plutarco elias calles and the mexican revolution latin american silhouettes

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Plutarco El As Calles And The Mexican Revolution

Author : Jürgen Buchenau
ISBN : 0742537498
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 54. 11 MB
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The only substantive study of Plutarco Elias Calles and the Mexican Revolution, this book traces the remarkable life story of a complex and little-understood, yet key figure in Mexico's history. Jurgen Buchenau draws on a rich array of archival evidence from Mexico, the United States, and Europe to explore Calles's origins and political trajectory. He hailed from Sonora, a border state marked by fundamental social and economic change at the turn of the twentieth century. After dabbling in various careers, Calles found the early years of the revolution (1910-1920) afforded him the chance to rise to local and ultimately national prominence. As president from 1924 to 1928, Calles embarked on an ambitious reform program, modernized the financial system, and defended national sovereignty against an interventionist U.S. government. Yet these reforms failed to eradicate underdevelopment, corruption, and social injustice. Moreover, his unyielding campaigns against the Catholic Church and his political enemies earned him a reputation as a repressive strongman. After his term as president, Calles continued to exert broad influence as his country's foremost political figure while three weaker presidents succeeded each other in an atmosphere of constant political crisis. He played a significant role in founding a ruling party that reined in the destructive ambitions of leading army officers and promised to help campesinos and workers attain better living conditions. This dynastic party and its successors, including the present-day Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI, or Party of the Institutional Revolution), remained in power until 2000. Many of the institutions and laws forged during the Calles era survived into the present. Through this comprehensive assessment of a quintessential politician in an era dominated by generals, entrepreneurs, and educated professionals, Buchenau opens an illuminating window into the Mexican Revolution and contemporary Mexico."

The Women S Revolution In Mexico 1910 1953

Author : Stephanie Evaline Mitchell
ISBN : 0742537315
Genre : History
File Size : 28. 67 MB
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This book reinvigorates the debate on the Mexican Revolution, exploring what this pivotal event meant to women. The contributors offer a fresh look at women's participation in their homes and workplaces and through politics and community activism. Drawing on a variety of perspectives, the volume illuminates the ways women variously accepted, contested, used, and manipulated the revolutionary project. Recovering narratives that have been virtually written out of the historical record, this book brings us a rich and complex array of women's experiences in the revolutionary and post-revolutionary era in Mexico.

The Last Caudillo

Author : Jürgen Buchenau
ISBN : 1444397184
Genre : History
File Size : 78. 39 MB
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The Last Caudillo presents a brief biography of the life and times of General Alvaro Obregón, along with new insights into the Mexican Revolution and authoritarian rule in Latin America. Features a succinct biography of the life and times of a fascinating figure in Mexico's revolutionary past Represents the most analytical and up-to-date study of caudillo/military strongman rule Sheds new light on the networks and discourse practices that support rulers such as the Castros in Cuba and Hugo Chávez in Venezuela, and the emergence of modern Mexico Offers new insights into the role of leadership, the nature of revolution, and the complex forces that helped shape modern Mexico

Mexican Exodus

Author : Julia G. Young
ISBN : 9780190205003
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 39 MB
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In July of 1926, an army of Mexican Catholics launched a war against the Mexican government. Bearing aloft the banners of Christ the King and the Virgin of Guadalupe, they equipped themselves not only with guns, but also scapulars, rosaries, prayers, and religious visions. These soldiers were called cristeros, and the war they fought, which would continue until the mid-1930s, is known asla cristiada, or the Cristero war. The most intense fighting occurred in Mexico's west-central states: Jalisco, Guanajuato, and Michoacán. For this reason, scholars have generally regarded the war as a regional event, albeit one with national implications. Using previously unexamined archival materials from both Mexico and the United States, Julia Young investigates the intersections between Mexico's Cristero War and Mexican migration to the United States during the late 1920s. In doing so, she reframes the war as a transnational conflict, and underscores the deep religious devotion that informed the political affiliations of Mexican emigrants. Mexican Exodus traces the formation, actions, and ideologies of the Cristero diaspora, a network of tens of thousands of Mexican emigrants, exiles, and refugees across the United States who supported the Catholic uprising from beyond the border--countering a longstanding belief that Mexicans "lost" their religion once they reached the supposedly more modern, secular culture of the United States. This group participated in the conflict in a variety of ways; they took part in religious ceremonies and spectacles, organized political demonstrations and marches, formed associations and organizations, and planned strategic collaboration with religious and political leaders in order to generate public sympathy for their cause. A few of them even launched militant efforts that included arms smuggling, military recruitment, espionage, and armed border revolts. Ultimately, the Cristero diaspora aimed to overturn the anticlerical government and reform the Mexican Constitution of 1917. Although they were unable to achieve these political goals, Young argues, these emigrants - and the war itself - would have a profound and enduring resonance for Mexican emigrant community formation, political affiliations, and religious devotion throughout subsequent decades, and up to the present day.

