprehensive chapters authored by global leaders in the field, the broadest, most expert coverage available

Principles Of Analgesic Use In The Treatment Of Acute Pain And Cancer Pain

Author : APS (American Psychological Society)
ISBN : 0000555010
Genre : Medical
File Size : 21. 80 MB
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Gender Differences In Mood And Anxiety Disorders

Author : Ellen Leibenluft
ISBN : 0880489588
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53. 55 MB
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Gender Differences in Mood and Anxiety Disorders: From Bench to Bedside compiles the latest research on gender differences in mood and anxiety disorders. It examines studies investigating whether the presentation and course of illness differ by gender, including the symptom profile, the likelihood of relapse, and the chronicity of the illness.

Relieving Pain In America

Author : Committee on Advancing Pain Research, Care, and Education
ISBN : 9780309214841
Genre : Medical
File Size : 29. 69 MB
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Chronic pain costs the nation up to $635 billion each year in medical treatment and lost productivity. The 2010 Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act required the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to enlist the Institute of Medicine (IOM) in examining pain as a public health problem. In this report, the IOM offers a blueprint for action in transforming prevention, care, education, and research, with the goal of providing relief for people with pain in America. To reach the vast multitude of people with various types of pain, the nation must adopt a population-level prevention and management strategy. The IOM recommends that HHS develop a comprehensive plan with specific goals, actions, and timeframes. Better data are needed to help shape efforts, especially on the groups of people currently underdiagnosed and undertreated, and the IOM encourages federal and state agencies and private organizations to accelerate the collection of data on pain incidence, prevalence, and treatments. Because pain varies from patient to patient, healthcare providers should increasingly aim at tailoring pain care to each person's experience, and self-management of pain should be promoted. In addition, because there are major gaps in knowledge about pain across health care and society alike, the IOM recommends that federal agencies and other stakeholders redesign education programs to bridge these gaps. Pain is a major driver for visits to physicians, a major reason for taking medications, a major cause of disability, and a key factor in quality of life and productivity. Given the burden of pain in human lives, dollars, and social consequences, relieving pain should be a national priority.

Biosemiotic Medicine

Author : Farzad Goli
ISBN : 9783319350929
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 44. 99 MB
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This book presents an interpretation of pharmaceutical, surgical and psychotherapeutic interventions based on a univalent metalanguage: biosemiotics. It proposes that a metalanguage for the physical, mental, social, and cultural aspects of health and medicine could bring all parts and aspects of human life together and thus shape a picture of the human being as a whole, made up from the heterogeneous images of the vast variety of sciences and technologies in medicine discourse. The book adopts a biosemiotics clinical model of thinking because, similar to the ancient principle of alchemy, tam ethice quam physice, everything in this model is physical as much as it is mental. Signs in the forms of vibrations, molecules, cells, words, images, reflections and rites conform cultural, mental, physical, and social phenomena. The book decodes healing, dealing with health, illness and therapy by emphasizing the first-person experience as well as objective events. It allows readers to follow the energy-information flows through and between embodied minds and to see how they form physiological functions such as our emotions and narratives.

Placebo And Pain

Author : Bettina K. Doering
ISBN : 9780128064320
Genre : Medical
File Size : 59. 56 MB
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Nocebo effects are extremely common in clinical practice, and they are induced by a patient’s negative expectancies about a treatment outcome. They may occur after an inert treatment, or after the administration of a pharmacologically active substance, and modulate the treatment outcome. Nocebo effects in clinical practice manifest themselves in the deterioration of a pre-existing symptomatology or in the development of new symptoms that are often considered as nonspecific side effects and are ascribed to the medical regimen. Nocebo responses can be induced by components of the therapeutic encounter, e.g. the communication of the diagnosis, information about the treatment, the disclosure of risks and benefits of the treatment, or the verbal interaction during the treatment. This chapter reviews empirical evidence from clinical populations that documents nocebo effects in the different stages of the therapeutic process. Based on this review, it suggests strategies for the minimization of nocebo effects in clinical practice.

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