plutonium in the environment 1 radioactivity in the environment

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Plutonium In The Environment

Author : A. Kudo
ISBN : 0080539149
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 11 MB
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The first volume of the new series, Radioactivity in the Environment, focuses on the environmental occurrence, the speciation, the behaviour, the fate, the applications and the health consequences of that much-feared and much-publicised element, plutonium. Featuring a collection of selected, peer-reviewed, up-to-date papers by leading researchers in the field, this work provides a state-of-the-art description of plutonium in the environment. This title helps to explain where present frontiers are drawn in our continuing efforts to understand the science of environmental plutonium and will help to place widespread concerns into perspective. As a whole this new book series on environmental radioactivity addresses, at academic research level, the key aspects of this socially important and complex interdisciplinary subject. Presented objectively and with the ultimate authority gained from the many contributions by the world's leading experts, the negative and positive consequences of having a radioactive world around us will be documented and given perspective.

Plutonium In The Environment

Author : A. Kudo
ISBN : 0080539149
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 56 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 303
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The first volume of the new series, Radioactivity in the Environment, focuses on the environmental occurrence, the speciation, the behaviour, the fate, the applications and the health consequences of that much-feared and much-publicised element, plutonium. Featuring a collection of selected, peer-reviewed, up-to-date papers by leading researchers in the field, this work provides a state-of-the-art description of plutonium in the environment. This title helps to explain where present frontiers are drawn in our continuing efforts to understand the science of environmental plutonium and will help to place widespread concerns into perspective. As a whole this new book series on environmental radioactivity addresses, at academic research level, the key aspects of this socially important and complex interdisciplinary subject. Presented objectively and with the ultimate authority gained from the many contributions by the world's leading experts, the negative and positive consequences of having a radioactive world around us will be documented and given perspective.

Fukushima Accident

Author : Pavel P. Povinec
ISBN : 9780124114876
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 21. 44 MB
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Fukushima Accident presents up-to-date information on radioactivity released to the atmosphere and the ocean after the accident on the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant, on the distribution of radionuclides in the world atmosphere and oceans, and their impact on the total environment (man, fauna, and flora). The book will evaluate and discuss the post-Fukushima situation, emphasizing radionuclide impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, and compare it with the pre-Fukushima sources of radionuclides in the environment. The authors’ results, as well as knowledge gathered from the literature, will provide up-to-date information on the present status of the topics. Fukushima Accident is based on the environmental and nuclear research; however, the presentation will be suitable for university-level readers. 2013 PROSE Award winner in Environmental Science from the Association of American Publishers Covers atmospheric and marine radioactivity, providing information on the global atmospheric dispersion of radionuclides in the atmosphere and world oceans Examines radiation doses to the public and biota to understand the health risks to the public and ecosystems Provides information on monitoring radionuclides in the environment – information on sources of radionuclides, their temporal and spatial variations, and radionuclide levels Covers transport of radionuclides from different sources (e.g. nuclear power plants) as well as atmospheric simulations and modeling approaches

Radioactivity In The Terrestrial Environment

Author :
ISBN : 0080474896
Genre : Science
File Size : 25. 35 MB
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The Radioactivity in the Environment Series addresses the key aspects of this socially important and complex interdisciplinary subject. Presented objectively and with the ultimate authority gained from the many contributions by the world's leading experts, the negative and positive consequences of having a radioactive world around us is documented and given perspective. In a world in which nuclear science is not only less popular than in the past, but also less extensively taught in universities and colleges, this book series will fill a significant educational gap. Radioactivity in the Terrestrial Environment presents an updated and critical review of designing, siting, constructing and demonstrating the safety and environmental impact of deep repositories for radioactive wastes. It is structured to provide a broad perspective of this multi-faceted, multi-disciplinary topic providing enough detail for a non-specialist to understand the fundamental principles involved. Contains extensive references to sources of more detailed information Provides a detailed summary of radioactivity in terrestrial ecosystems, providing a substantial and essential reference on the subject Discusses lesser-known sources of radiation exposure that provide useful information for those seeking to place environmental radioactivity into perspective