Addicted To Failure

Author : Brian Loveman
ISBN : 9780742565890
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62. 92 MB
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This perceptive book critically explores why the United States continues to pursue failed policies in Latin America. Leading scholars explain how policies intended to promote the rule of law instead generate corruption and institutional crisis, why policies seeking to promote democratization and stabilization instead generate populist authoritarianism and destabilization, and why the war on drugs and the war on terror have neither reduced narcotics trafficking nor increased citizen security in the region. Reviewing official policy and its defenders and critics alike, this indispensable book focuses on the reasons for the failure of U.S. policies and their disastrous significance for both Latin America and the United States.

New Mexico Historical Review

Author : Lansing Bartlett Bloom
ISBN : UCSD:31822037544566
Genre : Indians of North America
File Size : 76. 79 MB
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Mexico In The 1940s

Author : Stephen R. Niblo
ISBN : 0842027955
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 67 MB
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This is a novel by Andrew H. Wilkinson (nom de plume - Boris Laramie). Chipmonk takes place in a developing future we are creating right now. Science without humanity casts a long shadow which only light and youth can chase back. A world without walls will never exist. A door must always be opened, though, to allow us to move forward. The Doge of Baytown is a gangster who recruits talent from the rejects and castoffs of Lomax. Manolo, a gifted young man born in Baytown, dreams of defeating a sickness called "the slows."Dr. Keller, an exile from Lomax, serves the Doge developing drugs. A black market drug known as VM-468 falls into the Doge's hands. The drug is used to assist cloned soldiers with health issues. The cure for "the slows" may be found within the bones of the long dead and VM-468.Circleville is a center of light and healing. A young girl named Luna with extraordinary abilities helps lead and guide Manolo's efforts. Their youth blinds them from the realities of what cannot be done. A rogue clone soldier named Mack 16 offers blood and hope to those he once opposed. His motivation is to humanize himself, a goal made possible by Luna. He carries our pain but he also carries a new future for Baytown.

Mexican Mosaic

Author : Jürgen Buchenau
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131714649
Genre : History
File Size : 22. 52 MB
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Our new brief text highlights Mexico's stunning geographical, ethnic, and social diversity. In the sixteenth century, diseases brought by the Spanish conquerors wiped out almost 90 per cent of the indigenous population. Since then, Mexico - first as a colony of Spain and, after 1821, as an independent nation - has exported thousands of tons of silver, affecting currencies and prices as far away as China and India. In the century following independence, Mexico was invaded six times by three different European nations (Britain, France, and Spain) as well as the United States, the latter conflict resulting in the loss of half of Mexico's territory. More recently, Mexico has played an ever more important part in the world economy. Focused primarily on the period since independence in 1821, this brief text effectively summarizes Mexico's rich history, delineating some of the major processes at the national level and hinting at regional and local counter-currents.

State Governors In The Mexican Revolution 1910 1952

Author : Jürgen Buchenau
ISBN : 0742557715
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 46 MB
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This unique book traces Mexico's eventful years from 1910 to 1952 through the experiences of its state governors. During this seminal period, revolutionaries destroyed the old regime, created a new national government, built an official political party, and then discarded in practice the essence of their revolution. In this tumultuous time, governors—some of whom later became president—served as the most significant intermediaries between the national government and the people it ruled. Leading scholars study governors from ten different states to demonstrate the diversity of the governors' experiences implementing individual revolutionary programs over time, as well as the waxing and waning of strong governorship as an institution that ultimately disappeared in the powerful national regime created in the 1940s and 1950s. Until that time, the contributors convincingly argue, the governors provided the revolution with invaluable versatility by dealing with pressing issues of land, labor, housing, and health at the local and regional levels. The flexibility of state governors also offered test cases for the implementation of national revolutionary laws and campaigns. The only book that considers the state governors in comparative perspective, this invaluable study offers a fresh view of regionalism and the Revolution. Contributions by: William H. Beezley, Jürgen Buchenau, Francie R. Chassen-López, Michael A. Ervin, María Teresa Fernández Aceves, Paul Gillingham, Kristin A. Harper, Timothy Henderson, David LaFrance, Stephen E. Lewis, Stephanie J. Smith, and Andrew Grant Wood.

How A Revolutionary Art Became Official Culture

Author : Mary K. Coffey
ISBN : 9780822350378
Genre : Art
File Size : 88. 56 MB
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This is a study of the reciprocal relationship between Mexican muralism and the three major Mexican museums&—the Palace of Fine Arts, the National History Museum, and the National Anthropology Museum.

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