plant genomics and climate change

Download Book Plant Genomics And Climate Change in PDF format. You can Read Online Plant Genomics And Climate Change here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Plant Genomics And Climate Change

Author : David Edwards
ISBN : 9781493935369
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 14 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 557
Read : 1013

Get This Book


This book explores the impact of climate change on agriculture and our future ability to produce the crops which are the foundation of the human diet. Specifically, individual chapters explore the potential for genomics assisted breeding of improved crops with greater yield and tolerance to the stresses associated with predicted climate change scenarios. Given the clear and unmet challenge to mitigate climate changing events, this book will be of wide interest from plant breeders and environmental scientists, government bodies through to a more general audience who are interested in the likely impact of climate change on agriculture.

Crop Breeding

Author : Santosh Kumar
ISBN : 9781771883450
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 34. 35 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 918
Read : 279

Get This Book


This title includes a number of Open Access chapters. Climate change will severely impact the world’s food supply unless steps are taken to increase crop resilience. Otherwise, the negative effects on both the yield and the quality of crop plants are predicted to be immense. Plant genomics is a potentially powerful defense against this looming threat. This compendium volume offers a global perspective on the topic, with contributions from 42 eminent researchers from 12 nations around the world. The editor is a respected and published scientist in the bioinformatics field, who has chosen articles in the following topics: An overview of the genetic challenges presented by climate change A genomic toolkit for crop-related research Specific methods of improvement for specific crop by means of genomic applications The hand-picked up-to-date research makes this volume an excellent reference not only for university-level academics, but also for policymakers and stakeholders who must tackle the challenge of the world’s food security.

Plant Genetic Resources And Climate Change

Author : Michael Jackson
ISBN : 9781780641973
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 4 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 138
Read : 1144

Get This Book


This book will address the current state of climate change predictions, and how climate change will affect conservation and use of crop germplasm, both ex situ and in situ. In addition, specific examples of germplasm research related to 'climate change threats' will be highlighted. Such activities need to take place under a regime of access to and use of germplasm through international conventions and treaties.

Genomics And Breeding For Climate Resilient Crops

Author : Chittaranjan Kole
ISBN : 9783642370458
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 35 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 130
Read : 180

Get This Book


Climate change is expected to have a drastic impact on agronomic conditions including temperature, precipitation, soil nutrients, and the incidence of disease pests, to name a few. To face this looming threat, significant progress in developing new breeding strategies has been made over the last few decades. The first volume of Genomics and Breeding for Climate-Resilient Crops presents the basic concepts and strategies for developing climate-resilient crop varieties. Topics covered include: conservation, evaluation and utilization of biodiversity; identification of traits, genes and crops of the future; genomic and molecular tools; genetic engineering; participatory and evolutionary breeding; bioinformatics tools to support breeding; funding and networking support; and intellectual property, regulatory issues, social and political dimensions. ​

Genetic Manipulation In Plants For Mitigation Of Climate Change

Author : Pawan Kumar Jaiwal
ISBN : 9788132226628
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 5 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 696
Read : 966

Get This Book


This book presents a detailed overview and critical evaluation of the state of the art and latest approaches in genetic manipulation studies on plants to mitigate the impact of climate change on growth and productivity. Each chapter has been written by experts in plant-stress biology and highlights the involvement of a variety of genes/pathways and their regulation in abiotic stress, recent advances in molecular breeding (identification of tightly liked markers, QTLs/genes), transgenesis (introduction of exogenous genes or changing the expression of endogenous stress- responsive genes) and genomics approaches that have made it easier to identify and isolate several key genes involved in abiotic stress such as drought, water lodging/flooding, extreme temperatures, salinity and heavy-metal toxicity. Food and nutritional security has emerged as a major global challenge due to expanding populations, and cultivated areas becoming less productive as a result of extreme climatic changes adversely affecting the quantity and quality of plants. Hence, there is an urgent need to develop crop varieties resilient to abiotic stress to ensure food security and combat increased input costs, low yields and the marginalization of land. The role of GM crops in poverty alleviation, nutrition and health in developing countries and their feasibility in times of climate change are also discussed. Recent advances in gene technologies have shown t he potential for faster, more targeted crop improvements by transferring genes across the sexual barriers. The book is a valuable resource for scientists, researchers, students, planners and industrialists working in the area of biotechnology, plant agriculture, agronomy, horticulture, plant physiology, molecular biology, plant sciences and environmental sciences.

