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Advanced Methods In Plant Breeding And Biotechnology

Author : David Ronald Murray
ISBN : 0851987060
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79. 75 MB
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From Plant Genomics To Plant Biotechnology

Author : Palmiro Poltronieri
ISBN : 9781908818478
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 77 MB
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With the appearance of methods for the sequencing of genomes and less expensive next generation sequencing methods, we face rapid advancements of the -omics technologies and plant biology studies: reverse and forward genetics, functional genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, the movement at distance of effectors and structural biology. From plant genomics to plant biotechnology reviews the recent advancements in the post-genomic era, discussing how different varieties respond to abiotic and biotic stresses, understanding the epigenetic control and epigenetic memory, the roles of non-coding RNAs, applicative uses of RNA silencing and RNA interference in plant physiology and in experimental transgenics and plants modified to specific aims. In the forthcoming years these advancements will support the production of plant varieties better suited to resist biotic and abiotic stresses, for food and non-food applications. This book covers these issues, showing how such technologies are influencing the plant field in sectors such as the selection of plant varieties and plant breeding, selection of optimum agronomic traits, stress-resistant varieties, improvement of plant fitness, improving crop yield, and non-food applications in the knowledge based bio-economy. Discusses a broad range of applications: the examples originate from a variety of sectors (including in field studies, breeding, RNA regulation, pharmaceuticals and biotech) and a variety of scientific areas (such as bioinformatics, -omics sciences, epigenetics, and the agro-industry) Provides a unique perspective on work normally performed 'behind closed doors'. As such, it presents an opportunity for those within the field to learn from each other, and for those on the 'outside' to see how different groups have approached key problems Highlights the criteria used to compare and assess different approaches to solving problems. Shows the thinking process, practical limitations and any other considerations, aiding in the understanding of a deeper approach

Plants Biotechnology And Agriculture

Author : Denis Murphy
ISBN : 1780641060
Genre : Agriculture
File Size : 90. 22 MB
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This book aims to provide readers with a modern perspective on plants both as biological organisms and useful resources for people to exploit. The early chapters cover plant evolution, genomics, metabolism, organization, development and responses to the environment. In each case, there is an emphasis on how biotechnology can be used to manipulate such processes for the benefit of humanity. The scope of the book ranges from the earliest evidence of pre-agricultural plant manipulation over 30,000 years ago to the latest recombinant DNA methods used in 21st-century agricultural systems. Unlike most textbooks where there is a focus on the technical aspects of genetic engineering, this book will take a wider view of what constitutes modern plant biotechnology. In addition, the broader social, economic, commercial, legal and ethical contexts of all forms of crop-related technology will also be examined. These include an analysis of the immense contributions of chemical and mechanical technologies. The role of plant biotechnology is considered in tackling enormous challenges to the welfare of human populations around the world. Such challenges include the predicted massive population increases over the next few decades, irreversible depletion of non-renewable resources of all types, and the spectre of climate change that might have unpredictable effects on crop growth, e.g. by reducing rainfall, altering temperatures, or leading to the emergence of new pests and diseases. These developments have the potential to seriously affect crop productivity in some of the most densely populated and vulnerable regions of the world.

Plant Biotechnology And Agriculture

Author : Arie Altman
ISBN : 9780123814661
Genre : Medical
File Size : 85. 67 MB
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As the oldest and largest human intervention in nature, the science of agriculture is one of the most intensely studied practices. From manipulation of plant gene structure to the use of plants for bioenergy, biotechnology interventions in plant and agricultural science have been rapidly developing over the past ten years with immense forward leaps on an annual basis. This book begins by laying the foundations for plant biotechnology by outlining the biological aspects including gene structure and expression, and the basic procedures in plant biotechnology of genomics, metabolomics, transcriptomics and proteomics. It then focuses on a discussion of the impacts of biotechnology on plant breeding technologies and germplasm sustainability. The role of biotechnology in the improvement of agricultural traits, production of industrial products and pharmaceuticals as well as biomaterials and biomass provide a historical perspective and a look to the future. Sections addressing intellectual property rights and sociological and food safety issues round out the holistic discussion of this important topic. Includes specific emphasis on the inter-relationships between basic plant biotechnologies and applied agricultural applications, and the way they contribute to each other Provides an updated review of the major plant biotechnology procedures and techniques, their impact on novel agricultural development and crop plant improvement Takes a broad view of the topic with discussions of practices in many countries