Radioactivity In The Environment

Author : Ronald L. Kathren
ISBN : UOM:39015004463702
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 45 MB
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Low Level Radiation

Author : United States. Department of Energy. Technical Information Center
ISBN : UOM:39015095115914
Genre : Radiation
File Size : 63. 67 MB
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Full Body Burden

Author : Kristen Iversen
ISBN : 9780307955647
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 41. 42 MB
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Full Body Burden is a haunting work of narrative nonfiction about a young woman, Kristen Iversen, growing up in a small Colorado town close to Rocky Flats, a secret nuclear weapons plant once designated "the most contaminated site in America." It's the story of a childhood and adolescence in the shadow of the Cold War, in a landscape at once startlingly beautiful and--unknown to those who lived there--tainted with invisible yet deadly particles of plutonium. It's also a book about the destructive power of secrets--both family and government. Her father's hidden liquor bottles, the strange cancers in children in the neighborhood, the truth about what was made at Rocky Flats (cleaning supplies, her mother guessed)--best not to inquire too deeply into any of it. But as Iversen grew older, she began to ask questions. She learned about the infamous 1969 Mother's Day fire, in which a few scraps of plutonium spontaneously ignited and--despite the desperate efforts of firefighters--came perilously close to a "criticality," the deadly blue flash that signals a nuclear chain reaction. Intense heat and radiation almost melted the roof, which nearly resulted in an explosion that would have had devastating consequences for the entire Denver metro area. Yet the only mention of the fire was on page 28 of the Rocky Mountain News, underneath a photo of the Pet of the Week. In her early thirties, Iversen even worked at Rocky Flats for a time, typing up memos in which accidents were always called "incidents." And as this memoir unfolds, it reveals itself as a brilliant work of investigative journalism--a detailed and shocking account of the government's sustained attempt to conceal the effects of the toxic and radioactive waste released by Rocky Flats, and of local residents' vain attempts to seek justice in court. Here, too, are vivid portraits of former Rocky Flats workers--from the healthy, who regard their work at the plant with pride and patriotism, to the ill or dying, who battle for compensation for cancers they got on the job. Based on extensive interviews, FBI and EPA documents, and class-action testimony, this taut, beautifully written book promises to have a very long half-life.