The Chickpea Genome

Author : Rajeev K. Varshney
ISBN : 9783319661179
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 34 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 895
Read : 961

Get This Book


This book sheds new light on the chickpea genome sequencing and resequencing of chickpea germplasm lines and provides insights into classical genetics, cytogenetics, and trait mapping. It also offers an overview of the latest advances in genome sequencing and analysis. The growing human population, rapid climate changes and limited amounts of arable land are creating substantial challenges in connection with the availability and affordability of nutritious food for smallholder farmers in developing countries. In this context, climate smart crops are essential to alleviating the hunger of the millions of poor and undernourished people living in developing countries. In addition to cereals, grain legumes are an integral part of the human diet and provide sustainable income for smallholder farmers in the arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Among grain legumes, the chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is the second most important in terms of production and productivity. Besides being a rich source of proteins, it can fix atmospheric nitrogen through symbiosis with rhizobia and increase the input of combined nitrogen. Several abiotic stresses like drought, heat, salinity, together with biotic stresses like Fusarium wilt, Ascochyta blight, and Botrytis grey mould have led to production losses, as the chickpeas is typically grown in the harsh climates of our planet’s semi-arid regions.

Genomic Designing Of Climate Smart Vegetable Crops

Author : Chittaranjan Kole
ISBN : 3319974149
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 36 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 625
Read : 292

Get This Book


This book reviews modern strategies in the breeding of vegetables in the era of global warming. Agriculture is facing numerous challenges in the 21st century, as it has to address food, nutritional, energy and environmental security. Future vegetable varieties must be adaptive to the varying scenarios of climate change, produce higher yields of high- quality food and feed and have multiple uses. To achieve these goals, it is imperative to employ modern tools of molecular breeding, genetic engineering and genomics for ‘precise’ plant breeding to produce ‘designed’ vegetable varieties adaptive to climate change. This book is of interest to scientists working in the fields of plant genetics, genomics, breeding, biotechnology, and in the disciplines of agronomy and horticulture.

Achievements Of The National Plant Genome Initiative And New Horizons In Plant Biology

Author : Committee on the National Plant Genome Initiative: Achievements and Future Directions
ISBN : 9780309114189
Genre : Science
File Size : 26. 91 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 526
Read : 162

Get This Book


Life on Earth would be impossible without plants. Humans rely on plants for most clothing, furniture, food, as well as for many pharmaceuticals and other products. Plant genome sciences are essential to understanding how plants function and how to develop desirable plant characteristics. For example, plant genomic science can contribute to the development of plants that are drought-resistant, those that require less fertilizer, and those that are optimized for conversion to fuels such as ethanol and biodiesel. The National Plant Genome Initiative (NPGI) is a unique, cross-agency funding enterprise that has been funding and coordinating plant genome research successfully for nine years. Research breakthroughs from NPGI and the National Science Foundation (NSF) Arabidopsis 2010 Project, such as how the plant immune system controls pathogen defense, demonstrate that the plant genome science community is vibrant and capable of driving technological advancement. This book from the National Research Council concludes that these programs should continue so that applied programs on agriculture, bioenergy, and others will always be built on a strong foundation of fundamental plant biology research.

Plants And Climate Change

Author : Jelte Rozema
ISBN : 9781402044434
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 52 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 202
Read : 1151

Get This Book


This book focuses on how climate affects or affected the biosphere and vice versa both in the present and in the past. The chapters describe how ecosystems from the Antarctic and Arctic, and from other latitudes, respond to global climate change. The papers highlight plant responses to atmospheric CO2 increase, to global warming and to increased ultraviolet-B radiation as a result of stratospheric ozone depletion.

Crop Wild Relatives And Climate Change

Author : Shyam Singh Yadav
ISBN : 9781118854334
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 28 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 947
Read : 1111

Get This Book


Two major challenges to continued global food security are the ever increasing demand for food products, and the unprecedented abiotic stresses that crops face due to climate change.Wild relatives of domesticated crops serve as a reservoir of genetic material, with the potential to be used to develop new, improved varieties of crops. Crop Wild Relative and Climate Change integrates crop evolution, breeding technologies and biotechnologies, improved practices and sustainable approaches while exploring the role wild relatives could play in increasing agricultural output. Crop Wild Relative and Climate Change begins with overviews of the impacts of climate change on growing environments and the challenges that agricultural production face in coming years and decades. Chapters then explore crop evolution and the potential for crop wild relatives to contribute novel genetic resources to the breeding of more resilient and productive crops. Breeding technologies and biotechnological advances that are being used to incorporate key genetic traits of wild relatives into crop varieties are also covered. There is also a valuable discussion on the importance of conserving genetic resources to ensure continued successful crop production. A timely resource, Crop Wild Relative and Climate Change will be an invaluable resource for the crop science community for years to come.

Top Download:

Best Books