Recent Advances In Plant Biotechnology

Author : Ara Kirakosyan
ISBN : 1441901949
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 6 MB
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Plant biotechnology applies to three major areas of plants and their uses: (1) control of plant growth and development; (2) protection of plants against biotic and abiotic stresses; and (3) expansion of ways by which specialty foods, biochemicals, and pharmaceuticals are produced. The topic of recent advances in plant biotechnology is ripe for consideration because of the rapid developments in this ?eld that have revolutionized our concepts of sustainable food production, cost-effective alt- native energy strategies, environmental bioremediation, and production of pla- derived medicines through plant cell biotechnology. Many of the more traditional approaches to plant biotechnology are woefully out of date and even obsolete. Fresh approaches are therefore required. To this end, we have brought together a group of contributors who address the most recent advances in plant biotechnology and what they mean for human progress, and hopefully, a more sustainable future. Achievements today in plant biotechnology have already surpassed all previous expectations. These are based on promising accomplishments in the last several decades and the fact that plant biotechnology has emerged as an exciting area of research by creating unprecedented opportunities for the manipulation of biological systems. In connection with its recent advances, plant biotechnology now allows for the transfer of a greater variety of genetic information in a more precise, controlled manner. The potential for improving plant productivity and its proper use in agric- ture relies largely on newly developed DNA biotechnology and molecular markers.

Plant Biotechnology

Author : M.W. Fowler
ISBN : 9781483286594
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 27. 66 MB
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Today it is generally accepted that one of the key areas of biotechnology for the next century will be in plant-based biotechnology. Biotechnology has created new opportunities for plant scientists, with important applications to agriculture and forestry. This reference text is divided into five sections for ease of presentation. The first section focuses on the structure, composition and functionality of plant cells and genes with particular emphasis on the cellular and molecular biology of plants and cultured cells. Section two is concerned with the direct exploitation of cell cultures for the production of useful substances. The third section deals with regeneration and propagation systems. The fourth section considers the increasingly central area of genetic manipulation of plant cell systems. The last section is on specific applications in plant biotechnology. This reference work is a survey of these various facets of plant biotechnology. The individual chapters and the follow-up literature cited allow an easy access to the various subject areas and will, hopefully, stimulate interest in these rapidly moving and exciting fields of research.

Plant Biotechnology

Author : Shain-dow Kung
ISBN : 9781483192604
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 8 MB
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Plant Biotechnology provides an introduction to the fundamental life processes and reviews topics relevant to plant biotechnology. This book discusses the manipulation of biological systems to solve practical problems in industry or agriculture. Organized into four parts encompassing 18 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamental techniques essential to plant biotechnology. This text then describes the various aspects of the regulation of gene expression in plants and reviews the molecular architecture of plant genes. Other chapters consider chloroplast genome from various organisms and present the practical examples of the significance and uses of biotechnology in crop improvement. This book discusses as well the methods for inducing plant gene expression in heterologous prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems. The final chapter deals with the potential for using gene transfer technology for crop improvement. This book is a valuable resource for plant physiologists, biochemists, plant scientists, genetic engineers, and evolutionary biologists.

Plant Biotechnology And Genetics

Author : C. Neal Stewart, Jr.
ISBN : 9781118819913
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 42 MB
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Focused on basics and processes, this textbook teaches plant biology and agriculture applications with summary and discussion questions in each chapter. Updates each chapter to reflect advances / changes since the first edition, for example: new biotechnology tools and advances, genomics and systems biology, intellectual property issues on DNA and patents, discussion of synthetic biology tools Features autobiographical essays from eminent scientists, providing insight into plant biotechnology and careers Has a companion website with color images from the book and PowerPoint slides Links with author's own website that contains teaching slides and graphics for professors and students: http://bit.ly/2CI3mjp

Technology Transfer Of Plant Biotechnology

Author : Peter M. Gresshoff
ISBN : 9781351411677
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 43. 62 MB
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Plant biotechnology has come of age. Products obtained by genetically engineered methods, once limited to science fiction, have become a reality. This book is an outstanding synthesis of the current status of technology transfer from the laboratory to the marketplace. It discusses the use of genetically engineered crops, with the focus on biotechnology becoming commercially marketable. Technology Transfer of Plant Biotechnology addresses these important new products:

Plant Genetics And Biotechnology In Biodiversity

Author : Rosa Rao
ISBN : 9783038420033
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 68 MB
Format : PDF
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This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Plant Genetics and Biotechnology in Biodiversity" that was published in Diversity

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