Environmental Radiochemical Analysis Ii

Author : Peter Warwick (Prof.)
ISBN : 0854046186
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 91 MB
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Development of an In-Vitro Procedure to Measure the Availability of Soil-Associated Radionuclides for Uptake After Inadvertent Ingestion by Humans; Separation of Iron-55/59 From Fisson and Activation Products Using Di Isobutylketone-Based Extraction Chromatographic Materials; Synthesis of a Novel Ion Exchanger, Zirconium Vanadate, For Immobilising 134,137 Cs Radionuclides; Investigation of a Method for Measuring Radon in Irish Domestic Groundwater Supplies; A comparison of Three Methodologies for the Determination of Gross Alpha Activity in Water Samples; Efficiency and Resolution of Germanium Detectors as a Function of Energy and Incident Geometry; New Method for Determination of Translutonium Isotopes by Using a PM-143 Tracer; Ultra Low-Background Gamma Spectrometry for the Monitoring of Environmental Neutrons; Estimation of Uncertainty in Radiochemical Analysis from Sub-Sampling Solid Matrices; A Rapid Determination of RA-226 and RA-224 Using Extraction Chromatograph; Construction of an Uncertainty Budget for Alpha Spectrometry: A Case Study (The Determination of Uranium Isotopic Activity Levels in Vegetation Samples Using Extraction Chromatography); Spatial and Temporal Variation of Tritium Activities in Coastal Marine Sediments of the Severn Estuary (UK); High Precision PU Isotope Ratio Measurements Using Multi-Collector ICP-MS; Measurement of Gross Alpha and Gross Beta Activity in Sediment: An Analysts' Intercomparison; The Radiological Significance of Foods Collected from the Wild; Natural Radionuclides Measurements in Drinking Water by Liquid Scintillation Counting. Methods and Results; Po Concentrations in UK Seafood; A Study of Colloids in the Near-Field Waters at the Low-Level Waste Repository Site at Drigg; Low Level Liquid Scintillation Counting in a Deep Underground Laboratory: Background Reduction Aspects; Complete Dissolution of Soil Samples by Fusion; LSC: From the Routine Counter to the Real Spectrometer; Simultaneous Determination of Long-Lived Radionuclides in Environmental Samples; Analysis of Am, Pu and Th in Large Volume Water Samples in the Presence of High Concentrations of Iron; In-Situ Radionuclide Retardation in Groundwater Conducting Systems - Overview of the Research Carried out at Nagra's Grimsel Test Site, Central Switzerland; Elution Behaviour of Technetium and Rehenium Through a Tc-Selective Chromatographic Resin Column; The Use of Fucus Vesiculosus to Monitor the Transport of 1291 in The English Channel; Determination of 237 Np by Neutron Activation Analysis and Alpha Sepctrometry; Man-Made Radionuclides in Age-Dated Sediment Cores from the Black Sea; Determination of Plutonium in the Air by Isotopic Dilution ICP-MS After TNOA Extraction Chromatographic Separation; Simple Method for C-14 Analysis in Organic Material and its Distribution in Forest and Cultivated Field; F-Labelling of Humic Substances; Chemicals and Radiological Characterisation of Santos Estuary Sediments; Thermochromatographic Studies on the Separation of Plutonium from Soil Samples; Partitioning of Plutonium Isotopes in Lake Bottom Sediments; Radioanalytical Method for the Determination of Sr In Soil Samples by Yttrium Solvent Extraction and Cerenkov Counting; Investigation of Inorganic Contaminants in Packaging Made From Recycled Paper and Board; Equilibrium Factor F and Effective Dose Equivalent with Solid State Nuclear Track Detectors; Biological Monitoring of Radioactivity and Metal Pollution in Edible Eggs of Liometopum apiculatum (Ants) From a Radioactive Waste Site in Central Mexico; Preparation of Environmental Samples for Radioanalytical Assay: An Overview; Comparative Investigations on Hydrophilicity and Mobility of Humic Substances Using Radiolabelling Techniques; Determination of Gross Alpha in Drinking Water and Nuclear Waste Water Using Actinide Resinâ⢠and LSC; Chromium Speciation in Acidic Solutions Using Radiochromtographic Methods; Influence of Geochemical Paramete

Uranium Plutonium Transplutonic Elements

Author : Harold C. Hodge
ISBN : 9783642655517
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 54 MB
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More than a year ago the three editors sat down at a table and worked out a set of six chapter headings which they believed might serve, in turn, for each of the three sections of this handbook. (The reader will note a similarity in order of presentation and in emphasis.) However, as our editorial plans progressed it became apparent that for each element and for the element group, there were one or two special topics appropiate for that section alone. Accordingly, in the section on uranium the common pattern holds for Chaps. 1 through 6 which include: an introduction (Chap. 1), a discussion of the physical and chemical properties (Chap. 2), experimental data on animals (Chap. 3), ex perimental data on man (Chap. 4), the rationale and development of air con centration limits to control industrial worker exposure (Chap. 5), and the prac tical problems of applying such limits in the uranium industry (Chap. 6). Chap. 7 entitled "Uranium Mining Hazards" is the subject category which is special for uranium; the chapter brings up to date the account of an important occupational hazard which was first noted by GEORGIUS AGRICOLA (1490-1555).

Radioactivity In The Environment

Author : Vlado Valković
ISBN : 0444829547
Genre : Health & Fitness
File Size : 66. 49 MB
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Numerous sources of ionizing radiation can lead to human exposure: natural sources, nuclear explosions, nuclear power generation, use of radiation in medical, industrial and research purposes, and radiation emitting consumer products. Before assessing the radiation dose to a population one requires a precise knowledge of the activity of a number of radionuclides. The basis for the assessment of the dose to a population from a release of radioactivity to the environment, the estimation of the potential clinical heath effects due to the dose received and, ultimately, the implementation of countermeasures to protect the population, is the measurement of radioactive contamination in the environment after the release. It is the purpose of this book to present the facts about the presence of radionuclides in the environment, natural and man made. There is no aspect of radioactivity, which has marked the passing century, not mentioned or discussed in this book.

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